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多元的世界とデ=デザイン

99de77666ff40dbf0988652899cc92ef?s=47 Takahito KAMIHIRA
September 06, 2020

 多元的世界とデ=デザイン

第6回Xデザインフォーラム 第2部 ⽂化⼈類学 Xデザイン セッション「中⼼無きデザインをどのように実践するか?」より
上平崇仁(デザイン研究者)✕中村寛(人類学者)

99de77666ff40dbf0988652899cc92ef?s=128

Takahito KAMIHIRA

September 06, 2020
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  1. ୈ ̎ ෦  จ Խ ਓ ྨ ֶ 

    ̭ σ β Π ϯ  த ৺ ແ ͖ σ β Π ϯ Λ Ͳ ͷ Α ͏ ʹ ࣮ ફ ͢ Δ ͔ ʁ ্ฏਸਔ ɹதଜ׮ ୈճʛ9σβΠϯϑΥʔϥϜ 2020 09 06 ON-LINE ߇ = ߇ ޷ ި ߳ ଟݩతɹੈք と Takahito KAMIHIRA Yutaka NAKAMURA
  2. ڭҭऀݚڀऀ࣮ફऀ ࠷ۙͷؔ৺ࣄ $P%FTJHO"QQSPBDIʢڠಇͷσβΠϯʣ %FTJHO"UUJUVEFʢσβΠϯʹ͓͚Δଶ౓࢟੎ͷ໰୊ʣ %F%FTJHOGPSUIFQMVSJWFSTFʢଟݩతੈքʹ͓͚Δ୤σβΠϯʣ | Takahito KAMIHIRA ೥ࣛࣇౡݝѨٱࠜࢢੜ·Εɻஜ೾େֶେֶӃܳज़ݚڀՊσβΠϯઐ߈मྃɻ άϥϑΟοΫσβΠφʔɺ౦ژ޻ܳେֶܳज़ֶ෦ॿखΛܦͯɺ೥ΑΓ

    ઐमେֶωοτϫʔΫ৘ใֶ෦ۈ຿ɻݱࡏ͸σβΠϯܥϓϩάϥϜΛ౷ׅ͠ɼ ڭतֶ෦௕ิࠤΛ຿ΊΔɻ೥ʹ͸ίϖϯϋʔήϯ*5େֶΠϯλϥΫγϣ ϯσβΠϯϦαʔνάϧʔϓ٬һݚڀһͱͯ͠ɺ๺Ԥͷ$P%FTJHOΛݚڀɻ ɾ)$%/FUೝఆਓؒத৺ઃܭઐ໳Ոɹ ɾגࣜձࣾ"$5"/5σβΠϯύʔτφʔ ɾ࢈ۀٕज़େֶӃେֶ)$%ϓϩάϥϜߨࢣ9σβΠϯֶߍߨࢣ ɾ࣌ʑɺจ෦Պֶলܦ࢈লࣄۀͷҕһFUD
  3. dy ɾ WX ey ͷڭՊॻ ্ฏਸਔ σβΠφʔ ଟຎඒେ ਓྨֶऀ ଟຎඒେ

    σβΠϯΛਓؒͷแׅతͳ׆ಈͱͯ͠Ґஔ͚ͮΔͨΊ ʹਓྨֶͷࢹ࠲Λࢀর͠ɺ͜Ε·ͰͷσβΠϯֶशͷ ͋Γ͔ͨΛࠜఈ͔Β࠶ߏங͢ΔࢼΈ ষʛʮ৯΂Δʯ ষʛʮॅ·͏ʯ ষʛʮணΔʢ૷͏ɾవ͏ʣʯ ষʛʮ༡Ϳʯ ষʛʮҭͯΔɾֶͿʯ ষʛʮަΘΔʯ ষʛʮಇ͘ʯ ষʛʮҠಈ͢Δʯ ষʛʮ࣏ΊΔʯ ষʛʮ૪͏ʯ ষʛʮͭͳ͕Δʯ ষʛʮࢮΛ૝͏ɾீ͏ʯ ໼໺ӳथ ɹதଜ׮ σβΠϯݚڀऀ ઐमେ ੜ׆ऀ໨ઢͷσβΠϯͷֶͼʢڭ৬՝ఔͷֶੜର৅ʣ Ӷҙɺ ࣥචதʂ
  4. ʮͳͳΊʯʹ੾ΓࠐΉ৘ใΛਵ࣌ൃ৴தʂ εϥΠυ͸ɺʢؒҾ্͍ͨͰʣ'BDFCPPLϖʔδͰڞ༗༧ఆ 5XJUUFS!QFSV@H 'BDFCPPLϖʔδIUUQTXXXGBDFCPPLDPNLNISMBC #MPHIUUQTLNISIBUFOBCMPHDPN 9σβΠϯެ։ߨ࠲ 9σβΠϯެ։ߨ࠲ σβΠϯਓྨֶ

  5. C O N T E N T S 1BSUɿ֓೦ͷަ௨੔ཧ ɾσβΠϯʷਓྨֶ

    ɾσʹσβΠϯ ɾଟݩతੈք 1BSUɿ۩ମྫ͔Βͷߟ࡯ ɾ͋Δ֗ͷΤεϊάϥϑΟ 1BSUɿ·ͱΊͱٞ࿦ ɾɾɾ্ฏਸਔ✕தଜ׮ ɾɾɾதଜ׮✕্ฏਸਔ ɾɾɾࢁ࡚࿨඙✕தଜ׮✕্ฏਸਔ
  6. σβΠϯʷਓྨֶ 1

  7. ྆ऀͱ΋ɺ ʮਓʯ ΛΊ͙Δ໰͍Ͱ͋Δ ਓྨͷຊ࣭มҟ Λ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ ਓؒͷपғʹ ҟͳΔடংΛ༩͑Δ Anthropology Design

  8. ͦ΋ͦ΋ώτࣗମ͕ଟ໘తͰɺ͞·͟·ͳໃ६Λ಺แ͍ͯ͠Δ΋ͷ ೴ɹɹ਎ମ ඞཁࢸٸɹɹɹෆཁෆٸ γεςϜɹɹγεςϜ ήοτɹɹΪϒɹ ਓྨͷʮ΍͔͍ͬʯ͞

  9. σβΠϯ͢Δ Ϟϊίτ ੍໿ ੍໿ ੍໿ ໃ६ʹΑΔᷤ౻ঢ়گ ૑଄త׆ಈ͸ɺʮ׉౻ঢ়گʯΛղܾ͠Α͏ͱ͢Δ׆ಈʹΑͬͯੜ·ΕΔɻ ໃ६͕ͦ͜૑଄ͷ฼଻ͱͯ͠ॏཁɻ ࢁ಺༞ฏ৿ྰಸ҆ࡈ༐थʰϫʔΫγϣοϓσβΠϯ࿦ʕ૑Δ͜ͱͰֶͿʱܚጯٛक़େֶग़൛ձɹ΄͔ ʮ໰͍ʯ͸Ͳ͜ʹੜ·ΕΔ͔

    ʮ໰͍ʯ ૑଄త׆ಈ ʮ໰͍ʯ ʮ໰͍ʯ
  10. σβΠϯ͞Εͨ Ϟϊίτ ੍໿ ੍໿ ੍໿ σβΠϯ͞Εͨ΋ͷ͸ɺ৽੍͍͠໿ΛੜΈɺݱ࣮͸࠶ߏ੒͞ΕΔɻ ʮ໰͍ʯ͸ৗʹಈ͖ଓ͚ɺ੩ࢭ͠ͳ͍ ໃ६ʹΑΔᷤ౻ঢ়گ

  11. ৯΂Δө͑Δ ઌʹ΍Βͳ͖Όʂ εϚϑΥΠϯελϒϥϯυεΠʔπ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺߦಈͷ༏ઌॱҐ͕มΘΔ ৯΂Δ͜ͱʹઌཱͬͯࡱӨ͢Δਓʑ

  12. σβΠϯ͞Εͨ΋ͷ͸ɺ৽੍͍͠໿ΛੜΈɺ ݱ࣮͸࠶ߏ੒͞ΕΔɻ ࣗຫ͍͕ͨ͠ Լ඼ʹͳΒͳ͍Α͏ʹ ৯΂ͯ͠·͏ͱ ফ͑ͯͳ͘ͳΔ ࡱΒͳ͍΋ͷ͸ هԱʹ࢒Βͳ͍ ײಈΛ఻͍͕͑ͨ ຯ͸఻͑ΒΕͳ͍

    *OTUBHSBN 4NBSUQIPOF $IFFTF$BLF ݱ࣮Λ௒͑ΔͨΊʹ Ճ޻ͷखؒΛ੯͠·ͳ͍ ɹ͍·ͩʂʮ͍͍ͶʯΛ ԡͤ͞Δνϟϯε
  13. lσβΠϯ͢Δ͜ͱ͸ɺ໨ࢦ͢໨తͷ΋ͷ͝ͱΛܾΊ͍ͯ͘ͱಉ࣌ʹɺ ࢲͨͪͱର৅ͷؔΘΓํΛܾΊ͍ͯ͘ͱ͍͏ೋॏͷҙຯ͕͋Γ·͢z ʢ্ฏਸਔʮ͍ͬ͠ΐʹσβΠϯ͢Δ Ծ ʯ·͕͖͑ʣ

  14. Design Time Use Time σβΠϯ͢Δʗ͞ΕΔͷ॥؀తࢹ఺ ͦΕʹΑͬͯ ਓ͕ؒσβΠϯ͞ΕΔ ʮσβΠϯ͞ΕΔݱ࣮ʯ σβΠφʔ ͕σβΠϯ͢Δ

    ϓϩηε ਓؒ͸ σβΠϯ͢Δ Կ͔Λࢧ഑͢Δ ͨΊʹடংΛ͋ͨ͑Δ σβΠϯ͢Δଆͷࢹ఺ டংʹΑͬͯ ࢧ഑͞ΕΔ σβΠϯ֓೦͕ྗΛ࣋ͭʹ൐ͬͯɺͦΕΒ͕ͭ͘Γͩ͢ݱ࣮ͱͷ૬ޓ࡞༻ʹؔ৺͕ߴ·Γͭͭ͋Δ
  15. ˕σβΠϯΛ࣮ߦ͠ͳ͕ΒɺͦͷσβΠϯʹΑΔจԽత ӨڹΛཧղ͍ͯ͜͠͏ͱ͢Δɺෳ؟తͳΞϓϩʔνɻ ˕σβΠϯϓϩδΣΫτͷΑ͏ʹ։࢝ͱऴ͕ྃ͋Δ΋ͷͱ ͸ҟͳΓɺ॥؀త͔ͭڠௐతͰɺΦʔϓϯΤϯυͳݚڀͷ औΓ૊Έɻ ˕ϓϩηεͷதʹɺ৽͍͠ʮ஌Δํ๏ʯΛಋೖ͢Δ͜ͱ ʹΑΓɺԿΛ΋ͬͯ੒ޭͱࣦഊͷཧղ͕͔ͨͪͮ͘ΒΕΔ ͔ɺ͔͚Δ࣌ؒΛͲ͏ΈΔ͔ɺʮΑ͍ʯޮՌΛͲ͏ଊ͑Δ ͔ɺʮݖྗʯΛͲ͏ͱΒ͑Δ͔ɺͳͲͷ໰͍௚͠ʹ௅Ήɻ σβΠϯਓྨֶͱ͸ɹ

    4JPCIBO(SFHPSZ%FTJHO"OUISPQPMPHZBT4PDJBM%FTJHO1SPDFTT +PVSOBMPG#VTJOFTT"OUISPQPMPHZ   "VUVNO
  16. None
  17. σβΠϯʷਓྨֶͷόϦΤʔγϣϯɹ Design Anthropology: An Introduction. In W Gunn and J

    Donovan (eds), Design and Anthropology. Routledge: London, England, pp. 1-16.ɹ ਓྨֶྖҬʹର͢Δཧ࿦తߩݙΛߦ͏΋ͷɻσβΠ ϯ͸ɺཧ࿦తཧղΛ࠾༻͢Δ͔ɺਓྨֶݚڀͷओ୊ ʹͳΔͱ͍͏఺ͰɺਓྨֶͷϦʔυʹै͏ɻ ਓྨֶతݚڀํ๏ʢྫɿϑΟʔϧυϫʔΫʣΛσβΠϯ ཁ݅Λཱ֬͢ΔͨΊʹ໾ཱͯΔ͜ͱɻ࿮૊Έ͸ɺਓʑ ͱͷؔΘΓΑΓ΋ɺ໰୊ղܾࢦ޲ͷσβΠϯΞϓϩʔν ʹґΔɻ ਓྨֶͷཧ࿦ͱσβΠϯ࣮ફͷ྆ํΛ༻͍ͯɺ୯ͳΔσ βΠϯ΁ͷ৘ใఏڙͰ͸ͳ͘ɺࣾձʗจԽʗ؀ڥͷؔ ܎Λ࠶ߏங͠Α͏ͱ͢Δ΋ͷɻ dA Da DA σβΠϯ Design σβΠϯ Design ਓྨֶ Anthropology σβΠϯ Design D’A’ ୈ̐ͷಓͱͯ͠ɺਓྨֶతͳݒ೦ʹج͍ͮͯɺσβΠϯͷ ํ޲෇͚Λม͑ΔՄೳੑ͕͋ΔɻσβΠϯʹ͞·͟·ͳଘ ࡏ࿦తߏ੒΍ଟݩతͳੈքͷࢹ࠲ΛऔΓೖΕΔɻ ਓྨֶ Anthropology σβΠϯ Design Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence, Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Duke University Press. 2018. ਓྨֶ Anthropology ਓྨֶ Anthropology
  18. ͔ͤͬͪ͗͢ σβΠφʔ͚ͩͷ໰୊Ͱ͸ͳ͍͚ΕͲɻ σβΠϯࢥߟɺσβΠϯεϓϦϯτɺϦʔϯελʔτΞοϓʜ ࠓͷ࣌୅͸ʮ଴ͭʯ͜ͱ͕سආ͞Εɺੑٸͳ݁Ռ͕ٻΊΒΕΔɻ l৬ۀσβΠφʔ͸ɺσβΠϯϓϩηεΛ௨ৗϓϩδΣΫτϕʔεͰଊ͑ɺ ௕ظతͳӨڹΑΓ΋ɺଈ࣌·ͨ͸ۙະདྷͷιϦϡʔγϣϯΛ༏ઌ͢Δz -JHIU  ൣғ͕޿͘ͳΓ͗͢ lσβΠϯࢥߟΛᶸ্ྲྀᶹͭ·Γઓུతͳҙࢥܾఆ͕Լ͞ΕΔॏ໾ࣨͷۙ͘΁ͱҠಈ͞

    ͤΔඞཁ͕͋Δɻࠓ೔Ͱ͸ɺσβΠϯ͸σβΠφʔʹ೚͓ͤͯ͘ʹ͸ॏཁ͗͢Δͷ ͩz #SPXO5 
  19. ʮଟݩతੈքͷͨΊͷσβΠϯʯ ΞϧτΡʔϩɾΤείόϧʢʣ ෩޲͖Λม͑ͨɺೆถͷਓྨֶऀʹΑΔҰͭͷఏݴ Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical

    Interdependence, Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Duke University Press. 2018. σβΠϯ͸ɺ࣋ଓෆՄೳͰഁ໓తͳϞμχζϜͷ࣮ ફͷதʹຒΊࠐ·Εͨঢ়ଶ͔Βൈ͚ग़ͯ͠ɺ΋͏ͻͱ ͭͷଘࡏ࿦తͳؔ༩ɺ࣮ફɺ෺ޠɺͦͯ͠දݱʹ޲͚ ͯํ޲స׵͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔͩΖ͏͔ʁɹ͞Βʹɺσ βΠϯ͸ɺଟݩతͳੈք΁ͱҠߦ͢ΔͨΊͷಓ۩ശͷ ҰͭͱͳΓ͏ΔͷͩΖ͏͔ɻதུɹࢲͨͪ͸ɺ׆ ಈՈͷੈքͱΞΧσϛΞͷੈքͷதʹɺ͜ΕΒͷ໰͍ ʹର͢Δ໌͔֬ͭิ׬తͳखֻ͔ΓΛݟग़͢ɻ ؠᔹਖ਼थʮPluriversal Design(ଟݩతͳσβΠϯ)ͱ͸Կ͔ʁʯhttps://note.com/iwabm/n/n1757418d4ba7 ຊདྷɺͦΕͧΕͷࢹ࠲ʹΑͬͯଟ༷ͳ͋Γ͔ͨΛ΋͍ͬͯΔ͸ͣͷੈքΛɺ ԤถͷՁ஋؍΍ΠσΦϩΪʔʹج͍ͮͯɺҰํతʹʮ։ൃʯͯ͠͠·͏͜ͱ͸͓͔͍ͩ͠Ζ͏ʁ 1MVSJʢଟ਺ͷʣʴWFSTF Ӊ஦ੈք
  20. ҟͳΔྖҬ͕ʮ༥߹ʯͨ͠΋ͷͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ ͦΕͧΕͷཱ৔͔Β૬ޓʹ৐ΓೖΕɺڠಇ͠ͳ͕Β ৽͍͠ࢹ࠲ΛಘΔͨΊͷɺʮӽڥʯͱଊ͍͑ͨ

  21. σʹσβΠϯ 2

  22. σʹσβΠϯʂʁ

  23. デ ︑ デ ザ イ ン !?

  24. 7JDUPS+1BQBOFL %FTJHOGPSUIF3FBM8PSME   ๜༁ʮੜ͖ͷͼΔͨΊͷσβΠϯʯѨ෦ެਖ਼༁ ˞ιʔγϟϧσβΠϯ΍αεςΟφϒϧσβΠϯͷ ϧʔπͱͳͬͨه೦ൾత໊ஶ lσβΠϯʹؔΘΔਓ͸ɺσʹσβΠϯʢ୤σβΠϯʣͷํ๏ ΛֶͼͱΒͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻͦ͏͢Ε͹ɺΘΕΘΕ͸·ͩ ʻσβΠϯʹΑͬͯੜ͖࢒Δʼ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔͩΖ͏zʢྃʣ

  25. ๜༁ʮੜ͖ͷͼΔͨΊͷσβΠϯʯѨ෦ެਖ਼༁ ˞ιʔγϟϧσβΠϯ΍αεςΟφϒϧσβΠϯͷ ϧʔπͱͳͬͨه೦ൾత໊ஶ 7JDUPS+1BQBOFL %FTJHOGPSUIF3FBM8PSME   lσβΠϯʹؔΘΔਓ͸ɺσʹσβΠϯʢ୤σβΠϯʣͷํ๏ ΛֶͼͱΒͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻͦ͏͢Ε͹ɺΘΕΘΕ͸·ͩ ʻσβΠϯʹΑͬͯੜ͖࢒Δʼ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔͩΖ͏zʢྃʣ

    ࠓͷʮσβΠϯʯΛ͍ٙɺ ԿΛΊ͟͢ͷ͔ͷํ޲ੑ Λɺݟ௚͚ͭͮ͠Δ͜ͱɻ
  26. In many areas designers must learn how to re- design.

    In this way we may yet have 'Survival Through Design' . Victor J. Papanek Design for the Real World(1971)
  27. ୈࡾੈքͷͨΊͷϥδΦ%FTJHOCZ7FDUPS1BQBOFL ೤ಈྗʹΑͬͯి೾ΛΩϟον͢Δ૷ஔɻਓʑ͕҆Ձʹࣗ࡞͠ɺ૷০΋ΧελϚΠζͰ͖Δɹ೥ࠒ

  28. ୈࡾੈքͷͨΊͷϥδΦ%FTJHOCZ7FDUPS1BQBOFL ೤ಈྗʹΑͬͯి೾ΛΩϟον͢Δ૷ஔɻਓʑ͕҆Ձʹࣗ࡞͠ɺ૷০΋ΧελϚΠζͰ͖Δɹ೥ࠒ

  29. ΞϝϦΧͷϛουηϯνϡϦʔ࣌୅ͷσβΠϯτϨϯυʢ೿खͳंɺ޿͍ఉͷՈʣ

  30. ΞϝϦΧͷϛουηϯνϡϦʔ࣌୅ͷσβΠϯτϨϯυʢ೿खͳΠϯςϦΞʣ

  31. None
  32. None
  33. ʮ࢟੎ͱͯ͠ͷσβΠϯʯΞϦεɾϩʔιʔϯ  lσβΠϯͱ͍͏৬ۀͷ΋ͬͱ΋ृ͍ਅ࣮͸ɺ࠷ۙ·Ͱ΄ͱΜ ͲͷσβΠφʔ͕ɺͦͷ΄ͱΜͲͷ࣌ؒɺΤωϧΪʔɺ ࠽ೳΛɺ·͕͍ͪͳ͘΋ͬͱ΋ॿ͚Λඞཁͱ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ੈք ͷগ਺೿Ͱ͋Δ෋༟૚ʹ஫͍Ͱ͖ͨ͜ͱͩz

  34. ͦ͏ͯ͠ࠓɺࢲͨͪ͸্࢙࠷େͷ೉໰ʹ௚໘͍ͯ͠Δɻ ͦ͏ɺσβΠϯΛσβΠϯ͠௚͢ͱ͍͏೉໰ʹɻ ྃ  ςΟϜɾϒϥ΢ϯ ʮσβΠϯࢥߟ͕ੈքΛม͑Δʯ ૣ઒ॻ๪ ʢΞοϓσʔτ൛ʣ ઌಋ͖ͯͨ͠ਓ΋ɺᷤ౻Λද໌͍ͯ͠Δ

  35. ͜Ε·ͰͷηΦϦʔ΍ɺํ޲ੑͷ໰͍௚͠ɾɾɾ ਓؒத৺ͷσβΠϯ ʢ੡඼αʔϏε։ൃʹ͓͚Δɺ ૊৫తͳϓϩηεͷͨΊͷϞσϧʣ γεςϜͷࢧ഑ྗ૿େɺ ؾީมಈɺਓ৽ੈ ʢਓҝʹΑΔ ίϯτϩʔϧෆՄೳੑʣ ෳࡶͳΤίγεςϜͷҰ෦ ͱͯ͠ͷਓؒੜ׆

    ʢσβΠϯ͸ہॴղʣ ࠷దԽΛΊ͟͢ όϥϯεΛͱΔ
  36. ʮଟݩతʯ 3

  37. Victor J. Papanek Design for the Real World (1971) σβΠϯ͕ؔΘΔݱ࣮ੈք͸ɺͻͱͭͳͷ͔ʁ

    Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse (2018)
  38. Ұݩత ଟݩత ʮੈք͸ͻͱͭʯతੈք؍ ଟ༷ͳࣗવɺଟ༷ͳج४ Λ͋Γ͏Δͱ͢Δੈք؍ ˕౔ணతʢωΠςΟϒʣͳՁ஋؍ ˕ਓؒҎ֎ʢOPO)VNBO ɺ ਓؒҎ্ʢ.PSFUIBO)VNBOʣ ͷଘࡏͱͱ΋ʹ͋Δੈք

    ˕άϩʔόϦζϜ ˕ਓؒத৺ओٛ ʢBOUISPQPDFOUSJTNʣ Pluriverse “One World” World ˕ϞμχζϜ
  39. Arturo Escobar Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence,

    Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Duke University Press. 2018. One general principle I find useful is that a relational ontology is that within which nothing preexists the relations that constitute it. In these ontologies, life is interrelation and interdependence through and through, always and from the beginning. Buddhism has one of the most succinct and powerful notions in this regard: nothing exists by itself, everything inter-exists, we inter-are with everything on the planet. This principle of inter-being has been amply developed in Buddhist thought. A different way to look at it, from the perspective of phenomenological biology, is the already-mentioned idea of the “unbroken coincidence of our being, our doing, and our knowing” (Maturana and Varela 1987, 35); in other words, there is a deep connection between action and experience, which in turn instils a certain circularity in all knowledge, which Maturana and Varela summarize with the maxim “All doing is knowing, and all knowing is doing”, or by saying that “ every act of knowing brings forth a world”. This coincidence of being~doing~knowing implies that we are deeply immersed in the world along with other sentient beings, who are similarly and ineluctably knower-doers as much as ourselves. This equates with Sharma’s insistence that genuine interdependence obtains only when we consider all entities as mutually constituted. (P101) ೋݩ࿦Λ௒͑ΔͨΊʹ͸ɺ ෹ڭͰ͍͏ɺ ʮԑىʯతੈք؍͕ ώϯτʹͳΔͱࢥ͏Αɾɾɾ ɾɾɾ͍·͝Ζʁ ෹ڭݍͷਓʑʹͱͬͯ͸౰ͨΓલͷ࿩΋ɺͦΕҎ֎ͷਓʑʹͱͬͯ͸ͦ͏Ͱ΋ͳ͍ɻ ͔͠͠ɺ౰ͷਓʑ͸ͦͷੈք؍Λ๨Ε͔͚͍ͯΔɻ
  40. ΤείόϧͷఏݴʹݺԠͯ͠ίϩϯϏΞͰ։࠵͞Εͨ ࢀՃܕσβΠϯࠃࡍձٞJOίϩϯϏΞ ʮ೔ຊ͔Βͷ௅ઓঢ়ʯͱͯ͠ϑϧϖʔύʔ࠾୒ Taka KAMIHIRA RMIT Sussex Univ. Yoko AKAMA

    Ann Light Senshu Univ. ࢀՃܕσβΠϯ͸ɺ఻౷తʹࣾձຽओओٛతͳϏδϣϯʹয఺͕౰ͯΒΕ͖ͯͨɻ͔͠͠ɺؾީมಈ΍େن໛ͳײછ ঱ͳͲͷڴҖ͕ഭΔதɺਓ͚ؒͩͷൣғͰߟ͑Δ͜ͱ͸Ͱ͖ͣɺΑΓ޿ൣͳߏ੒ཁૉΛߟྀ͢Δ͜ͱΛࢲͨͪʹഭͬ ͍ͯΔɻʮࢀՃʯͱ͸௨ৗɺਓؒͷ੠ɺݖརɺҙࢥܾఆͷ࢓૊ΈΛҙຯ͢Δ༻ޠͰ͋ΔͨΊɺඞવతʹ੍໿͕͋Δɻ ࢲͨͪ͸ɺଟݩతͳσβΠϯʹ͸Կؚ͕·Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔ɺͦͯ͠ຊདྷతʹԿ͕ࢀՃ͢Δͷ͔Λ໰ΘͶ͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ ͦ͜ͰຊߘͰ͸ɺਓؒҎ֎ͷଘࡏ͕ࢲͨͪͷهड़ͷத৺ʹͳͬͨͱ͖ʹɺੈք΍ະདྷ͕ͲͷΑ͏ʹ࡞ΒΕɺܗ੒͞ ΕΔͷ͔ʹ͍ͭͯɺྙཧతɺ੓࣏తɺͦͯ͠ೝࣝ࿦తͳ໰͍Λ౤͔͚͛ͳ͕Βɺߟ࡯͍ͯ͘͠ɻ২෺ɺؠɺ઒ɺਫ਼ྶ ͸ɺͲͷΑ͏ʹͯ͠ࢲͨͪͷʮ͋Γ͔ͨʯʹࢀՃ͍ͯ͠ΔͷͩΖ͏͔ɻ͜ͷ࿦จͰ͸ɺϑΣϛχετͷςΫϊαΠΤ ϯεͱ೔ຊ΍ւ֎ͷ࣮ફ΍఩ֶΛ઀߹ͤ͞Δ͜ͱͰɺࠩҟͱଟݩੑʹؔΘΔࢥߟ࣮ݧΛఏڙ͢Δɻଘࡏ࿦తͳڥքʹ Ґஔ͢Δ࣮ફͷ͍͔ͭ͘ͷྫΛڍ͛ͭͭɺ͋Γ͏Δ͔΋͠Εͳ͍΋͏ҰͭͷՄೳੑʹ͍ͭͯ࿦͍ͯ͘͡ɻ Expanding Participation to Design with More-Than-Human Concerns ʢਓؒҎ্ͷଘࡏͱͱ΋ʹߦ͏σβΠϯ΁ͱ֦ு͢ΔʮࢀՃʯʣ
  41. Arturo Escobar Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence,

    Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Duke University Press. 2018. It promotes convivial and communal instrumentations involving human/nonhuman collectives provoked into existence by ecological breakdowns or shared experiences of harm. It imagines designs that take seriously the active powers issuing from nonhumans, and it builds on the positive ontology of vibrant matter, realizing that design situations always involve encounters between human and nonhuman actants of all kinds. (P133) ͦΕ͸ɺੜଶܥͷ่յ΍༗֐ͳܦݧΛڞ༗͢Δ͜ͱʹΑͬͯɺਓؒͱඇਓ ؒͷू߹ମΛר͖ࠐΜͩɺڞ༇తͰڞಉମతͳಓ۩Λଅਐ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͋ Δɻ·ͨɺਓؒҎ֎͔ΒൃͤΒΕΔ׆ಈతͳྗΛਅ݋ʹߟྀͨ͠σβΠϯ Λ૝૾͠ɺσβΠϯͷঢ়گʹ͸ৗʹ͋ΒΏΔछྨͷඇਓؒͱͷΞΫλʔͷ ؒͷૺ۰ؚ͕·Ε͍ͯΔ͜ͱΛೝࣝ͠ͳ͕Βɺ׆ؾʹຬͪͨ෺࣭ͷߠఆత ͳଘࡏ࿦Λߏங͢Δ͜ͱͰ͋Δɻ ೔ຊͷͳ͔ͰɺҎԼͷࢹ఺Λ۩ମԽ͢Δ΋ͷΛߟ͑ͯΈ͍ͨ
  42. ࣄྫ͔Βͷߟ࡯ 4

  43. ΤίύʔΫਫມʢ۽ຊݝਫມࢢʣ ࣄྫ

  44. 似େڮ։௨ ʢʣ ਫມࢢ

  45. None
  46. None
  47. None
  48. ʰৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʱʢख़੒൛ʣ ޠΓɿॹํਖ਼ਓ ړࢣ ฤஶɿ௰৴Ұ ਓྨֶऀ ղઆɿதଜ׮ ਓྨֶऀ  ૉܟ40,&*ύϒϦογϯά೥݄ץߦ ೥ɺਫມ࿷पลͰɺڕ͕ւʹු͔ͼɺւௗ΍ωίͷมࢮ͕ଓ͍ͨɻԽֶ

    ඼੡଄ձࣾνοι͕ىͨ͜͠ެ֐ͷݪ఺ɺਫມපʹΑΔ΋ͷͩͬͨɻಉ೥ɺ ਫມ๺෦ͷړࢣொʹɺॹํਖ਼ਓ͸ੜ·Εͨɻࡀͷ࣌ɺ෕͕ಥવਫມපͰࢮ ڈɺҰ଒΋Έͳൃ঱ͨ͠ɻړࢣΛܧ͗ͳ͕Βɺ෕ͷٲΛ౼͔ͭͷΑ͏ʹɺ νοι΍ߦ੓ʹର͢Δิঈӡಈɺ੹೚௥ٴಆ૪ʹ຅ೖ͍ͯ͘͠ਖ਼ਓɻ͔͠ ͠ɺ͋ΔମݧΛ͖͔͚ͬʹɺͦΕ·ͰͷิঈΛٻΊΔಆ͍͔Β਎ΛҾ͘ɻҎ དྷɺࣗΒ΋จ໌ࣾձʹ͓͚ΔՃ֐ऀͰ͋Δ͜ͱΛೝΊɺͦΕ·Ͱͱ͸·ͬͨ ͘ҧ͏ߦಈΛى͜͢ͷͩͬͨʕʕɻ͜ͷਖ਼ਓͷߦಈʹڞ໐ͨ͠௰৴Ұ͸ɺͦ ͜ʹࢸͬͨಓΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢ΔͨΊɺਖ਼ਓͷੜཱ͍ͪΛɺ૝͍Λ୧Δɻ ຊॻ͸ɺਫມප໰୊ΛѻͬͨຊͰ͸ͳ͍ɻਫມපΛମݧ͠ ͨͻͱΓͷਓؒͷ૝͍ͱߦಈ͔Βɺਓؒͷੜ͖ํΛ໰͏ॻ Ͱ͋ΔɻړࢣͰ͋Γͳ͕Βɺ͍΍ɺړࢣͰ͋Δ͕Ώ͑ʹɺl͍ ͷͪͷࢥ૝zΛશ਎Ͱཆ͍ɺදݱ͠ଓ͚ͨॹํਖ਼ਓɻ
  49. தଜ׮ ॹํਖ਼ਓ ௰৴Ұ 1IPUPʛ্໺फଇ

  50. 1IPUPʛ্໺फଇ

  51. 1IPUPʛதଜ׮

  52. 1IPUPʛதଜ׮

  53. 1IPUPʛதଜ׮

  54. ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ

  55. /),ڭҭϋʔτωοτ̩̫ɹγϦʔζɹਫມ͔Βߟ͑Δʢʣ ʮړࢣɾॹํਖ਼ਓ͞Μʯ೥݄೔์ө ਤ൛Χοτ

  56. /),ڭҭϋʔτωοτ̩̫ɹγϦʔζɹਫມ͔Βߟ͑Δʢʣ ʮړࢣɾॹํਖ਼ਓ͞Μʯ೥݄೔์ө ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ

  57. ΅͘ͷ௨ͬͨߴߍ ΅͕͘ੜ·Εɺ·ͰॅΜͰ͍ͨՈ ݱࡏɺ྆਌͕ॅΉՈ ઒಺ݪൃ 似େڮ։௨ ʢʣ

  58. None
  59. ʮ໰୊ʯΛʮղܾʯ͠Α͏ ΞητΞϧσώτ ΞηνϨϯ ৮ഔʹʮແػਫۜʯ ϓϥενοΫ Ϗχʔϧ ߴ౓ܦࡁ੒௕ ੜ׆จԽͷ޲্ ΠϯμετϦΞϧ σβΠϯ

    ਓʑͷޏ༻ ʢؔ܎ऀ͚ͩͰࢢͷ൒෼΄Ͳʣ ਫມࢢͷ૿ऩ νοι ʢશࠃͷΞητΞϧσώτͷΛੜ࢈ʣ σβΠϯ͕ੜΈग़ᷤ͢౻  ਓʑͷχʔζ ࢢຽͷχʔζ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ͍͍ʮϞϊʯΛʂ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ಇ͖ޱΛʂ ظ଴ʹԠ͑ͯɺ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ੡଄Λʂ ݏؾੑࡉە ͱ૬ޓ࡞༻ ޻৔ഉਫ ϝνϧਫۜ ෭ੜ
  60. ਫມࢢͷ૿ऩ ਫມࢢཱපӃ ࢢຽͷ ෱ࢱͷॆ࣮ ߴ౓ҩྍ͕ඞཁͳ͕Β ઃඋͷͳ͍ۙྡ࣏ࣗମ͔Β΋ɺ ױऀͷੵۃతड͚ೖΕ ্ฏʢࡀʣͱ্ฏͷ૆฼ ʢң͕ΜͰਫມࢢཱපӃͰࢮڈʣ

  61. ʮ໰୊ʯΛʮղܾʯ͠Α͏ ΞητΞϧσώτ ΞηνϨϯ ৮ഔʹʮແػਫۜʯ ϓϥενοΫ Ϗχʔϧ ߴ౓ܦࡁ੒௕ ੜ׆จԽͷ޲্ ΠϯμετϦΞϧ σβΠϯ

    ਓʑͷޏ༻ ʢؔ܎ऀ͚ͩͰࢢͷ൒෼΄Ͳʣ ਫມࢢͷ૿ऩ σβΠϯ͕ੜΈग़ᷤ͢౻  ਓʑͷχʔζ ޻৔ഉਫ ࢢຽͷχʔζ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ͍͍ʮϞϊʯΛʂ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ಇ͖ޱΛʂ ظ଴ʹԠ͑ͯɺ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ੡଄Λʂ ϝνϧਫۜ ݏؾੑࡉە ͱ૬ޓ࡞༻ νοι ʢશࠃͷΞητΞϧσώτͷΛੜ࢈ʣ ෭ੜ
  62. ߭ੴ εϚʔτϑΥϯ &7 ܦࡁ੒௕ ੜ׆จԽͷ޲্ ΠϯμετϦΞϧ σβΠϯ ਓʑͷχʔζ ΋ͬͱ΋ͬͱ ͍͍ʮϞϊʯΛʂ

    ݏؾੑࡉە ͱ૬ޓ࡞༻ ϨΞϝλϧ Ϧν΢ϜɺϕϦϦ΢Ϝɺϗ΢ૉɺر౔ྨɺνλϯɺόφδ΢ϜɺΫϩϜɺ ϚϯΨϯɺίόϧτɺχοέϧɺΨϦ΢ϜɺήϧϚχ΢ϜɺηϨϯɺϧϏ δ΢Ϝɺετϩϯν΢Ϝɺδϧίχ΢ϜɺχΦϒɺϞϦϒσϯɺόϥδ΢ ϜɺΠϯδ΢ϜɺΞϯνϞϯɺςϧϧɺηγ΢ϜɺόϦ΢Ϝɺϋϑχ΢ ϜɺλϯλϧɺλϯάεςϯɺϨχ΢ϜɺനۚɺλϦ΢ϜɺϏεϚε ਫ਼࿉ ੈքதͷ߭ࢁ͔Βࠜͦ͗͜࠾۷ ʢࣗવഁյྼѱͳ࿑ಇ؀ڥʣ ిࢠػث
  63. ϞϊʹΑΔʮҙຯʯͷߏ੒ɺ࠶ߏ੒ σβΠϯ͕ੜΈग़͢ʮᷤ౻ʯ ೥Ҏ߱ ެԂɺӡಈ৔ɺόϥԂɺ৿FUD ޻ظ೥ɺ૯ֹԯԁ͔͚ͯຒΊཱͯ ౦ژυʔϜݸ෼ͷ޿େͳෑ஍ υϥϜ؈ ຊͷڕ ࣮ੜͷ৿ فΓͷ͚͜͠

    ʢॹํਖ਼࣮ࢯʣ ମҎ্ͷ໺෹ ʢॹํਖ਼ਓࢯΒʮຊئͷձʯʣ ਫມ֎΁ Έ͠ΐ͏ ʮ࢓੾Γ໢ʯ ʢϝνϧਫؚۜΉʣϔυϩ ຒཱ஍ ް͞਺ϝʔτϧ ʮ࿳ͼʯͷ৔ॴ ʮفΓʯͷ֦ࢄ ਓ޻྘஍ʮΤίύʔΫਫມʯ ফ͠ڈΔͨΊͷ σβΠϯ ʢެڞࣄۀʣ Ұݩతͳྺ࢙ ΁ͷର߅ ʢҰਓশతޠΓʣ ࿀ਓͷ੟஍
  64. ਫມ࿷ͱ͋ͷຒཱ஍͕ɺਓؒͱ͍͏΋ͷͷࡑਂ͞Λݟࣄʹදͯ͠Δͱ ͢Ε͹ɺͦ͜͸·ͨɺಉ͡ਓؒͷ͓ͷΕͷࡑਂ͞ʹର໘͠ɺ͓࿳ͼΛ ೖΕɺفΔ৔ॴͰ΋͋Δ͸ͣͩɻ ॹํਖ਼ਓʮৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʯ1

  65. /),ڭҭϋʔτωοτ̩̫ɹγϦʔζɹਫມ͔Βߟ͑Δʢʣ ʮړࢣɾॹํਖ਼ਓ͞Μʯ೥݄೔์ө ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ

  66. /),ڭҭϋʔτωοτ̩̫ɹγϦʔζɹਫມ͔Βߟ͑Δʢʣ ʮݐ۩ࢣɾॹํਖ਼࣮͞Μʯ೥݄೔์ө ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ ਤ൛Χοτ

  67. σβΠϯ͕ੜΈग़͢ʮᷤ౻ʯ ೥Ҏ߱ ޻ظ೥ɺ૯ֹԯԁ͔͚ͯຒΊཱͯ ౦ژυʔϜݸ෼ͷ޿େͳෑ஍ υϥϜ؈ ຊͷڕ ࣮ੜͷ৿ فΓͷ͚͜͠ ʢॹํਖ਼࣮ࢯʣ ମҎ্ͷ໺෹

    ʢॹํਖ਼ਓࢯΒຊئͷձʣ ਫມ֎΁ Έ͠ΐ͏ ʮ࢓੾Γ໢ʯ ʢϝνϧਫؚۜΉʣϔυϩ ຒཱ஍ ް͞਺ϝʔτϧ ʮ࿳ͼʯͷ৔ॴ ʮفΓʯͷ֦ࢄ ਓ޻྘஍ʮΤίύʔΫਫມʯ ফ͠ڈΔͨΊͷ σβΠϯ ʢެڞࣄۀʣ Ұݩతͳྺ࢙ ΁ͷର߅ ʢҰਓশతޠΓʣ ࿀ਓͷ੟஍ ެԂɺӡಈ৔ɺόϥԂɺ৿FUD ϞϊʹΑΔʮҙຯʯͷߏ੒ɺ࠶ߏ੒
  68. σβΠϯ͕ੜΈग़͢ʮᷤ౻ʯ ೥Ҏ߱ ެԂɺӡಈ৔ɺ৿FUD ޻ظ೥ɺ૯ֹԯԁ͔͚ͯຒΊཱͯ ౦ژυʔϜݸ෼ͷ޿େͳෑ஍ υϥϜ؈ ຊͷڕ ࣮ੜͷ৿ فΓͷ͚͜͠ ʢॹํਖ਼࣮ࢯʣ

    ମҎ্ͷ໺෹ ʢॹํਖ਼ਓࢯΒຊئͷձʣ ਫມ֎΁ Έ͠ΐ͏ ʮ࢓੾Γ໢ʯ ʢϝνϧਫؚۜΉʣϔυϩ ຒཱ஍ ް͞਺ϝʔτϧ ʮ࿳ͼʯͷ৔ॴ ʮفΓʯͷ֦ࢄ ਓ޻྘஍ʮΤίύʔΫਫມʯ ফ͠ڈΔͨΊͷ σβΠϯ ʢެڞࣄۀʣ Ұݩతͳྺ࢙ ΁ͷର߅ ʢҰਓশతޠΓʣ ࿀ਓͷ੟஍ ΋͏ͻͱͭͷ ੈք΁ͷࢹ఺ ϞϊʹΑΔʮҙຯʯͷߏ੒ɺ࠶ߏ੒
  69. IUUQUJFSTDIVFU[FSCMPHGDDPNCMPHFOUSZIUNM ਤ൛ग़యɿϤϋϯ IUUQUFLEJWFSTJUFNJYKQIUNMBSBLBXBTCBDLONJOBNBUBNJOBNBUIUNM ਤ൛ग़యɿਫມපྺ࢙ߟূؗʢʣ

  70. ʮ࢓੾Γ໢ʯɹશ௕໿Nɹʢʙʣ ੈքΛҰํతʹ෼அ͢Δแғ໢ɻ͞ͳ͕ΒʮϕϧϦϯͷนʯɻ ਤ൛Χοτ

  71. z࢓੾Γ໢ͷఫڈͷੋඇΛΊ͙ͬͯɺ஍ݩͷςϨϏہ΍৽ฉ ֤ࢴ͕ຖ೔ͷΑ͏ʹऔΓ্͍͛ͯͨ͜ͱΛهԱ͍ͯ͠· ͢ɻͦͷχϡʔεΛݟฉ͖͢Δͨͼւͷத͸Ͳ͏ͳ͍ͬͯ Δͷ͔ʁ໢͸ͦͷ໾ׂΛՌ͍ͨͯ͠Δͷ͔ʁ μΠόʔͰ͋ͬͨࢲ͸ɺւதͷ༷ࢠ͕ؾʹͳͬͯ࢓ํ͋Γ ·ͤΜͰͨ͠ɻ࣮ࡍʹࣗ෼ͷ໨Ͱ͔֬ΊͯΈ͍ͨͱ͍͏ؾ ͕࣋ͪ೔ʹ೔ʹڧ͘ͳΓɺજͬͯΈΔ͜ͱΛܾҙɻz ࣮ࡍʹજͬͯɺւதͷ༷ࢠΛࣸਅʹ͓͞ΊͨμΠόʔ͕͍ͨʂ ͦͯ͠ɺ͋Δʮԑʯ͔Β͓஌Γ߹͍ʹͳΓɺར༻ڐ୚Λ͍ͨͩ͘͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͨʂʂ ඌ⃻ͨ·͖ʰਫມ෺ޠʱ৽೔ຊग़൛ࣾ1ΑΓ

  72. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  73. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  74. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  75. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  76. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  77. 1IPUPʛඌ㟒ͨ·͖

  78. l͔͠͠ɺੜ͖෺ͨͪ͸ͨ͘·͔ͬͨ͠ɻ ਓؒͷࢥ࿭ͱ͸ཪෲʹɺ໢Λ޼Έʹར༻͠ੜ͖ͯ ͍ͨɻ࢓੾Γ্Ԋ͍ʹ͸ɺεζϝμΠ͕นͷΑ͏ ʹ܈Εӭ͗ɺ͍ͷً͕ͪ࢟͘ΩϥΩϥͱ·Ϳ͔͠ ͬͨɻ ਓؒͨͪΛ࠘Ή͜ͱͳ͘ɺ໋ͨͩͨͩΛ͔͚͖ͯ ͨ൴Βɻਫມͷւʹɺࣗવͷ࣏༊ྗΛݟ͚ͤͭΒ Εͨz ඌ⃻ͨ·͖ʰਫມ෺ޠʱ৽೔ຊग़൛ࣾ1ΑΓ

  79. δϣχʔσοϓओԋ ʮ.*/"."5"ʯ ʰৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʱʢख़੒൛ʣ ॹํਖ਼ਓ௰৴Ұதଜ׮  ೥݄ץߦ /),ڭҭ ʮਫມ͔Βߟ͑Δʯ  ೥݄

    ೔์ө ԕ͍աڈͷ࿩Ͱ͸ͳ͍ ਫມʹ೥ؒॅΈࠐΜͰࡱӨͨ͠ ใಓࣸਅՈϢʔδϯɾεϛε͕Ϟσϧ ϕϧϦϯөըࡇ ೥݄։࠵
  80. ߴԬ࣎ʮͲͷΑ͏ʹਫມප͸Ӆ͞Ε͖ͯͨͷ͔ʵ৽ͨͳਫມපݕ਍ड਍ऀͷҙࣝௐࠪʵʯ ୈճ೔ຊ৺ཧֶձେձʢʣ ͍·ʹ௨͡Δ࿩

  81. ͍·ʹ௨͡Δ࿩ ʮਫມප͹͛͜ΜͳΔ·Ͱ͖ͭͭग़ͯ͠ɺେ͝ͱʹͳ͖ͬͯͨɻձࣾ ͕௵ΔΔͧɻਫມ͸ԫࠚͷҋͧɺਫມපױऀͲ͜Ζ͔ʯ ࢓ࣄ΋खʹ͔ͭͳ͍৺Ͱࢢຽͨͪ͸֯ʑ΍௰ʑ΍ɺςϨϏͷલͰ࿦ ͍ٞ͋ͬͯ͠Δɻਫມපױऀͷਓͱਫມࢢຽ ਓͱͲͪΒ͕ େࣄ͔ɺͱ͍͏ݴ͍·Θ͕͠໺ՐͷΑ͏ʹ֦͕Γɺࠓ΍େ߹এͱͳ Γͭͭ͋ͬͨɻͳΜͱͦΕ͸ࢢຽͨͪʹͱͬͯɺ͜ͷ্ͳ͍ࢥ͍͖ͭ Ͱ͋ͬͨ͜ͱͩΖ͏ɻͦΕ͕ͦ͜͜ͷ஍ҬࣾձͷΫνίϛͱ͍͏΋ ͷͩͬͨɻ

    ੴໂྱಓࢠʮۤւড়౔ɹΘ͕ਫມපʯ
  82. Զɺࣗ෼ͷ͜ͱΛట๮ͱࢥͬͯΔΜͰ͢ɻΠϮΛͱΔట๮ɻҎલ͸ Ε͖ͬͱͨ͠ʮړۀʯͱࢥ͍ͬͯͨ͹ͬͯΜ͕ɻࣾձͱ͍͏࿮ͷதͰ ͸ړۀͰ͍͍Μ͚ͩͲɺͦͷ֎ʹग़Δͱట๮ɻ͍ͬ΃Μ͜ͷ࿮ࣗମΛ ٙͬͯΈΔඞཁ͕͋Δɻ࿮Λऔͬ෷ͬͨͱ͜ΖͰ͸ɺΈΜͳଟ͔Εগ ͳ͔Εɺట๮͡Όͳ͍Ͱ͔͢ɻεʔύʔͰങ͑͹ͦΕ͸߹๏ɺͱݴͬ ͯࡁΉ໰୊͡Όͳ͍ɻεʔύʔͳΜͯɺݴ͏ͳΕ͹ɺట๮ͨͪͷ෼഑ ηϯλʔͰɺમ͸ͦ͜ͷ௨ߦূΈ͍ͨͳ΋ͷͰ͠ΐ͏ɻզʑ͸͔ͦ͜ Β͖࣋ͪΕͳ͍͙Β͍ɺྫྷଂݿʹೖΓ͖Βͣʹ෗Β͙͢Β͍ɺ͍ͬͺ ͍෺Λ͖͛ͯͯ͞ɺྋ͍͠إͰۚ͸෷͍·ͨ͠ɺͱݴ͍ͬͯΔɻ ॹํਖ਼ਓʮৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʯ1

  83. ʮԿ೥͔લɺ/),ͷऔࡐ൝͕໌ਫԂʢਫມපױऀͷཆޢࢪઃʣʹ ೖͬͯΔ͓;͘ΖΛ๚Ͷͨ࣌ͷ͜ͱͰ͢ɻԶ͕ͪΐͬͱલʹ౦ژʹ ߦ͍ͬͯͨ͜ͱΛࣖʹͨ͠ΜͰ͠ΐ͏ɺ͓ା͸Զʹ͛͜Μݴ͍Αͬͨ Ͱ͢ɻʮΘ΍ɺ౦ژʹ͍ͨͱ͕ͬͨͬͪɺ౦ژʹΠϮΜ͓ͬͨΜͳʯɹ Զ͸Ұॠ͗ΐͬͱͯ͠ɺԿͱ΋౴͑Α͏͕ͳ͔ͬͨɻ΍͕ͯɺʮ͋͛ Μͱ͜ΖʹΠϮΜ͓Δ΋Μ͔͍ʯͱۤ͠ฆΕʹݴͬͯ͸Έ͚ͨͲ΋ɺ Զͷ৺ͷதͷಈ༳͸Ӆ͠Α͏͕ͳ͔ͬͨɻ౦ژͳΜͯ΋Μʹ͓;͘Ζ ͸Կͷҙຯ΋ײ͍ͯ͡ͳ͍ΜͰ͢Ͷɻͦ͜ʹଉࢠ͕ߦ͘ͱ͢Ε͹ɺΠ ϮͰ΋औΓʹߦͬͨʹҧ͍ͳ͍ɺͱߟ͑ΔɻྗΛࠐΊͯݴ͏ΜͰ͢ ͕ɺ͜Ε͸ݱ୅ͷ೔ຊਓ΁ͷ௧྽ͳ൷൑Ͱ͢ɻ

    ॹํਖ਼ਓʮৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʯ1
  84. ΠϮʢڕʣ͕Ԛછ͞ΕͯΔͱݴΘΕͳ͕ΒɺԶͨͪ͸ΠϮΛ৯΂ଓ͚ ͖ͯͨΜͰ͢ɻʻதུʼΠϮΛ৯͖ͬͯͨͱݴ͏ࣄ͸ɺΠϮΛ࠘·ͳ ͔ͬͨͱݴ͏͜ͱ͕ཪଆʹ͋ΔΜͰ͢ɻʮؐΓΏ໋͘ͷੈքʯ͔ͩ Βɺ͍ͷͪͷ฼଻Λཪ੾Βͳ͔ͬͨͱ͍͏͔ɺͦΕ͕എܠʹ͋ΔΜͩ ͱࢥ͏ΜͰ͢ɻ ਫມපηϯλʔ૬ࢥࣾฤʮ͝Μ͍ͣʯ೥݄ɹ ॹํਖ਼ਓΠϯλϏϡʔ

  85. ਓ͚ؒͩͰ͸ͳ͘ɺಈ෺΍২෺ͱ΋ʮ͕͍ͨ͝ʯͷؒฑͰ͢ɻʮͨ͝ ͕͍ʯʹ͸ւ΋ࢁ΋Կ΋͔΋ؚ·ΕͱͬͨͰ͢Αɻզʑਓؒ͸ɺʮ͝ ͕͍ͨʯͷྠͷதʹ͋ͬͯɺͦͷ͓͔͛Ͱੜ͖͍ͯΔɻʮ࿨ղʯͱ͔ ʮอোʯͳΜͯɺॴ઩ਓؒͷੈͷதʹ͚ͩ௨༻͢Δઙ஌ܙʹ͗͢ͳ ͍ɻࢮΜͰ͍ͬͨڕ΍ௗ΍ೣ͸Ͳ͛Μ͢Δͷ͔ɻۚͰࡁ·ͤΔΘ͚ʹ ͸͍͔ΜͰ͠ΐɻফ͍͑ͯͬͨ૶৔͸ɺݪੜྛ͸Ͳ͏͢Δͷ͔ɻѹྗ ͔͚ͯ࿨ղΛԡ͠෇͚Δ༁΋͍͔ΜͰ͠ΐ͏͕ɻதུʮ͵͞Γʯͱ ͔ʮ͕͍ͨ͝ʯͱ͍͏ݴ༿ʹ͸ɺ໋ͱ͍͏΋ͷ͕զʑਓؒͷྖ෼Λӽ ͑ͨͱ͜ΖͰల։ͯ͠Δͱ͍͏͜ͱʹର͢ΔҞܟͷ೦͕ɺ·ͨͦΕΛ લʹͯ͠ݠڏʹͻΕ෬͠ɺفΔ৺͕ࠐΊΒΕͯΔͱࢥ͏ΜͰ͢ɻ

    ॹํਖ਼ਓʮৗੈͷसΛ૨͗ͯʯ1
  86. ੹೚Λ௥ٴ͍ͯ͠Δؒ͸ڪΖ͘͠ͳ͍ΜͰ͢Ͷɻ߈ΊΔ͚͔ͩͩΒɻ ͱ͜Ζ͕ɺٯసΛ૝૾͢Δ͚ͩͰɺཱ৔͕͙Β͙Βͱ͢ΔΘ͚Ͱ͢ɻ ͦΕ·Ͱͷલఏ่͕ΕΔΘ͚Ͱ͔͢Βɻνοιͷதʹ͍ͨͱͨ͠Βͱ ࣗ෼ΛԾఆͯ͠ΈΔͱɺࣗ෼͕࣮͸େ͖͙͘Β͍ͭͯ౴͕͑ͳ͍ɻઈ ରಉ͜͡ͱΛ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ͱ͍͏ࠜڌ͕ͳ͍ɻͦ͜ʹ͞Β͞ΕΔͱڰ͍ ʹڰͬͯɺ͜Ε͸΋͏Ұਓͷࣗ෼Λͦ͜ʹݟΔΘ͚Ͱ͢ͶɻͰ͔͢Β ͦ͏͍͏ҙຯͰ͸े೥લ͔Βɺνοιͱ͍͏ͷ͸΋͏Ұਓͷࣗ෼ͩͬ ͨͱࢥ͍ͬͯΔΘ͚Ͱ͢ɻ ॹํਖ਼ਓʮνοι͸ࢲͰ͋ͬͨʯѵॻ๪ɹ

  87. ʮνοιͬͯͲͳͨ͞ΜͰ͔͢ʯͬͯਘͶͯ΋ɺʮΘ͕ͨ͠νοιͰ ͢ʯͱ͍͏ਓ͸͍ͳ͍͠ɺʮࢲ͕ࠃͰ͢ʯͱ͍͏ਓ͸͍ͳ͍Θ͚Ͱ͢ɻ ʻதུʼ ࢲͨͪ͸ԿΛʮࠃʯͱ͍͖ͬͯͨͷ͔ɻʮࠃʹ੹೚͕͋Δʯͱݴ͍ͳ ͕Βɺ࣮͸ͦ͜ʹ͋ͬͨͷ͸ɺʮࠃʯͱ͍͏ओମ͕ݟ͑ͳ͍ɺओମͷ ଘࡏ͠ͳ͍ɺʮγεςϜࣾձʯ͡Όͳ͔ͬͨͷ͔ɻ ʻதུʼ ͍ͭ͘΋ͷม׵૷ஔ͕࡞ΒΕͯ࢓૊Έͷதʹ૊Έࠐ·Εɺ͋Δ͍͸ࣗ ΒਐΜͰೖͬͯ͠·͏ɻ͍ΖΜͳͱ͜ΖͰͦ͏͍͏͜ͱ͕ى͖͍ͯΔ ͱࢥ͍·͢ɻ

    ܀ݪලฤʰূݴਫມපʱ ࠢͷΏ͑͘ॹํਖ਼ਓؠ೾৽ॻ
  88. ·ͱΊ 5

  89. Design Time Use Time σβΠϯ͢Δʗ͞ΕΔͷ॥؀తࢹ఺ ͦΕʹΑͬͯ ਓ͕ؒσβΠϯ͞ΕΔ ʮσβΠϯ͞ΕΔݱ࣮ʯ σβΠφʔ ͕σβΠϯ͢Δ

    ϓϩηε ਓؒ͸ σβΠϯ͢Δ Կ͔Λࢧ഑͢Δ ͨΊʹடংΛ͋ͨ͑Δ σβΠϯ͢Δଆͷࢹ఺ டংʹΑͬͯ ࢧ഑͞ΕΔ σβΠϯ֓೦͕ྗΛ࣋ͭʹ൐ͬͯɺͦΕΒ͕ͭ͘Γͩ͢ݱ࣮ͱͷ૬ޓ࡞༻ʹؔ৺͕ߴ·Γͭͭ͋Δ
  90. Arturo Escobar Arturo Escobar Designs for the Pluriverse: Radical Interdependence,

    Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds. Duke University Press. 2018. It promotes convivial and communal instrumentations involving human/nonhuman collectives provoked into existence by ecological breakdowns or shared experiences of harm. It imagines designs that take seriously the active powers issuing from nonhumans, and it builds on the positive ontology of vibrant matter, realizing that design situations always involve encounters between human and nonhuman actants of all kinds. (P133) ͦΕ͸ɺੜଶܥͷ่յ΍֐ͷܦݧΛڞ༗͢Δ͜ͱʹΑͬͯɺਓؒͱඇਓؒ ͷू߹ମΛר͖ࠐΜͩɺڞ༇తͰڞಉମతͳಓ۩Λଅਐ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͋Δɻ ·ͨɺਓؒҎ֎͔ΒൃͤΒΕΔ׆ಈతͳྗΛਅ݋ʹߟྀͨ͠σβΠϯΛ૝ ૾͠ɺσβΠϯͷঢ়گʹ͸ৗʹ͋ΒΏΔछྨͷඇਓؒͱͷΞΫλʔͷؒͷ ૺ۰ؚ͕·Ε͍ͯΔ͜ͱΛೝࣝ͠ͳ͕Βɺ׆ؾʹຬͪͨ෺࣭ͷߠఆతͳଘ ࡏ࿦Λߏங͢Δ͜ͱͰ͋Δɻ ݟํΛม͑Ε͹ɺ͋ͪͪ͜ʹΈΒΕΔ
  91. ຊ೔ͷ·ͱΊ ˕ಉ͡Α͏ͳͱ͜ΖΛݟΑ͏ͱ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ͩΒɺσβΠϯͷ ཱ৔ɺਓྨֶͷཱ৔ɺͦΕͧΕ͕ӽڥ͍͋͠ަྲྀ͠·͠ΐ͏ɻ ΋ͬͱҙݟަ׵͋͑͠ΔίϛϡχςΟɾɾɾ͕Ͱ͖Δͱ͍͍Ͱ͢ Ͷɻ ˕σβΠϯΛଘࡏ࿦తʹଊ͑Δͱ͸Ͳ͏͍͏͜ͱ͔ɺͦͷ஌ݟ Λ׆͔ͯ͠σβΠϯڭҭʢʹ࣍ੈ୅ʣͰ͸ͲͷΑ͏ʹରԠͯ͠ ͍͚͹͍͍ͷ͔͸ɺҾ͖ଓ͖Α͘ߟ͑ͳͯ͘͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ ˕ਫມͷࣄྫΛɺσβΠϯ͓Αͼਓྨֶͷ؍఺͔ΒಡΈղ͍ͯ Έͨɻઌ୺ͷཧ࿦͸ԕ͍ͱ͜Ζʹ͋Δ΋ͷͰ͸ͳ͘ɺຒ΋Εͨ

    ͱ͜ΖΛΑ͘ݟ௚͢͜ͱͰൃݟͰ͖Δɻ ˕࠷ޙʹɾɾɾ
  92. Special Thanks ඌ⃻ͨ·͖͞Μ ࿘࡚௚ࢠ͞Μ ͝ڠྗͩͬͨ͘͞օ༷ ʢαϯΰ঴ֶʣ ʢਫதࣸਅՈʣ େాߊ࢜ ࣛࣇౡఱจؗʮ·͑ΘΓ԰ʯళ௕ ނɾ౉ลอ࢙͞Μ

    ʮࣗ෼ͨͪࣄͷσβΠϯʯ ্ฏͷ฼ ॹܗਖ਼ਓ͞Μ ߇ = ߇ ޷ ި ߳ ଟݩతɹੈքと Ϋϥ΢υϑΝϯσΟϯά ʮ۽ຊ߽ӍͰඃࡂͨ͠ࢠͲ΋ͨͪΛ সإʹ͢Δւͷ؀ڥڭҭࢧԉʯ४උதʂ