How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration?

D0270498e20bd573441f1f48f2e425cf?s=47 Gustavo Pinto
January 14, 2018
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How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration?

D0270498e20bd573441f1f48f2e425cf?s=128

Gustavo Pinto

January 14, 2018
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  1. How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration? Gustavo

    Pinto I. Steinmacher M. Gerosa F. Fronchetti D. Alencar 1
  2. 2

  3. Why? http://programmers.stackexchange.com/questions/164618 3

  4. Why? http://programmers.stackexchange.com/questions/164618 Is simple Is easy to use Because Github:

    Offers DVCS support has the PR system increases collaboration 4
  5. 5 Does Github really increase collaboration?

  6. Active: >= 1 commit in the last 12 months Popular:

    > 10.000 stars Non-trival: > 10.000 LoC Obviously: Migrated to Github Projects Selection 6
  7. Active, popular, non-trivial 7

  8. Active, popular, non-trivial Projects Prog. Language Moved to Github LoC

    Age Ruby C 02/2010 1,001K 18 mongodb C++ 01/2009 2,104K 9 Jenkins Java 11/2010 191K 10 Rails Ruby 04/2008 203K 12 Joomla! PHP 09/2011 610K 11 jQuery JavaScript 04/2009 41K 10 8
  9. Method: Two Steps 1) Mining Software Repositories 9

  10. Method: Two Steps 1) Mining Software Repositories 2) Survey with

    developers Q1: What motivated the project to move to Github? Q2. Do you have any internal policy to attract newcomers? Q3: Does this snapshot make sense? 10
  11. How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration? 11

  12. How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration? In

    terms of: {• number of newcomers, active committers, contributions • number of pull-requests received • number of issues created 12
  13. Newcomers, active committers, contributions 13

  14. Committer # commiters p-value 0.001 effect size 0.633 14

  15. Committer # commiters p-value 0.001 effect size 0.633 15 The

    number of committers increased significantly (effect size = 0.633)
  16. Contribution # commiters contributions p-value 0.001 0.001 effect size 0.633

    0.635 16 The number of contributions increased significantly (effect size = 0.635)
  17. # commiters contributions newcomers p-value 0.001 0.001 0.001 effect size

    0.633 0.635 0.460 Newcomer The number of newcomers increased significantly (effect size = 0.460) 17
  18. # commiters contributions newcomers p-value 0.001 0.001 0.001 effect size

    0.633 0.635 0.460 Newcomer Rails core developer 18 We don't have any strong policy other than: be nice with newcomers, give them attention, good feedback and try to motivate them to solve their own problems. The number of newcomers increased significantly (effect size = 0.460)
  19. # commiters contributions newcomers p-value 0.001 0.001 0.006 effect size

    0.299 0.018 0.206 The rise of active committer does not imply in the rise of contributions 19
  20. # commiters contributions newcomers Joomla! p-value 0.001 0.001 0.006 effect

    size 0.299 0.018 0.206 jQuery p-value 0.035 0.001 0.060 effect size 0.066 0.144 0.160 The migration to GitHub played a major role to the rise of contributions in only 2 out of the 6 studied projects 20 effect size: 0.018 effect size: 0.114
  21. Pull-Requests 21

  22. Pull Requests 22

  23. Pull Requests Several PRs are submitted, few got merged (3

    out of the 1,223 Ruby PRs got merged) Merged PRs 23
  24. Pull Requests The number of PRs did not increase over

    time (in 5/6 of the projects) (again) Several PRs are submitted, few got merged 24
  25. Issues 25

  26. Issues Not all projects are using the issue tracking system

    26
  27. Issues Initial effort required! Not all projects are using the

    issue tracking system 27
  28. In summary 28

  29. The rise of contributions is not straightforward 29

  30. Little effort was placed on policies for attracting or retaining

    newcomers 30
  31. 31 Some projects have a high rate of PRs closed

    and not merged. If the project is not intended to use PRs, state this upfront!
  32. 32 Some projects have a high rate of PRs closed

    and not merged. If the project is not intended to use PRs, state this upfront!
  33. Project members might expect an overhead on managing the issue

    tracking system 33
  34. 34 THANKS

  35. How Does the Shift to GitHub Impact Project Collaboration? Gustavo

    Pinto I. Steinmacher M. Gerosa F. Fronchetti D. Alencar 35