Human Trafficking in Arizona and the U.S.

Human Trafficking in Arizona and the U.S.

Facts, figures and trends of human trafficking in Arizona and the United States.

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Arizona Office of the Governor

February 03, 2015
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  1. & human trafficking in

  2. Three types of human trafficking As defined under U.S. law,

    victims of human trafficking can be divided into three populations:   1 Children under age 18 induced into commercial sex. Adults aged 18 or over induced into commercial sex through force, fraud, or coercion. 2 Children and adults induced to perform labor or services through force, fraud, or coercion. 3 source:
  3. In 2014 Human trafficking cases were reported in and Washington,

    DC source: all 50 states
  4. why Arizona? Economic Forces The same economic forces that fuel

    tourism in Arizona also support sex trafficking; warm weather, multiple interstate highways, proximity to the border, short drive to Las Vegas or San Diego, major conference destination, and home to many professional sporting events. source:
  5. Human Trafficking is expected to   surpass within the next

    decade source: sex trafficking is a high profit, low risk business where the commodity can be sold repeatedly, unlike drugs or weapons, where the product can only be sold one time. drug and arms trafficking in its incidence, cost to human wellbeing, and profitability to criminals
  6. are generated in major metropolitan areas source: $40 to $300

    million a year facts and figures
  7. The Department of Justice identified as one of the top

    human trafficking jurisdictions in the country Phoenix source:
  8. Who are the victims? Vulnerable youth Homeless, runaway, throwaway and

    youth in foster care are the most vulnerable population of youth at risk for sex trafficking (source: Ecpat USA,2013) The average age at which girls first become exploited through prostitution is years old (source: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2013)
  9. Risk factors Risk factors often reported in research include high

    rates of history of childhood sexual abuse, history of running away, and involvement with the juvenile justice system (source: ASU School of Social Work) The Arizona Department of Economic Security estimates that there are over 5,000 homeless children in Arizona. This category includes young people who have run away from home, been thrown out of their homes or abandoned by parents or guardians (source: AZDES Homelessness in Arizona, 2011)
  10. of victims are ever identified only source: facts and figures

    % 1 to 2
  11. American youth are considered at risk for sexual exploitation a

    year 100,000 to 300,000 source: facts and figures
  12. teens on the street will be lured into prostitution within

    48 hours of leaving home 1 out of 3 source: facts and figures
  13. 1 in 4 homeless young adults has experienced commercial sexual

    exploitation facts and figures source: 65.1% reporting having a sex trafficker
  14. facts and figures 6,000 rapes would occur if a victim

    is rented for sex with five different men each night, five days a week, for five years. source:
  15. facts and figures than that of the next most dangerous

    occupation—working in a liquor store source: 51x higher Prostitutes’ workplace homicide rate is
  16. of sex trafficking victims on probation in Maricopa County have

    alcohol or drug addiction (November 2014) facts and figures 82% source:
  17. Who are the traffickers? Traffickers can work alone or as

    a part of an extensive criminal network source: They include a wide range of criminals, including individual pimps, family operations, small businesses, loose-knit decentralized criminal networks, gang based, and internationally organized criminal operations
  18. facts and figures Pimp controlled prostitution source: Pimps are known

    to engage in constant recruiting and attempt to entice women and children into their web of control. Common recruiting locations include: Junior high and high school Bus stops and stations Foster homes and group homes Homeless  shelters   Parks  and  playgrounds   Restaurants and bars Shopping malls Online/Social media Online video games
  19. 174 traffickers in 2013 source: facts and figures the DOJ

    only convicted 53 traffickers were arrested in Arizona in 2014 only
  20. increase in calls between 2007 - 2013 source: National Human

    Trafficking Hotline 259% nationally facts and figures
  21. between 2007 - 2013 National Human Trafficking Hotline calls facts

    and figures 75,133 nationally source:
  22. between 2004 and 2008 Complaints for child sex trafficking increased

    more than source: 1000% according to the internet crimes against children task force   facts and figures
  23. Who are the customers? source: there are 15 million commercial

    sex buyers in the USA (demandforum.net) Research indicates that that men in Phoenix search online sex ads are arrested per month 1 in 20 only 30
  24. male online-sex-ad customers identified Phoenix Metro facts and figures 78,000

    source:
  25. adult services ads placed on Backpage.com each day in Phoenix

    Metro area, with an estimated 20% for girls under 18 facts and figures 300 source:
  26. facts and figures source: 80% of adult services ads on

    Backpage.com are for prostitution
  27. Call to Action What can we do? 1. Raise awareness

    about the issue of sex trafficking 2. Train groups who may interact with victims about the warning signs This includes: 3. Educate the community about the warning signs and harms of prostitution 4. Enforce existing laws against prostitution to deter buyers from commercial sex law enforcement, health care workers, child protective services, etc.
  28. If say something. you something, see Call 911 Report a

    tip: 1-888-373-7888 Silent Witness: 1-480-WITNESS
  29. None