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Paper review: (Re)construing Meaning in NLP

4330a26c9dad6ed1319ee5f257b86c02?s=47 Hayate Wakasaki
September 26, 2020

Paper review: (Re)construing Meaning in NLP

4330a26c9dad6ed1319ee5f257b86c02?s=128

Hayate Wakasaki

September 26, 2020
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  1. 3F DPOTUSVJOH.FBOJOHJO/-1 4FBO5SPUU 5JBHP5JNQPOJ5PSSFOU  /BODZ$IBOH BOE/BUIBO4DIOFJEFS "$- ಡΉਓɿए࡚ᰜʢ౦ژେֶٶඌݚڀࣨ.ʣ ୈճ࠷ઌ୺/-1ษڧձ

    ೥݄೔
  2. ֓ཁ w $POTUSVBMͱ͍͏ݱ৅ w -BOHBDLFSͷೝ஌จ๏ͷ༻ޠ w ༁ޠͱͯ͠͸ʮղऍʯʮଊ͑ํʯʮࣄଶ೺ѲʯͳͲ͕ݟ౰ͨΔ w ೝ஌ݴޠֶʗ৺ཧݴޠֶʗࣗવݴޠॲཧͳͲΛԣஅ͢ΔαʔϕΠత಺༰ w

    $POTUSVBMΛߏ੒͢Δཁૉ EJNFOTJPOT Λͭ঺հ w ࣮ࡍͷࣗવݴޠॲཧͷ໰୊ͱͲͷΑ͏ʹؔ࿈͢Δ͔ʁ w ݴޠදݱͷҙຯɾଟ༷ੑΛଊ͑Δ্Ͱɺࠓͦࣗ͜વݴޠॲཧʹ΋͜ͷࢹ఺͕ඞཁʂ 2
  3. 0VUMJOF  ҙຯͱ͸Կ͔ɺDPOTUSVBMͱ͸Կ͔ɺԿ͕ͦΕΛܗ࡞Δͷ͔  έʔεελσΟɿ/-1λεΫͷதͷDPOTUSVBMʹؔΘΔ՝୊  ߟ࡯ɾ·ͱΊɾࢲݟ 3

  4. 0VUMJOF  ҙຯͱ͸Կ͔ɺDPOTUSVBMͱ͸Կ͔ɺԿ͕ͦΕΛܗ࡞Δͷ͔  έʔεελσΟɿ/-1λεΫͷதͷDPOTUSVBMʹؔΘΔ՝୊  ߟ࡯ɾ·ͱΊɾࢲݟ 4

  5. $POTUSVBMͱ͸ w ҙຯͱ͸Կ͔ʁͭͷࢹ఺ w σʔλϕʔεతʢਅཧ৚݅తʣࢹ఺WT֓೦Խతࢹ఺ w ʮҙຯ͸࣍ͷͭʹରͯ͠૬ରԽ͞ΕΔʯʢϑϨʔϜҙຯ࿦ͷ֦ுʣɿ w ֓೦಺༰ DPODFQUVBMDPOUFOU

    ۩ମ෺ɺಈ࡞ͳͲ w จ຺ DPNNVOJDBUJWFDPOUFYU ඇݴޠత৘ใ΋ؚΉ w ଊ͑ํ DPOTUSVBM จ຺ʹԠͨ͡ಈతͳҙຯߏஙɺҙਤͷFODPEFEFDPEF 5
  6. %JNFOTJPOTPGDPOTUSVFENFBOJOH w ଊ͑ํΛܗ࡞Δͷ͸Կ͔ʁˠҰൠͷೝ஌ϓϩηεʹཱ٭ͨ͠ྨܕԽ͕ࢼΈΒΕ͍ͯΔ w /-1ʹ࠷΋ؔ࿈͢ΔͭͷEJNFOTJPOTΛ঺հ w 1&341&$5*7& w 130.*/&/$& w

    3&40-65*0/ w $0/'*(63"5*0/ w .&5"1)03 6
  7. 1&341&$5*7& w ࣌ؒతࢹ఺ɺۭؒతࢹ఺͕Ͳ͜ʹ͋Δ͔ w ྫ w .ZNPSOJOH ZPVSFWFOJOH w ͓฼͞Μ͸\๻ͷલʹʗຓͷޙΖʹ^͍Δ

    7
  8. 130.*/&/$& w ৔໘ͷͲ͜ʹ஫ҙ͕ஔ͔Ε͍ͯΔ͔ w ྫ w $IVDLCPVHIUBDBSGSPN+FSSZ+FSSZTPMEBDBSUP$IVDL +FSSZQBJE$IVDLGPSUIFDBS w *XPSLBU.JDSPTPGU*XPSLGPS.JDSPTPGU

    w *CSPLFUIFNPOJUPS5IFNPOJUPSCSPLF 8
  9. 3&40-65*0/ w ֓೦Λදݱ͢Δղ૾౓ w ྫ w 1VH%PH.BNNBM"OJNBM&OUJUZ w ே೫ࢁ͸ޚባւΛ׬ᘳͳӈ࢛͔ͭΒ߽շͳࠨ্ख౤͛Ͱస͕ͨ͠ɻ w

    ே೫ࢁ͕ޚባւʹ্ख౤͛Ͱউͬͨɻ w ྗ͕࢜૬खΛ౤͛ͨɻ ʢIUUQTXXXDIVOJDIJDPKQBSUJDMFΑΓҰ෦վมʣ 9
  10. $0/'*(63"5*0/ w ಺ࡏతɾߏ଄తͳੑ࣭ͷଊ͑ํ w ྫ w )FSBOUPUIFTUPSF)FXBTSVOOJOHUPUIFTUPSF w BVUVNOCFBVUJGVMMFBWFTBVUVNOCFBVUJGVMGPMJBHF 10

  11. .&5"1)03 w ྖҬΛލ͍ͩൺֱɺߏ଄ͷࣸ૾ w ྫ w 8F`SFBQQSPBDIJOHUIFFOEPGUIFZFBS w 5IFEFBEMJOFJTCBSSFMJOHUPXBSETNF 11

  12. 0VUMJOF  ҙຯͱ͸Կ͔ɺDPOTUSVBMͱ͸Կ͔ɺԿ͕ͦΕΛܗ࡞Δͷ͔  έʔεελσΟɿ/-1λεΫͷதͷDPOTUSVBMʹؔΘΔ՝୊  ߟ࡯ɾ·ͱΊɾࢲݟ 12

  13. έʔεελσΟ w ͲͷΑ͏ʹDPOTUSVBMͱ͍͏֓೦͕׆༻͞Ε͏Δ͔ʁ w ձ࿩Ξγελϯτ w )VNBOSPCPUJOUFSBDUJPO w ύϥϑϨʔζੜ੒ 13

  14. $BTFձ࿩Ξγελϯτ w ͜͏͍͏ձ࿩ w 6TFS8IFOJTNZXJUI$IVDL  w "HFOU1.UPEBZ JONJOVUFT w

    6TFS*TUIFSFBOPUIFSTMPUTPPO  w "HFOU/PUUPEBZ TIPVME*DIFDLUPNPSSPX  w 6TFS-FU`TQVTIJUUPIJTUPNPSSPXFWFOJOH w "HFOU3FTDIFEVMFEXJUI$IVDLGPS1.UPNPSSPX 1.JO#SB[JM 14
  15. $BTF)VNBOSPCPUJOUFSBDUJPO w ଞͷϞμϦςΟʢࢹ֮ɺ৮֮ɺʜʜʣ΁ͷάϥ΢ϯσΟϯά w ʢྫʣྉཧͷϨγϐ w *OBNFEJVNCPXM DSFBNUPHFUIFSUIFTVHBSBOECVUUFS w #FBUJOUIFFHHT

    POFBUBUJNF UIFOTUJSJOUIFWBOJMMB 15
  16. $BTFύϥϑϨʔζੜ੒ w ࣍ͷจͷ૊͸ύϥϑϨʔζͱͯ͠Ͳ͏ධՁ͞ΕΔ΂͖͔ʁ w *XPSLBU.JDSPTPGU*XPSLGPS.JDSPTPGU w 5IFTUBUVFTUBOETJOUIFQMB[B5IFTUBUVFJTTUBOEJOHJOUIFQMB[B w 5IFUFBDIFSTBUPOUIFTUVEFOUT`MFGU/FYUUPUIFDIJMESFOXBTBNBNNBM w

    $POTUSVBMͷEJNFOTJPOTΛ౿·͑Δ͜ͱͰద੾ͳධՁʹۙͮ͘ w ݴޠදݱͷଟ༷ੑʹରͯ͠ମܥతʹΞϓϩʔνͰ͖Δ w ΠϝʔδΩϟϓγϣχϯάͳͲͰ΋ಉ༷ͷ՝୊ 16
  17. 0VUMJOF  ҙຯͱ͸Կ͔ɺDPOTUSVBMͱ͸Կ͔ɺԿ͕ͦΕΛܗ࡞Δͷ͔  έʔεελσΟɿ/-1λεΫͷதͷDPOTUSVBMʹؔΘΔ՝୊  ߟ࡯ɾ·ͱΊɾࢲݟ 17

  18. %JTDVTTJPO w $POTUSVBMΛ౿·͑ͯɺͲ͏ݚڀΛਐΊΔ΂͖͔ʁ w ΑΓྑ͍ධՁࢦඪͷ࡞੒ w $POTUSVBMͷEJNFOTJPOTΛධՁ࣠ͱͯ͠ߟ͑ΒΕΔՄೳੑ w ೝ஌Պֶͱͯ͠ͷԣͷܨ͕ΓͷڧԽ w

    ʢྫʣ৺ཧݴޠֶతσʔλΛ༻͍ͨݴޠϞσϧϓϩʔϏϯάͷൃల w ྨܕֶɺࣾձݴޠֶɺൃୡՊֶɺਆܦՊֶɺʜʜ 18
  19. ·ͱΊɾࢲݟ w $POTUSVBM͸֓೦಺༰΍จ຺ͱ߹Θͬͯ͞ɺଟ༷ͳҙຯܗ੒Ͱॏཁͳ໾ׂΛՌͨ͢ w $POTUSVBMΛઆ໌͢ΔཁૉΛ੔ཧ͢Δݚڀ͕͋Γɺͦͷ஌ݟΛ/-1ͱܨ͍͛ͨ w ͜͏͍͏ࢹ఺Λ੔ཧ͓ͯ࣋ͬͯ͘͜͠ͱ͸Ͳ͔͜Ͱ໾ཱͪͦ͏ʢ໾ཱ͍ͯͨʣ w Ξϊςʔγϣϯ౳ͷ࣮ݧͷ৚݅౷੍ʹ΋༗༻ͳࢹ఺ʁ w

    ೔ຊޠͰͷ࣮ྫ΋੔ཧͯ͠Έ͍ͨ w ࿦จதͷྫจʹ͸ʮӳޠΒ͍͠ʯݴ༿ͷ࢖͍ํ΋໨ཱͬͨؾ͕͢Δ 19