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The MLSN approach to soil test interpretation

The MLSN approach to soil test interpretation

These slides accompanied presentations about soil test interpretation, why conventional guidelines for turfgrass are broken, and how the MLSN guidelines are used. The presentations were delivered at Sydney, Adelaide, and Brisbane with Living Turf.

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Micah Woods

May 15, 2017
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Transcript

  1. The MLSN approach to soil test interpretation Micah Woods May

    2017 Chief Scientist | Asian Turfgrass Center www.asianturfgrass.com
  2. 1. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

  3. 1. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

    1.1 BCSR is not recommended
  4. 1. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

    1.1 BCSR is not recommended 2. Conventional guidelines are broken
  5. 1. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

    1.1 BCSR is not recommended 2. Conventional guidelines are broken 3. The MLSN guidelines address these problems
  6. 1. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

    1.1 BCSR is not recommended 2. Conventional guidelines are broken 3. The MLSN guidelines address these problems 4. Using MLSN
  7. The conventional way – low, medium, & high classification

  8. The conventional way GCSAA GCM Magazine, January 2004

  9. List of ranges • low • medium • high

  10. “Low range: a high probability (80-100%) that applying the nutrient

    will elicit a growth response.”
  11. “Medium range: approximately a 50% chance of getting a plant

    growth response …; if supplemental fertilizer is not applied, growth will probably be limited, especially as the season progresses.”
  12. “High range: little or no crop response is expected from

    applying the particular nutrient.”
  13. Conventional guidelines are broken

  14. What’s the objective of turfgrass management? Royal Bangkok Sports Club,

    Thailand
  15. Increasing the growth rate Kashima Soccer Stadium, Japan

  16. Decreasing the growth rate Manila American Cemetery, Philippines

  17. Adjusting the growth rate The Old Course, St. Andrews

  18. “Turfgrass management is managing the growth rate of the grass

    to create the desired playing surface for …” – Micah Woods
  19. “The fundamental principle of successful greenkeeping is the recognition of

    the fact that the finest golfing grasses flourish on poor soil and that more harm is done by over-, rather than underfertilizing.” – Alister MacKenzie
  20. Turfgrass management, or agronomy?

  21. “In some cases, turfgrasses have been placed in a ‘high’

    P and K requirement category, while pasture grasses were in a ‘low’ category. This decision was based on economics, not agronomics. The cost of fertilization was not considered of primary importance for turf.” – Carrow, Waddington, and Rieke
  22. And grass is often grown in sand

  23. “Turfgrass researchers continue to improve the soil testing recommendations, but

    that type of research is time consuming and expensive. It is also worth noting that every time a researcher conducts one of these studies, they tend to find that the levels required are lower than what we previously thought – meaning that ‘low potassium’ you got on your last soil test report might be optimum down the road.” – Doug Soldat
  24. The MLSN guidelines address these problems

  25. “I recommend you compare your results with PACE Turf’s Minimum

    Levels for Sustainable Nutrition [MLSN] guidelines ... the minimum levels published by PACE are drastically lower than many traditional soil test interpretations, and likely more accurate.” – Doug Soldat
  26. The MLSN guidelines address these problems

  27. Global Soil Survey

  28. Soil samples from good-performing turf

  29. Soil samples from good-performing turf

  30. Soil samples from good-performing turf

  31. Using MLSN

  32. Let’s make sure we have enough beer

  33. More specifically... One can express the quantity of an element

    required as fertilizer as Q. a + b − c = Q where, a is the quantity of the element used by the grass b is the quantity of the element kept in the soil c is the quantity of the element present in the soil Q is the quantity of the element required as fertilizer
  34. MLSN is a value for b amount needed a +

    b − amount present c = fertilizer requirement Q a is a site-specific use estimate, b is the MLSN guideline, and c is the soil test result.
  35. http://www.blog.asianturfgrass.com/fertilizer/