A quantitative analysis of the synthesis evidence examining founder effects in human enterprises

A quantitative analysis of the synthesis evidence examining founder effects in human enterprises

These are the composite, consistent findings reported in the scientific synthesis literature examining founders within the domain of innovation and business. Using the Web of Science, synthesis publications were identified using the key terms entrepreneur and investor.



June 04, 2020


  1. founders @cjlortie

  2. None
  3. success can be a blend of chance and traits goal

    is to partition the variation
  4. founder defined (Forbes) establishes OR proposes the basis for a

    new enterprise
  5. None
  6. entrepreneur traits in primary literature

  7. investor traits primary literature

  8. conceptual models that structure founder research interface = research

  9. All models are wrong, some are useful.

  10. Big 5

  11. None
  12. Big 2 plasticity (for ideas) and stability (for people &

  13. Self-efficacy and innovativeness innovation, risk-taking, marketing, management, and financial control

  14. Locus of control

  15. Need for achievement

  16. Process models typically framed as trait-based interactions

  17. Kerr et al. 2017 no formal EPMs but the key

    concepts are evident
  18. assumptions to evidence

  19. synthesis science, composite consistency

  20. None
  21. composite, meta-evidence

  22. a total of 1035 studies examining 857081 founders

  23. None
  24. None
  25. None
  26. None
  27. None
  28. implications

  29. Trait-based characterizations of founder are highly effective.

  30. Performance is more accurately modeled using traits relative to prediction

    of a founder.