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AWS IAM 〜 設計上の戦略と戦術 / 20191109-kof-iam

opelab
November 08, 2019

AWS IAM 〜 設計上の戦略と戦術 / 20191109-kof-iam

関西オープンフォーラム内で開催された"jus研究会大阪大会「AWS IAM - 設計上の戦略と戦術」"での発表資料です。

https://k-of.jp/backend/session/1299

運用設計ラボおよびJAWS-UG CLI専門支部での実践を例に、AWS IAM設計上の戦略と戦術について整理してみました。
(現在も、試行錯誤の途中であり、今後内容が改訂される可能性があります。)

(運用設計ラボ合同会社 波田野裕一)

opelab

November 08, 2019
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  1. Operation Lab
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  2. ͓͜ͱΘΓ
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  3. ηογϣϯͷ֓ཁ
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  4. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  5. Operation Lab
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  6. ͭͷΞΧ΢ϯτγεςϜ
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  8. *".ͱ͸
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    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  9. Operation Lab
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  11. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  12. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  13. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  14. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  15. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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  16. Operation Lab
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  17. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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    View full-size slide

  18. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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    View full-size slide

  19. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    *".άϧʔϓ
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    View full-size slide

  20. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ͭͷೝূ৘ใ
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    View full-size slide

  21. *".ϙϦγʔͷߏ੒ཁૉ
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    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    21
    2. AWS IAMͷجૅ஌ࣝ
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  22. *".ϙϦγʔͷ&⒎FDU ༏ઌॱҐ

    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    22
    2. AWS IAMͷجૅ஌ࣝ
    • ༏ઌॱҐ໌ࣔతͳېࢭ ࠷ڧ

    • ༏ઌॱҐ໌ࣔతͳڐՄ
    • ༏ઌॱҐ҉໧ͷڋ൱ σϑΥϧτ஋

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  23. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    *".ઃܭ্ͷઓུ
    23

    View full-size slide

  24. ઓུʹ͓͚Δͭͷ؍఺
    • ๷ޚઓུ
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    • ݖݶઓུ
    • ͍͔ʹΦϖϛε͕ى͖ΔϦεΫΛݮΒ͔͢ɻ
    • ΋͠ΫϨσϯγϟϧΛൈ͔Εͯ΋ඃ֐Λখ͘͢͞Δ͔ɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    24
    3. IAMઃܭ্ͷઓུ

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  25. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
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    25

    View full-size slide

  26. *".ͷ๷ޚઓུ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    26
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  27. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ๷ޚઓུ͜ΕΒΛͳΔ΂͘࢖Θͳ͍
    27
    ར༻ऀ
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    View full-size slide

  28. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ๷ޚઓུ*".ϩʔϧΛͳΔ΂͘࢖͏
    28
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  29. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ๷ޚઓུ*".ϩʔϧΛͳΔ΂͘࢖͏
    29
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    $MPVE

    View full-size slide


  30. $MPVEΛར༻͢Δ
    • $MPVE͸8FC*%&؀ڥɻ
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    • ݩʑ͸04ґଘഉআ͕໨తɻ ϒϥ΢βར༻

    • .BDͷݖݶ΍ɺ8JOEPXT༝དྷͷτϥϒϧ͸ׂͱଟ͍ɻ
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    • $MPVEͷ5FNQPSBSZ$SFEFOUJBMT͕༗ޮͩͱ*".·ΘΓ੍͕
    ໿͞ΕΔ 454Ͱఆظߋ৽͞ΕΔͷͰ΍΍ηΩϡΞ
    ɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    30
    ࡞ۀ؀ڥΛ$MPVE؀ڥΛར༻͢Δ͜ͱͰ࣮ݱ
    3.1. IAMઃܭ্ͷ๷ޚઓུ

    View full-size slide

  31. $MPVE؀ڥͩͱͳͥηΩϡΞ͔
    • $MPVE͸"84ͷϚωʔδυαʔϏεɻ
    • Ϛωδϝϯτίϯιʔϧͱ͸44)઀ଓɻ άϩʔόϧܦ༝

    • *%&ͳͷͰɺඇར༻࣌͸ఀࢭ͢Δɻ
    • $MPVE؅ཧԼͷ৔߹ɺ෼ૢ࡞͕ͳ͍ͱTUPQ EFGBVMU

    • ݖݶ෇༩͸ϩʔϧͰͰ͖ΔͷͰDSFEFOUJBMTෆཁ
    • $MPVEͷ5FNQPSBSZ$SFEFOUJBMT΋ແޮʹͰ͖Δɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    31
    3.1. IAMઃܭ্ͷ๷ޚઓུ

    View full-size slide

  32. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ๷ޚઓུϢʔβ͸࠷௿ݶ෼ׂ
    32
    ར༻ऀ
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    • $MPVE5SBJMͰͲͷΫϨσϯγϟϧ͕౪·Ε͔ͨ௥੻Ͱ͖Δɻ
    • αʔυύʔςΟπʔϧΛ࢖͏࣌ʹಛʹ஫ҙ͢Δɻ
    ෳ਺ͷ৔ॴͰಉҰϢʔβΛ࢖Θͳ͍ɻϢʔβΛ෼͚Δɻ

    View full-size slide

  33. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    *".ઃܭ্ͷݖݶઓུ
    33

    View full-size slide

  34. *".ͷݖݶઓུ
    • ࠷খݖݶͷݪଇ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    34
    3.2. IAMઃܭ্ͷݖݶઓུ
    େࣄͳͷ͸͜Ε͚ͩ

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  35. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ݖݶઓུ࠷খݖݶͷݪଇ
    35

    View full-size slide

  36. ࠷খݖݶͷݪଇΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ
    ϙϦγʔ͸࢖͍ࣺͯ ϥΠϑαΠΫϧϚωδϝϯτ

    • όʔδϣϯߋ৽ͯ͠࢖͏ΑΓ͸ɺ༻్ʹ߹Θͤͯ࡞੒ɺഇغ͢Δɻ
    • Ϧιʔε΍άϧʔϓͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧʹ߹Θͤͯ࡞੒ɺഁغ͢Δɻ
    ਓͱϦιʔεͷ྆໘͔ΒϙϦγʔΛߟ͑Δɻ
    • ࢖͏ଆ͔Βߟ͕͕͑ͪͩɺ࢖ΘΕΔଆ͔Β΋ߟ͑Δɻ
    খ͞ͳϙϦγΛ૊Έ߹Θͤͯద༻͢Δɻ
    • *".ϙϦγ͸ͭͷର৅ʹରͯ͠ϙϦγΛద༻Ͱ͖Δɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    36
    3.2. IAMઃܭ্ͷݖݶઓུ

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  37. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    *".ઃܭ্ͷઓज़
    37

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  38. ઓज़ʹ͓͚Δͭͷ؍఺
    ΫϨσϯγϟϧͷอޢ
    • ΫϨσϯγϟϧͷอޢͰͰ͖Δ͜ͱΛ࣮ફ͢Δɻ
    ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱ
    • ࠷খݖݶͷݪଇΛՄೳͳݶΓ࣮ફ͢Δɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    38
    4. IAMઃܭ্ͷઓज़

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  39. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ΫϨσϯγϟϧͷอޢઓज़
    39

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  40. ઓज़ΫϨσϯγϟϧͷอޢ
    • .'"Ͱอޢ͢Δɻ
    • ࿙Εͨͱ͖ʹ΋͋Δఔ౓҆৺ɻ
    • ໘౗͘͞͞ͱͷτϨʔυΦϑ͸͋Δɻ
    • ͭ࡞ΕΔͷͰɺఆظతʹࣗಈߋ৽Λ͢Δɻ
    • ߋ৽ݖݶΛϢʔβʹݖݶΛ෇༩͓ͯ͘͠ɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    40
    4.1. ΫϨσϯγϟϧͷอޢઓज़

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  41. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़
    41

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  42. ઓज़࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱ 8)Ͱߟ͑Δ

    • ୭ ར༻ऀ
    ʹɺͲ͜ Ϧιʔε
    Ͱɺͳͥ ҙਤ
    ɺ
    ԿΛ͍ͤͨ͞ ΞΫγϣϯ
    ͷ͔ɺΛ໌֬ʹ͢Δɻ
    • ΞΫγϣϯͱϦιʔεͷ͍ͣΕ΋ ΞελϦεΫ
    ʹ͠ͳ͍
    ͜ͱ͕େࣄɻ
    • ࣌ؒଳ ͍ͭ
    ͰϙϦγʔͷΞλονσλον΋
    ݕ౼͢Δɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    42
    গͳ͘ͱ΋ຊ൪؀ڥ͸͖ͬͪΓઃܭ͢Δɻ
    4.2. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़

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  43. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ફྫ
    • "84ϚωδυϙϦγ ͳΔ΂͘
    ࢖Θͳ͍
    • Ϧιʔε͕ͳͷͰɺβϧա͗Δɻ
    • ҰൠతʹϙϦγΛʮૢ࡞͢ΔଆʯΛى఺ʹܾΊ͕ͪ
    • Ͳ͏ͯ͠΋ݖݶΛ޿ׂ͘Γ౰͕ͯͪɻ
    • +"846($-*Ͱ͸ʮૢ࡞͞ΕΔଆʯى఺Ͱ࡞੒
    • Ϧιʔεͷ࡞੒ͱಉ࣌ʹɺ3FBE0OMZϙϦγͱ3FBE8SJUFϙϦγ
    Λ࡞੒͢Δɻ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    43
    ϙϦγΛϦιʔευϦϒϯͰ࡞੒
    ՄೳͳൣғͰɺ࡞ۀલʹݖݶ௥Ճɺ׬ྃޙʹݖݶണୣ
    4.2. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़

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  44. ྫϙϦγΛϦιʔευϦϒϯͰ࡞੒ɾ࡟আ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    44
    ϦιʔεͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧʹ͋ΘͤͯϙϦγ࡞੒ɾ࡟আ
    3FBE0OMZ
    3FBE8SJUF
    4.2. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़

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  45. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ϙϦγྫ$PEF$PNNJUϦϙδτϦ΁ͷ3FBE8SJUF
    45
    4.2. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़

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  46. ϦιʔευϦϒϯͰϙϦγ࡞੒ͷϝϦοτ
    • $-*Λ೔ৗར༻͍ͯ͠Ε͹ΞΫγϣϯͷ೺Ѳ͸༰қ
    • αϒίϚϯυ"1*ΞΫγϣϯ
    • *".ͷϙϦγ্ݶҎ಺ͳΒ͹ӡ༻΋༰қ
    • Λ௒͑ͨͱ͖͸Ͳ͏͢Δ͔ɺ͸೰·͍͠ɻ
    • ࡞ۀલݖݶ௥Ճɺ׬ྃޙݖݶണୣΛ࣮ફ͢Ε͹গ͠؇࿨Ͱ͖Δɻ
    • ετΞܕͷαʔϏε͸ಛʹ࣮ફ͕༰қ
    • 4όέοτɺ$MPVE8BUDI-PHTϩάάϧʔϓɺ$PEF$PNNJUϦϙδτϦͳͲ
    Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    46
    4.2. ࠷খݖݶͷ࣮ݱઓज़

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  47. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    ࢀߟաڈͷൃදࢿྉ
    47
    IUUQTXXXPQTMBCKQQVCMJTI
    աڈͷൃදࢿྉ͸
    0QT-BCKQͱ͍͏αΠτʹஔ͍ͯ͋Γ·͢ɻ

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  48. Operation Lab
    ӡ༻ઃܭϥϘ
    48
    IUUQXXXPQFSBUJPOMBCDPKQ
    OperationLab
    ӡ༻ઃܭ

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