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Predicting failures on complex machines by Ion Marqués at Big Data Spain 2015

Predicting failures on complex machines by Ion Marqués at Big Data Spain 2015

Complex machines, e.g. trains or wind turbines, require very solid maintenance procedures. Anticipating the wear of a piece or the failure of a system allows a sensitive maintenance scheduling and prevention of catastrophic failures. The race towards efficiency has enabled the spreading of sensors that collect huge data about the current state of the different components of said machines. Collecting and storing this data can be considered a solvable problem. However, all that data is of no use by itself. An optimal maintenance can derive from decisions that can derive from information that can derive from that big lake of data.

Session presented at Big Data Spain 2015 Conference
16th Oct 2015
Kinépolis Madrid
http://www.bigdataspain.org
Event promoted by: http://www.paradigmatecnologico.com
Abstract:http://www.bigdataspain.org/program/fri/slot-36.html#spch36.2

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Big Data Spain

October 22, 2015
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Transcript

  1. None
  2. Predicting failures on complex machines Ion Marqués

  3. OUTLINE NEM Solutions provides complete management solutions to businesses responsible

    for the operation and maintenance of multi-system assets.
  4. OUTLINE NEM Solutions provides complete management solutions to businesses responsible

    for the operation and maintenance of multi-system assets. Nowadays, we have clients with thousands of assets, generating massive volume of data.
  5. OUTLINE NEM Solutions provides complete management solutions to businesses responsible

    for the operation and maintenance of multi-system assets. Nowadays, we have clients with thousands of assets, generating massive volume of data. What we’ll see in the following 15 minutes: 1. The client’s needs 2. Our approach 3. The solution’s overview 4. The engine - the core of the solution. 5. How we did it, what did we learn.
  6. DEMAND FOR EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS. HIGH SPEED &

    URBAN TRANSPORTATION NEEDS ON THE RISE. INCREASING ENERGY NEEDS. ON & OFF SHORE RENEWABLES GROWING. NEED FOR PRODUCTIVITY, RELIABILITY AND CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT. THE CLIENTS’ NEEDS REACTIVE APPROACH The business under control Avoid surprises The unexpected happens Business plan fails BUSINESS & KNOWLEDGE
  7. Normality model definition Normality model Vs = Failure Symptoms Real

    time data FUTURE PROJECTION FROM DATA KNOWLEDGE GENERATION A.U.R.A: ARTIFICIAL INMUNE SYSTEM
  8. OUR BIG DATA SOLUTION

  9. THE WORKFLOW: 1st APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a topology. • Each topology node is a computational unit, i.e arithmetical operations, symptom calculations, machine learning algorithm testings, … • Each node is a Storm bolt. We had around 160 bolts each doing one task.
  10. THE WORKFLOW: 1st APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a topology. • Each topology node is a computational unit, i.e arithmetical operations, symptom calculations, machine learning algorithm testings, … • Each node is a Storm bolt. We had around 160 bolts each doing one task. • One “master” spout. • If a bolt fails, all the data must be re- emmited!
  11. THE WORKFLOW: 2nd APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a topology. • Each topology node is a computational unit, i.e arithmetical operations, symptom calculations, machine learning algorithm testings, … • Each node is a Storm bolt. We had around 160 bolts each doing one task.
  12. THE WORKFLOW: 2nd APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a topology. • Each topology node is a computational unit, i.e arithmetical operations, symptom calculations, machine learning algorithm testings, … • Each node is a Storm bolt. We had around 160 bolts each doing one task. • One spout per variable • Too much communication for our case. • Not efficient enough.
  13. THE WORKFLOW: CURRENT APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a simple topology. • Non-codependant tasks are grouped into computational units. • We have a few nodes, assigning one executor per task.
  14. THE WORKFLOW: CURRENT APPROACH • We translate the calculations to

    a simple topology. • Non-codependant tasks are grouped into computational units. • We have a few nodes, assigning one executor per task. • Same parallelization. • Less communication. • Adapted to small clusters. • Better performance.
  15. WE HAD:  The knowledge about the industries’ needs. 

    The machine learning methodologies to extract useful information.  A successful non-scalable product. CONCLUSION
  16. WE HAD:  The knowledge about the industries’ needs. 

    The machine learning methodologies to extract useful information.  A successful non-scalable product. CONCLUSION WE NEEDED: o The means to make that product capable of processing massive amount of data. o To solve a key point: Embedding algorithms into a scalable streaming framework.
  17. • ROI: Industry demands tools that assist in making decisions

    affecting lots of complex machines. • In order to meet that particular demand, we need more than amazing visualizations and simple data mining methods. LEASONS LEARNED
  18. • ROI: Industry demands tools that assist in making decisions

    affecting lots of complex machines. • In order to meet that particular demand, we need more than amazing visualizations and simple data mining methods. LEASONS LEARNED Technically, it is a challenge: • Kafka+Storm+Redis+Hbase can be a winning choice. • There’s no free lunch, and every case is different. • Translate your algorithms into a path the data will cross: A directed graph, a topology. Then simplify. Fail. Try again. • Your team must know your problem: From how heat in a wind rotor behaves to how failures in Storm propagate.
  19. LISTENING TO YOUR ASSETS NEM Solutions +34 943 30 93

    28 info@nemsolutions.com @NEMSolutions Thank you!