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iOS/Android/Windowsストア・アプリのハイブリッド開発における限界と可能性

F9825af1532633380466403b23f71c68?s=47 Simon Sasaki
February 13, 2014

 iOS/Android/Windowsストア・アプリのハイブリッド開発における限界と可能性

Developers Summit 2014, 13-C-2 セッション資料

F9825af1532633380466403b23f71c68?s=128

Simon Sasaki

February 13, 2014
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  1. © 2014 IBM Corporation ʲ13-C-2ʳ iOS/Android/WindowsετΞɾΞϓϦͷ ϋΠϒϦου։ൃʹ͓͚ΔݶքͱՄೳੑ #devsumiC ೔ຊΞΠɾϏʔɾΤϜגࣜձࣾ! ιϑτ΢ΣΞࣄۀ

    WebSphereࣄۀ෦! ࠤʑ໦ ࢤ໳!
  2. ε ϐʔ Χ ʔ ঺ հ ۀ຿ • JavaEEʙϑϩϯτΤϯυ։ൃऀ ʢडୗ։ൃϓϩδΣΫτʣ

    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞɾςΫχΧϧɾɹ ηʔϧε IBM Worklight Ωʔϫʔυ • ϞόΠϧ։ൃ / Ϋϥ΢υ • ౦๺෮ڵؔ࿈ϓϩδΣΫτ
  3. http://ibm.co/1ktZ9Dx 2011 2012 2013 Story !

  4. ͍ · ɺ ϋΠ ϒ Ϧ ο υ ։ ൃ

    ج ൫ ɹ ʹ ؔ ͢ Δ ૬ ஊ ͕ ૿ Ճ ͯ͠ · ͢ɻ • େखऔҾઌͷ͕̎ࣾɺ͕ࣗࣾఏڙ͢ΔαʔϏεΛλϒϨοτରԠͯ͠΄͍͠ͱݴ͖ͬͯͨɻAࣾ͸ AndroidλϒϨοτͰɺBࣾ͸iPadΛཁ݅ͱ͍ͯ͠Δɻ • iPhoneΞϓϦͰେ੒ޭͨ͠ɻAndroidରԠ͍͕ͨ͠ɺݸਓ৘ใΛอଘ͢ΔͷͰηΩϡϦςΟʔʹෆ҆Ͱ͋ Δɻ࠷ۙ͸ϋΠϒϦου։ൃͱ͍͏Ξϓϩʔν͕͋Δ͜ͱΛ஌Γݕ౼தɻ • طʹଟ͘ͷiPhone/AndroidΞϓϦΛϦϦʔεͨ͠ɻॏෳ͢Δػೳ͕ଟ͘ɺڞ௨Խ΍ඪ४ԽΛਤ͍ͬͯΔɻ • iPadͱMicrosoft Windows 8λϒϨοτΛɺۀ຿ར༻ʹൺֱݕ౼͍ͯ͠Δɻ • ࣾ಺༻iPadΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ։ൃ͕ͨ͠ɺΞϓϦӡ༻؅ཧɾόʔδϣϯ؅ཧ͕൥ࡶͰɺΞϓϦ͸΋͏ࢭ ΊΑ͏͔ͱࢥͬͯΔɻ • ηΩϡϦςΟʔͷෆ͕҆෷১Ͱ͖ͳ͍ͷͰɺΞϓϦ͸ࢭΊͯHTML5ͷWebΞϓϦ͚ͩΛݕ౼͍ͯ͠Δɻ • υϥΠόʔͷݸਓॴ༗εϚϗΛɺBYODͱͯ͠׆༻͍ͨ͠ɻ • طଘPDAۀ຿ΛεϚϗʹஔ͖׵͍͑ͨɺػछ͸ະఆɻ
  5. ITϚωʔδϟʔ HTML5։ൃऀ ωΠςΟϒ։ൃऀ Ϣʔβʔ෦໳ اը෦ Action !

  6. ϑ ϩ ϯ τ Τ ϯ υ ։ ൃ ͷ

    ՝ ୊ ɾ Ϛϧ ν O S / Ϛϧ νε Ϋ Ϧ ʔϯ ର Ԡ
  7. We b V i e w / U I We

    b V i e w Ϋ ϥε ͷ ଘ ࡏ Ϛϧ ν O S ର Ԡ ͷ Ω ʔ ͱ ͳ Δ ٕ ज़ ཁ ૉ ( 1 / 3 ) WebView WebView WebView ΞϓϦ಺ͷϒϥ΢β Webϒϥ΢β HTTP HTTP ͜ ͜ ʹ ண ໨
  8. Ξ ϓ Ϧ ಺ ϑ Υϧ μ ʹ We b

    Ϧ ι ʔε Λ อ ଘ Ϛϧ ν O S ର Ԡ ͷ Ω ʔ ͱ ͳ Δ ٕ ज़ ཁ ૉ ( 2 / 3 ) HTML/JavaScript/CSS HTML/JavaScript/CSS HTML/JavaScript/CSS HTML/JavaScript/CSS ᶄࣄલʹอଘͯ͠ Ϗϧυ ᶃΦϑϥΠϯ࣌ ར༻ෆՄʁ ͜ ͜ ʹ ண ໨
  9. O S a n d N a t i v

    e - J a v a S c r i p t B r i d g e Ϛϧ ν O S ର Ԡ ͷ Ω ʔ ͱ ͳ Δ ٕ ज़ ཁ ૉ ( 3 / 3 ) ᶃWebͱJavaScriptʹݶఆʁطଘίʔυɾը໘ͷ࠶ར༻ੑ͸ʁ ͜ ͜ ʹ ண ໨
  10. R e s p o n s i v e

    We b D e s i g n ( R W D ) ෳ ਺ ε Ϋ Ϧ ʔϯ αΠ ζ ର Ԡ 480px 768px 1024px ~
  11. C S S 3 M e d i a Q

    u e r y • ղ૾౓ͷ͖͍͠஋ͰCSSΛ੾ Γସ͑Δ • Fluid Grid / Fluid Image • ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫɿTwitter Bootstrap / Foundation • CSS3બ೚ऀͷΞαΠϯ • σόΠε৘ใʹجͮ͘CSS੾ Γସ͕͑ผ్ඞཁ
  12. ྫ : I B M Wo r k l i

    g h t S t u d i o Ͱ ͷ ։ ൃ ෩ ܠ Android Studio Xcode Visual Studio
  13. O S S L i b r a r y

    ʹ ͭ ͍ͯ ( m o d e r n J a v a S c r i p t ) • jQuery API (2.0) • Apache Cordova API (3.1) • jQuery mobile / Dojo mobile / Sencha Touch • (AngularJS / Backbone.js / Lo- Dash) • Rhino JavaScript ίϯςφɹ ɹ ɹ (αʔόʔαΠυ)
  14. Must UI MVC RWD Native SDK ࠓޙɺϑϩϯτΤϯυ։ൃऀʹٻΊΒΕΔεΩϧ IBM Worklight Client

    API IBM Worklight Server API MBaaS RESTful Services (JAX-RS)
  15. M i x e d H y b r i

    d A p p l i c a t i o n • HTML5ͷΈͰɺ͕Μ͹Ζ͏ͱ͠ͳ͍ • Cordova APIͱWorklight APIͰɺɹɹ ଍Γͳ͍ػೳ͸ɺΧελϜ։ൃͰิ͏ • طଘͷίʔυ(Objevtive-C,Java౳)΍ OSSϥΠϒϥϦʔ΍ը໘͸࠶ར༻ • WebView͸OSσϑΥϧτϒϥ΢βͱ ͸ҟͳΔ • Android 4.4͕ڥքઢ Chrome(Blink)΁
  16. R e m o t e D e b u

    g g i n g ( i O S 6 ʙ : S a f a r i / A n d ro i d 4 . 4 ʙ : C h ro m e ) ࣮ ػ σό ο ά
  17. σό ο ά ɾ π ʔϧ • ྫɿిݯ࢒ྔɻAndroid͔૯ σόΠεͰ͸Telnetૢ࡞ɺiOS γϛϡϨʔλʔ͸ະରԠ

    ˒Cordova༻ΠϕϯτΛىͤ͜ ΔσόοΨʔ ˒Ϛϧν։ൃ؀ڥରԠͷϩΨʔ (Xcode console, Android LogCatඪ४ग़ྗ)͕ඞཁɺಛ ʹAndroid ~4.3ɺiOS~5 ˒Ϋϥογϡϩάͷऩू
  18. ྫ : Wo r k l i g h t

    S t u d i o Ͱ ͷ C o rd o v a σό ο ά Cordovaؔ࿈ͷԾ૝Πϕϯτ ಉ࣌εΫϦʔϯ֬ೝ Nexus 7 Galaxy S3
  19. ྫ : Ϛϧ ν ։ ൃ ର Ԡ ͷ ϩ

    Ψ ʔ Worklight API(JavaScript)ͰOSίϯιʔϧग़ྗ WL.Logger.info() WL.Logger.warm() WL.Logger.error() WL.Logger.log()
  20. ྫ : α ʔόʔ ΁ ͷ Ϋ ϥ ο γ

    ϡ ϩ ά ૹ ৴ ໰୊൑ผ΍Τϥʔػثͷૣظൃݟ
  21. – J a v a E E ܥ ։ ൃ

    ऀ A ͞ Μ “ຖճɺΞϓϦϏϧυ͢Δͷͬͯɺ໘౗Ͱ͢Ͷɻ ιʔεอଘ͚ͨͩ͠Ͱɺ൓ө͠ͳ͍ΜͰ͔͢ʁ”
  22. /** * ·ΔͰWeb։ൃ͔ͷΑ͏ʹ * ͢͹΍͘ΞϓϦΛϏϧυ͢Δ * σϞ࣮ࢪ **/

  23. Ϟ όΠϧ ςε τ ࣗ ಈ Խ ʢ ࣮ ػ

    ΋ ɺ We b Ξ ϓ Ϧ ΋ ʣ
  24. /** * ϞόΠϧૢ࡞Λςετέʔεͱͯ͠ * ه࿥͠ɺ࠶ςετΛࣗಈ࣮ߦ͢Δ * ͔͠΋ΤϏΤϯε·ͰऔΕͯΔ * σϞ࣮ࢪ **/

  25. ό ο Ϋ Τ ϯ υ ։ ൃ ͷ ՝

    ୊ ɾ M B a a S ( m o b i l e B a c k e n d a s a S e r v i c e )
  26. M B a a S • Ϣʔβʔೝূ؅ཧ • σʔλ(ϑΝΠϧ)ετΞ (RESTful

    WebαʔϏε) • ϓογϡ௨஌ ˒Ϋϥογϡϩάऩू ˒σόΠεຖͷαʔϏεఀࢭ ˒Ξοϓσʔτ؅ཧ
  27. η Ω ϡ Ϧ ςΟ ʔ ͷ ՝ ୊ ɾ

    Ξ ϓ Ϧ վ ͟ Μ ର ࡦ ɾ Φ ϑ ϥ Π ϯ σ ʔ λ ҉ ߸ Խ ɾ σόΠ ε ฆ ࣦ ࣌ ͷ α ʔ Ϗ ε ఀ ࢭ
  28. /** * ΞϓϦΛվ͟Μ * ฆࣦͨ͠ΞϓϦΛԕִఀࢭ͢Δ * σϞ࣮ࢪ **/

  29. C o rd o v a ( P h o

    n e G a p ) ͱ I B M Wo r k l i g h t
  30. · ͱ Ί 1. H T M L 5 (

    J a v a S c r i p t ) த ৺ ͷ Ϋ ϥ Π Ξ ϯ ταΠ υ ։ ൃ ʹ Ҡ ߦ ͠ ͨ ͜ ͱ ʹ Α Γ ɺ J a v a E E ౳ α ʔόʔ αΠ υ ։ ൃ Ͱ ͷ ৗ ࣝ ͩ ͬ ͨ ϑ Ϩ ʔϜϫ ʔ Ϋ ౳ ͕ ୲ ͏ ػ ೳ ͕ ஔ ͖ ڈ Γ ʹ ͞ Ε ɺ Ϧ η ο τ ͞ Ε ͨ ɻ C o rd o v a ( P h o n e G a p ) ͷ த ৺ త ͳ ػ ೳ ͸ ɺ J a v a S c r i p t ͱ O b j e c t i v e - C ΍ A n d ro i d S D K ͱ ͷ ૬ ޓ ௨ ৴ ϒ Ϧ ο δ ʹ ͢ ͗ ͳ ͍ ɻ H T M L 5 / C S S 3 / J a v a S c r i p t ʹ ؔ ͯ͠ɺ ϒ Ϧ ο δ Ҏ ֎ ͷ ༷ ʑ ͳ ػ ೳ ΍ ϑ Ϩ ʔϜϫ ʔ Ϋ ͸ ɺ ಠ ࣗ ʹ ։ ൃ ͢ Δ ͔ ɺ ଞ ऀ ͕ ։ ൃ ͠ ͨ ΋ ͷ Λ ࠾ ༻ ͢ Δ ඞ ཁ ͕ ͋ Δ ɻ 2. ϑϩϯτΤϯυ։ൃʹ໨͕ߦ͖͕͕ͪͩɺόοΫΤϯυ։ൃ΍ηΩϡϦςΟʔɺΞο ϓ σ ʔ τ ؅ ཧ ͷ ඞ ཁ ੑ ͳ Ͳ Ϟ όΠϧ ։ ൃ ɾ ӡ ༻ ͷ ϥ Π ϑ αΠΫϧ શ ൠ ʹ ޿ ͘ ࢹ ໺ Λ ޲ ͚Δ ɻ Ϟ όΠϧ ෼ ໺ Ͱ Ϧ ʔ μʔ γ οϓ Λ ઎ Ίͯ ͍ Δ ا ۀ ͸ ɺ ௕ ͍ ೥ ݄ Λ ͔ ͚ ͯɺ ͜ ͷ Α ͏ ͳ ࢓ ૊ Έ ( M E A P ) Λ ط ʹ ࣗ ࣾ Ͱ ։ ൃ ɾ ߏ ங ͯ͠ ͍ Δ ɻ ά ϩ ʔό ϧ Ͱ ͸ M E A P Λ ࠾ ༻ ͢ Δ ಈ ͖ ͕ ׆ ൃ Խ ͯ͠ ͖ ͯ ͍ Δ ɻ 3. ϋΠ ϒ Ϧ ο υ Ξ ϓ Ϧ ։ ൃ ͸ ɺ ࠶ ར ༻ ੑ ͕ ߴ ͍ ͨ Ί ɺ ର ৅ ͷ ϓ ϥ ο τϑ Υ ʔϜ ͕ ૿ ͑ Δ ʹ ࿈ Εͯɺ ࢢ ৔ ΁ ͷ Ξ ϓ Ϧ ɾ Ϧ Ϧ ʔε ͷ ε ϐʔ υ ͕ ্ ͕ Γ ɺ ଞ ࣾ ͱ ͷ ࠩ ผ Խ ΍ ౤ ࢿ ର ޮ Ռ ͕ ߴ · Δ ɻ ط ଘ ͷ i O S / A n d ro i d ͩ ͚ Ͱ ͸ ͳ ͘ ɺ W i n d o w s 8 ΍ C h ro m e O S ͳ Ͳ Λ ࠾ ༻ ͯ͠ ͍ Δ ا ۀ ͸ ݱ ࣮ ʹ ૿ ͑ͯ ͍ Δ ɻ ϋΠ ϒ Ϧ ο υ ͷ ಺ ༁ Ͱ ͋ Δ H T M L 5 ͸ ඪ ४ Ͱ ͸ ͋ Δ ΋ ͷ ͷ ɺ ࠷ ઌ ୺ ͷ η ϯ α ʔ ΍ɺ ͦ ͷ S D K ͸ ଟ ͘ͷ ৔ ߹ ɺ ੒ ख़ ͠ ͨ ω Π ςΟ ϒ O S ͷ A P I ͱ ͯ͠ ఏ ڙ ͞ Ε Δ ɻ Կ Λ H T M L 5 Ͱ ։ ൃ ͠ ɺ Կ Λ ω Π ςΟ ϒ O S ։ ൃ ݴ ޠ Ͱ ։ ൃ ͢ Δ ͷ ͔ ɺ Ξ ϓ Ϧ ಺ ͷ ഑ ߹ ͷ ό ϥ ϯε ͕ ॏ ཁ Ͱ ͋ Δ ɻ
  31. 2 0 2 0 ೥ · Ͱɺ ͋ ͱ 6

    ೥ ϋΠϒϦου։ൃͰ Action !
  32. I B M Wo r k l i g h

    t S t u d i o D e v e l o p e r E d i t i o n ͸ ແ ظ ݶ Ͱ ແ ྉ eclipse 4.3.1ͷ ϔϧϓ -> Eclipse Marketplace ※ຊ൪ར༻࣌ʹ͸ผ్αʔόʔϥΠηϯε͕ඞཁͰ͢ɻ
  33. J a z z H u b - E c

    l i p s e O r i o n ʢ ι ʔε ί ʔ υ ؅ ཧ - Ϋ ϥ ΢ υ I D E ʣ
  34. ৄ ͠ ͍ ৘ ใ ͸ I B M d

    e v e l o p e r Wo r k s
  35. ϋϯζΦϯηϛφʔʢແྉʣ ΋ ࣮ ࢪ ͯ͠ · ͢ɻ Action !

  36. © 2014 IBM Corporation 28

  37. © 2014 IBM Corporation 38 ! ϫʔΫγϣοϓɺηογϣϯɺ͓Αͼࢿྉ͸ɺIBM·ͨ͸ηογϣϯൃදऀʹΑͬͯ४උ͞ΕɺͦΕͧΕಠࣗͷݟղΛ൓өͨ͠΋ͷͰ͢ɻͦΕΒ͸৘ใఏڙͷ໨తͷΈͰఏڙ͞Ε͓ͯ Γɺ͍͔ͳΔࢀՃऀʹରͯ͠΋๏཯త·ͨ͸ͦͷଞͷࢦಋ΍ॿݴΛҙਤͨ͠΋ͷͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ·ͨͦͷΑ͏ͳ݁ՌΛੜΉ΋ͷͰ΋͋Γ·ͤΜɻຊߨԋࢿྉʹؚ·Ε͍ͯΔ৘ใʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɺ ׬શੑͱਖ਼֬ੑΛظ͢ΔΑ͏౒ྗ͠·͕ͨ͠ɺʮݱঢ়ͷ··ʯఏڙ͞Εɺ໌ࣔ·ͨ͸҉ࣔʹ͔͔ΘΒ͍͔ͣͳΔอূ΋൐Θͳ͍΋ͷͱ͠·͢ɻຊߨԋࢿྉ·ͨ͸ͦͷଞͷࢿྉͷ࢖༻ʹ Αͬͯɺ͋Δ͍͸ͦͷଞͷؔ࿈ʹΑͬͯɺ͍͔ͳΔଛ֐͕ੜͨ͡৔߹΋ɺIBM͸੹೚ΛෛΘͳ͍΋ͷͱ͠·͢ɻ

    ຊߨԋࢿྉʹؚ·Ε͍ͯΔ಺༰͸ɺIBM·ͨ͸ͦͷαϓϥΠϠʔ΍ϥΠη ϯεަ෇ऀ͔Β͍͔ͳΔอূ·ͨ͸ද໌ΛҾ͖ͩ͢͜ͱΛҙਤͨ͠΋ͷͰ΋ɺIBMιϑτ΢ΣΞͷ࢖༻Λنఆ͢Δద༻ϥΠηϯεܖ໿ͷ৚߲Λมߋ͢Δ͜ͱΛҙਤͨ͠΋ͷͰ΋ͳ͘ɺ ·ͨͦͷΑ͏ͳ݁ՌΛੜΉ΋ͷͰ΋͋Γ·ͤΜɻ! ! ຊߨԋࢿྉͰIBM੡඼ɺϓϩάϥϜɺ·ͨ͸αʔϏεʹݴٴ͍ͯͯ͠΋ɺIBM͕Ӧۀ׆ಈΛߦ͍ͬͯΔ͢΂ͯͷࠃͰͦΕΒ͕࢖༻ՄೳͰ͋Δ͜ͱΛ҉ࣔ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜɻຊߨԋ ࢿྉͰݴٴ͍ͯ͠Δ੡඼ϦϦʔε೔෇΍੡඼ػೳ͸ɺࢢ৔ػձ·ͨ͸ͦͷଞͷཁҼʹج͍ͮͯIBMಠࣗͷܾఆݖΛ΋͍ͬͯͭͰ΋มߋͰ͖Δ΋ͷͱ͠ɺ͍͔ͳΔํ๏ʹ͓͍ͯ΋কདྷͷ੡ ඼·ͨ͸ػೳ͕࢖༻ՄೳʹͳΔͱ֬໿͢Δ͜ͱΛҙਤͨ͠΋ͷͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜɻຊߨԋࢿྉʹؚ·Ε͍ͯΔ಺༰͸ɺࢀՃऀ͕։࢝͢Δ׆ಈʹΑͬͯಛఆͷൢചɺച্ߴͷ޲্ɺ·ͨ͸ ͦͷଞͷ݁Ռ͕ੜ͡Δͱड़΂Δɺ·ͨ͸҉ࣔ͢Δ͜ͱΛҙਤͨ͠΋ͷͰ΋ɺ·ͨͦͷΑ͏ͳ݁ՌΛੜΉ΋ͷͰ΋͋Γ·ͤΜɻ ύϑΥʔϚϯε͸ɺ؅ཧ͞Εͨ؀ڥʹ͓͍ͯඪ४తͳIBM ϕϯνϚʔΫΛ࢖༻ͨ͠ଌఆͱ༧ଌʹج͍͍ͮͯ·͢ɻϢʔβʔ͕ܦݧ͢Δ࣮ࡍͷεϧʔϓοτ΍ύϑΥʔϚϯε͸ɺϢʔβʔͷδϣϒɾετϦʔϜʹ͓͚ΔϚϧνϓϩάϥϛϯάͷྔɺ ೖग़ྗߏ੒ɺετϨʔδߏ੒ɺ͓Αͼॲཧ͞ΕΔϫʔΫϩʔυͳͲͷߟྀࣄ߲ΛؚΉɺ਺ଟ͘ͷཁҼʹԠͯ͡มԽ͠·͢ɻ͕ͨͬͯ͠ɺݸʑͷϢʔβʔ͕͜͜Ͱड़΂ΒΕ͍ͯΔ΋ͷͱ ಉ༷ͷ݁ՌΛಘΒΕΔͱ֬໿͢Δ΋ͷͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜɻ! ! هड़͞Ε͍ͯΔ͢΂ͯͷ͓٬༷ࣄྫ͸ɺͦΕΒͷ͓٬༷͕ͲͷΑ͏ʹIBM੡඼Λ࢖༻͔ͨ͠ɺ·ͨͦΕΒͷ͓٬༷͕ୡ੒ͨ݁͠Ռͷ࣮ྫͱͯࣔ͠͞Εͨ΋ͷͰ͢ɻ࣮ࡍͷ؀ڥίετ͓Α ͼύϑΥʔϚϯεಛੑ͸ɺ͓٬༷͝ͱʹҟͳΔ৔߹͕͋Γ·͢ɻ! ! IBMɺIBM ϩΰɺibm.comɺ WebSphereɺWorklight͸ɺੈքͷଟ͘ͷࠃͰొ࿥͞ΕͨInternational Business Machines Corporationͷ঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! ଞͷ੡඼໊͓ΑͼαʔϏε໊౳͸ɺͦΕͧΕIBM·ͨ͸֤ࣾͷ঎ඪͰ͋Δ৔߹͕͋Γ·͢ɻ! ݱ࣌఺Ͱͷ IBM ͷ঎ඪϦετʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɺwww.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtmlΛ͝ཡ͍ͩ͘͞ɻ ! ! Adobe, Adobeϩΰ, PostScript, PostScriptϩΰ͸ɺAdobe Systems Incorporatedͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δొ࿥঎ඪ·ͨ͸঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! IT Infrastructure Library͸ӳࠃOffice of Government CommerceͷҰ෦Ͱ͋Δthe Central Computer and Telecommunications Agencyͷొ࿥঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! Πϯςϧ, Intel, Intelϩΰ, Intel Inside, Intel Insideϩΰ, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrinoϩΰ, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, ͓ΑͼPentium ͸ Intel Corporation·ͨ͸ࢠձࣾͷ ถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δ঎ඪ·ͨ͸ొ࿥঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! Linux͸ɺLinus Torvaldsͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δొ࿥঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT ͓Αͼ Windowsϩΰ͸ Microsoft Corporationͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δ঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! ITIL͸ӳࠃThe Minister for the Cabinet Officeͷొ࿥঎ඪ͓Αͼڞಉମొ࿥঎ඪͰ͋ͬͯɺถࠃಛڐ঎ඪிʹͯొ࿥͞Ε͍ͯ·͢ɻ! UNIX͸The Open Groupͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δొ࿥঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! Cell Broadband Engine͸ɺSony Computer Entertainment, Inc.ͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δ঎ඪͰ͋Γɺಉࣾͷڐ୚Λड͚ͯ࢖༻͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ! Java͓Αͼ͢΂ͯͷJavaؔ࿈ͷ঎ඪ͓Αͼϩΰ͸ Oracle΍ͦͷؔ࿈ձࣾͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δ঎ඪ·ͨ͸ొ࿥঎ඪͰ͢ɻ! Linear Tape-Open, LTO, LTOϩΰ, Ultrium͓ΑͼUltriumϩΰ͸ɺHP, IBM Corp.͓ΑͼQuantumͷถࠃ͓Αͼͦͷଞͷࠃʹ͓͚Δ঎ඪͰ͢ɻ