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Spring Cloud, Spring Boot and Netflix OSS

Dave Syer
September 10, 2014

Spring Cloud, Spring Boot and Netflix OSS

Spring Cloud provides tools for developers to quickly build some of the common patterns in distributed systems (e.g. configuration management, service discovery, circuit breakers, intelligent routing, micro-proxy, control bus, one-time tokens, global locks, leadership election, distributed sessions, cluster state). Coordination of distributed systems leads to boiler plate patterns, and using Spring Cloud developers can quickly stand up services and applications that implement those patterns. They will work well in any distributed environment, including the developer's own laptop, bare metal data centres, and managed platforms such as Pivotal Cloudfoundry. Slides available as HTML (with links) here: http://presos.dsyer.com/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html.

Dave Syer

September 10, 2014

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  1. Spring Cloud, Spring Boot and Netflix OSS Spencer Gibb twitter:

    @spencerbgibb email: [email protected] Dave Syer twitter: @david_syer email: [email protected] (Spring Boot and Netflix OSS or Spring Cloud Components) http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 1 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  2. Outline Define microservices Outline some distributed system problems Introduce Netflix

    OSS and its integration with Spring Boot Spring Cloud demos http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 2 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  3. What are micro-services? Not monolithic :-) Smaller units of a

    larger system Runs in its own process Lightweight communication protocols Single Responsibility Principle The UNIX way http://www.slideshare.net/ewolff/micro-services-small-is-beautiful http://martinfowler.com/articles/microservices.html http://davidmorgantini.blogspot.com/2013/08/micro-services-what-are- micro-services.html http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 3 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  4. Lightweight Services and REST There is a strong trend in

    distributed systems with lightweight architectures People have started to call them "microservices" http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 4 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  5. Spring Boot It needs to be super easy to implement

    and update a service: @RestController class ThisWillActuallyRun { @RequestMapping("/") String home() { Hello World! } } and you don't get much more "micro" than that. http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 5 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  6. Cloudfoundry Deploying services needs to be simple and reproducible $

    cf push app.groovy and you don't get much more convenient than that. (Same argument for other PaaS solutions) http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 6 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  7. Continuous Delivery Microservices lend themselves to continuous delivery. You need

    continuous delivery Book (Humble and Farley): http://continuousdelivery.com Netflix Blog: http://techblog.netflix.com/2013/08/deploying-netflix-api.html http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 7 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  8. No Man (Microservice) is an Island It's excellent to be

    able to implement a microservice really easily (Spring Boot), but building a system that way surfaces "non-functional" requirements that you otherwise didn't have. There are laws of physics that make some problems unsolvable (consistency, latency), but brittleness and manageability can be addressed with generic, boiler plate patterns. http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 10 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  9. Emergent features of micro- services systems Coordination of distributed systems

    leads to boiler plate patterns Distributed/versioned configuration Service registration and discovery Routing Service-to-service calls Load balancing Circuit Breaker Asynchronous Distributed messaging http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 11 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  10. Bootification How to bring the ease of Spring Boot to

    a micro-services architecture? Netflix OSS Consul etcd zookeeper custom doozerd ha proxy nginx Typesafe Config and many more... what to choose? http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 13 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  11. Netflix OSS Eureka Hystrix & Turbine Ribbon Feign Zuul Archaius

    Curator Asgaard ... Mikey Cohen Netflix edge architecture, http://goo.gl/M159zi http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 14 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  12. Configuration Server Pluggable source Git implementation Versioned Rollback-able Configuration client

    auto-configured via starter http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 16 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  13. Spring Cloud Configuration Server Supports applications <appname>.properties Supports environments <appname>-<envname>.yml

    Default environment application.properties applies to all applications and environments DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 17 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  14. Config Client Consumers of config server can use client library

    as Spring Boot plugin Features: Bootstrap Environment from server POST to /env to change Environment @RefreshScope for atomic changes to beans via Spring lifecycle POST to /refresh POST to /restart http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 18 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  15. Environment Endpoint POST to /env Re-binds @ConfigurationProperties Resets loggers if

    any logging.level changes are detected Sends EnvironmentChangeEvent with list of properties that changed http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 19 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  16. Refresh Endpoint POST to /refresh Re-loads configuration including remote config

    server Re-binds @ConfigurationProperties Resets @RefreshScope cache http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 20 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  17. RefreshScope Annotate @Beans Atomic updates during /refresh DEMO @EnableConfigurationProperties(MyProps) public

    class Application { @Autowired private MyProps props @RefreshScope @Bean public Service service() { new Service(props.name) } } http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 21 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  18. Restart Endpoint POST to /restart closes application context and refreshes

    it Probably more useful in development than production (leaks?) Disabled by default http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 22 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  19. Encrypted Properties Authenticated clients have access to unencrypted data. Only

    encrypted data is stored in git. Support for server side or client side decryption DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 23 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  20. Discovery: Eureka Service Registration Server Highly Available In AWS terms,

    multi Availability Zone and Region aware http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 24 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  21. Eureka Client Register service instances with Eureka Server @EnableEurekaClient auto

    registers instance in server Eureka Server Eureka Client @EnableEurekaClient public class Application { } DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 25 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  22. Circuit Breaker: Hystrix latency and fault tolerance isolates access to

    other services stops cascading failures enables resilience circuit breaker pattern dashboard Release It!: https://pragprog.com/book/mnee/release-it http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 26 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  23. Declarative Hystrix Programmatic access is cumbersome @HystrixCommand to the rescue

    @EnableHystrix via starter pom Wires up spring aop aspect DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 27 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  24. Hystrix Synchronous private String getDefaultMessage() { return "Hello World Default";

    } @HystrixCommand(fallbackMethod="getDefaultMessage") public String getMessage() { return restTemplate.getForObject(/*...*/); } http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 28 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  25. Hystrix Future @HystrixCommand(fallbackMethod="getDefaultMessage") public Future<String> getMessageFuture() { return new AsyncResult<String>()

    { public String invoke() { return restTemplate.getForObject(/*...*/); } }; } //somewhere else service.getMessageFuture().get(); http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 29 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  26. Hystrix Observable @HystrixCommand(fallbackMethod="getDefaultMessage") public Observable<String> getMessageRx() { return new ObservableResult<String>()

    { public String invoke() { return restTemplate.getForObject(/*...*/); } }; } //somewhere else helloService.getMessageRx().subscribe(new Observer<String>() { @Override public void onCompleted() {} @Override public void onError(Throwable e) {} @Override public void onNext(String s) {} }); http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 30 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  27. Circuit Breaker Metrics Via actuator /metrics Server side event stream

    /hystrix.stream Dashboard app via @EnableHystrixDashboard More coming... DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 31 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  28. Metric Aggregation: Turbine Aggregator for Hystrix data Pluggable locator Static

    list Eureka http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 32 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  29. Ribbon Client side load balancer Pluggable transport Protocols: http, tcp,

    udp Pluggable load balancing algorithms Round robin, “best available”, random, response time based Pluggable source for server list Static list, Eureka! http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 33 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  30. Feign Declarative web service client definition Annotate an interface Highly

    customizable Encoders/decoders Annotation processors (Feign, JAX-RS) Logging Supports Ribbon and therefore Eureka http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 34 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  31. Feign cont. Auto-configuration Support for Spring MVC annotations Uses Spring

    MessageConverter’s for decoder/encoder DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 35 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  32. Feign cont. public interface HelloClient { @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.GET, value

    = "/hello") Message hello(); @RequestMapping(method = RequestMethod.POST, value = "/hello", consumes = "application/json") Message hello(Message message); } http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 36 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  33. Routing: Zuul JVM based router and filter Similar routing role

    as httpd, nginx, or CF go router Fully programmable rules and filters Groovy Java any JVM language http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 37 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  34. How Netflix uses Zuul Authentication Insights Stress Testing Canary Testing

    Dynamic Routing Service Migration Load Shedding Security Static Response handling Active/Active traffic management http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 38 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  35. Spring Cloud Zuul Proxy Store routing rules in config server

    zuul.proxy.route.customers: /customers uses Hystrix->Ribbon->Eureka to forward requests to appropriate service @EnableZuulProxy @Controller class Application { @RequestMapping("/") String home() { return 'redirect:/index.html#/customers' } } DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 39 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  36. Configuration: Archaius Client side configuration library extends apache commons config

    extendible sources Polling or push updates DynamicStringProperty myprop = DynamicPropertyFactory.getInstance() .getStringProperty("my.prop"); someMethod(myprop.get()); http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 40 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  37. Archaius: Spring Environment Bridge Auto-configured Allows Archaius Dynamic*Properties to find

    values via Spring Environment Existing Netflix libraries configured via application. {properties,yml} and/or Spring Cloud Config Server http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 41 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  38. Spring Cloud Bus Lightweight messaging bus using spring integration abstractions

    spring-amqp, rabbitmq and http other implementations possible Send messages to all services or... To just one applications nodes (ie just service x) ?destination=x Post to /bus/env sends environment updates Post to /bus/refresh sends a refresh command DEMO http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 42 of 44 10/09/14 18:50
  39. Spring Cloud Starters spring-cloud-starter spring-cloud-starter-hystrix spring-cloud-starter-bus-amqp spring-cloud-starter-hystrix- dashboard spring-cloud-starter- cloudfoundry

    spring-cloud-starter-turbine spring-cloud-starter-eureka spring-cloud-starter-zuul spring-cloud-starter-eureka- server http://localhost:4000/decks/cloud-boot-netflix.html 43 of 44 10/09/14 18:50