Git/GitHub Seminar

Git/GitHub Seminar

Two hour-long seminar on Git/GitHub.

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Jogendra Kumar

March 28, 2019
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Transcript

  1. None
  2. Jogendra Kumar @jogendra

  3. About Me • Pre-final year student at Indian Institute of

    Technology Varanasi • Open Source Contributor and Maintainer at FOSSASIA • iOS Developer • Google Summer of Code (2018) student developer for FOSSASIA • Sometime do Web Development and Blockchain Stuff • Mistakenly done Windows Development • GitHub Campus Expert! • Mentored several Open Source Programs including Google Code-In and mentoring Google Summer of Code 2019 students jogendra imjog24 https://jogendra.github.io
  4. version control with git

  5. What is version control?

  6. why git?

  7. None
  8. - A powerful easy to use DVCs - The most

    used VCSs in the world
  9. history: Know exactly which files changed, who made those changes,

    and when those changes occured. backup: Ability to have different versions of the code in different places. collaboration: Collaborate easily with other people on the same codebase
  10. workshop outline

  11. my first git: repositories, staging, committing git good: branching, jumping

    around, merging git world: enter in the repository world git ideas: cool stuff to do with git open sourcing: the idea that it’s a changing.
  12. $ terminal commands are typed with this font and color.

    before we begin...
  13. don’t worry! there is always a cheat sheet!

  14. my first git Create your shiny repo and your first

    commit.
  15. what is a repository? A repository is like any other

    folder on your computer, it can contain any type of file and works in exactly the same way… Except: It has a hidden file named ".git" that stores the history of that folder
  16. Local Repository? - The local repo is on your computer.

    - It has all the files and their commit history. - It enables full diffs, history review, and committing when offline.
  17. Remote Repository? - The local repo on cloud in someone

    else computer. - You can host you remote repo on platforms like GitHub/GitLab/Bitbucket. - It enables all the things you can do with your local repo.
  18. Let's take a look at

  19. first, install git

  20. Install Git for Linux If you’re on Fedora (or any

    closely-related RPM-based distribution, such as RHEL or CentOS), you can use dnf: If you’re on a Debian-based distribution, such as Ubuntu, try apt:
  21. Install Git on MacOS There are several ways to install

    Git on a Mac. The easiest is probably to install the Xcode Command Line Tools.
  22. Install Git on Windows Just go to:

  23. second, start a new repository by $ git init <repository

    name>
  24. what are commits? snapshots of the state (e.g. code) of

    your repository
  25. commit your work by using $ git add . $

    git commit -m “<details>”
  26. more about commits Bc7fd9 “Add Oranges” a3ffde “Add apples” 9cd1ce

    “First commit, Add fruit.txt” Commits form a linked list structure which shows what you have done over time. Use git log to see your commit history.
  27. staging changes Unstaged Changes Staged Changes Committed Changes git add

    git commit git reset <hash> git reset .
  28. my first git: recap $ git init - converts a

    folder to a super smart git repository. $ git add - adds the files you want to be tracked to the staging area. $ git commit - creates a new snapshot of your repository at that point in time. $ git reset - Undo your commit or unstage your files. $ git log - View your commit history. $ git status - See the current status of your repository
  29. Let's take a look at

  30. git good branching, context switching, merging

  31. Bc7fd9 “Add oranges” a3ffde “Add apples” 9cd1ce “First commit, Add

    fruit.txt” commits
  32. working with branches $ git branch - see a list

    of all available branches. $ git branch <branchname> - create a new branch with the desired name, based on the current branch.
  33. Bc7fd9 “Add oranges” a3ffde “Add apples” 9cd1ce “First commit, Add

    fruit.txt” master commits branches
  34. working with HEAD $ git checkout <branch name> - Redirect

    HEAD to the desired branch
  35. Bc7fd9 “Add oranges” a3ffde “Add apples” 9cd1ce “First commit, Add

    fruit.txt” master commits branches HEAD HEAD somebranch
  36. merging = combining commits $ git merge <branch name> -

    creates a new commit that combines the last commit of the current HEAD branch with the last commit of the desired branch.
  37. git good: recap... $ git branch - List all branches

    $ git branch <name> - creates a branch with that name $ git checkout <name> - jump to the branch with this name $ git merge --no-ff <name> - merge the branch with this name into the current one.
  38. git world publishing, updating and downloading

  39. Let's take a look at

  40. downloading / updating Repos $ git clone <url> - downloads

    a copy of a remote git repository. $ git pull - performs a merge of what you have on your computer with what's on the server. $ git push - sends your version to the server.
  41. git ideas a quick look at what other folks are

    doing on
  42. None
  43. programs and technology leadership at your school and much more...

  44. Student Developer Pack by The best developer tools, free for

    students education.github.com/pack
  45. GitHub Campus Experts GitHub Campus Experts enrich the technology communities

    on their campuses.
  46. GitHub for Education GitHub for Science GitHub for Government for

    X and much more...
  47. Host your personal page for free on

  48. Collections on open and explore the vast world of repositories

    that exist. I'm sure you'll be surprised! Social Impact Learn to Code Organizations Open Journalism and much more...
  49. #OpenSourcing Understand more about the movement that is changing the

    way you collaborate.
  50. and many others ... Communities on open and explore communities

    that do a change in the open source world. and much more...
  51. Events on open and participate in events that happens around

    the world in prol of the open source. and much more... 24 Pull Requests Hacktoberfest GitHub Field Day
  52. None
  53. time to start the workshop!

  54. Doubts? Suggestions? Feedback? Your opinion is worth gold stickers!

  55. Let's take a picture? Share on social networks and check

    @imjog24 @jogendra #githubeducation
  56. Thank you! @jogendra /in/jogendrasingh24

  57. None