Segmenting Biodiversity

A8d71b1580d266b8f5d1e2175561c6ff?s=47 wboykinm
April 19, 2012

Segmenting Biodiversity

Spatial Non-Stationarity in Global Patterns of Biodiversity: Mapping the Drivers of Terrestrial Vertebrate Species Richness

A8d71b1580d266b8f5d1e2175561c6ff?s=128

wboykinm

April 19, 2012
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  1. Spatial Non-Stationarity in Global Patterns of Biodiversity: Mapping the Drivers

    of Terrestrial Vertebrate Species Richness Bill Morris University of Vermont Dept. of Plant & Soil Science
  2. Purpose: To identify regional patterns within the suite of factors

    that influence levels of biodiversity
  3. Question 1: Are relationships explaining Terrestrial Vertebrate Species Richness (TVSR)

    spatially non-stationary? Question 2: Where are spatial patterns of TVSR driven by similar combinations of factors?
  4. Input Data: Terrestrial Species Richness Reported at the Ecoregion Level

    Data: Global Ecoregions, provided by the World Wildlife Fund
  5. Known Influences On Species Richness  Biophysical Variables: Mean Elevation

    Elevation Range Mean Annual Temperature Annual Temperature Range Total Annual Precipitation Percent Tree Cover Percent Herbaceous Cover Anthropogenic Variables: Human Population Density Total Protected Area Percent Urban Cover Percent Cropland Cover Percent Ag Mosaic Cover Spatial Resolutions Range from 500m to 5km MODIS VCF Tree Cover Landscan Population Density
  6. Data Preparation: 1. Acquired input variable datasets at global scale

    and best-available spatial resolution Human Population Density Data: Landscan 2008, provided by Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  7. Data Preparation: 2. Overlaid WWF ecoregion polygons, excluding polar zones

    and ecoregions <10km2 Ecoregion Polygons Data: Global Ecoregions, provided by World Wildlife Fund
  8. Data Preparation: 3. Extracted variable means for each ecoregion polygon

    (“Zonal Statistics”) Mean Human Population Density Per Ecoregion
  9. Mean Annual Temperature (C) Annual Temperature Range Biophysical Variables: Total

    Annual Precipitation (mm) Mean Elevation (m) Within-Ecoregion Elevation Range Percent Tree Cover Percent Herbaceous Vegetation Cover
  10. Anthropogenic Variables: Percent Cropland Cover Percent Agricultural Mosaic Cover Percent

    Urban Cover Human Population Density (per sqkm) Percent Protected Area
  11. Answering Question 1: X Axis = Average Annual Temperature X

    Axis = Annual Temperature Range Dot size = Ecoregion Area X Axis = Herbaceous vegetation Cover X Axis = Cropland Cover Y Axis = TVSR Are relationships explaining Terrestrial Vertebrate Species Richness (TVSR) spatially non-stationary?
  12. Answering Question 1: AiC results show that Geographically-Weighted Regression provides

    better models than Global Regression for these comparisons.
  13. Answering Question 2: Where are spatial patterns of TVSR driven

    by similar combinations of factors? Geographically-Weighted Regression (GWR) on the attributes and locations of the ecoregion polygons “GWR is a method of analyzing spatially-varying relationships. [It is] is a technique for exploratory spatial data analysis.” - From Fotheringham et al. http://ncg.nuim.ie/ncg/GWR/
  14. From Fotheringham, Brundson and Charlton. 2002. Geographically Weighted Regression GWR

    in Action
  15. Methods: Unsupervised classification of ecoregions into Biodiversity Driver Zones (BDZs)

    – for each ecoregion polygon: Biophysical Variables Anthropogenic Variables TVSR GWR 2-Step Clustering Algorithm Output Parameters BDZ Membership
  16. •Significant Negative Explanatory Variables: •Mean Annual Temp (0.25) •Precipitation total

    (0.25) •Ag Mosaic Density (0.19) •Significant Positive Explanatory Variables: •Mean Elevation (0.16) •Elevation Range (0.18) •Temp annual range (0.23) BDZ #3: Hot to Trot
  17. •Significant Negative Explanatory Variables: •Ag density (0.26) •Urban Density (0.26)

    •Ag Mosaic Density (0.25) •Human Population Density (0.24) •Mean Annual Temp (0.33) •Significant Positive Explanatory Variables: •Mean Elevation (0.27) •Elevation Range (0.28) •Tree Cover Density (0.23) •Herbaceous Cover Density (0.23) •Precipitation total (0.30) •Protected Area (0.26) •Temp annual range (0.45) BDZ #5: Don’t Crowd Me
  18. Biodiversity Driver Zones

  19. A Step Further: The variation in explanatory dynamics between identified

    Biodiversity Driver Zones suggests that divergent, decentralized strategies may be appropriate for conservation and management of the world’s biodiversity resources.