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Bikes are Dope

Ben Fields
September 02, 2018
54

Bikes are Dope

A brief history of doping in cycling as given at #emfcamp 2018 lightning talks

Ben Fields

September 02, 2018
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Transcript

  1. Bicycles are Dope:
    From Strychnine to Hidden Motors
    Ben Fields
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashesse/32271738103/
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashesse/32271738103/

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  2. https://www.flickr.com/photos/clickflashphotos/4588770889/
    Bicycles are great

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  3. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jamesbondsv/10079273356/
    lots of different things that bicycles are great for: getting around, exploring, cargo, sports.

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  4. https://www.flickr.com/photos/lilymonster/5987385003/
    lots of different things that bicycles are great for: getting around, exploring, cargo,
    sports.

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  5. https://www.flickr.com/photos/mercurier/122132625/
    we’re going to talk about the folks to get paid to go fast(er) on bicycles

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  6. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffgerhardt/273038447/
    and the lengths the go to do so

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  7. https://www.flickr.com/photos/gatiuss/5223834995/
    What is doping?

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  8. https://www.flickr.com/photos/gatiuss/5223834995/
    “administer drugs to (a racehorse,
    greyhound, or athlete) in order to inhibit
    or enhance sporting performance.”

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  9. Doping in Cycling
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/brizzlebornandbred/6921422235/
    Focused on allowing athletes to go faster for longer

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  10. classically this means less steroids

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  11. and more amphetamines and oxygen enhancers/blood doping

    and more amphetamines and oxygen enhancers/blood doping

    (side note here on the macabre nature of blood doping, but more later)

    so let's take a brief look at the history of doping in cycling

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  12. • strychnine
    toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    We're going to put the performances on this handy informal chart, to help us think about them.

    The dimensions are:

    - **Toxicity TD50** the dose where the median person dies

    - **Effectiveness()@ED50)** how good is it when it hits?

    so ideally we'll be in the lower right, were things are useful and not so likely to result undesirable side effects like death

    in the upper left we have performance enhancers that might be very useful but have a very small window to help you before you're toast, like Strychnine,

    the oldest of performance enhancers

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  13. This is what strychnine does

    'in small doses tightened tired muscles'

    in small doses plus one it results in death

    not banned but encouraged!

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  14. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines

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  15. Mercx was suspended a few times in his career: e.g. “Merckx was leading the 1969 Giro d'Italia upon the conclusion of the sixteenth stage in Savona. After the stage,
    Merckx traveled to the mobile lab that traveled with the race and conducted the drug tests.”

    **now** they aren't allowed

    results in death sometimes

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  16. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines
    • blood doping
    blood doping

    (transfusions across people/time)

    need for red blood cells

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  17. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d0/Francesco_Moser_-_1979.jpg
    Francesco Moser of Italy broke the hour record of Eddy Merckx in 1984. In 1999, he admitted blood doping to prepare for the attempt, helped
    by sports doctor Francesco Conconi. Such doping had not been declared illegal at the time.

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  18. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines
    • blood doping
    • EPO
    Erythropoietin

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  19. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e7/Basso_Armstrong_Tourmalet_2004.jpg
    Erythropoietin: making Armstrong and Basso go faster

    well reported so not much to say here, but it's effectively an improvement on the point of blood doping, by ingesting a drug that your body makes normally that cause
    more red blood cells to be made

    death via thick blood but less often

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  20. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines
    • blood doping
    • EPO
    What does ‘better’ doping mean?

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  21. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines
    • blood doping
    • EPO
    roughly: enhance performance as much as possible, while lowering toxicity/risk to the rider (and in
    modern sport avoiding detection)

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  22. let's talk about motors

    here's bottom bracket mounted one

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  23. here's one in the rim

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  24. toxicity
    (TD50
    )
    effectiveness (ED50
    )
    • strychnine
    • amphetamines
    • blood doping
    • EPO
    • hidden motors?
    What does ‘better’ doping mean?

    so are hidden motors the best dope then?

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  25. By Dimitri Maladry - wikiportret.nl, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46825387
    Almost six years since the first allegations of "mechanical doping" in cycling the UCI, during the Women's under-23 race, for the first time in cycling history found
    evidence of technological fraud when they checked the bicycle of Femke Van den Driessche. The UCI had been testing a new detection system.

    (small aside about a sacrificial lamb being a poorly funded young women who's career is now basically over as a result)

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  26. The Future of
    Doping is
    the bike?
    Thanks!

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