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Open Access: A Cause Worth Fighting For

Arie van Deursen
November 17, 2017

Open Access: A Cause Worth Fighting For

Presentation at the faculty meeting of the TU Delft Department of Software Technology on our open access publishing options, and the need to fully use them.

https://avandeursen.com/2016/11/06/green-open-access-faq/

https://avandeursen.com/2016/12/07/self-archiving-publications-in-elsevier-pure-at-tu-delft/

Arie van Deursen

November 17, 2017
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  1. Image: Tony Armstrong, https://flic.kr/p/XhvQiF
    Open Access:
    A Cause Worth Fighting For
    Arie van Deursen
    Department of Software Technology
    Delft University of Technology
    November, 2017
    1

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  2. Open Access as a Good Thing
    • Make research easier available to:
    • Fellow researchers everywhere
    • Industry
    • Practitioners
    • Interested laymen
    • Society
    • Better availability => more feedback => better research
    • Give tax payer what they paid for
    2

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  3. Closed Access is Highly Profitable
    • TU Delft journal subscriptions: €5,000,000 per year
    • Subscription costs increase with 5-10% year (2010-2015)
    • Elsevier profit margin: 30-40% year upon year (2016: €0.85/2.2 billion)
    • Number of papers written by TU Delft researchers: 5000 per year
    3

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  4. 4
    http://www.vsnu.nl/en_GB/cost-of-publication

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  5. Dutch VSNU Deal
    • 2015: Dutch universities join forces in contract negatiations
    • Deal with major publishers on open access
    • All Springer journals, some Elsevier journals
    • Renewal negotiations autumn 2017
    • TU Delft plays key role
    • Top priority for executive board
    • Project leader open access at VSNU: Wilma van Wezenbeek
    5

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  6. Germany: “Projekt DEAL”
    • Goal: nationwide licensing agreements
    • for the entire portfolio of electronic journals (E-journals)
    • from major academic publishers
    • from the 2017 license year.
    • Significant change to the status quo in relation to
    • negotiations,
    • content and
    • pricing in the process.
    • Consortium agreement at national level should
    • relieve the financial burden on individual institutions
    • wide-scale, lasting improvements in access to scholarly literature for academics.
    6
    ~200 German institutes may
    have no Elsevier contract
    January 1st 2018
    German researchers
    withdraw from Elsevier
    editorial boards

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  7. Open Access Elsewhere
    • Mandatory in
    • EU H2020
    • UK for evaluations
    • NWO funding
    • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
    • CESAER: European Engineering Universities
    • Joint effort to push Open Access
    (chair: Karel Luyben)
    7
    ‘Open science’ en ‘open access’
    worden de norm in
    wetenschappelijk onderzoek.

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  8. The TU Delft Policy
    All publications from TU Delft
    are freely available
    from the TU Delft repository
    8

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  9. Golden Open Access
    • The journal takes care of open access
    • Examples: PLOS ONE, PeerJ, IEEE Access, AAAI, Usenix, ...
    • But many publishers are not fully open access
    • ACM, IEEE, Springer, Elsevier, Wiley, ...
    • “Hybrid” open access at best (individual papers can be made open access)
    • “Article Processing Charges” of upto $1500 per paper.
    9

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  10. Green Open Access
    • The publisher can be behind a paywall
    • But the author can make a version available,
    e.g. on their institutional repository!
    • Most publishers permit such “self-archiving”.
    • (Under certain conditions)
    11

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  11. Paper Versions / Copyright
    • Pre-print:
    • Author-prepared,
    • Non-reviewed
    • Post-print:
    • Author-prepared
    • Review comments processed by authors
    • (Camera-ready) final version as prepared by authors
    • Publisher version:
    • Final version as created by publisher
    • Based on camera-ready version
    Original
    copyright:
    Authors/Uni
    Original
    copyright:
    Authors/Uni
    Authors transfer copyright to
    publisher
    Eventual
    copyright:
    Publisher
    Eventual
    copyright:
    Publisher
    12

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  12. Common Publisher-Imposed
    Conditions on Self-Archiving
    • Statement of copyright (with publisher)
    • Link to publisher version (e.g. DOI)
    • For commercial journals (Elsevier, Wiley, Springer):
    • Post-print only after embargo period (12-24 months)
    • Or post-print on personal home page only (or Arxiv)
    • Repository used for self-archiving should be non-commercial.
    Every publisher has
    different rules!
    13

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  13. (c) 20xx IEEE. Personal use of this
    material is permitted. Permission
    from IEEE must be obtained for all
    other users, including reprinting/
    republishing this material for
    advertising or promotional
    purposes, creating new collective
    works for resale or redistribution to
    servers or lists, or reuse of any
    copyrighted components of this
    work in other works.
    14

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  14. 15
    https://avandeursen.com/tag/self-archiving/

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  15. 16
    • Self-archiving on Arxiv almost
    always allowed
    • Update with postprint
    upon acceptance
    • Update with link to publisher / DOI
    upon acceptance

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  16. 17
    Elsevier Pure = The New Metis
    Meta-data for all TU Delft
    publications
    Option to upload author-prepared
    versions

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  17. 19
    Pure generates cover page with meta-
    information taken from pure, thus
    adhering to spirit of most archiving rules

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  18. “Early” Upload Process in PURE Repository
    Upon Acceptance
    • Create bibtex entry
    • Finalize camera-ready version
    • Upload bibtex entry
    • Upload own pdf
    • Version: “accepted author manuscript”
    • Access: “open”
    • Pure entry status: “Entry in progress”
    Upon Publication
    • Add DOI link to pure entry
    • Update meta-data with final info
    • Pure entry status: “For approval”
    20
    • Resulting Pure URL brings all document
    versions together, free and paywalled
    • Pure URL can be shared as soon as paper is
    ready, months before conference itself
    • Google finds pure entries

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  19. Alternative: “Late” Upload Process via Scopus
    • Do nothing until 2-3 months after publication is available
    • Import entry with DOI into Elsevier Pure via Elsevier Scopus
    • Add camera ready-entry to resulting entry
    • Upload author-prepared pdf, set status to open
    • (Easiest to connect pure / scopus via your ORCID id)
    • (Not in scopus? Import via hand-created bibtex entry)
    21

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  20. The ST Publication Server
    • Still up and running
    • Started 10 years ago as viable
    alternative to METIS
    • Support for one link only
    • DOI and author-prepared version?
    • Alternative: Populate ST server from
    Pure using (my) Python script
    • With link back to Pure with all info
    22

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  21. Open Access at the ACM
    • ACM regular options:
    • Authors can pay $700,- to make their own paper open access
    • Hybrid open access / double dipping
    • ACM authorizer / Open TOC:
    • Link to pdf available from specific URL only
    • SIGPLAN: Proceedings of the ACM: Open Access
    • $400,- for all authors in SIGPLAN conferences
    • SIGSOFT: No plans L
    • [ ACM digital library revenue: $21M; cost: $11M ]
    23
    http://www.acm.org/binaries/content/assets/about/annual-reports-current-fy/acmarfy16.pdf

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  22. Your Role?
    • Adopt (green) open access where ever you can
    • Upload postprint in Pure
    • Make use of VSNU open access deals (e.g., Springer)
    • Advocate (green) open access where ever you can
    • The conferences you organize
    • The editorial boards or committees you serve on
    • The (professional) organizations you work with
    • (Last resort)
    • Be willing to boycott venues or publishers
    • Prepare for periods without access to major publishers
    24

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