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様々なメトリクスやログを集めてシステム解析 
- Elastic Stackの入門と活用 - / Intro Elastic Stack

Jun Ohtani
July 11, 2018
100

様々なメトリクスやログを集めてシステム解析 
- Elastic Stackの入門と活用 - / Intro Elastic Stack

OSC Hokkaido 2018での発表資料です。

Jun Ohtani

July 11, 2018
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  1. !2

  2. !3 ΞδΣϯμ • ϝτϦΫεʗϩάͱ͸ʁ • γεςϜϝτϦΫεղੳɺϩάղੳΛࢼ͠ʹ΍ͬͯΈΑ͏ • Beats - Elasticsearch

    - KibanaͰղੳ • ຊ֨తʹղੳΛ΍Δʹ͸ʁ • LogstashͰϩά΍ϝτϦΫεΛதܧɾू໿ • ͞Βʹ৭ʑࢼͯ͠ΈΔʹ͸ʁ
  3. !4 about • Me, Jun Ohtani / Developer Advocate ‒

    lucene-gosenίϛολʔ ‒ σʔλ෼ੳج൫ߏஙೖ໳ ڞஶ ‒ http://blog.johtani.info
 • Elasticsearch, founded in 2012 ‒ Products: Elasticsearch, Logstash, Kibana, Beats 
 Elastic APM, 
 X-Pack, Elastic Cloud, Swiftype 
 Professional services: Support & development subscriptions
 Trainings, Consulting, SaaS
  4. !14

  5. The Beats family Heartbeat Uptime monitoring Filebeat Log files Winlogbeat

    Windows Event Logs Packetbeat Network data +40 community Beats Metricbeat Metrics Auditbeat Audit data
  6. !25 • Kubernetes module in Metricbeat ‒ CPU, memory, ωοτϫʔΫసૹྔͳͲ

    • add_docker_metadataϓϩηοα ‒ Container ID, name, image, labels • add_kubernetes_metadataϓϩηοα ‒ Pod name, pod namespace, container name, pod labels Beats <3 ίϯςφ Docker΍KubernetesͰͷσϓϩΠΛ؆୯ʹ
  7. !26

  8. 27 Elasticsearch Heart of the Elastic Stack ෼ࢄܕɺεέʔϥϒϧ ߴՄ༻ੑ Ϛϧνςφϯτ

    ։ൃऀϑϨϯυϦʔ ϦΞϧλΠϜɺશจݕࡧ ΞάϦήʔγϣϯ
  9. !36 Elasticsearch in 10 seconds • εΩʔϚϑϦʔɺ෼ࢄυΩϡϝϯτετΞɺREST & JSON •

    Φʔϓϯιʔε: Apache License 2.0 • ઃఆͳ͠Ͱ؆୯ʹࢼ͢͜ͱ͕Մೳ • JavaͰ࣮૷ɻ֦ு΋༰қ
  10. σʔλొ࿥ 38 curl -XPUT localhost:9200/books/doc/1 -d ' { "title" :

    "Elasticsearch - The definitive guide", "authors" : "Clinton Gormley", "started" : "2013-02-04", "pages" : 230 }'
  11. σʔλߋ৽ 39 curl -XPUT localhost:9200/books/doc/1 -d ' { "title" :

    "Elasticsearch - The definitive guide", "authors" : [ "Clinton Gormley", "Zachary Tong" ], "started" : "2013-02-04", "pages" : 230 }'
  12. σʔλ࡟আ !40 curl -X DELETE localhost:9200/books/doc/1 σʔλͷऔಘ curl —X GET

    localhost:9200/books/doc/1 curl —X GET localhost:9200/books/doc/1/_source
  13. ݕࡧ - Query DSL !41 curl -XGET ‘localhost:9200/books/doc/_search' -d '{

    "query": { "bool": { "must": [ { "match": { "title": "Search" }}, { "match": { "content": "Elasticsearch" }} ], "filter": [ { "term": { "status": "published" }}, { "range": { "publish_date": { "gte": "2015-01-01" }}} ] } } }'
  14. Basic terms • ΠϯσοΫε ‒ σʔλͷ࿦ཧతͳू߹ɻ
 RDBͷσʔλϕʔεͷΑ͏ͳ΋ͷLogical • ϨϓϦέʔγϣϯ •

    ಡΈࠐΈͷεέʔϥϏϦςΟ޲্ • SPOFͷղফ • γϟʔσΟϯά • ෳ਺Ϛγϯ΁σʔλΛ෼ׂ
 ॻ͖ࠐΈͷεέʔϥϏϦςΟ޲্
 σʔλϑϩʔ੍ޚ !43
  15. γϟʔυͱϨϓϦΧ !44 node 1 orders products 1 4 1 2

    2 3 curl -X PUT localhost:9200/orders -d '{ "settings.index.number_of_shards" : 4 "settings.index.number_of_replicas" : 1 }' curl -X PUT localhost:9200/products -d '{ "settings.index.number_of_shards" : 2 "settings.index.number_of_replicas" : 0 }'
  16. ࣗಈతͳ෼ࢄ !46 node 1 orders products 2 1 4 1

    node 2 orders products 2 2 node 3 orders products 3 4 1 3
  17. Ecosystem • Plugins ‒ ϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔػೳͷ௥Ճ • ΫϥΠΞϯτϥΠϒϥϦ • Java, Ruby,

    python, php, perl, javascript, .NET • Scala, clojure, go !49
  18. !51

  19. 52 Kibana Window into the Elastic Stack ՄࢹԽͱ෼ੳ ஍ཧۭؒ ΧελϚΠζͱ

    Ϩϙʔτͷڞ༗ άϥϑ୳ࡧ Elastic Stack΁ͷ ηΩϡΞͳΞΫηεͱ؅ཧ ΧελϜAppsͷ࡞੒
  20. !56

  21. Logstash architecture !58 Input Output Filter ? ? collect and

    split alter and enrich store and visualize
  22. 1ߦ1σʔλ 189.120.xx.xx - - [02/Dec/2014:12:18:29 +0900] "GET /manager/html HTTP/ 1.1"

    404 274 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:5.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/5.0" 60
  23. ઃఆɿfilter 61 filter { grok { match => { "message"

    => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}" } break_on_match => false } date { match => ["timestamp", "dd/MMM/YYYY:HH:mm:ss Z"] locale => en } geoip { source => ["clientip"] } useragent { source => "agent" target => "useragent" } }
  24. ύʔε !62 189.120.xx.xx - - [02/Dec/2014:12:18:29 +0900] "GET /manager/html HTTP/1.1"

    404 274 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:5.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/5.0" {… "@timestamp": "2015-04-10T09:07:49.325Z", "clientip": "189.120.xx.xx", "ident": "-", "auth": "-", "timestamp": "02/Dec/2014:12:18:29 +0900", "verb": "GET", "request": "/manager/html", … "agent": "\"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:5.0) Gecko/
  25. ઃఆɿfilter !63 filter { grok { match => { "message"

    => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}" } break_on_match => false } date { match => ["timestamp", "dd/MMM/YYYY:HH:mm:ss Z"] locale => en } geoip { source => ["clientip"] } useragent { source => "agent" target => "useragent" } }
  26. ೔෇ͷύʔε 64 {… "@timestamp": "2015-04-10T09:07:49.325Z", … "timestamp": "02/Dec/2014:12:18:29 +0900", …

    } {… "@timestamp": "2014-12-02T03:18:29.000Z", … "timestamp": "02/Dec/2014:12:18:29 +0900", … }
  27. ઃఆɿfilter !65 filter { grok { match => { "message"

    => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}" } break_on_match => false } date { match => ["timestamp", "dd/MMM/YYYY:HH:mm:ss Z"] locale => en } geoip { source => ["clientip"] } useragent { source => "agent" target => "useragent" } }
  28. IP͔ΒҢ౓ܦ౓ͳͲ෇༩ 66 "clientip": "189.120.xx.xx", "clientip": "189.120.xx.xx", "geoip": { "ip": “189.120.xxx.xxx”,

    … "country_name": "Brazil", "continent_code": "SA", "region_name": "27", "city_name": "São Paulo", "latitude":
  29. ઃఆɿfilter !67 filter { grok { match => { "message"

    => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}" } break_on_match => false } date { match => ["timestamp", "dd/MMM/YYYY:HH:mm:ss Z"] locale => en } geoip { source => ["clientip"] } useragent { source => "agent" target => "useragent" } }
  30. ϢʔβΤʔδΣϯτͷύʔε 68 "agent": "\"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv: 5.0) Gecko/20100101

    Firefox/5.0\"" "agent": "\"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv: 5.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/5.0\"" "useragent": { "name": "Firefox", "os": "Windows XP", "os_name": "Windows XP", "device": "Other", "major": "5", "minor": "0"
  31. !70 elasticsearch-hadoop - •  D E H •  PD ecd

    ER •  g D •  CH •  Ca M DMS D FERC
  32. !71

  33. !73

  34. !74 ࢀߟจݙ • Elasticsearch - The Definitive guide ‒ http://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/guide/current/

    index.html • ॻ੶ʢ೔ຊޠʣ ‒ σʔλ෼ੳج൫ߏஙೖ໳ ‒ Elasticsearch࣮ફΨΠυ
  35. !75 ࢀߟαΠτ • Ϣʔεέʔε • https://www.elastic.co/use-cases • DiscussʢWebϑΥʔϥϜʣ • https://discuss.elastic.co

    • Elastic{ON}ͷϏσΦͱࢿྉ • https://www.elastic.co/elasticon/videos • αϙʔτϝχϡʔ • https://www.elastic.co/subscriptions
  36. Thanks for listening! Q & A We’re hiring! https://www.elastic.co/about/careers/ We’re

    helping! https://www.elastic.co/subscriptions http://training.elastic.co