Speaker Deck

Saturday Class 3

by Walt Ribeiro

Published September 24, 2017

Slide 2


- Treble Clef (this is the high notes in music)
- Key Signature (tells you which key the song is in)
- Time Signature (Ex: 4/4, 6/4, etc)
- Pick Up measure (the measure before the song kicks in)

Slide 3


- The 3 clefs from low to high: Bass, Alto, and Treble
- Treble clefs are high instruments (like flute or violin)
- Alto clefs are middle instruments (like viola)
- Bass clefs are low instruments (like tuba or cello)

Slide 4


- Brackets "connect" two clefs. Ex: piano player
- Staff is 1, Stave is 2 more more.

Slide 5


- The notes in music are ABCDEFG, and repeat
- To remember them on a staff = FACE (spaces) and EGBDF (lines)
- A popular mnemonic for EGBDF is "every good boy does fine"

Slide 6


Piano Notes = http://musicards.net/music_flash_cards/piano_notes.html
Press the key and it will tell you which note it is

Note Names = http://musicards.net/music_flash_cards/music_note_flashcards.html

Note durations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Bt1BF1PC2k
This is the best video I've seen about durations

Slide 7


- A full piano has 88 notes
- Our MIDI pianos in class have 49 notes
- Sometimes you'll see C4, C5, etc. - that signifies the octave

Slide 8


- Sharp means to go up; Flat means to go down
- The notes between B-C and E-F do not get a sharp or flat
- The notes are A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# then repeat

Slide 9


- Enharmonics are 1 note written 2 ways. Ex: C# / Db (C-sharp / D-flat)
- OCtaves are 1 notes at two locations on piano

Slide 10


- Tempo is signified by BPM
- BPM = beats per minute
- A clock runs at 60 bpm (imagine each second as a drum beat metronome)

Slide 11


- Note durations
- Whole notes = 4 beats
- Half notes = 2 beats
- Quarter notes = 1 beat
- Eighth notes = 1/2 beat

Slide 12


- The parts to a note: head, stem, and flag
- Whole notes have a head
- Half notes have a head and stem
- Quarter notes have a filled-in head and stem
- Eighth notes have a head and steam and flag
- Sixteenth notes have 2 flags (you don't need to know this yet)

Slide 13


- Rests (silence in music)
- Whole note rests = imagine someone falling into a "hole"
- Half note rests = imagine a stump
- Quarter note rests = looks like a squiggly line
- All the beats are the same (whole note rest gets 4 beats of silence, etc.)

Slide 14


- Up beats and down beats
- When your foot or head goes down that's the downbeat
- When your foot or head goes up that's the upbeat

Slide 15


- Eighth notes are counted 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + (the "+" is the upbeat)