RESTful Cloud- and Edge-Computing with JAX-RS 2.2 and Beyond

RESTful Cloud- and Edge-Computing with JAX-RS 2.2 and Beyond

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Markus KARG

March 20, 2019
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  1. None
  2. About Me

  3. Application Servers: Old-School Scaling AS-spec. Cluster Controller AS-spec. Node 1

    AS-spec. Node 2 AS-spec. Node … AS-spec. Node n JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java EE Application Server Java Runtime Operating System Bare Metal Clustered Application Server Nodes e. g. GlassFish including Jersey AS-specific Cluster
  4. Cloud + Edge Scenario Throughput in rural areas? Average roundtrip

    time? Internet link downtimes? Cloud Local Devices Internet Elastic Business Solution Edge Processing
  5. Cloud Computing: The Modern Approach Kub.’tes Cluster Controller Kub.’tes Node

    1 Kub.’tes Node 2 Kub.’tes Node … Kub.’tes Node n JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime Docker Kubernetes Operating System Bare Metal Elastic creation and disposal of lightweight processes (e. g. Kubernetes with Docker) Kubernetes Cluster JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container
  6. Cloud Computing JAX-RS + Netty + Docker + … =

    Cloud Native Java
  7. Edge Computing: Cloud Node In-a-Box Balena Devices Controller Device A

    Device B Kub.’tes Node … Device Z JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime Docker Balena Operating System Bare Metal Static creation of lightweight processes (e. g. balena a.k.a resin.io with Docker) Balena Cluster JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container Docker Container
  8. Edge Computing 5 x 2,5 cm 1 Core @ 1

    GHz 256 MB RAM 100 Mb/s LAN $ 10 Not always a server as you expect it!
  9. Differences from JAX-RS viewpoint JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container

    Java Runtime Container Runtime Container Orchestration Operating System Bare Metal JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java EE Application Server Java Runtime Operating System Bare Metal container runtime: added container orchestration: added java ee application server: gone! java ee http server: gone! java ee configuration: gone! java ee resources: gone!
  10. Effects upon JAX-RS JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java

    Runtime Container Runtime Container Orchestration Operating System Bare Metal JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Application JAX-RS Container Java Runtime should start and stop instantly should consume less resources must provide http server must read external config must accept application-provided resources
  11. The JAX-RS Answer: Proposed Roadmap JAX-RS 2.2 [Q1/2019]: Java SE

    Bootstrap API (instant on/off, low resource, includes http server, reads external config incl. optional support for Microprofile Config API) JAX-RS 2.3 [Q2/2019]: CDI 2.0 Support – Deprecate @Context (accept application-provided resources) https://github.com/eclipse-ee4j/jaxrs-api/wiki/Roadmap
  12. JAX-RS Specification Roadmap JAX-RS 2.4 [TBD]: JPMS, Java 9 JAX-RS

    3.0 [Q4/2019]: Replace @Context by @Inject WARNING: You MUST use CDI now! JAX-RS 3.1 [TBD]: Flow API, NIO … https://github.com/eclipse-ee4j/jaxrs-api/wiki/Roadmap
  13. JAX-RS 2.2: Java SE Bootstrap API instant on/off – boot

    in one second low resource – run on limited devices includes http server – choose by actual need reads external config – from app, controller or orchestrator optional support for Microprofile Config API – cloud standards
  14. JAX-RS 2.2: Java SE Bootstrap API (live coding)

  15. LGTY? Platform (1 CPU Core) Jersey + Netty JAX-RS 2.2

    Microprofile JAX-RS 2.1 Java EE Server JAX-RS 2.1 Boot Time ~ 2.5s (~ 10s) (~ 60s) JAR Size 7 MB 70 MB 142 MB Java -Xmx 7 MB (?) (?) Java -Xms 1 MB (?) (?) Docker -m < 32 MB (?) (?)
  16. None