Electronからクロスプラットフォーム・アプリケーションの歴史を考える

 Electronからクロスプラットフォーム・アプリケーションの歴史を考える

PHP Conference Japan 2015
https://joind.in/15323

91282e22a7b16331c49c8d47eafcac14?s=128

Kenji Akiyama

October 03, 2015
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  1. &MFDUSPO͔ΒΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜɾ ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷྺ࢙Λߟ͑Δ 1)1$POGFSFODF+BQBOc IUUQTKPJOEJO

  2. ळࢁݦ࣏ ,FOKJ"LJZBNB גࣜձࣾϋ΢ςϨϏδϣϯ ΤϯδχΞ !BSUJGBDUTBVDF !BSUJGBDUTBVDF  ,FOKJ"LJZBNB ΞϥϑΥʔஉࢠʢࡀʣ

  3. ֎ࢿब׆υοτίϜ w ৽ଔ޲͚ٻਓϝσΟΞ w ೥ϦϦʔε w ౦େʗܚԠେͷब׆ੜͷ൒ ਺͕ձһొ࿥͍ͯ͠Δ w 8PSE1SFTT$BLF1)1

  4. εΩϧηοτ

  5. None
  6. ࠓ೥΋ϥΠτͰΤϞʔγϣφϧͰϑΝ χʔͳτʔΫʹ͍ͨ͠ͱࢥ͍·͢ɻ

  7. None
  8. None
  9. None
  10. None
  11. ࢖༻͍ͯ͠ΔςΩετΤσΟλ 0UIFS  "UPN  &NBDT  7JN  4VCMJNF5FYU

     /PUF1BE   IUUQTUBDLPWFSqPXDPNSFTFBSDIEFWFMPQFSTVSWFZUFDIFEJUPS
  12. "50.ͷಛ௃ ‣ ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ ‣ 8FCϒϥ΢βʢ$ISPNJVNʣϕʔε ‣ +BWBTDSJQU$P⒎FFTDSJQUͰػೳ֦ு ‣ .*5ϥΠηϯε ‣

    (JU)VC͕ࣾ։ൃ͍ͯ͠Δ ‣ IUUQTHJUIVCDPNBUPNBUPN
  13. &MFDUSPO ‣ ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷσεΫτοϓɾ ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯɾϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ ‣ .BD049 ‣ 8JOEPXT ‣ -JOVY

    ‣ 'SFF#4% ‣ چশɿ"UPN4IFMM
  14. $ISPNJVN /PEFKT IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPN[DCFO[QSBDUJDFPOFNCFEEJOHOPEFEPUKTJOUPBUPNFEJUPS IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPN[DCFO[QSBDUJDFPOFNCFEEJOHOPEFEPUKTJOUPBUPNFEJUPS

  15. IUUQTHJUIVCDPNTJOESFTPSIVTBXFTPNFFMFDUSPO

  16. 8FCΤϯδχΞʹͱͬͯͷར఺ ‣ 8FCٕज़ͰσεΫτοϓɾΞϓϦέʔ γϣϯΛ։ൃ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ

  17. Կ͔࡞ͬͯΈ͍ͨ

  18. 5IF1PNPEPSP5FDIOJRVFš ‣ ੜ࢈ੑΛ্͛ͭͭ೩͑ਚ͖ͳ͍ಇ͖ํ ‣ IUUQQPNPEPSPUFDIOJRVFDPN ‣ ̎̑෼ͷूத࣌ؒͱ̑෼ͷٳܜ࣌ؒΛ܁Γ ฦ͢ *NBHFGSPNIUUQSFDSVJUNFOUDPBDIDPNCBOJTIEJTUSBDUJPOTXJUIUIFQPNPEPSPUFDIOJRVF

  19. ΞϓϦ͸͍Ζ͍Ζ͋Δ͚Ͳʜ

  20. ࣗ෼Ͱ࡞ͬͯΈΔ͜ͱʹͨ͠

  21. εΩϧηοτ

  22. σβΠϯͱ͔ऑ͍͠ʜ

  23. ߏ੒ཁૉ ‣ &MFDUSPO ‣ 1PMZNFS8FC$PNQPOFOUT ‣ .BUFSJBM%FTJHO ‣ OPEFOPUJpFS

  24. ͱΓ͋͑ͣ͜͜·ͰͰ͖ͨ ‣ 4UBSUϘλϯΛԡ͢ͱ ̎̑෼ؒΛܭଌ͢Δ ‣ 4UPQϘλϯΛԡ͢ͱ ܭଌΛதࢭ͢Δ ‣ /FYUϘλϯΛԡ͢ͱ ࣍ͷαΠΫϧʹճΔ

    ‣ ̎̑෼ܦͭͱ௨஌ηϯ λʔʹ௨஌͢Δ
  25. ·ͩͰ͖͍ͯͳ͍ ‣ ٳܜ࣌ؒΛܭଌ͢Δ ‣ ௕࣌ؒٳܜΛܭଌ͢Δ ‣ αΠΫϧΛճ͢ ‣ ֤࣌ؒͷઃఆ஋Λมߋ͢Δ ‣

    ܦաϩάΛอଘ͢Δ ‣ 8JOEPXT൛ʗ-JOVY൛ ‣ ʜ
  26. None
  27. σϞ

  28. ͚ͬ͜͏؆୯ʹͰ͖ͨ 1IPUPCZ-FDIPO,JSC

  29. ͜Ε͔Βָ͕͠Έ ‣ ࣗ෼ʹඞཁͳػೳ͚ͩΛ࣮૷ ‣ ࣗ෼ͷ޷͖ͳ6*ʹมߋ 1IPUPGSPN4UBSUVQ4UPDL1IPUPT

  30. Μʁ଴ͯΑʜ ‣ ͳͥࠓ·ͰσεΫτοϓɾΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ ʢ%"ʣΛ࡞Ζ͏ͱࢥΘͳ͔ͬͨͷ͔ʁ 1IPUPGSPNQJYBCBZ

  31. ࢲ͕%"ʹ͍࣋ͬͯΔΠϝʔδ ‣ ৽ͨͳݴޠΛֶश͢Δίετ͕ߴ͍ ‣ ։ൃ؀ڥΛ༻ҙ͢Δίετ͕ߴ͍ ‣ σϕϩούʔొ࿥Λ͠ͳ͍ͱΠϯετʔϧ Ͱ͖ͳ͍ ‣ ͋ΔϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ޲͚ʢ8JOEPXTͱ

    ͔ʣʹߏங͞Εͨ΋ͷ͸ଞͷϓϥοτ ϑΥʔϜͰ͸ಈ͔ͳ͍
  32. ࣮ࡍͲ͏͚ͩͬͨͬʁ ͋ΔϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ޲͚ʢ8JOEPXTͱ͔ʣʹߏங͞Εͨ ιϑτ΢ΣΞ͸ଞͷϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ্Ͱ͸ಈ࡞͠ͳ͍

  33. ྺ࢙ΛৼΓฦͬͯΈ͍ͨ

  34. ஫ҙ ‣ ࠓճͷ࿩͸ࢲͱ͍͏8FC԰ͷࢹ఺ͰݟͨσεΫτο ϓɾΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ୊ࡐʹ͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ ‣ ϞόΠϧɾϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ΍૊ΈࠐΈܥʹ͍ͭͯ ͸ର৅ͱ͍ͯ͠·ͤΜɻ ‣ ϓϨθϯͷੑ্࣭ɺܦҢΛ௚ྻͰ࿩͠·͕͢ɺ࣮ࡍ ͷྺ࢙͸ฒྻ͔ͭಉ࣌ଟൃతʹى͖͍ͯΔ͜ͱΛ೦

    ಄ʹஔ͍͍ͯͩ͘͞ɻ ‣ ͢΂ͯΛ໢ཏ͢Δͭ΋Γ͸ͳ͍ͷͰʮԶͷѪ͢Δ̋̋ ͕ݴٴ͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ʯͱౖ͔Γग़͞ͳ͍Ͱ͍ͩ͘͞ɻ
  35. ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷఆٛ ‣ ҟͳΔϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʢྫ͑͹1$"5ޓ׵ػͱ.BDJOUPTIɺ ͋Δ͍͸8JOEPXTɾ.BD049ɾ'SFF#4%ɾ-JOVYͳͲͷΑ ͏ʹɺ࢓༷͕શ͘ҟͳΔػցʢϋʔυ΢ΣΞʣ·ͨ͸ΦϖϨʔ ςΟϯάγεςϜʣ্Ͱɺಉ͡࢓༷ͷ΋ͷΛಈ͔͢͜ͱ͕ग़དྷ ΔϓϩάϥϜʢιϑτ΢ΣΞʣͷ͜ͱΛݴ͏ɻŠ8JLJQFEJB 8JOEPXTͱ.BDͱ-JOVY޲͚ͷΞϓϦέʔ γϣϯΛಉ͡ιʔείʔυ͔Β࡞Δ

  36. ݹ୅͔ΒͷྲྀΕΛҰؾʹ ‣ 04ొ৔Ҏલʢ೥୅ʣ ‣ ػछ͕มΘΕ͹ιϑτ΢ΣΞ͸׬શʹॻ͖௚ͩͬͨ͠ ‣ 04ͷཱ֬ʢ೥୅ʣ ‣ 04͕ϋʔυ΢ΣΞͷҧ͍Λٵऩͯ͘͠ΕΔ ‣

    ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ͓Αͼ04ͷཚཱʢ೥୅ʣ ‣ 04 "*9 *3*9 4PMBSJT .4%04 .BD04 ʜ ‣ ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ͓Αͼ04ͷऩଋʢ೥୅ʣ ‣ $16͸*OUFMɺ04͸8JOEPXT .BD049 -JOVY
  37. πϥ͍ ‣ छྨ͕ݮ͖ͬͯͨͱ͸ݴ͑ɺ։ൃऀ͸ෳ਺ ͷ04ʹ͋Θͤͯιϑτ΢ΣΞΛॻ͘ඞཁ ͕͋Δɻ ‣ ෳ਺ͷ04޲͚ʹϦϦʔε͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ͦ ΕͳΓͷ޻਺͕ඞཁʹͳΔɻ

  38. ։ൃऀͷئ͍ ‣ ̍ճιϑτ΢ΣΞΛॻ͍ͨΒ͢΂ͯʢͤΊ ͯෳ਺ʣͷϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ্Ͱಈ࡞ͯ͠ ཉ͍͠ɻ

  39. +BWBʢ4VO.JDSPTZTUFNTࣾʣ ‣ ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ΍04ʹґଘ͠ͳ͍όΠτίʔυΛ࡞੒ ͠ɺԾ૝Ϛγϯ্Ͱ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔ ‣ (6*πʔϧΩοτ ‣ ೥"85ϦϦʔε ‣ 04͕ఏڙ͢Δύʔπͷബ͍ϥούʔ

    ‣ ೥4XJOHϦϦʔε ‣ શϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʹڞ௨ͷϧοΫˍϑΟʔϧ ‣ ೥ʁ485 &DMJQTF ϦϦʔε ‣ "85ʹࣅ͍ͯΔ͕֦ுੑ͕ߴ͘ߴ଎
  40. 2Uʢ5SPMMUFDIࣾʣ ‣ ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯɾϢʔβΠϯλϑΣʔεɾϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ ‣ ݴޠ ‣ $  ‣ #JOEJOHϥΠϒϥϦʹΑͬͯଞݴޠ͔Β΋࢖͑Δ

    ‣ ೥7FSTJPOϦϦʔε ‣ 8JOEPXT 6OJY-JOVY9 ‣ ೥7FSTJPOϦϦʔε ‣ .BD049ʹ΋ରԠ ‣ ݱࡏͰ͸'SFF#4% 4ZNCJBO "OESPJE J04 8JOEPXT$& ૊ ΈࠐΈ-JOVYͳͲʹ΋ରԠ
  41. ϓϩμΫτྫ ‣ 2U ‣ (PPHMF&BSUI ‣ 4LZQF PME  ‣

    +BWB ‣ &DMJQTF *OUFMMJ+*%&" /FUCFBOT ‣ όΠΦΠϯϑΥϚςΟΫε άϥϑπʔ ϧ
  42. ଟ਺ͷબ୒ࢶ

  43. ͦΕͰ΋ࢲ͸࡞Βͳ͔ͬͨʜ

  44. ஌໊౓͸͋Δ͕ʜ ‣ ༏लͳϓϩμΫτ͕ଟ͍͜ͱ͸͔֬ɻ ‣ ΞϚνϡΞ͕όϯόϯ։ൃ͍ͯ͠ΔΑ͏ͳ ײ͡͸ແ͍ɻ ‣ ͳΜ͔ɺϥΠτ͡Όͳ͍ɻ ‣ +BWBͬͯݴΘΕͯ΋

    ‣ $ ͬͯݴΘΕͯ΋
  45. 8FCٕज़ͷ࠾༻ͷྲྀΕ ‣ 3*" 3JDI*OUFSOFU"QQMJDBUJPO  ‣ "*3 "EPCF  ‣

    'MBTI 'MFY 8FC,JU "DUJPO4DSJQU ‣ 4JMWFSMJHIU .JDSPTPGU  ‣ 9".- 7JTVBM#BTJD/&5 $ FUDʜ ‣ 8FCϒϥ΢β্Ͱಈ࡞ͤ͞ΔͨΊΛٕज़ ͕σεΫτοϓʹద༻
  46. ଟ਺ͷબ୒ࢶ

  47. ͦΕͰ΋ࢲ͸࡞Βͳ͔ͬͨʜ

  48. ͩͬͯྲྀߦͬͯͳ͍΋Μ ‣ ϥϯλΠϜͷΠϯετʔϧ͕ඞཁͩͬͨɻ ‣ ͦͷٕज़͕࢓ࣄʹ׆͖Δͷ͔ٙ໰ͩͬͨɻ ‣ 'MBTI͸δϣϒζ͔ΒݏΘΕ͍ͯͨɻ ‣ 4JMWFSMJHIUͬͯ.JDSPTPGU͢Βશવ࢖ͬ ͯͳ͍Αʜɻ

    ‣ ϥΠτʹ࡞ΕΔͷ͸͘͢͝ྑ͔ͬͨΜ͚ͩ Ͳͳ͊ɻ
  49. ϒϥ΢βΞϓϦ ‣ (PPHMF$ISPNFΞϓϦ ‣ ೥ϦϦʔε ‣ 8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ͕ΦϑϥΠϯͰ ΋ར༻Ͱ͖Δʂ ‣ ϒϥ΢βΛ։͔ͳͯ͘΋ར༻Ͱ͖Δʂ

    ‣ ༷ʑͳϒϥ΢βͷػೳΛར༻Ͱ͖Δʂ ‣ $ISPNFϥϯνϟʔ͔ΒىಈͰ͖Δʂ
  50. ଟ਺ͷબ୒ࢶ

  51. ͦΕͰ΋ࢲ͸࡞Βͳ͔ͬͨʜ

  52. จ۟͹͔ͬΓ΍ͳʜ ‣ ઐ༻ϥϯνϟʔ͕͍ͭͯ·ͬͯ͢ɺͦΕ͸ ϝϦοτͰ͸ͳ͍ɻ ‣ ϒϥ΢βͷػೳΛར༻Ͱ͖Δͷ͸͘͢͝ྑ ͍͚Ͳɺϒϥ΢βͷ֎ͷػೳ͸ར༻Ͱ͖ͳ ͍ɻ ‣ (PPHMF$ISPNFΛΠϯετʔϧ͢Δඞཁ

    ͕͋ΔͬͯͲ͏Αʁ
  53. ೔ຊͷ8FCϒϥ΢βͷγΣΞ 0UIFS  $ISPNF"OESPJE  4BGBSJ  'JSFGPY  (PPHMF$ISPNF

     *OUFSOFU&YQMPSFS  IUUQTXFCSBHFKQNPCJMFEBUBQD@CSPXTFS@TIBSFIUNM
  54. ҰํͰྑ͍఺΋ ‣ ͢ͰʹΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜΛલఏʹߏ ங͞Ε͍ͯΔ8FCϒϥ΢βʹͲ͔ͬΓ ৐͔ͬͬͨ఺͸ඇৗʹྑ͔ͬͨɻ ‣ ։ൃऀͷن໛͕େ͖͘ࢀೖোน͕௿͍఺΋ ྑ͔ͬͨɻ

  55. ࢮࢡྦྷʑͱ·Ͱ͸ݴΘͳ͍͕ʜ ‣ ΋͸΍๻͸ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜɾσε ΫτοϓɾΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͳΜͧ࡞Γͨ ͍ͱࢥ͍ͬͯͳ͍ͷ͔ʁ ‣ 8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷػೳͱΫϩεϓ ϥοτϑΥʔϜੑʹຬ଍͍ͯͯ͠ɺελϯ υΞϩϯͷΞϓϦΛ։ൃ͍ͨ͠ͱ͍͏ಈػ ͕ബ͍ɻ

  56. ԶΛಈ͔͢৘೤ʹ͸଍Γͳ͍ʜ

  57. ࢲͷཁ๬Λ·ͱΊΔ ‣ ͳΔ΂͘ଟ͘ͷ؀ڥͰಈ࡞ͯ͠΄͍͠ ‣ ϥΠτͳݴޠͰ։ൃ͍ͨ͠ ‣ ͍࣋ͬͯΔٕज़ͷྲྀ༻͔ɺޙʹ࢓ࣄʹྲྀ༻ Ͱ͖ͦ͏ͳٕज़Λ࠾༻͍ͨ͠ ‣ ϥϯλΠϜͷΠϯετʔϧͱ͔ͨ͘͠ͳ͍

    ʗͤͨ͘͞ͳ͍
  58. None
  59. &MFDUSPOͷಛ௃ ‣ )5.- $44Ͱ6*ߏங ‣ +BWBTDSJQUͰಈ࡞Λهड़ ‣ ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷ8FCϒϥ΢β ΛϥϯλΠϜͱͯ͠ಉࠝ

  60. ͢΂ͯͷཁ๬ʹ߹க͍ͯ͠Δʂ

  61. &MFDUSPOొ৔ͷ৚݅ ‣ ΦʔϓϯιʔεͷΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜɾ 8FCϒϥ΢βʢ$ISPNJVNʣͷొ৔ ‣ +BWBTDSJQUͷαʔόɾαΠυʢ࣮࣭తʹ͸ ϒϥ΢β֎ʣ࣮૷ͷొ৔ ‣ ಛʹ/PEFKT͕$ISPNFʹಉࠝ͞Ε͍ͯ Δ7Λϕʔεʹ͍ͯͨ͜͠ͱͰ਌࿨ੑ

    ͕ߴ͔ͬͨɻ
  62. 

  63. ౰ॳͷཁ๬Ҏ্ͷར఺ ‣ /PEFKTͷػೳΛར༻Ͱ͖Δ ‣ ສҎ্ͷOQNύοέʔδΛར༻Ͱ͖Δ ‣ ࣮࣭8FC։ൃͳͷʹର৅؀ڥΛ&MFDUSPO $ISPNJVN ͓Αͼ/PEFKTͷΈʹߜΔ͜ ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ

    ‣ ϒϥ΢βͷछྨʹ͍ͭͯ΋όʔδϣϯʹ ͍ͭͯ΋ɺؾΛ΋Ήඞཁ͸ͳ͍
  64. +BWBTDSJQU

  65. ͍΍͍΍͚ͩͲΈΜͳ ࢖͍ͬͯΔ+BWBTDSJQU

  66. .0451016-"35&$)/0-0(*&4 +BWBTDSJQ U 4 2 - +BWB $  1

    ) 1 1 ZUIPO $ $ / PEFKT " OHVMBS+4 3 VCZ 0 CKFDUJWF$             IUUQTUBDLPWFSqPXDPNSFTFBSDIEFWFMPQFSTVSWFZUFDIMBOH
  67. :PVBSFUIF1)1 FYQFSU BSFO`UZPV

  68. 1)1FYQFSUTBSFBMTP +BWBTDSJQUFYQFSUT  BSFO`UUIFZ

  69. &MFDUSPOͷܽ఺ ‣ όΠφϦαΠζ͕ແବʹେ͖͍ ‣ ࠓճͷσϞΞϓϦͰ.# ‣ $ISPNJVN౳ΛؚΉඞཁ͕͋Δ ‣ ಈ࡞͕஗͍ ‣

    04͕ఏڙ͢Δ6*ػೳΛར༻Ͱ͖ͳ͍ ‣ ։ൃϦιʔε͕গͳ͍Β͍͠ ‣ ࣮࣭![DCFO[ࢯ͚ͩͳΜͩͱ͔ ‣ IUUQNJ[DIJIBUFOBCMPHDPNFOUSZ 
  70. ͱ͸ݴ͑ ‣ ϋʔυσΟεΫ༰ྔ΋௨৴଎౓΋ɺ.#ఔ౓ͷ αΠζ͸΋ͷͱ΋͠ͳ͍ɻ ‣ ॲཧ଎౓Λඞཁͱ͠ͳ͍ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯʹͱͬ ͯ͸ॲཧ଎౓͸ͦ΋ͦ΋໰୊Ͱ͸ͳ͍ɻ ‣ ݱঢ়͸ಈ࡞͕஗͍͔΋͠Εͳ͍͕ɺϚγϯͷॲཧ ଎౓ͷ޲্ʹΑΓɺਓؒͷ൓Ԡ଎౓Λ௒͑Ε͹ɺ

    ͦΕ΄ͲۤͰ͸ͳ͍ɻ ‣ 8FCͰ࢖ΘΕ͍ͯΔ6*ίϯϙʔωϯτΛར༻͢Ε ͹΄ͱΜͲͷ༻్͸ࣄ଍ΓΔɻ
  71. #PJMFSQMBUF5FNQMBUF

  72. 1PMZNFS8FC$PNQPOFOUT

  73. $ISPNJVN͚ͩΛର৅ͱ͢Ε͹ྑ͍ͷͰ ޓ׵ੑΛؾʹͤͣ࠷৽ͷػೳΛ࢖͑Δ

  74. ͜Μͳ༻్ʹಛʹ޲͍͍ͯΔ ‣ Զʑπʔϧ ‣ ͋·Γʹ΋χονա͗ͯ୭΋࡞Βͳ͍͕ɺ ͋Δͱ͔ͳΓศརͳπʔϧ ‣ ࣾ಺πʔϧ ‣ ࣗ෼ͷ։ൃ؀ڥ͸.BD͚ͩͲࣄ຿ܥ͸

    8JOEPXT࢖͍ͬͯͯɺࣄ຿ܥͷਓͷͨ Ίʹͪΐͬͱͨ͠πʔϧΛ࡞Γ͍ͨɻ
  75. ۩ମతʹ͸͜Μͳ΋ͷ ‣ 5XJUUFSʹ౤ߘ͢Δ͚ͩͷΞϓϦ ‣ ࢓ࣄதʹ5XJUUFSͷը໘Λ։͍͍ͯΔ͜ ͱ͸ጨΒΕΔ͕ɺͰ΋౤ߘ͸͍ͨ͠ɻ ‣ ग़ۈʗୀۈΛೖྗ͢Δ͚ͩͷΞϓϦ ‣ ͨͩͷλΠϜΧʔυػʹ੒ΓԼ͕͍ͬͯ

    Δάϧʔϓ΢ΣΞΛ։͖ͨ͘ͳ͍ɻ
  76. ΋ͪΖΜେֻ͔Γͳ΋ͷ΋ॻ͚Δ

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