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組織に自動テストを書く文化を根付かせる戦略(2022秋版) / Building Automated Test Culture 2022 Autumn Edition

Takuto Wada
PRO
September 09, 2022

組織に自動テストを書く文化を根付かせる戦略(2022秋版) / Building Automated Test Culture 2022 Autumn Edition

2022年9月9日
日本科学技術連盟 ソフトウェア品質シンポジウム2022(SQiP2022)

Takuto Wada
PRO

September 09, 2022
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  1. ૊৫ʹࣗಈςετΛॻ͘ จԽΛࠜ෇͔ͤΔઓུ ʢळόʔδϣϯʣ ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB 4FQ !೔Պٕ࿈42J1 rev.6

  2. ೥͔ΒΞοϓσʔτΛॏͶ͖ͯͨߨԋͷ೥ळ൛Ͱ͢ IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNUXBEB είʔϓΛઓུฤʹߜΓɺ಺༰Λେ෯ʹ վగͨ͠΋ͷ͕ࠓճͷߨԋࢿྉͰ͢      

  3. ͜ͷߨԋͷ಺༰͸1VCMJDLFZʹৄ͘͠·ͱ·͍ͬͯ·͢ʢશճʣ IUUQTXXXQVCMJDLFZKQCMPHIUNM

  4. t-wada t_wada twada 📷🙆 📹🙅 🙆 ࣗݾ঺հ

  5. ٕज़ॻͷग़൛ʹؔΘ͍ͬͯ·͢

  6. IUUQTUXBEBIBUFOBCMPHKQFOUSZXEQSFTTTBWBOOBDPMVNO 8&# %#13&44ʹίϥϜΛ࿈ࡌ͍ͯ͠·͢

  7. illustrated by @mty_mno ΑΖ͓͘͠ئ͍͠·͢

  8. લఏ*5͸ࣄۀͷίΞʹͳͬͨ IUUQTXXXFWBOHFMJTNKQSFTPVSDFTCVTJOFTTXJUIJU

  9. ʮ%9ʯͷϞʔυͱϞʔυ IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFU5PLPSPUFO/BLBZBNBEY

  10. IUUQTOPUFDPNNJ[@LVTIJEBOOBEBD 1.#0,ୈ൛ͷେվగ༧ଌܕ͔ΒదԠܕ΁

  11. ܾΊΒΕͨ΋ͷΛ ܾΊΒΕͨͱ͖·Ͱʹ ഁ୼ͳ͘࡞Δ ͩΕ΋౴͕͑Θ͔Βͳ͍΋ͷΛ ໛ࡧ͠ͳ͕Β࡞Γଓ͚Δ ͔͠΋౴͕͑ࠁʑͱมΘ͍ͬͯ͘ ༧ଌܕ͔ΒదԠܕ΁

  12. Θ͔Βͳ͍ͳΓʹ΍ΓΑ͏͸͋Δ

  13. IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUBUTOBLBEBTT ೔ܦ#1தా͞ΜͷϨϙʔτ

  14. IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUBUTOBLBEBTT ମݧͨ͜͠ͱͷͳ͍੡඼΍αʔϏεΛ࡞Δํ๏࿦ ΋͏ҰͭͷபͰ͋ΔσβΠϯࢥߟ͸ ͜ͷߨԋͰ͸είʔϓ֎ͱ͍ͤͯͩ͘͞͞

  15. IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUBUTOBLBEBTT ϦϦʔεͨ͠੡඼͸ʮඞͣؒҧ͍ͬͯΔʯ

  16. IUUQTLPLPUBUBUBIBUFOBCMPHDPNFOUSZ ΞδϦςΟΛࢧ͑Δٕज़͸%FW0QT΁ମܥԽ͞Εͨ

  17. 5IF4UBUFPG%FW0QT 3FQPSUT

  18. IUUQTXXXEFWPQTSFTFBSDIDPNSFTFBSDIIUNM 5IF4UBUFPG%FW0QT3FQPSUT

  19. มΘΔੈքͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε wϦʔυλΠϜ wσϓϩΠස౓ w.553 ฏۉम෮࣌ؒ  wมߋࣦഊ཰ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ

  20. ϦʔυλΠϜͱσϓϩΠස౓ԾઆݕূϓϩηεΛਝ଎ʹճ͢ IUUQJLFZIBUFCMPKQFOUSZ

  21. .553.FBOUJNFUP3FDPWFSZ3FQBJS IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUEFDPEFEPTSFTJUFSFMJBCJMJUZFOHJOFFSJOHJOB[VSFPOB[VSF Ұ෦վม ͜ͷฏۉ͕.553

  22. IUUQTTFSWJDFTHPPHMFDPNGI fi MFTNJTDTUBUFPGEFWPQTQEG 2019

  23. ΤϦʔτ ϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔ ϛσΟΞϜ ύϑΥʔϚʔ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ೔ະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥

    σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ ೔ճ͔Βिճ िճ͔Β݄ճ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ ೔ະຬ ೔ະຬ ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ มߋࣦഊ཰     ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʢສઍ݅Ҏ্ͷճ౴ΛΫϥελʔ෼ੳʣ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTTFSWJDFTHPPHMFDPNGI fi MFTNJTDTUBUFPGEFWPQTQEG 2019
  24. ΤϦʔτ ΤϦʔτͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔͷࠩ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ೔ະຬ ഒ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥ σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ

    ഒ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ  ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ มߋࣦഊ཰    ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʹ͓͚ΔΤϦʔτΫϥελͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔΫϥελͷࠩ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTTFSWJDFTHPPHMFDPNGI fi MFTNJTDTUBUFPGEFWPQTQEG 2019
  25. IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021

  26. ΤϦʔτ ϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔ ϛσΟΞϜ ύϑΥʔϚʔ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ࣌ؒະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥ ൒೥Ҏ্

    σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ िճ͔Β݄ճ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ ൒೥ʹճະຬ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ ೔ະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ൒೥Ҏ্ มߋࣦഊ཰     ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʢສઍ݅Ҏ্ͷճ౴ΛΫϥελʔ෼ੳʣ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021
  27. ΤϦʔτ ΤϦʔτͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔͷࠩ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ࣌ؒະຬ ഒ ൒೥Ҏ্ σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ

    ഒ ൒೥ʹճະຬ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ  ൒೥Ҏ্ มߋࣦഊ཰    ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʹ͓͚ΔΤϦʔτΫϥελͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔΫϥελͷࠩ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021
  28. ૊৫ͷύϑΥʔϚϯεͷଌఆࢦඪ͸ऩӹੑɺࢢ৔઎༗཰ɺੜ࢈ੑͷͭ ͜ΕΒͭ͸աڈͷௐࠪݚڀ<8JEFOFS>Ͱෳ਺ճʹΘͨΓ༗ޮੑཱ͕ূ͞Εͯ ͓Γɺ౤ࢿརӹ཰ 30* ͱͷߴ͍૬͕ؔ͋ΓɺܠؾͷӨڹΛड͚ͳ͍ ͜͜਺೥ͷ෼ੳͰɺϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔͷύϑΥʔϚϯεͷଌఆ݁Ռ͕ϩʔύϑΥʔϚ ʔͷͦΕΛ্ճΔ܏޲ʹ͋Γɺ྆ࣾͷରൺ͸Ұ؏ͯ͠ഒΛ௒͍͑ͯΔ ͜ΕʹΑΓɺ૊৫ͷιϑτ΢ΣΞσϦόϦͷέΠύϏϦςΟ ೳྗɺػೳ ͸ɺ

    
 ૊৫ʹڝ૪্ͷ༏ҐੑΛ΋ͨΒ͢͜ͱཱ͕ূ͞Εͨ ιϑτ΢ΣΞσϦόϦͷೳྗ͸ɺ૊৫ʹڝ૪্ͷ༏ҐੑΛ΋ͨΒ͢͜ͱཱ͕ূ͞Εͨ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ
  29. Ͱ΋͏ͪͷ ձࣾcۀ຿cιϑ τ΢ΣΞ ͸ಛघ͔ͩΒʜʜ

  30. զʑ͸ύοέʔδιϑτ΢ΣΞɺ4P3ɺ૊ΈࠐΈιϑτ΢ΣΞΛ࢖͍ͬͯΔνʔϜ ͸ύϑΥʔϚϯε͕௿͘ɺ4P&΍৽छͷγεςϜΛ࢖͍ͬͯΔνʔϜ͸ύϑΥʔϚ ϯε͕ߴ͍ͱ༧ଌ͍͔ͯͨ͠ΒͰ͋Δɻͦͯͦ͠ͷ༧ଌ͕֎Ε͍ͯͨ͜ͱΛཱূ͢ Δσʔλ͕ಘΒΕͨɻ ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɺΞʔΩςΫνϟͷ࣮૷ͷৄࡉΑΓ΋ 
 ʢ͜ͷ͋ͱઆ໌͢Δ̎ͭͷʣΞʔΩςΫνϟ͕࣋ͭಛੑʹ ஫໨͢Δ͜ͱͷॏཁੑ͕ු͖ூΓʹͳͬͨɻ γεςϜͷλΠϓͱύϑΥʔϚϯεʹ͸૬͕ؔͳ͍ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ

    ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ
  31. IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQQ γεςϜͷλΠϓͱύϑΥʔϚϯεʹ͸૬͕ؔͳ͍

  32. ΞʔΩςΫνϟͷಛੑͷதʹ͸େ͖ͳӨڹΛٴ΅͠͏Δ΋ͷ͕ͭ͋Δɻզʑͷௐ ࠪͰ͸ɺ࣍ͷͭͷࣄ߲ʹʮಉҙͰ͖Δʯͱճ౴ͨ͠૊৫Ͱ͋Ε͹ϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔ Ͱ͋ΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍ɺͱ͍͏݁Ռ͕ग़ͨͷͰ͋Δɻ wςετͷେ൒Λɺ౷߹؀ڥΛඞཁͱͤͣʹ࣮ࢪͰ͖Δ wΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛɺͦΕ͕ґଘ͢ΔଞͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ΍αʔϏε͔Β͸ 
 ಠཱͨ͠ܗͰɺσϓϩΠ·ͨ͸ϦϦʔεͰ͖Δ ΞʔΩςΫνϟʹؔΘΔ͜ͷͭͷಛੑΛɺզʑ͸ʮςετ༰қੑʯͱ 
 ʮσϓϩΠ༰қੑʯͱݺΜͰ͍Δ͕ɺ͜ͷ͕ͭύϑΥʔϚϯεΛ

    ޲্ͤ͞Δ্ͰॏཁͩͱࢥΘΕΔɻ ςετ༰қੑͱσϓϩΠ༰қੑʢσϓϩΠಠཱੑʣ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ
  33. IUUQTMPHNJKQUFDIBSUJDMFT ςεϥͷมߋස౓ͱΞʔΩςΫνϟ

  34. ςεϥͷมߋස౓ͱΞʔΩςΫνϟ IUUQTMPHNJKQUFDIBSUJDMFT

  35. ςεϥͷมߋස౓ͱΞʔΩςΫνϟ IUUQTMPHNJKQUFDIBSUJDMFT

  36. ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔͱͳΔ܏޲͕ڧ͍ͷ͸ɺ࣍ͷΑ͏ʹճ ౴ͨ͠νʔϜͰ͋ͬͨ w ʮߏஙதͷιϑτ΢ΣΞ ͋Δ͍͸ར༻͢Δඞཁ ͷ͋ΔҰ܈ͷαʔϏε ͸ɺଞࣾ ֎஫ઌͳͲ ͕։ ൃͨ͠ΧελϜιϑτ΢ΣΞͰ͋Δʯ

    ݫ͍͠ݱ࣮ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ
  37. ʮιϑτ΢ΣΞσϦόϦͷύϑΥʔϚϯε͸૊৫શମͷ ۀ੷ʹॏཁͳӨڹΛٴ΅͢ʯͱ͍͏ࣄ࣮͸ɺࣗ૊৫ͷࣄ ۀʹͱͬͯઓ্ུॏཁͳιϑτ΢ΣΞͷ։ൃೳྗΛࣗ૊ ৫ͷத֩తཁૉͱͯ͠Ґஔ෇͚ͣʹ֎෦ҕୗ͢Δ͜ͱ΁ ͷڧྗͳ൓ূͱͳΔɻ ݫ͍͠ݱ࣮ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ

  38. ܧଓతσϦόϦ

  39. ܧଓతσϦόϦͷͭͷجຊݪଇ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʮܧଓతσϦόϦʯͱ͸ɺػೳͷ௥Ճɺߏ੒ͷมߋɺόάͷमਖ਼ɺ֤छࢼߦͳ Ͳɺ͞·͟·ͳมߋΛɺ҆શ͔ͭਝ଎͔ͭ࣋ଓՄೳͳܗͰຊ൪؀ڥʹ૊ΈࠐΜ ͩΓϢʔβʔʹఏڙͨ͠Γ͢Δ࡞ۀΛଅਐ͢ΔҰ܈ͷέΠύϏϦςΟ͔Β੒Δ ख๏Ͱ͋Δɻ࣍ͷͭͷجຊݪଇΛபͱ͢Δɻ w ʮ඼࣭ʯͷ֓೦Λੜ࢈޻ఔͷ࠷ॳ͔Β૊ΈࠐΉ w ࡞ۀ͸ʢখ͍͞ʣόονॲཧͰਐΊΔ

    w ൓෮࡞ۀ͸ίϯϐϡʔλʹ೚ͤਓؒ͸໰୊ղܾʹ౰ͨΔ w పఈͨ͠վળ౒ྗΛܧଓతʹߦ͏ w શһ͕੹೚Λ୲͏ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQQ
  40. ʮ඼࣭ʯͷ֓೦Λੜ࢈޻ఔͷ࠷ॳ͔Β૊ΈࠐΉ IUUQTXXXSZV[FFDPNDPOUFOUTCMPH

  41. IUUQTUFDICMPHDBSUBIPMEJOHTDPKQFOUSZ શһ͕੹೚Λ୲͏෼ۀ͔ΒϑϧαΠΫϧ΁

  42. wแׅతͳߏ੒؅ཧ wܧଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ wܧଓతςετ ܧଓతσϦόϦ࣮ફͷͭͷٕज़తج൫

  43. IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNOJIPOCVTPOBHJMFUFTUJOHFTTFODF ܧଓతςετ

  44. ৗʹςετˠࣗಈԽͷଛӹ෼ذ఺͸͋ͬͱ͍͏ؒʹདྷΔ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ͓ΑͦճͰ खಈςετͱࣗಈԽ͞Εͨςετͷ ίετ͕ٯస͢Δ

  45. ςετࣗಈԽͱاۀͷۀ੷ͷҼՌؔ܎ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ςετͷࣗಈԽʹ͓͍ͯɺ*5ύϑΥʔϚϯεͷ༧ଌई౓ͱͳΓ͏Δ ͜ͱ͕൑໌ͨ͠ͷ͸࣍ͷͭ  ৴པੑͷߴ͍ࣗಈςετΛඋ͑Δ͜ͱ  ։ൃऀओମͰड͚ೖΕςετΛ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͠ɺ 
 खݩͷ։ൃ؀ڥͰ؆୯ʹ࠶ݱɾमਖ਼Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱ

    ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQʢ˞༁ΛҰ෦มߋʣ
  46. ςετࣗಈԽͱاۀͷۀ੷ͷҼՌؔ܎ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ςετͷࣗಈԽʹ͓͍ͯɺ*5ύϑΥʔϚϯεͷ༧ଌई౓ͱͳΓ͏Δ ͜ͱ͕൑໌ͨ͠ͷ͸࣍ͷͭ  ৴པੑͷߴ͍ࣗಈςετΛඋ͑Δ͜ͱ  ։ൃऀओମͰड͚ೖΕςετΛ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͠ɺ 
 खݩͷ։ൃ؀ڥͰ؆୯ʹ࠶ݱɾमਖ਼Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱ

    ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQʢ˞༁ΛҰ෦มߋʣ
  47. IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ςετʹ߹֨ͨ͠ιϑτ΢ΣΞͰ͋Ε͹ϦϦʔεՄೳɺෆ߹֨Ͱ͋Ε͹ॏେͳ ෆ۩߹͕͋ΔɺͱνʔϜ͕֬৴Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ͳςετΛ࣮ࢪ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ  ޡݕ஌ʢِཅੑGBMTFQPTJUJWFʣ΍ݟಀ͠ʢِӄੑGBMTFOFHBUJWFʣ͕ଟ ͘ɺ৴པੑʹ͚ܽΔςετεΠʔτ͕͋·Γʹ΋ଟ͗͢Δ  ৴པ౓ͷߴ͍ςετεΠʔτΛ࡞Γ্͛Δܧଓతͳ౒ྗͱ౤ࢿ͸Ձ஋͕͋Δ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQʢ˞༁ΛҰ෦มߋʣ ৴པੑͷߴ͍ࣗಈςετΛඋ͑Δ͜ͱ

  48. ِཅੑͱِӄੑ IUUQTHJIZPKQNBHB[JOFXEQSFTTBSDIJWFWPM

  49. ৴པෆೳੑʢ fl BLJOFTTʣ͕ʹ઀ۙ͢Δͱɺςετ͸Ձ஋Λࣦ͍࢝ΊΔ IUUQTXXXPSFJMMZDPKQCPPLT ʰ(PPHMFͷιϑτ΢ΣΞΤϯδχΞϦϯάʱQ

  50. ςετࣗಈԽͱاۀͷۀ੷ͷҼՌؔ܎ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ςετͷࣗಈԽʹ͓͍ͯɺ*5ύϑΥʔϚϯεͷ༧ଌई౓ͱͳΓ͏Δ ͜ͱ͕൑໌ͨ͠ͷ͸࣍ͷͭ  ৴པੑͷߴ͍ࣗಈςετΛඋ͑Δ͜ͱ  ։ൃऀओମͰड͚ೖΕςετΛ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͠ɺ 
 खݩͷ։ൃ؀ڥͰ؆୯ʹ࠶ݱɾमਖ਼Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱ

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  51. զʑͷ෼ੳ݁ՌͷதͰ΋ڵຯਂ͍ͷ͸ʮओͱͯ͠ 2"νʔϜ͔֎஫ઌ͕࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͍ͯ͠Δࣗಈςε τ͸ɺ*5ύϑΥʔϚϯεͱ૬ؔؔ܎ʹͳ͍ʯͱ͍͏ ఺Ͱ͋Δ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQ ݫ͍͠ݱ࣮

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  54. ΞϯνύλʔϯΞΠεΫϦʔϜίʔϯ IUUQTXXXPSFJMMZDPKQCPPLT ʰγεςϜӡ༻ΞϯνύλʔϯʱQ

  55. ։ൃऀओମͰड͚ೖΕςετΛ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͠ɺखݩͷ։ൃ؀ڥͰ؆୯ʹ࠶ݱɾमਖ਼Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ։ൃऀ͕ड͚ೖΕςετͷ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧʹؔ༩͢ΔͱɺͭͷॏཁͳޮՌ͕ੜ͡Δ  ։ൃऀ͕ςετΛ࡞੒͢Δͱίʔυ͕ΑΓςετՄೳͳ΋ͷʹͳΔ  ࣗಈςετʹର͢Δ੹೚Λ։ൃऀ͕ෛ͏ͱɺςετʹର͢Δҙ͕ࣝߴ·Γɺ ͦͷ؅ཧ΍मਖ਼ʹΑΓ஫ྗ͢Δ͜ͱʹͳΔ ʰ-FBOͱ%FW0QTͷՊֶʱQʢ˞༁ΛҰ෦มߋʣ

  56. ςετΤϯδχΞͷ ׆༂ͷ৔͸ʜʜʁ

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  62. ࣗಈςετͷಈػ

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