Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Microsoft Unity

Microsoft Unity

Presentation and demo about Microsoft Unity Dependency Injection Framework

Source can be found here: https://github.com/staal-it/UnityDemo

Erwin Staal

July 05, 2017

More Decks by Erwin Staal

Other Decks in Programming


  1. Dependency Injection • Dependency injection is a technique whereby one

    object supplies the dependencies of another object. • A dependency is an object that can be used (a service). • An injection is the passing of a dependency to a dependent object (a client) that would use it. • The service is made part of the client's state.
  2. public interface ISpellChecker { bool CheckSpelling(); } public class SpellChecker

    : ISpellChecker { public bool CheckSpelling() { throw new NotImplementedException(); } } Interfaces
  3. public class TextEditorNoDi { private readonly SpellChecker _spellChecker; public TextEditorNoDi()

    { _spellChecker = new SpellChecker(); } private void CheckSpelling() { _spellChecker.CheckSpelling(); } } Poor mans DI
  4. public class TextEditor { private readonly ISpellChecker _spellChecker; public TextEditor(ISpellChecker

    spellChecker) { _spellChecker = spellChecker; } private void CheckSpelling() { _spellChecker.CheckSpelling(); } } Constructor Injection
  5. public class Child : IChild { } public class Parent

    : IParent { public Parent(IChild child) { } } private void Demo() { var container = new UnityContainer(); container.RegisterType<IChild, Child>(); container.RegisterType<IParent, Parent>(); var parent = container.Resolve<IParent>(); } Dependency Tree
  6. LifetimeManagers • TransientLifetimeManager • Returns a new instance of the

    requested type for each call. (default behavior) • ContainerControlledLifetimeManager • Implements a singleton behavior for objects. The object is disposed of when you dispose of the container • ExternallyControlledLifetimeManager • Implements a singleton behavior but the container doesn't hold a reference to object which will be disposed of when out of scope
  7. LifetimeManagers • HierarchicalifetimeManager • Implements a singleton behavior for objects.

    However, child containers don't share instances with parents • PerResolveLifetimeManager • Implements a behavior similar to the transient lifetime manager except that instances are reused across build-ups of the object graph • PerThreadLifetimeManager • Implements a singleton behavior for objects but limited to the current thread