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Portals: Teleporting smart edge services to a serverless future

Philipp Haller
October 19, 2023
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Portals: Teleporting smart edge services to a serverless future

Philipp Haller

October 19, 2023
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  1. Digital Futures PORTALS: Teleporting smart edge services to a serverless

    future Philipp Haller Associate Professor, EECS/TCS KTH Royal Institute of Technology 2023-09-05 2
  2. Project team Philipp Haller Associate Professor, KTH Paris Carbone Senior

    researcher, RISE Assistant Professor, KTH Jonas Spenger Researcher, RISE PhD student, KTH
  3. Digital Futures Context: Large-Scale Data-Driven Services • Modern digital services

    leveraging large amounts of data are challenging to make trustful, reliable and scalable • Data privacy and reliability essential due to sensitivity of data • Scalability essential due to size of data or user base • Reliability and scalability requires constructing digital services as distributed systems • Tolerating faults (of compute nodes or the network) • Scaling compute and storage resources on demand 2023-10-19 4
  4. Digital Futures Challenges of Distributed Systems Building reliable and scalable

    distributed systems is challenging • Fault tolerance requires sophisticated distributed algorithms • Scalability requires complex concurrent programming • Data consistency may increase latency and reduce availability • Data-privacy legislation like GDPR is difficult to enforce • Dynamic updates or enhancements challenging 2023-10-19 5
  5. Digital Futures How to Handle these Challenges? • Various system

    architectures and programming frameworks have been proposed • The latest developments include Serverless Computing • Applications decomposed into functions that are invoked in response to events (FaaS — Function-as-a-Service) • Key innovation: allocate compute resources automatically → scale up and down (even to zero) according to demand • No manual provisioning of virtual machines → “serverless” • Partially addresses fault tolerance, scalability and dynamic updates 2023-10-19 6
  6. Digital Futures Challenges of Serverless Computing • Key aspects remain

    responsibilities of applications: • Challenge: enforcing strong data consistency on top of weak consistency provided by serverless framework • Challenge: data privacy • Added challenge: enforcing data-privacy legislation automatically • These are essential for trust and privacy 2023-10-19 7
  7. Digital Futures PORTALS: Objectives The objectives of the PORTALS project

    are to develop: • A decentralized serverless system architecture • Enabling deployment of “workflows” on the edge and in the cloud • A programming model to support a wide range of applications • Flexible inter-workflow communication via “portals” • Principled data processing via “atomic streams” • A formalization and a proof of execution guarantees and correctness • A prototype implementation enabling experimental evaluation and extension 2023-10-19 8
  8. Digital Futures Workflows • The units of computation: DAGs of

    stateful tasks • Consume and produce streams of events 2023-10-19 9 Work fl ow[T, U] src sink tasks AtomicStream[T] AtomicStream[U]
  9. Digital Futures Atomic Processing Contract Data is processed through atomic

    (transactional) steps: 1. Consume an atom (“batch of events”) from the input stream 2. Process the entire atom 3. Produce side effects (new events, state updates) 2023-10-19 10 Work fl ow[T, U] src sink tasks AtomicStream[T] AtomicStream[U]
  10. Digital Futures Portals • A Portal exposes a dataflow as

    a service via bidirectional communication 2023-10-19 11 Responding Dataflow src tasks sink Requests Replies Portal Service Access Operator Reques8ng Dataflow Requests Replies Portal Service
  11. Digital Futures Portals Open Source Project • A prototype implementation

    under active development • Open source, Apache 2.0 license • Written in Scala 3, a high-level language combining functional and object-oriented programming • Repository on GitHub: 
 https://github.com/portals-project/portals 2023-10-19 12
  12. Digital Futures Portals Playground • The Portals playground enables running

    Portals-based applications in the web browser: portals-project.org/playground/ • Made possible by compiling the Portals framework to JavaScript using Scala.js, the Scala-to-JavaScript compiler 2023-10-05 13
  13. Digital Futures Selected Publications • Spenger, Carbone, Haller. Portals: an

    Extension of Dataflow Streaming for Stateful Serverless. ACM SIGPLAN Onward! 2022 
 https://doi.org/10.1145/3563835.3567664 • Spenger, Huang, Haller, Carbone. Portals: A Showcase of Multi-Dataflow Stateful Serverless. PVLDB 16(12): 4054-4057 (2023) 
 https://doi.org/10.14778/3611540.3611619 • Spenger, Carbone, Haller: A Survey of Actor-Like Programming Models for Serverless Computing. Active Object Languages: Current Research Trends, Springer LNCS, to appear • Project website with all papers and talks: 
 https://www.portals-project.org/ 2023-10-19 14