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Approaches to ecology

Approaches to ecology

This presentation explains how deep ecology is connected to all parts of our lives. It explains the various approaches to ecology as well as it's different types. I made this presentation to educate my classmates about ecology as well as to make them realise the repercussions of rapid development.


Parikshit Arvind Tiwari

March 25, 2021


  1. Approaches To Ecology A U T H O R :

    P A R I K S H I T A R V I N D T I W A R I
  2. Presentation Overview OUTLINE OF TOPICS 1. Biocentrism 2. Anthropocentrism 3.

    Ecofeminism 4. Deep ecology 5. Sustainability 6. UN Sustainability Goals 7. Principle of Equity & Equality 8. Ecology vs Development
  3. Biocentrism How life creates the universe WE are not special.

    We are not the only one. We are a part of special. We are one of them
  4. Biocentrism Biocentrism is derived from the word “BIOS”. The word

    There is interdependence between all members of species. Interdependence This approach keeps nature at center and not humans. Nature at center The concept was proposed by Robert Lanza in 2007. Introduction This concept gave emergence to animal rights Animal rights
  5. Anthropocentrism, philosophical viewpoint arguing that human beings are the central

    or most significant entities in the world and is a basic belief embedded in many Western religions and philosophies. Anthropocentrism regards humans as separate from and superior to nature and holds that human life has intrinsic value while other entities (including animals, plants, mineral resources, and so on) are resources that may justifiably be exploited for the benefit of humankind. Anthropocentrism
  6. History Anthropocentrism Many ethicists find the roots of anthropocentrism in

    the Creation story told in the book of Genesis in the Judeo-Christian Bible, in which humans are created in the image of God and are instructed to “subdue” Earth and to “have dominion” over all other living creatures. This passage has been interpreted as an indication of humanity’s superiority to nature and as condoning an instrumental view of nature, where the natural world has value only as it benefits humankind. This line of thought is not limited to Jewish and Christian theology and can be found in Aristotle’s PoliticsandinImmanuelKant’smoralphilosophy.
  7. • Anthropocentrism has been criticised by animal rights and welfare

    advocates, who contend that the belief that humans are more important than other animals is false and that like humans, nonhuman animals have intrinsicvalue. • As a reaction to anthropocentrism, other ecophilosophers disagree, however, saying that we have direct responsibilities to natural objects other than human beings. Non-anthropocentric ethics grants moral standing to such natural objects as animals, plants and landscapes. Nonanthropocentrism requires an extension and revisionofstandard ethical principles. Criticism ANTHROPOCENTRISM
  8. Ecofeminism • Ecofeminism describes movements and philosophies that link feminism

    with ecology • Ecofeminism connects the exploitation and domination of women with that of the environment and argues that there is a connection between women and nature.
  9. CONNECTIONS SPECULATED Eco feminists draw connections between menstruation and moon

    cycles, childbirth and creation SIMILARITY BETWEEN NATURE AND WOMEN Ecofeminists believe that this connection is illustrated through the traditionally 'female' values of reciprocity, nurturing and cooperation, which are present both among women and in nature
  10. Conceptions of nature and of women have been linked: earth

    as female, female as earthly/animal- like. EARTH AS FEMALE To overcome this problem, we must analyze and resist both together, and devise an ideal which liberates both. STRATEGISE all oppressions (race, class, gender, environment) are linked and need to be fought together. EXPANSION OFTEN MADE Devaluation and abuse of nature and women have gone hand in hand. ABUSE OF BOTH Ecofeminism: Basic Insights
  11. Deep ecology • Deep ecologyis a recent branch of ecological

    philosophy. • It promotes the inherent worth of all living beings. • Deep ecology is an environmental philosophyandsocial movement. • The self should be understood as deeply connected with and as part of nature, not disassociated from it.
  12. Deep Ecology • It argues that the existence of organisms

    is dependent on the existence of others within ecosystems. • Deep ecology's core principle is the belief that the living environment as a whole should be respected. • Deep ecology tends to take a basically holistic view of Nature. • Deep ecology an be achieved by attitude shift.
  13. Sustainability study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans,

    and their physical environment Ecology Sustainability is the ability to exist constantly. Sustainability Presentations are communication tools that can be demonstrations, lectures, speeches, reports, and more. Ecology Sustainability
  14. Ecology Sustainability: Introduction Sustainability has become a wide-ranging term that

    can be applied to almost every facet of life on Earth, from local to a global scale and over various time periods. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. Invisible chemical cycles redistribute water, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon through the world's living and non-living systems and have sustained life since the beginning of time. As the earth’s human population has increased, natural ecosystems have declined and changes in the balance of natural cycles have had a negative impact on both humans and other living systems.
  15. Strategies for action OBJECTIVES TARGETS ACTIONS 1. Increases in concentration

    2. Increased manipulation 3. Failure to restore 1. ‘ O ' extinction 2. Improvement in resource 3. Land for nature 1. restore habitat 2. use renewable resources 3. design forno toxicity
  16. None
  17. Introduction: Sustainable Development Goals THE SDGs are… • A set

    of 17 goalsforthe world’sfuture,through 2030 • Supportedbyleaders of 193countries. • Blueprintto achievea better andmoresustainable futurefor all • Three dimensionsof sustainable development 169 Associated Targets 17 Goals
  18. Presentations are communication tools that can be demonstrations, lectures, speeches,

    reports, and more.
  19. Principle of Equity and Equality Equity Equityisaboutgivingpeople what they need,

    in order to makethingsfair. Equality equality means ensuring that everyone has the same opportunities and receives the same treatmentandsupport
  20. Equity or Equality?

  21. Equity in ecology The central ethical principle behind sustainable development

    is equity. Equity is about fairness. It means that everyone has the right to enjoy the gains and suffer the losses as per their circumstances. Equity for sustainable development Environment inequities The affluent people are equipped enough to fight the exploit and pollution of resources while the poor must cope with its current situation. Intergenerational Equity It is not just about wealth creation. The environment must not be degraded enough by the current generations exploitation so as to make the future generation suffer. The basic resources of our ecology work under this principle. This not only involves humans, but all the living beings present in our environment. Equity for equality
  22. Ecology v/s Development Ecology The study about the relationship between

    Living organism and their surrounding. Development It is a multidimensional concept which Should encompass material, social, environmental political and cultural components with all of them having a direct impact on the qualityofhumanlife.
  23. Impact of development Ecology v/s development • The Scale effect

    : Increased production and consumption causeincreaseinenvironmentaldamage. • The composition effect : Initially economic growth leads to industrialization and then environmental damage increases. • The technicaleffect :Technologicaldevelopment leadsto thechangeintheenvironmentalimpactsofproduction.
  24. Ecology v/s Development Effects of development on ecology… • The

    construction of new roads and railroads inevitably transforms natural habitats intoa sealed andhighlydisturbed environment. • Edgeeffects and pollution. • Trafficnoiseandother disturbances.
  25. The Earth is what we all have in common. Thank