Final Presentation d.Compress

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June 06, 2012
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Final Presentation d.Compress

9fbd6893bdb64f1e8ff49bcdde0070b1?s=128

robsemmens

June 06, 2012
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  1. Imagine a World with a Calming Commute? Rob Semmens Project

    Goal: To demonstrate that leaving for a meeting with enough time will result in lower stress levels and restored attention.
  2. Problem/Motivation • Attention Restoration Theory (Kaplan & Kaplan, 1989) •

    Irvine, K.N. Work breaks & well-being: The effect of nature on hospital nurses, Conference proceedings of the 131st Annual Meeting (November 15–19, 2003) of APHA • Wells, Nancy M.; Evans, G.W. (2003). "Nearby Nature: A Buffer of Life Stress Among Rural Children". Environment and Behavior(35.3): 311–330. • Roger S. Ulrich, Robert F. Simons, Barbara D. Losito, Evelyn Fiorito, Mark A. Miles, Michael Zelson, Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments, Journal of Environmental Psychology, Volume 11, Issue 3, September 1991, Pages 201-230, 10.1016/S0272-4944(05)80184-7.
  3. Can we harness this time for calm? Stated Meeting Start

    Time Effective Meeting Start Time Variance Stated Meeting End Time Effective Meeting End Time Variance Best-Case Travel Time Departure Time Variance Arrival Time Variance Intra-Meeting Time Window User • A graduate student who walks across campus to class, several times a week • Comfortable with technology • Feels social pressure to arrive at class on time • Research requires creativity and innovation • Has a perceived high demand for his time, either internally or externally created
  4. Eric sets a reminder to leave for class with plenty

    of time. He has marked this transition as “restorative.” Eric walks to class, noticing the nature around him, and knowing that he will arrive with enough time. Eric is prompted to write down any creative insights in his phone, before he can check email. These are available for review later. Design Any Thoughts To Remember During Travel? Not this time Ask me later
  5. Results • ~ 10 minutes to sign up • 77

    seconds to fill out the form • Arriving 3.5 minutes before meeting • < 40% compliance (11 data points) • One insight
  6. Onward • Continue Data Collection! • Increase compliance/ease of use

    – Consider Dropping Other Measures – Working Memory Issue? – Prompt to record insights, before technology can provide a distraction • Hume Writing Center
  7. Thank you. • semmens@stanford.edu • @robsemmens

  8. Can you have a Calm Commute? Results • ~ 10

    minutes to sign up • 77 seconds to fill out the form • Arriving 3.5 minutes before meeting • < 40% compliance (11 data points) • One insight Rob Semmens semmens@stanford.edu @robsemmens There are a variety of ways to reduce stress, but many of them involve taking a break from your current activity. Attention restoration theory indicates that walking outside improves executive attention, as well as various physiological measures, such as heart rate. This effort explores the ability to induce a lower heart rate as part of a transition from one meeting to another that involves walking outside. Self perception theory would predict that engaging in a behavior that they think leads to calm will actually cause them to be more calm.