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Architecture

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February 14, 2013
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 Architecture

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nichsara

February 14, 2013
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  1. Art  in  the  3rd  Dimension:     Architecture   Reading:

      Ar,orms,  189-­‐205     Terms/Concepts:   func;on,  form,  structure,   compression,  stretching,   bending,  post  and  beam,  arch,   keystone,  arcade,  vault,  barrel   vault,  groin  vault,  dome,   squinch,  penden;ve,  buEress,   pier  buEress,  flying  buEress,   coffer.  
  2. Media  Lab   •  Friday  February  15  11:00-­‐3:00  Auraria  Library

     206   •  Tuesday  February  19  2:00-­‐5:30  Auraria  Library  205     Materials  available:  oil  pastel,  chalk  pastel,  pen  &  ink,   pencil,  colored  pencil,  charcoal,  watercolor,  oil  paint,   and  acrylic  paint.  
  3. Quiz  #2  is  due  NEXT  TUESDAY  February  19th.    

    Media  Experimenta;on  is  due  Thursday   February  21st.     Your  Midterm  is  on  Thursday  February  28th.     Study  guide  will  be  released  this  Thursday   Reminders  
  4. Auguste  Rodin,  Burghers  of  Calais,  1889,   Victoria  Tower  Gardens,

     London.    
  5. Space  

  6. Space  

  7. Space  

  8. Space  

  9. Space  

  10. Architecture:  Art  and  Science   “As  an  art,  architecture  both

     creates  interior   spaces  and  wraps  them  in  an  expressive  shape.”     “As  a  science,  architecture  is  a  physical  problem:   How  does  a  structure  hold  up  its  own  weight   and  loads  placed  on  it”        -­‐-­‐Patrick  Frank,  Ar,orms,  189.  
  11. Key  Issue  for  Every  Building   1.  Func;on:  how  the

     building  is  used.   2.  Form:  how  the  building  looks.   3.  Structure:  how  the  building  stands  up.  
  12. Key  Issue  for  Every  Building   1.  Func;on:  how  the

     building  is  used.   2.  Form:  how  the  building  looks.   3.  Structure:  how  the  building  stands  up.  
  13. Forces  a  Structure  Works  with   1.  Compression  ()  

    2.  Tension  (  )   3.  Bending  ()  
  14. Forces  a  Structure  Works  with   1.  Compression  ()  

    2.  Tension  (  )   3.  Bending  ()  
  15. Forces  a  Structure  Works  with   1.  Compression  ()  

    2.  Tension  (  )   3.  Bending  ()  
  16. Structures:  Post  and  Beam   (Also  known  as  Post  and

     Lintel)   Beam  (or  Lintel)   Post   Post   Example:  Stonehenge,  Salisbury,   England,  c.  2500  BCE   Post  and  Beam:  Weight  Distribu;on  
  17. Structures:  Post  and  Beam   (Also  known  as  Post  and

     Lintel)   Beam  (or  Lintel)   Post   Post   Example:  Temple  of  Poseidon,   Athens,  c.  430  BCE     Post  and  Beam:  Weight  Distribu;on  
  18. Structures:  Post  and  Beam   (Also  known  as  Post  and

     Lintel)   Beam  (or  Lintel)   Post   Post   Example:  Frank  Lloyd  Wright,  Ennis   House,  Los  Angeles,  1924.     Post  and  Beam:  Weight  Distribu;on  
  19. Structures:  Arches   Arches:  Weight  Distribu;on   Example:  Byzan;ne  Cathedral,

     Jerada,   Syria,  5th  century  CE  
  20. Structures:  Arches   Arches:  Weight  Distribu;on   Example:  Great  Mosque

     at  Cordoba,   Spain,  10th  century  CE  
  21. Structures:  Arches   Arches:  Weight  Distribu;on   Example:  Triumphal  Arch

     of  Trajan,   Benevento,  Italy,  c.  98-­‐117  CE.  
  22. Structures:  Arches   Arcade:  Weight  Distribu;on  

  23. Structures:  Arches   Arcade  Example:  Pont  du  Gard  (Aqueduct),  France,

     c.  1st   century  CE    
  24. Structures:  Vaults   Barrel  Vault   Groin  Vault  

  25. Structures:  Vaults   Barrel  Vault   Barrell  Vault  Example:  

    Arena  Chapel,  Padua,  Italy,   1303  CE    
  26. Structures:  Vaults   Groin  Vault   Palazzo  della  Ragione,  

    Venice,  Italy,  16th   century  
  27. Structures:  Domes   Dome  on  Squinches   Dome  on  Penden;ves

      Dome  on  a  cylinder  
  28. Structures:  Domes   Dome  on  Squinches   Example:  Alai  Gate,

     New  Delhi,  India,  1311.  
  29. Structures:  Domes   Dome  on  Penden;ves   Example:  Hagia  Sophia,

     Istanbul,   Turkey,  563  CE.  
  30. Structures:  Domes   Dome  on  a  Cylinder   Example:  Dome

     of  the  Rock,  Jerusalem,  693   CE  
  31. Structures:  BuEresses   Pier  BuEress   Flying  BuEress  

  32. Structures:  BuEresses   Pier  BuEress   Example:   Westminster  Abbey,

      London,  c.  1245.    
  33. Structures:  BuEresses   Flying  BuEress   Example:  Cathedral  de  Notre

      Dame,  Paris,    1163-­‐1345  CE.  
  34. Structures:  Suspension   Suspension  Structure   Example:  Jeppesen  Terminal  Building,

      Denver  Interna;onal  Airport,  1994  
  35. Structures:  Shell   Shell  Structure   Example:  Jørn  Utzon,  Sydney

     Opera   House,  Sydney,  Australia,  1957-­‐1973.  
  36. Materials  Innova;ons:  Stones   Inca  Stonework  (no  mortar),   Cuzco,

     c.    13th  century  CE   Stonewall  with  Mortar  
  37. Material  Innova;ons:  Concrete   Concrete   Example:  Pantheon,  Rome,  126

      CE    
  38. Material  Innova;ons:  Cast  Iron   Cast  Iron   Example:  Joseph

     Paxton,   Crystal  Palace,  London,   1850-­‐1851.  
  39. Material  Innova;ons:  Steel   Steel  Beams   Example:  Ludwig  Mies

     van  der  Rohe,     New  York,  1956-­‐1958  
  40. Key  Issue  for  Every  Building   1.  Func;on:  how  the

     building  is  used.   2.  Form:  how  the  building  looks.   3.  Structure:  how  the  building  stands  up.  
  41. Ques;on:    How  does  a  building  interact      

     with  its  environment?   Frank  Lloyd  Wright,  Fallingwater  (The  Edgar  Kaufmann  Residence),  Bear   Run  Pennsylvania,  1936.  
  42. Ques;on:    How  does  a  building  interact      

     with  its  environment?   Frank  Lloyd  Wright,  Fallingwater  (The  Edgar  Kaufmann  Residence),  Bear  Run   Pennsylvania,  1936.  
  43. Ques;on:    How  does  a  building  interact      

     with  its  environment?   Johnson  Wax  Building,  Racine,  Wisconsin,  1936.  
  44. Ques;on:    How  does  a  building  interact      

     with  its  environment?   Johnson  Wax  Building,  Racine,  Wisconsin,  1936.  
  45. Ques;on:  How  does  the  viewer  fit  into  or  interact  

       with  the  space?   Human   Hagia  Sophia,  Istanbul,  Turkey,  c.  563  CE.  
  46. Ques;on:  How  does  the  viewer  interact  with  or  form  

       the  space?   Hagia  Sophia,  Istanbul,  Turkey,  c.  563  CE.   Agia  Dynami,  Athens,  Greece,  c.  15th   century  CE  
  47. Ques;on:  How  does  the  viewer  interact  with  or  form  

       the  space?   Hagia  Sophia,  Istanbul,  Turkey,  c.  563  CE.   Agia  Dynami,  Athens,  Greece,  c.  15th   century  CE  
  48. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   The  Roman  Basilica  
  49. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   The  Roman  Basilica,  a  reconstruc;on  of  Trajan’s  Basilica  Ulpia,  c.    
  50. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   The  Roman  Basilica,  a  reconstruc;on  of  Trajan’s   Basilica  Ulpia,  c.    
  51. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   The  Chris;an  Basilica.    
  52. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   The  Chris;an  Basilica,  Aula  PalaKna,   built  3rd  century  by  Constan;us   Chlorus,  converted  to  a  church  in   the  late  4th  century  
  53. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   Hagia  Sophia,  Istanbul,  Turkey,  c.  563  CE.  
  54. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   Frank  Gehry,  Disney  Concert  Hall,  Los  Angeles,  2003.  
  55. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   Frank  Lloyd  Wright,  Guggenheim  Museum,  New  York,  1959.  
  56. Ques;on:  How  does  the  form  of  the  building  echo  the

           prac;cal  and  ideological  func;ons  of  the        building?   Frank  Lloyd  Wright,  Guggenheim  Museum,  New  York,  1959.  
  57. Ques;on:  How  does  architecture  correspond  to  art  in    

       other  media?   Le  Corbusier,  Villa  Savoye,  Poissy,  France,  1929.      
  58. Ques;on:  How  does  architecture  correspond  to  art  in    

       other  media?   Le  Corbusier,  Villa  Savoye,  Poissy,  France,  1929.      
  59. Ques;on:  How  does  architecture  correspond  to  art  in    

       other  media?   Le  Corbusier,  Villa  Savoye,  Poissy,  France,  1929.      
  60. Ques;on:  How  does  architecture  correspond  to  art  in    

       other  media?   William  van  Alen,  Chrysler  Building,  New  York  City,  1928-­‐1930.  
  61. Ques;on:  How  does  architecture  correspond  to  art  in    

       other  media?   Lawren  Harris,  Landscape,  1929.