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Hi, I’m Thijs

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I’m @ThijsFeryn on Twitter

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I’m an at Evangelist

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I’m a at board member

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Create and configure lightweight, reproducible, and portable development environments.

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Why? Why? Why?

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•Environment per project •Dev ~= Test ~= Staging ~= Prod •Easy to define & transport •Easy to tear down •Provisionable: infrastructure as code •Versionable •Shared across the team

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Vagrantfile Vagrant box vagrant up How Vagrant works Provisioning scripts VM’s on your computer

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Generate a Vagrantfile $  vagrant  init  ubuntu/trusty64

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•Select base box •Choose virtualization provider •Configure VM parameters •Configure networking •Tweak SSH settings •Mount local folders •Provision machine What does a Vagrantfile do?

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"    "forwarded_port",  guest:  80,  host:  8080  "private_network",  ip:  ""  "public_network"      config.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"      config.vm.provider  "virtualbox"  do  |vb|          vb.memory  =  "1024"          vb.cpus  =  "4"        end      config.vm.provision  "ansible"  do  |ansible|                  ansible.playbook  =  "ansible/playbook.yml"      end   end

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Slide 18 text Search for public boxes Official

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Slide 19 text Build your own boxes

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Slide 20 text v2/boxes/base.html Or do it manually

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Slide 21 text Host your boxes in the Cloud

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Manage boxes $  vagrant  box  add  hashicorp/precise64   $  vagrant  box  add  precise32  http://  -­‐-­‐provider   virtualbox   $  vagrant  box  list   $  vagrant  box  remove  hashicorp/precise64   $  vagrant  box  repackage  precise32  virtualbox  0   $  vagrant  box  outdated   $  vagrant  box  update   $  vagrant  package

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Vagrant.configure("2")  do  |config|  =  "ubuntu/trusty64"   end Vagrantfile can do this too Vagrant.configure("2")  do  |config|  =  "precise32"      config.vm.box_url  =  "http://"       end URL for self-hosted boxes

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Vagrant up & running

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•vagrant up •vagrant suspend •vagrant halt •vagrant reload •vagrant destroy •vagrant status

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vagrant ssh

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•Passwordless login •SSH keys •Generated on vagrant up •Private key in .vagrant folder of your project •Public key in authorized_keys file for vagrant user

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vagrant ssh-config Host  default      HostName      User  vagrant      Port  2202      UserKnownHostsFile  /dev/null      StrictHostKeyChecking  no      PasswordAuthentication  no      IdentityFile  /Users/thijs/Sites/ vagrantup/.vagrant/machines/default/ virtualbox/private_key      IdentitiesOnly  yes      LogLevel  FATAL

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"    "forwarded_port",  guest:  80,  host:  8080  "private_network",  ip:  ""  "public_network"   end Networking

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Synced folders

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By default your project folder is mounted as /vagrant on the guest VM

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"    "forwarded_port",  guest:  80,  host:  8080  "private_network",  ip:  ""  “public_network"      config.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"   end Synced folders

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VM properties

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"    "forwarded_port",  guest:  80,  host:  8080  "private_network",  ip:  ""  "public_network"      config.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"      config.vm.provider  "virtualbox"  do  |vb|          vb.memory  =  "1024"          vb.cpus  =  "4"        end   end VM properties

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Who the hell cares about an empty Linux box?

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•File •Shell •Ansible •Cfengine •Chef Solo •Chef Zero •Chef Client •Chef Apply •Docker •Puppet Apply •Puppet Agent •Salt Provisioning

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•Configuration management •Simple/lightweight •Yaml •Config > code •Written in Python •Standalone/agentless •Pushes commands over SSH •Lots of modules •Lots of public “roles”

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"    "forwarded_port",  guest:  80,  host:  8080  "private_network",  ip:  ""  "public_network"      config.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"      config.vm.provider  "virtualbox"  do  |vb|          vb.memory  =  "1024"          vb.cpus  =  "4"        end      config.vm.provision  "ansible"  do  |ansible|                  ansible.playbook  =  "ansible/playbook.yml"      end   end Ansible provisioning in Vagrant

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-­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  all      vars:          docroot:  /vagrant/www          servername:      sudo:  yes      tasks:      -­‐  name:  ensure  nginx  is  at  the  latest  version          apt:  pkg=nginx  state=latest      -­‐  name:  write  the  nginx  config  file          template:  src=mysite.conf.j2  dest=/etc/nginx/sites-­‐ enabled/mysite.conf          notify:          -­‐  restart  nginx      -­‐  name:  ensure  nginx  is  running  (and  enable  it  at  boot)          service:  name=nginx  state=started  enabled=yes      handlers:          -­‐  name:  restart  nginx              service:  name=nginx  state=restarted Simple playbook example

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-­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  all      vars:          docroot:  /vagrant/www          servername:      sudo:  yes      tasks:      -­‐  name:  ensure  nginx  is  at  the  latest  version          apt:  pkg=nginx  state=latest      -­‐  name:  write  the  nginx  config  file          template:  src=mysite.conf.j2  dest=/etc/nginx/sites-­‐ enabled/mysite.conf          notify:          -­‐  restart  nginx      -­‐  name:  ensure  nginx  is  running  (and  enable  it  at  boot)          service:  name=nginx  state=started  enabled=yes      handlers:          -­‐  name:  restart  nginx              service:  name=nginx  state=restarted

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•First “vagrant up” •Vagrant provision

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Organizing playbooks

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-­‐group_vars      all.yml      webservers.yml      databases.yml   -­‐host_vars      webserver001.yml      webserver002.yml      database001.yml      database002.yml   -­‐playbook.yml   -­‐common.yml   -­‐roles      nginx      mysql Directory layout Variables per group or for all groups Variables per host Main playbook Included playbook Modularized playbooks

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-­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  webservers      pre_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'hello'      roles:          -­‐  nginx      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'      post_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'goodbye' -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  databases      pre_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'hello'      roles:          -­‐  mysql      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'      post_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'goodbye' -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  all      tasks:          -­‐  include:  common.yml          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'   -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  webserver001      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'very  busy'  

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Inventory $  cat  .vagrant/provisioners/ansible/ inventory/vagrant_ansible_inventory #  Generated  by  Vagrant   default  ansible_ssh_host=   ansible_ssh_port=2202

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Create custom inventory files for other environments

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Re-use your Ansible scripts on test/staging/ production

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Standalone Ansible

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Standalone Ansible $  ansible-­‐playbook  -­‐i  inventory-­‐staging   playbook.yml

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Multi-machine setup

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Vagrant.configure(2)  do  |config|    =  "ubuntu/trusty64"            config.vm.define  "webserver001",  primary:true  do  |ws001|              ws001.vm.hostname  =  "webserver001"      :private_network,  ip:  ""              ws001.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"                  end            config.vm.define  "webserver002"  do  |ws002|              ws002.vm.hostname  =  "webserver002"      :private_network,  ip:  ""              ws002.vm.synced_folder  "./www",  "/var/www"                  end                config.vm.define  "database001"  do  |db001|              db001.vm.hostname  =  "database001"      :private_network,  ip:  ""      end            config.vm.define  "database002"  do  |db002|              db002.vm.hostname  =  "database002"      :private_network,  ip:  ""      end            config.vm.provider  "virtualbox"  do  |vb|          vb.memory  =  "512"          vb.cpus  =  "2"        end      config.vm.provision  "ansible"  do  |ansible|                  ansible.playbook  =  "ansible/playbook.yml"                  ansible.groups  =  {                          "webservers"    =>  ["webserver001",  "webserver002"],                          "databases"      =>  ["database001",  "database002"],                                                  "all_groups:children"  =>  ["webservers",  "databases"]                  }      end   end

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Inventory $  cat  .vagrant/provisioners/ansible/ inventory/vagrant_ansible_inventory #  Generated  by  Vagrant   database001  ansible_ssh_host=  ansible_ssh_port=2204   database002  ansible_ssh_host=  ansible_ssh_port=2205   webserver001  ansible_ssh_host=  ansible_ssh_port=2202   webserver002  ansible_ssh_host=  ansible_ssh_port=2203   [webservers]   webserver001   webserver002   [databases]   database001   database002   [all_groups:children]   webservers   databases

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-­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  webservers      pre_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'hello'      roles:          -­‐  nginx      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'      post_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'goodbye' -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  databases      pre_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'hello'      roles:          -­‐  mysql      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'      post_tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'goodbye' -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  all      tasks:          -­‐  include:  common.yml          -­‐  shell:  echo  'still  busy'   -­‐-­‐-­‐   -­‐  hosts:  webserver001      tasks:          -­‐  shell:  echo  'very  busy'  

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Controlling the machines

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vagrant  up   vagrant  ssh   vagrant  destroy   vagrant  up  webserver001   vagrant  ssh  webserver001   vagrant  destroy  webserver001   vagrant  up  database001   vagrant  ssh  database001   vagrant  destroy  database001 All VM’s Primary VM All VM’s

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Vagrant up #FTW

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