NodeConf EU 2017 - YES! Your site can (and should) be accessible

C9b6971cf9aef049f4a35bc397a5e4b9?s=47 Laura Carvajal
November 06, 2017
130

NodeConf EU 2017 - YES! Your site can (and should) be accessible

Lessons learned in building FT.com
@nodeconfeu
http://www.nodeconf.eu/

DAC Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4JCbyOuWVII

In 2016, the Financial Times launched a new version of its website to great success. It broke ground on key areas like performance, resilience, and usability. But one day, rather serendipitously, the team that created the site realized they had largely forgotten to measure one thing: accessibility. And you can’t improve what you don’t measure.

Laura Carvajal explains how her team introduced accessibility to the Financial Times website, FT.com—and their journey from being generally oblivious about accessibility to making it a core part of their process across multiple divisions. Laura shares the the roadblocks encountered and lessons learned along the way as well as practical solutions you can implement in your project today, regardless of available time, resources, or support.

REFERENCES

Keyboard Shortcuts
https://help.github.com/articles/using-keyboard-shortcuts/
https://www.ractoon.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/sublime_text_2_shortcuts_printable_ractoon.pdf
https://support.google.com/mail/answer/6594
https://support.google.com/calendar/answer/37034
https://support.apple.com/en-gb/HT201236
https://get.slack.help/hc/en-us/articles/201374536-Slack-keyboard-shortcuts

Training
https://github.com/joe-watkins/top-people-to-follow-in-web-accessibility

Accessibility Folks
https://github.com/joe-watkins/top-people-to-follow-in-web-accessibility

Known Lawsuits and Settlements
http://www.karlgroves.com/2011/11/15/list-of-web-accessibility-related-litigation-and-settlements/
https://www.w3.org/WAI/bcase/resources

C9b6971cf9aef049f4a35bc397a5e4b9?s=128

Laura Carvajal

November 06, 2017
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Transcript

  1. Laura Carvajal - @lc512k Senior Developer, Financial Times NodeConf EU,

    Kilkenny, November 2017 YES! Your site can be accessible Lessons learned in building FT.com SHOULD
  2. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Surely this doesn’t apply to us, …right?

  3. Laura Carvajal @lc512k FT.com

  4. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  5. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  6. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #1 Accessibility doesn’t just happen You

    make it happen
  7. Laura Carvajal @lc512k © Nicky Wrightson

  8. What is accessibility?

  9. “Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can use the

    Web” www.w3.org
  10. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  11. “Beyond not denying access, it’s ensuring that access is fair

    for everyone” Naomí Dubitski Carvajal
  12. 1. Physical 2. Visual 3. Hearing 4. Cognitive

  13. Microsoft Persona Spectrum Matrix

  14. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  15. Microsoft Persona Spectrum Matrix

  16. Microsoft Persona Spectrum Matrix

  17. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  18. Disability 1 Billion people 15% of population World Bank

  19. 26% of our users

  20. None
  21. start small

  22. > npm install -g pa11y Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  23. https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/

  24. None
  25. > npm install --save pa11y-ci Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  26. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k front-page article sign-up myFT

  27. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k Node - apps GitHub

    - Repository Circle CI - Continuous Integration Heroku - Deployment
  28. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  29. a11y: pa11y-ci https://github.com/pa11y/ci

  30. a11y: @export TEST_URL=http://${APP}.herokuapp.com; \ pa11y-ci -T 100 https://github.com/pa11y/ci

  31. a11y: @export TEST_URL=http://${APP}.herokuapp.com; \ pa11y-ci -T 100 https://github.com/pa11y/ci

  32. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  33. a11y: @export TEST_URL=http://${APP}.herokuapp.com; \ pa11y-ci -T 100 https://github.com/pa11y/ci

  34. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  35. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Winners!!!

  36. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Not quite

  37. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #2 Before setting the build on

    fire train people
  38. What did Pa11y find? Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  39. Colour contrast issues Laura Carvajal @lc512k What did pa11y find?

  40. Laura Carvajal @lc512k 4.5 : 1

  41. Alt text issues Laura Carvajal @lc512k What did pa11y find?

    <img src=“image.jpg”>
  42. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Labels Required* <label for=“email”>Email address*</label> <input id=“email”>

  43. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Labels Required* <label for=“email”>Email address*</label> <input id=“email”

    required>
  44. Ads Laura Carvajal @lc512k What did pa11y find? <div class=“ad-wrap”

    aria-hidden=“true”> …iframe soup here… (tabindex=-1) </div>
  45. Duplicate content Laura Carvajal @lc512k What did pa11y find?

  46. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Different? Add context <button>Add <span class=“vis-hidden”> Europe

    </span>to myFT</button>
  47. www.udacity.com/course/web-accessibility--ud891

  48. Laura Carvajal @lc512k 0 errors What now?

  49. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  50. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  51. None
  52. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  53. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  54. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  55. Laura Carvajal @lc512k © Simon Legg

  56. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  57. Laura Carvajal @lc512k VoiceOver Keyboard-only Zoom

  58. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k Keyboard-only

  59. None
  60. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  61. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #3 Throw away your mouse

  62. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  63. None
  64. None
  65. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  66. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  67. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #4 Don’t take it all on

    yourself
  68. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  69. github.com/lc512k/a11y-experiment

  70. github.com/lc512k/a11y-experiment

  71. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Mind Blown

  72. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #5 Talk about it A lot

  73. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  74. 1. External Audit 2. Customer Research 3. DIY

  75. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #6 “It’s the right thing to

    do” doesn’t get you a budget
  76. “ The only evidenced business case […] is avoiding litigation ” Alice

    Bartlett speakerdeck.com/alicebartlett/what-is-the-business-case-for-accessibility
  77. Let me take you back… Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  78. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  79. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  80. Laura Carvajal @lc512k @benjfletcher

  81. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Lesson #7 Diversity improves your product your

    team your life
  82. 1. A11y doesn’t just happen: pa11y-ci 2. Train your people:

    udacity course 3. Throw away your mouse: shortcuts 4. Don’t take it all on: share the load 5. Talk about it: twitter, roadshow 6. Budget: avoid litigation 7. Diversity matters: prioritise
  83. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  84. Laura Carvajal @lc512k

  85. Laura Carvajal @lc512k Laura Carvajal @lc512k https://help.github.com/articles/using-keyboard-shortcuts/ https://www.ractoon.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/sublime_text_2_shortcuts_printable_ractoon.pdf https://support.google.com/mail/answer/6594 https://support.google.com/calendar/answer/37034

    https://support.apple.com/en-gb/HT201236 https://get.slack.help/hc/en-us/articles/201374536-Slack-keyboard-shortcuts Keyboard Shortcuts http://www.karlgroves.com/2011/11/15/list-of-web-accessibility-related-litigation-and-settlements/ https://www.w3.org/WAI/bcase/resources Known Lawsuits and Settlements https://github.com/joe-watkins/top-people-to-follow-in-web-accessibility Accessibility Folks www.udacity.com/course/web-accessibility--ud891 Training
  86. Laura Carvajal - @lc512k Senior Developer, Financial Times NodeConf EU,

    Kilkenny, November 2017 YES! Your site can be accessible Lessons learned in building FT.com SHOULD