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Roman Wall Painting

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
March 05, 2013

Roman Wall Painting



March 05, 2013


  1. Roman  Wall  Pain+ng   Reading:   Stokstad,  176-­‐184.    

    Range:   300  BCE-­‐79  CE   Roman  Republic  and  Roman   Imperial     Terms/Concepts:   Four  Pompeian  Styles,  fauces,   atrium,  impluvium,  taberna,   peristylium,  lararium,  cucina,   triclinium,  tablinum,  excedra,   masonry,  sumptuary  laws.   Key  Monuments:     Not  in  Book,  First-­‐Style  Pain+ng,   House  of  Sallust,  Roman  Republic,   2nd  century  BCE.     6-­‐29,  Wall  Pain+ng  in  the  “Ixion   Room,”  House  of  the  VeTi,   Pompeii,  Roman  Empire,  62-­‐79   CE.     6-­‐31,  Cityscape,  House  of  Publius   Fannius  Synistor,  Boscoreale,   Roman  Empire,  c.  50-­‐30  BCE.     Not  in  Book,  Third-­‐Style  Pain+ng,   House  of  Marcus  Lucre+us   Fronto,  Roman  Empire,  30-­‐60  CE.    
  2. Aerial view of Naples. Mt. Vesuvius

  3. He  called  for  his  shoes  and  climbed  up  to  where

     he  could  get  the   best  view  of  the  phenomenon.    The  cloud  was  rising  from  a   mountain  -­‐-­‐  at  such  a  distance  we  couldn't  tell  which,  but   aZerwards  learned  that  it  was  Vesuvius.  I  can  best  describe  its   shape  by  likening  it  to  a  pine  tree.  It  rose  into  the  sky  on  a  very   long  "trunk"  from  which  spread  some  "branches."  I  imagine  it   had  been  raised  by  a  sudden  blast,  which  then  weakened,   leaving  the  cloud  unsupported  so  that  its  own  weight  caused  it   to  spread  sideways.  Some  of  the  cloud  was  white,  in  other  parts   there  were  dark  patches  of  dirt  and  ash.  The  sight  of  it  made  the   scien+st  in  my  uncle  determined  to  see  it  from  closer  at  hand.    -­‐-­‐Pliny  the  Younger  (in  a  le^er  to  Tacitus)  
  4. Pompeii Campania  

  5. Mt. Vesuvius

  6. None
  7. The city of Pompeii, like its neighbors, has been partially

    excavated from beneath the volcanic debris of an eruption in 79 CE.
  8. Taberna  

  9. Lararium   Cucina   Excedra   Lararium  

  10. First-­‐Style   Second-­‐Style   Third-­‐Style   Fourth-­‐Style   Styles  of

     Pompeian  Pain+ng  
  11. House  of  Sallust   First-­‐Style  

  12. First-­‐Style  

  13. First-­‐Style  

  14. First-­‐Style   House  of  Sallust,  Pompeii,  First-­‐Style,  c.  2nd  century

     BCE.   Dado   Isodomic  Course   String  Course   Isodomic  Course   Orthostates   Isodomic  Course   Plinth   Cornice  
  15. First-­‐Style   House  of  Sallust,  Pompeii,  First-­‐Style,  c.  2nd  century

     BCE.   House  of  the  Samnite,   Herculaneum,  100-­‐80   BCE  
  16. First-­‐Style   House  of  Publius  Fannius  Synistor  

  17. Second-­‐Style  

  18. Second-­‐Style   False  Door   Theatrical  Mask   Theatrical  Mask

      “Closed”  Wall   Lamps   Lamps  
  19. Everyday  Life:  Theater   Theater  Mask  

  20. Second-­‐Style   “Open”  Wall            

            Exterior  Space  
  21. Second-­‐Style   Cubiculum  M,  House  of  Fannius  Synistor,  Boscoreale,  40

     BCE.     Cubiculum  M,  Boscoreale,  Panoramic  View.  
  22. Second-­‐Style  

  23. Second-­‐Style  

  24. Third-­‐Style   House  of  Marcus  Lucre+us  Fronto  

  25. Third-­‐Style  

  26. Third-­‐Style  

  27. Fla^ened,  linear   architectural  features.   Monochrome   background.  

    Emblemata   Second  Style  
  28. None
  29. None
  30. None
  31. None
  32. Fourth-­‐Style  

  33. Fourth-­‐Style  

  34. Simulated  Masonry   1   Fla^ened  Emblemata   3  

    Illusionis+c  Space   2  
  35. None
  36. None
  37. None
  38. None
  39. None
  40. None
  41. None
  42. None
  43. Cri+cal  Thinking  Ques+on   1.  How  does  the  structure  of

     the  Roman  house   correspond  to  the  usage  of  the  space?  The   status  of  the  homeowner?   2.  Why  are  the  four  styles  of  Pompeian  pain+ng   extremely  problema+c?   3.  How  do  the  pain+ngs  project  the  status/ iden+ty  of  the  homeowner?