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Railsの
システムテスト解剖学

 Railsの
システムテスト解剖学

Kaigi on Rails 2021 Day1 14:00-14:30 @YusukeIwaki
「Railsの
システムテスト解剖学」の発表資料です

Yusuke Iwaki

October 22, 2021
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  1. 3BJMTͷ

    γεςϜςετղ๤ֶ
    !:VTVLF*XBLJ,BJHJPO3BJMT

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  2. ࣗݾ঺հ
    !:VTVLF*XBLJ
    w ෱Ԭࡏॅɻ
    w 3BJMTΛ࢖ͬͨ8FCαʔϏε։ൃͷ͓࢓ࣄɻ
    w 3VCZ͔Βϒϥ΢βࣗಈૢ࡞͢ΔͨΊͷબ୒ࢶΛ૿΍͢׆ಈதɻ
    w ϒϥ΢βΛࣗಈૢ࡞͢Δ1VQQFUFFS΍1MBZXSJHIUʹυϋϚϦதɻ

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  3. lγεςϜςετղ๤ֶz
    ຊ೔ͷ͓୊

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  4. 🙋Έͳ͞Μ🙋
    ςετॻ͍ͯ·͔͢ʁ

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  5. 3BJMTͱςετ
    PEFM
    JFX
    POUSPMMFS
    .
    7
    $
    .PEFMTQFD
    ϏδωεϩδοΫΛ٧ΊࠐΜͰɺ୯ମࢼݧ͠Α͏
    ͳΔ΂͘ബ͘ɻ
    ϦμΠϨΫτͷڍಈͳͲ͸$POUSPMMFSTQFDͰɻ
    "1*Ͱ͋Ε͹3FRVFTUTQFDΛ࢖͓͏ɻ
    ʁʁʁ

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  6. +BWB4DSJQUΛ;ΜͩΜʹ࢖ͬͨ7JFXͷςετ
    ˠʮԿ΋ͯ͠ͳ͍ͷʹյΕͨʂʂʯ
    ˠʮͳ͔ͥɺͱ͖Ͳ͖ɺΑ͘$*མͪΔʯ
    ˠ୯ମςετ͸͖͋ΒΊɻ
    ɹϒϥ΢βΛ࣮ࡍʹಈ͔͢γεςϜςετͰ୅༻ɻ
    ͋ʔɺ͜ΕམͪΔςετͳɻ
    ϦτϥΠɹΆͪͬ

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  7. γεςϜςετʹର͢Δੈͷதͷঢ়گ
    ʮ˓˓ͨ͠΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    ʮ˓˓͠ͳ͍΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    (PPHMFݕࡧ͢Ε͹ɺ
    ৘ใ͸ͨ͘͞Μग़ͯ͘Δ
    3BJMTͷγεςϜςετͷߏ੒ཁૉ͸ʁ
    ͲͷλΠϛϯάͰԿ͕ಈ͘ʁ
    ιʔεΛಡ·ͳ͍ͱΘ͔Βͳ͍
    ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍
    3BJMTͷγεςϜςετΛɺϒϥοΫϘοΫεͳ··ٞ࿦Λ͍ͯ͠·ͤΜ͔ʁ

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  8. lγεςϜςετղ๤ֶz

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  9. ͜ͷϓϨθϯͷΰʔϧ
    ʮ˓˓ͨ͠΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    ʮ˓˓͠ͳ͍΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    3BJMTͷγεςϜςετͷߏ੒ཁૉ͸ʁ
    ͲͷλΠϛϯάͰԿ͕ಈ͘ʁ
    ϕετϓϥΫςΟε
    ΛӏವΈʹͤͣʹ
    3BJMTγεςϜςετͷதͷ࢓૊Έ
    Λཧղͯ͠
    ՝୊෼ੳɾղܾΛ͠Α͏ɻ
    ෭࣍తͳޮՌͱͯ͠


    ͜ΕͰɺ$BQZCBSB͕͋Δ೔ಥવͳ͘ͳͬͯ΋ɺ͋ͳͨͷνʔϜͰ͸γεςϜςετΛଓ͚͍͚ͯΔʂ

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  10. ղ๤։࢝
    3BJMTγεςϜςετ

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  11. 3BJMTγεςϜςετͷੜཱ͍ͪ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNSBJMTSBJMTQVMM

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  12. 3BJMTγεςϜςετͷཁૉᶃ
    ࡶʹҙ༁͢Δͱɾɾɾ
    γεςϜड͚ೖΕςετΛ3BJMTʹಋೖ͍͕ͨ͠
    $BQZCBSB΍4FMFOJVN͸ηοτΞοϓ͕໘౗ɻ
    3BJMTͱͯ͠σϑΥϧτઃఆΛ༻ҙͯ͠ɺ
    αοͱ࢖͍࢝ΊΒΕΔΑ͏ʹ͍ͨ͠ΑͶɻ

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  13. 3BJMTγεςϜςετͷཁૉᶄ
    ࡶʹҙ༁͢Δͱɾɾɾ
    ςετϥϯφʔͱ8FCαʔόʔͷεϨου͕෼͔Ε͍ͯΔ͜ͱͰɺ
    5SBOTBDUJPOBM'JYUVSFʢ'BDUPSZ#PUͷςετσʔλͳͲʣ
    ͕ظ଴௨Γʹಈ͔ͳ͍໰୊͋ͬͨΑͶɻ
    %BUBCBTF$MFBOFS͕͜Ε·Ͱ࢖ΘΕ͖͚ͯͨͲɺ
    3BJMTͷ"DUJWF3FDPSEΛमਖ਼͢Δ͜ͱͰղܾ͠Α͏Αɻ

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  14. 3BJMTγεςϜςετ
    4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    ʴ
    $BQZCBSBJOUFHSBUJPO
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ಛผͳ(FNͳͲΛඞཁͱͤͣʹ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠
    $BQZCBSBΛॳظઃఆͳ͠Ͱ΋
    ͋Δఔ౓͸࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠

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  15. 4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    3BJMT·Ͱى͖͍ͯͨ͜ͱ
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͳ͍

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  16. 4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO

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  17. 4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO

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  18. 4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    3BJMT γεςϜςετಋೖ
    Ҏ߱͸
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨ

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  19. 4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    w "DUJWF3FDPSE5FTU'JYUVSFTʹमਖ਼͕ೖ͓ͬͯΓɺ

    ҟͳΔεϨου͔ΒͷΞΫηεͰ΋%#ίωΫγϣϯΛڞ༗͢Δɻ
    w ʮϢʔβ͕ਓ͍Δঢ়ଶʯΛ'BDUPSZ#PUͰ࡞Ε͹

    ϒϥ΢β͔Β΋ͦΕΛഈΊΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨʂ
    w τϥϯβΫγϣϯɾϩʔϧόοΫͳͷͰɺ

    ʢ*/4&35536/$"5&ʹൺ΂Δͱʣಈ࡞͕ߴ଎ʂ
    w ҟͳΔzϓϩηεzͰ8FCαʔόʔ͕ىಈ͍ͯ͠Δ৔߹ʹ͸

    %#ίωΫγϣϯ͸ผͳͷͰɺ͜ͷػೳ͕࢖͑ͳ͍ɻ
    %BUBCBTF$MFBOFSͷUSVODBUJPOετϥςδ

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  20. %&.0
    ϩάΠϯϢʔβ໊
    ͓͠ΒͤҰཡ "KBY

    ɾ'BDUPSZ#PUͰ࡞ͬͨσʔλΛϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΕΔʁ
    ɾCVOEMFFYFDSBJMTDͰ'BDUPSZ#PUͷσʔλ͸ݟ͑Δʜʁ
    ɾ΋͠1VNBΛΫϥελϞʔυͰىಈ͢Δͱʜ

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  21. 3BJMTγεςϜςετ
    4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    ʴ
    $BQZCBSBJOUFHSBUJPO
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ಛผͳ(FNͳͲΛඞཁͱͤͣʹ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠
    $BQZCBSBΛॳظઃఆͳ͠Ͱ΋
    ͋Δఔ౓͸࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠

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  22. 3BJMTγεςϜςετ
    4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    ʴ
    $BQZCBSBJOUFHSBUJPO
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ಛผͳ(FNͳͲΛඞཁͱͤͣʹ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠
    $BQZCBSBΛॳظઃఆͳ͠Ͱ΋
    ͋Δఔ౓͸࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠

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  23. $BQZCBSB
    w ड͚ೖΕςετ༻ͷςετϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ
    w ֤ςετϥϯφʔ༻ͷΞαʔγϣϯɺTFUVQUFBSEPXO
    w 3BJMTαʔόʔΛඞཁʹԠͯ͡ىಈ
    w ϒϥ΢βࣗಈૢ࡞ͷͨΊͷ%4-

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  24. $BQZCBSBίʔυྫ

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  25. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ

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  26. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ

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  27. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ

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  28. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ

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  29. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ

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  30. $BQZCBSBͷηοτΞοϓ
    ηοτΞοϓ͕݁ߏͨ͘͞Μඞཁ

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  31. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ
    ʢ$ISPNF%SJWFSΛΠϯετʔϧ͍ͯ͠Ε͹ʣ
    ͙͢ʹγεςϜςετΛॻ͘ಈ͔͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͠Α͏ʂ

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  32. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ

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  33. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ

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  34. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ

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  35. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ

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  36. 3BJMTʹΑΔ$BQZCBSBઃఆ
    ʢ$ISPNF%SJWFSΛΠϯετʔϧ͍ͯ͠Ε͹ʣ
    ͙͢ʹʢ͋Δఔ౓ͷʣγεςϜςετΛॻ͘ಈ͔͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ

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  37. 3BJMTγεςϜςετͷੜཱ͍ͪ
    4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO
    ʴ
    $BQZCBSBJOUFHSBUJPO
    'BDUPSZ#PUͳͲͰ࡞ͬͨςετσʔλΛɺ
    ಛผͳ(FNͳͲΛඞཁͱͤͣʹ
    ϒϥ΢β͔ΒݟΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠
    $BQZCBSBΛॳظઃఆͳ͠Ͱ΋
    ͋Δఔ౓͸࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠

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  38. ͜ͷϓϨθϯͷΰʔϧʢ࠶ܝʣ
    ʮ˓˓ͨ͠΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    ʮ˓˓͠ͳ͍΄͏͕͍͍Αʯ
    3BJMTͷγεςϜςετͷߏ੒ཁૉ͸ʁ
    ͲͷλΠϛϯάͰԿ͕ಈ͘ʁ
    ϕετϓϥΫςΟε
    ΛӏವΈʹͤͣʹ
    3BJMTγεςϜςετͷதͷ࢓૊Έ
    Λཧղͯ͠
    ՝୊෼ੳɾղܾΛ͠Α͏ɻ

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  39. $BQZCBSB͸ʮηοτΞοϓ͕ϥΫʹͳͬͨΑʯ
    ͚ͩͰ͸ͳ͘ɺத਎ͷཧղΛਂΊΔඞཁ͕͋Δʁ
    $BQZCBSB*OUFHSBUJPO
    4IBSJOH%#DPOOFDUJPO

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  40. ղ๤։࢝
    $BQZCBSB

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  41. $BQZCBSBͷओͳ໾ׂ
    w ֤छςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓΛ͢Δ
    w DBQZCBSBSTQFD DBQZCBSBNJOJUFTU DBQZCBSBDVDVNCFS
    w )551αʔόʔΛىಈ͢Δ
    w DBQZCBSBSBJMT $BQZCBSB4FSWFS
    w ϒϥ΢βΛࣗಈૢ࡞͢Δ
    w $BQZCBSB%4- $BQZCBSB%SJWFS

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  42. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ

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  43. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ
    w ຊདྷͷґଘؔ܎͸

    ςετϥϯφʔ͕$BQZCBSBΛɹηοτΞοϓ

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  44. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNSTQFDSTQFDSBJMTCMPCWMJCSTQFDSBJMTWFOEPSDBQZCBSBSC
    STQFDSBJMTͷίʔυ
    ඍົʹґଘ
    ґଘ

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  45. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ
    DBQZCBSBSTQFD
    ༨ܭͳॲཧ

    BGUFS FBDI
    Ͱ
    $BQZCBSB಺෦ঢ়ଶΛϦηοτ

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  46. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ
    DBQZCBSBNJOJUFTU
    .JOJUFTU޲͚ʹ͸ηοτΞοϓϔϧύʔͳ͠ɻ
    Ϣʔβ͕खಈͰ
    ɾ%4-ͱ"TTFSUJPOTΛJODMVEFͨ͠Γ
    ɾUFBSEPXOͰঢ়ଶΛϦηοτͨ͠Γ
    ͕ඞཁ
    Ͱ΋3BJMTҎ߱͸
    4ZTUFN5FTU$BTF͕
    ͥΜͿ΍ͬͯ͘ΕΔ

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  47. ςετϥϯφʔͷηοτΞοϓ
    34QFDͷ৔߹
    UFBSEPXO࣌ͷ಺෦ঢ়ଶϦηοτʴЋΛ
    ςετϥϯφʔʹ΍ͬͯ΋Β͏ͨΊͷ
    ϔϧύʔϞδϡʔϧΛఏڙ
    .JOJ5FTUͷ৔߹
    Ξαʔγϣϯͷϝιουఆ͚ٛͩఏڙ

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  48. )551αʔόʔͷىಈ

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  49. )551αʔόʔͷىಈ
    w $BQZCBSBBQQʹࢦఆ͞Εͨ3BDLΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ

    $BQZCBSBTFSWFSʹࢦఆ͞Εͨ3BDLαʔόʔΛ࢖ͬͯىಈ͢Δ

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  50. )551αʔόʔͷىಈ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNUFBNDBQZCBSBDBQZCBSBCMPCNBTUFSMJCDBQZCBSBTFSWFSSC
    SBDLVQʢ3BDL4FSWFSTUBSUʣʹࣅͨɺಠࣗͷϩδοΫͰαʔόʔΛىಈ͢Δ

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  51. $BQZCBSB͕࢓ࠐΜͩϛυϧ΢ΣΞ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNUFBNDBQZCBSBDBQZCBSBCMPCNBTUFSMJCDBQZCBSBTFSWFSNJEEMFXBSFSC
    ىಈ֬ೝ༻ΤϯυϙΠϯτ
    ΞΫςΟϒͳϦΫΤετ਺
    ͷ؅ཧ
    $BQZCBSB಺෦ঢ়ଶϦηοτ࣌ʹ
    HSFBDFGVMʹϦηοτ͢ΔͨΊ

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  52. )551αʔόʔͷىಈλΠϛϯά
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNUFBNDBQZCBSBDBQZCBSBCMPCNBTUFSMJCDBQZCBSBTFTTJPOSC
    $ bundle exec ruby run.rb


    [1] pry(main)> Capybara.current_sessio
    n

    Capybara starting Puma..
    .

    * Version 5.5.0 , codename: Zawgy
    i

    * Min threads: 0, max threads:
    4

    * Listening on http://127.0.0.1:4918
    9

    => #
    $BQZCBSB4FTTJPOJOJUJBMJ[F
    $BQZCBSBDVSSFOU@TFTTJPOͷॳճࢀর࣌
    ʹ$BQZCBSB4FTTJPO͕࡞ΒΕͯɺ
    ͦ͜Ͱ)551αʔόʔ͕ىಈ͢Δ

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  53. )551αʔόʔͷىಈ
    ɾSBDLVQʹࣅͨಠࣗͷϩδοΫͰ
    ɹ3BDLαʔόʔΛىಈ
    ɾ$BQZCBSBDVSSFOU@TFTTJPOॳճࢀর࣌ʹ
    ɹαʔόʔىಈϓϩηε͕૸Δ
    ɾ3BDLΞϓϦΛಠࣗͷϛυϧ΢ΣΞͰϥοϓͯ͠
    ɹ)551ૄ௨֬ೝ଴ͪɺHSFBDFGVMͳϦηοτ
    ɹΛ࣮ݱ͍ͯ͠Δ

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  54. ϒϥ΢βͷࣗಈૢ࡞

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  55. ϒϥ΢βͷࣗಈૢ࡞
    $BQZCBSB͕ఏڙ͢Δ%4-Λ࢖ͬͯ
    ϒϥ΢βΛࣗಈૢ࡞͢Δ

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  56. ࣗಈૢ࡞ͷͨΊͷϝιου
    ϒϥ΢βυΩϡϝϯτશମ
    ʹର͢Δૢ࡞Λߦ͏ϝιου
    $BQZCBSB4FTTJPO

    %0.ཁૉʹର͢Δɹʏ
    $BQZCBSB/PEF&MFNFOU

    BMM
    fi
    STUBUUBDI@
    fi
    MFUFYUDIFDLDIPPTFTDSPMM@UPTDSPMM@CZ
    DMJDL@MJOL@PS@CVUUPODMJDL@CVUUPODMJDL@MJOL
    fi
    MM@JO
    fi
    OE
    fi
    OE@BMM
    fi
    OE@CVUUPO
    fi
    OE@CZ@JE
    fi
    OE@
    fi
    FME
    fi
    OE@MJOL
    UJUMFCPEZIUNMTPVSDF
    DVSSFOU@VSM
    DVSSFOU@IPTUDVSSFOU@QBUI
    FYFDVUF@TDSJQUFWBMVBUF@TDSJQU
    WJTJUSFGSFTI
    HP@CBDLHP@GPSXBSE
    TFOE@LFZTXJUIJOXJUIJO@FMFNFOUXJUIJO@
    fi
    FMETFUXJUIJO@UBCMFXJUIJO@GSBNF
    TXJUDI@UP@GSBNFDVSSFOU@XJOEPXXJOEPXTPQFO@OFX@XJOEPX
    TXJUDI@UP@XJOEPXXJUIJO@XJOEPXXJOEPX@PQFOFE@CZTBWF@QBHFTBWF@BOE@PQFO@QBHF
    TBWF@TDSFFOTIPUTBWF@BOE@PQFO@TDSFFOTIPUSFTFU@TFTTJPO
    SFTQPOTF@IFBEFST
    TUBUVT@DPEFDVSSFOU@TDPQF
    <>BMMPX@SFMPBEDIFDLFE
    DMJDLEJTBCMFE EPVCMF@DMJDL
    ESBH@UPESPQFWBMVBUF@BTZOD@TDSJQUFWBMVBUF@TDSJQU
    FYFDVUF@TDSJQU
    fl
    BTI
    IPWFSJOJUJBM@DBDIFJOTQFDUNVMUJQMF OBUJWF
    PCTDVSFE QBUISFBEPOMZ SFDUSFMPBESJHIU@DMJDLTDSPMM@UP
    TFMFDU@PQUJPOTFMFDUFE
    TFOE@LFZTTFUTUZMFUBH@OBNFUFYU
    USJHHFSVOTFMFDU@PQUJPOWBMVF
    WJTJCMF

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  57. $BQZCBSB%4-ͷ࣮ମ
    $BQZCBSBͷ%4-ͷϝιου͸શͯ
    $BQZCBSBDVSSFOU@TFTTJPOʹ
    εϧʔύε͢Δ͚ͩ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNUFBNDBQZCBSBDBQZCBSBCMPCNBTUFSMJCDBQZCBSBETMSC

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  58. )551αʔόʔͷىಈλΠϛϯάʢ࠶ܝʣ
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  59. )551αʔόʔͷىಈλΠϛϯάʢ࠶ܝʣ
    ͜͜Ͱ)551αʔόʔ͕ىಈ͢Δ

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  60. $BQZCBSB%4-ͱυϥΠό
    $BQZCBSB%4-
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  61. $BQZCBSB%4-ͱυϥΠό
    $BQZCBSB%4-
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  62. $BQZCBSBυϥΠό
    ˞Ұ෦লུ͍ͯ͠Δ෦෼͕͋Γ·͢

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  63. $BQZCBSBυϥΠόͷ༗໊Ͳ͜Ζ
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  64. $BQZCBSBυϥΠόͷ࣮૷
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  65. $BQZCBSBʹΑΔࣗಈૢ࡞ͷॲཧৄࡉ
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  66. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  67. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  68. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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    OEFSTSC

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  69. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  70. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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    fi
    OEFSTSC
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  71. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  72. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
    υϥΠό͕RVFSZ4FMFDUPS"MMతͳಈ࡞Λ࣮૷

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  73. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  74. TZODISPOJ[F
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    ɹʮ͖ͬ͞·Ͱ͋ͬͨ%0.ཁૉ͕ͳ͘ͳͬͯΔ͔΋͠Εͳ͍ʯ

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  75. TZODISPOJ[F
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  76. TZODISPOJ[F
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    TZODISPOJ[F\ʜ^ϒϩοΫͷதʹTZODISPOJ[F͕͋Δ৔߹ʹ͸ɺ
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  77. TZODISPOJ[F
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  78. TZODISPOJ[F
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  79. TZODISPOJ[F
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    λΠϚʔʢσϑΥϧτ̎ඵɺΧελϚΠζՄʣΛ༻ҙ
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  80. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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    fi
    OE
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    fi
    OE
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    fi
    OEFSTSC
    ˠ࠷େ̎ඵ͸ϙʔϦϯά\EPDVNFOURVFSZ4FMFDUPS"MMతͳ
    fi
    STU^
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  81. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘ
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  82. %0.ཁૉͷऔಘʹݟΔ$BQZCBSBͷऑ఺
    $BQZCBSB͕ࣗલͰ
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  83. จࣈೖྗ
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    MM@JO
    fill_in('name’, with: 'YusukeIwaki')

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  84. จࣈೖྗ
    ˠ$BQZCBSB4FTTJPO
    fi
    MM@JO
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    fill_in('name’, with: 'YusukeIwaki')
    ˠ$BQZCBSB/PEF#BTF
    fi
    MM@JO
    $BQZCBSBυϥΠόͷ/PEFTFUϝιουΛݺͿ͚ͩ
    %0.ཁૉΛ
    fi
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  85. จࣈೖྗ
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    ˠ$BQZCBSB/PEF#BTF
    fi
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  86. จࣈೖྗ
    ˠ$BQZCBSB4FTTJPO
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    fi
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    fill_in('name’, with: 'YusukeIwaki')
    ˠ$BQZCBSB/PEF#BTF
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    fi
    MF


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    fi
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    Ϣʔβ͕໨ࢹՄೳͳ΋ͷΛฒ΂ͨɺ
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  87. จࣈೖྗ
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  88. ϒϥ΢βͷࣗಈૢ࡞
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    ɾ
    fi
    MM@JOͳͲҰ෦ͷࣗಈૢ࡞Ͱ͸ɺ

    ɹෳࡶոحͳ91BUIΫΤϦͰ%0.ݕࡧ͍ͯ͠Δɻ

    View full-size slide

  89. 3BJMTγεςϜςετ
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  90. ͜ͷϓϨθϯͷΰʔϧʢ࠶ܝʣ
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    View full-size slide

  91. த਎Λগ͠Θ͔ͬͨͱ͜ΖͰɺ
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  92. ࣏ྍ։࢝
    3BJMTγεςϜςετ

    View full-size slide

  93. ࣮ࡍͷςετӡ༻ͷ՝୊
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    Ϗϡʔͷ୯ମ౷߹ࢼݧ
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  94. ϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετͱ։ൃऀͷςετ
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    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢

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  95. ϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετͱ։ൃऀͷςετ
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  96. ϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετͱ։ൃऀͷςετ
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    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
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    63-ભҠ
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    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    ΋͠ଞͷ৔ॴʹ
    ͓஌Β͕ͤग़͍ͯΔͱ͢Ε͹
    ͦΕ͸ෆ۩߹

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  97. ੈͷதͷϕετϓϥΫςΟε͸୭ͷͨΊͷ΋ͷ͔ʁ
    w ͨͱ͑͹

    ʮ*%ࢦఆͷϩέʔλࢦఆ͸ྑ͘ͳ͍ʯ

    ʮϢʔβ͕ݟ͑Δ΋ͷΛϕʔεʹࣗಈૢ࡞͢ΔΑ͏ʹ͠Α͏ʯ


    ˢ͜ΕΒ͸ϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετͷϕετϓϥΫςΟε

    ɹʢ2"؍఺ͷςετࣗಈԽͰɺյΕʹ͍͘ςετΛॻͨ͘Ίͷʣ

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  98. $BQZCBSB͸୭ͷͨΊͷ΋ͷ͔ʁ
    w $BQZCBSB͸"DDFQUBODFUFTUGSBNFXPSL ड͚ೖΕςετ'8

    ࣮ࡍͷϢʔβͷΞΫγϣϯΛγϛϡϨʔτ
    $BQZCBSB͸
    2"؍఺ʢϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετʣͷ໾ʹཱͭπʔϧ

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  99. $BQZCBSBͷςετ؍఺ࢥ૝
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    -PBEJOHʜ
    MPDBMIPTUEBTICPBSE
    2"తͳ؍఺
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    63-ભҠ
    ॳظඳը͸-PBEJOH
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    (&5OFXT +40/
    EJWOFXT@DPOUBJOFS
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    JOQVUUZQFUFYU
    OBNFVTFSOBNF
    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    ΋͠ଞͷ৔ॴʹ
    ͓஌Β͕ͤग़͍ͯΔͱ͢Ε͹
    ͦΕ͸ෆ۩߹
    fill_in('name’, with: 'YusukeIwaki')
    $BQZCBSBΛ࢖ͬͨίʔυ
    3BJMT։ൃऀ͕஌͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ
    ίϯτϩʔϥ΍ϑΥʔϜΦϒδΣΫτͷ࣮૷͕มΘΒͳ͍ݶΓ

    OBNFଐੑ͸มΘΒͳ͍͠ɺ

    OBNFଐੑ͕มΘΔͳΒผʹ$*͕མͪͯ͘Ε͍͍ͯ
    ແବʹDIFDLCPY΍SBEJPϘλϯΛ୳͠ʹߦͬͯ΄͘͠ͳ͍ɻ
    JOQVUͰඞཁे෼

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  100. $BQZCBSBͷςετ؍఺ࢥ૝
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    -PBEJOHʜ
    MPDBMIPTUEBTICPBSE
    2"తͳ؍఺
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    63-ભҠ
    ॳظඳը͸-PBEJOH
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    (&5OFXT +40/
    EJWOFXT@DPOUBJOFS
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    JOQVUUZQFUFYU
    OBNFVTFSOBNF
    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    ΋͠ଞͷ৔ॴʹ
    ͓஌Β͕ͤग़͍ͯΔͱ͢Ε͹
    ͦΕ͸ෆ۩߹
    fill_in('name’, with: 'YusukeIwaki')
    $BQZCBSBΛ࢖ͬͨίʔυ
    3BJMT։ൃऀ͕஌͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ
    ίϯτϩʔϥ΍ϑΥʔϜΦϒδΣΫτͷ࣮૷͕มΘΒͳ͍ݶΓ

    OBNFଐੑ͸มΘΒͳ͍͠ɺ

    OBNFଐੑ͕มΘΔͳΒผʹ$*͕མͪͯ͘Ε͍͍ͯ
    ෳࡶͳ91BUIΫΤϦͰɺҙਤ͠ͳ͍΋ͷΛरͬͯ΄͘͠ͳ͍ɻ
    JOQVUͰඞཁे෼

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  101. $BQZCBSBͷςετ؍఺ࢥ૝
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    -PBEJOHʜ
    MPDBMIPTUEBTICPBSE
    2"తͳ؍఺
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    63-ભҠ
    ॳظඳը͸-PBEJOH
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    (&5OFXT +40/
    EJWOFXT@DPOUBJOFS
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    JOQVUUZQFUFYU
    OBNFVTFSOBNF
    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    ΋͠ଞͷ৔ॴʹ
    ͓஌Β͕ͤग़͍ͯΔͱ͢Ε͹
    ͦΕ͸ෆ۩߹
    3BJMT։ൃऀ͕஌͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ
    click_button(‘Login')
    expect(page).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    $BQZCBSBΛ࢖ͬͨίʔυ

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  102. 3BJMT։ൃऀʹͱͬͯඞཁͳػೳ
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    -PBEJOHʜ
    MPDBMIPTUEBTICPBSE
    2"తͳ؍఺
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    63-ભҠ
    ॳظඳը͸-PBEJOH
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    (&5OFXT +40/
    EJWOFXT@DPOUBJOFS
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    3BJMT։ൃऀ͕஌͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ
    $BQZCBSBΛ࢖ͬͨίʔυ
    ݻఆͰ࠷େ˓ඵɺΈ͍ͨͳͷ͸ࠔΔɻ
    ௨৴ʹ·Εʹ͔͔࣌ؒΔ͔΋͠Εͳ͍ͷ͔ͩΒɺ
    ʮ˓˓͕׬ྃ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭʯͬͯॻ͖ํΛ͍ͨ͠ɻ

    View full-size slide

  103. 3BJMT։ൃऀʹͱͬͯඞཁͳػೳ
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    -PBEJOHʜ
    MPDBMIPTUEBTICPBSE
    2"తͳ؍఺
    MPDBMIPTUMPHJO
    :VTVLF*XBLJ
    -PHJO

    63-ભҠ
    ॳظඳը͸-PBEJOH
    %"4)#0"3%
    8IBU`TOFX
    ͓͠Β͕ͤ͋Γ·͢
    (&5OFXT +40/
    EJWOFXT@DPOUBJOFS
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ·Εʹඵ͘Β͍͔͔Δ
    ࡉ͔͍࣮૷͸ؾʹ͠ͳ͍
    ௨ৗͰ͋Ε͹ඵ͘Β͍ͰऴΘΔ͸ͣɻ
    શମΛ௨ͯ͠ඵ΋͔͔ͬͨΒɺͳʹ͔͓͔͍͠
    3BJMT։ൃऀ͕஌͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ
    $BQZCBSBΛ࢖ͬͨίʔυ
    ݻఆͰ࠷େ˓ඵɺΈ͍ͨͳͷ͸ࠔΔɻ
    ௨৴ʹ·Εʹ͔͔࣌ؒΔ͔΋͠Εͳ͍ͷ͔ͩΒɺ
    ʮ˓˓͕׬ྃ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭʯͬͯॻ͖ํΛ͍ͨ͠ɻ
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    Ͱ΋$BQZCBSB%4-ʹ
    ͦͷػೳ͕ແ͍ΑͶʔ

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  104. 3BJMTγεςϜςετ͸ϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετʹ޲͍͍ͯΔ
    w ࣗಈૢ࡞ͷӡ༻Ͱେมͳͷ͸ʮෆ҆ఆͳςετʯ
    w ͦ΋ͦ΋զʑ3BJMT։ൃऀ͕΍Γ͍ͨͷ͸

    2"؍఺ͷϒϥοΫϘοΫεςετͰ͸ͳ͘

    Ϗϡʔͷ୯ମ౷߹ࢼݧ
    ͦΕɺπʔϧͷબఆϛε͡ΌΜʁ
    3BJMTͷγεςϜςετͳΒ
    $BQZCBSB͕͙͢ʹ࢖͑ͯ
    ศརɺศརʙ̇

    View full-size slide

  105. $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͣʹࣗಈૢ࡞
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    $BQZCBSB%4-࢖ΘͣʹͲ͏΍ͬͯϒϥ΢βΛಈ͔ͤ͹͍͍ͷʁ

    View full-size slide

  106. $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͣʹࣗಈૢ࡞
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    4FMFOJVNΛ௚઀࢖͑͹͍͍͡ΌΜɻ
    ͋ͱ͸ɺ1VQQFUFFS΍1MBZXSJHIUͳͲɺ
    ࠷ۙͷπʔϧͩͬͨΒ΋ͬͱ؆୯ʹॻ͚ΔΑɻ
    XBJU'PS/BWJHBUJPO
    XBJU'PS3FTQPOTF
    XBJU'PS4FMFDUPS

    View full-size slide

  107. $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͣʹࣗಈૢ࡞
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    Ͱ΋ɺ͢ͰʹҎ্ͷςετ࡞ͬͪΌͬͯΔΑʁʁ
    ҰؾʹҠߦ͢Δͷ͠ΜͲ͍ʔʔ
    XBJU'PS/BWJHBUJPO
    XBJU'PS3FTQPOTF
    XBJU'PS4FMFDUPS

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  108. $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͣʹࣗಈૢ࡞
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    ҰؾʹҠߦ͢ΔඞཁͳΜͯແ͍ɻ
    ෆ҆ఆͳςετ͔Βॱʹɺஈ֊తʹҠߦ͠Α͏
    XBJU'PS/BWJHBUJPO
    XBJU'PS3FTQPOTF
    XBJU'PS4FMFDUPS
    4UFQෆ҆ఆͳςετͷෆ҆ఆͳ෦෼͚ͩิڧ͢Δ
    4UFQෆ҆ఆͳςετ͚ͩɺ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͘͢Δ
    4UFQ׬શʹ$BQZCBSBΛ࢖Θͳ͘͢Δ

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  109. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    1VQQFUFFSΛ࢖ͬͯࣗಈૢ࡞
    $BQZCBSBͰΞαʔγϣϯ
    34QFDͰ͍͏ͱɺͭͷJUͷதʹ
    1VQQFUFFSͱ$BQZCBSBͷ྆ํ͕ڞଘ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPN:VTVLF*XBLJDBQZCBSBNJOJNVNFYBNQMFTUSFFNBJOYTJOBUSB@QVNB@TFMFOJVN@STQFD@XJUI@QVQQFUFFS

    View full-size slide

  110. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    click_button(‘Login’)
    ը໘ભҠ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ
    << GET /news ͷϨεϙϯε͕ऴΘΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    << div#news_container ͷLoading͕ফ͑Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ >>
    expect(<< div#news_container >>).to have_text('͓͠Βͤ)
    puppeteer_page.wait_for_navigation do
    end
    puppeteer_page.wait_for_request(‘/news.json’)
    puppeteer_page.wait_for_selector(‘div#news_container’)
    ෆ҆ఆͳςετͷෆ҆ఆͳ෦෼͚ͩิڧ͢Δ

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  111. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    w QVQQFUFFSSVCZΛ࢖͏ͱɺैདྷͷߏ੒Λ΄ͱΜͲม͑ͣʹ

    ऑ͍෦෼ʹ͚ͩհೖ͢ΔܗͰࣗಈૢ࡞͕Ͱ͖Δ
    IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNZVTVLFJXBLJTFMFOJVNQMVTDBQZCBSBEFCVBOEJOHOBUFTVUPXPQVQQFUFFSEFCVRJBOHTJUFNJSV

    View full-size slide

  112. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    1VQQFUFFS͔Βͷ઀ଓ༻ʢ$%1ʣϙʔτ
    Λ։͚ͯ4FMFOJVN$ISPNFىಈ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPN:VTVLF*XBLJDBQZCBSBNJOJNVNFYBNQMFTUSFFNBJOYTJOBUSB@QVNB@TFMFOJVN@STQFD@XJUI@QVQQFUFFS
    $BQZCBSBυϥΠόͷઃఆͰɺ

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  113. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    ิڧ͍ͨ͠ςετͷTFUVQUFBSEPXOͰ
    1VQQFUFFS͔Βͷ઀ଓ༻ʢ$%1ʣϙʔτ
    ʹ઀ଓ੾அ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPN:VTVLF*XBLJDBQZCBSBNJOJNVNFYBNQMFTUSFFNBJOYTJOBUSB@QVNB@TFMFOJVN@STQFD@XJUI@QVQQFUFFS

    View full-size slide

  114. 4UFQɿऑ͍ͱ͜ΖΛϐϯϙΠϯτͰิڧ͢Δ
    1VQQFUFFSΛ࢖ͬͯࣗಈૢ࡞
    $BQZCBSBͰΞαʔγϣϯ
    1VQQFUFFSͷ1BHF"1*Λ࢖༻ͯ͠
    ਫ਼౓ͷߴ͍ࣗಈૢ࡞ΛϐϯϙΠϯτʹߦ͏
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPN:VTVLF*XBLJDBQZCBSBNJOJNVNFYBNQMFTUSFFNBJOYTJOBUSB@QVNB@TFMFOJVN@STQFD@XJUI@QVQQFUFFS

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  115. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    1MBZXSJHIUΛ࢖༻͢Δ
    $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖༻͢Δ
    ෆ҆ఆͳςετ͚ͩɺ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͘͢Δ
    34QFDͰ͍͏ͱɺ
    JU͝ͱʹ$BQZCBSBΛ࢖͏ͷ͔

    1MBZXSJHIUΛ࢖͏ͷ͔Λม͑ΒΕΔ

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  116. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    IUUQT[FOOEFWZVTVLFJXBLJBSUJDMFTBECGB
    ࣗಈૢ࡞ܥͷ࣮૷ΛԿ΋࣋ͨͳ͍$BQZCBSBυϥΠό
    ʢԾশɿOVMMυϥΠόʣ

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  117. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    IUUQT[FOOEFWZVTVLFJXBLJBSUJDMFTBECGB
    ࣗಈૢ࡞ܥͷ࣮૷ΛԿ΋࣋ͨͳ͍$BQZCBSBυϥΠό
    ʢԾশɿOVMMυϥΠόʣ
    OFFET@TFSWFS ͕USVF͡Όͳ͍ͱ
    αʔόʔىಈͯ͘͠Εͳ͍

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  118. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    IUUQT[FOOEFWZVTVLFJXBLJBSUJDMFTBECGB
    ςετ߲໨ʹESJWFSOVMMࢦఆ͕͋Δ৔߹ʹ͸ɺ
    TFUVQUFBSEPXOͰɺ
    1VQQFUFFS΍1MBZXSJHIUʹΑΔ
    ࣗಈૢ࡞Λ͢ΔΑ͏ʹઃఆ

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  119. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    w ESJWFSOVMMΛ͚ͭͨ΋ͷ͚ͩ1VQQFUFFSͰࢼݧ͕࣮ߦ͞ΕΔɻ
    w $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍ঢ়ଶʹγʔϜϨεʹҠߦͰ͖Δɻ
    $BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖༻͢Δ
    1VQQFUFFSΛ࢖༻͢Δ

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  120. 4UFQҰ෦ͷςετ߲໨͚ͩ$BQZCBSB%4-Λ࢖Θͳ͍
    w 4UFQ̎ͰશͯͷςετέʔεʹESJWFSOVMM͕෇͚͹ɺ

    $BQZCBSB͸αʔόʔΛىಈ͢Δ͚ͩͷ໾ׂʹͳΔɻ
    αʔόʔΛىಈ͢Δͱ͜Ζ͸
    $BQZCBSBΛͦͷ··ར༻
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