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Art of the Classical World-Greece and Rome.pdf

nichsara
March 08, 2012
31

Art of the Classical World-Greece and Rome.pdf

nichsara

March 08, 2012
Tweet

Transcript

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  11. J-M("(2#$4%5+2$.%F-(,$BW,#9720$.(2#A"-(,$)>C$%&$NQ"%2a,$U#'9.(2#A"Q$)>$_"%2b($%"-I-2+*P$

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  15. ^'($5#&,&$%&$E%*QS*(-#%,$ E%*QS*(-#%,6$J%"QF'%"%,$BDF(+"$=(+"("C6$4%5+2$)%FQ$&"%5$ 3"((S$L"-I-2+*6$T-I'$)*+,,-.+*$.P$U#'$)(2#A"Q$)>$

  16. c_A#$_(+A#Q6$'($#'-2S,6$0%(,$2%#$"(,-0($-2$#'($F"%F("$ F"%F%"G%2$%&$#'($(*(5(2#,$_A#$-2$#'($F"%F("$F"%F%"G%2$ %&$#'($F+"#,6$,A.'$+,$&%"$(d+5F*($#'+#$%&$[2I("$#%$[2I("$ +20$+**$#'(,($#%$#'($F+*5$+20$_+,($%&$'+206$%&$#'%,($#%$ #'($&%"(+"56$%&$#'($&%"(+"5$#%$#'($AFF("$+"5$+20$%&$ (\("Q#'-2I$#%$(\("Q#'-2I$(*,(6$eA,#$+,$0(,."-_(0$-2$#'($ )+2%2$%&$E%*QS*(-#%,P$Y%"$'+\-2I$#+AI'#$A,$-2$#'+#$`%"S$ +**$#'($F"%F%"G%2,$%&$#'($_%0Q6$E%*QS*(-#%,$,AFF%"#(0$ '-,$#"(+G,($`-#'$+$`%"S$%&$+"#6$5+S-2I$+$,#+#A($ +..%"0-2I$#%$#'($#(2(#,$%&$#'($#"(+G,($+20$.+**-2I$-#6$*-S($

    #'($#"(+G,($-#,(*&6$#'($)+2%2P$D%$#'(26$+**$F'-*%,%F'(",$ +20$0%.#%",$+..(F#$#'+#$_(+A#Q$"(,-0(,$-2$#'($0A($ F"%F%"G%2$%&$#'($F+"#,$%&$#'($_%0QPf$
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  20. )%2#"+FF%,#%$ EQ#'+I%"(+2$^+_*($%&$LFF%,-#(,$ $ $Y-2-#( $$ $ $K2[2-#($ $L00 $ $$

    $>\(2$ $L2( $ $ $N+2Q$ $4-I'# $$ $ $Z(g$ $4(,# $ $ $N%G%2$ $D#"+-I'# $ $)"%%S(0$ $Z-I'# $ $ $J+"S2(,,$ $3%%0 $ $ $>\-*$ $DHA+"($ $ $L_*%2I$
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  22. ^'($)+2%2$%&$ZQ,-FF%,$ ZQ,-FF%,6$!F%dQ%5(2%,$B^'($D."+F("C6$4%5+2$)%FQ$%&$+$3"((S$L"-I-2+*6$ Z+#($)*+,,-.+*6$?#'$.(2#A"Q$)>$

  23. J%"QF'%"%,$ !F%dQ%5(2%,$

  24. Lysippos. Weary Herakles. Roman copy signed by Glykon of Athens

    after bronze original of c. 320 BCE. Lysippos. Man Scraping Himself (Apoxyomenos). Roman copy, after a bronze original of c.350-325 BCE. Praxiteles. Aphrodite of Knidos. Roman marble copy after original of c.350 BCE.
  25. V-S($%&$D+5%#'"+.(6$D+2.#A+"Q$%&$#'($3"(+#$3%0,6$ D+5%#'"+.(6$T(**(2-,G.6$.P$WR<$=)>$$

  26. V-S($%&$D+5%#'"+.(6$D+2.#A+"Q$%&$#'($3"(+#$3%0,6$ D+5%#'"+.(6$T(**(2-,G.6$.P$WR<$=)>$$

  27. T+I(,+20"%,6$E%*Q0%"%,$+20$!#'(2%0%"%,$%&$4'%0(,6$Z+%.%h2$+20$ '-,$D%2,6$4%5+2$)%FQ66$.P$W,#$.(2#A"Q$)>$BE%,,-_*Q$%&$E("I+5(2($ -2,F-"+G%2C$

  28. 4%5($

  29. !Rome is known fundamentally as an urban civilization N%0(*$%&$#'($)-#Q$%&$K5F("-+*$4%5($ !"#$%&'"(')*+',"--+##'

    ."/$0'1#)234-'5+4)678'59''
  30. Nîmes

  31. Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century BCE. i $!HA(0A.#1$!2$+"G[.-+*$.'+22(*$&%"$#"+2,F%"G2I$`+#("$&"%5$+$0-,#+2#$,%A".($

  32. •  Aqueduct: An artificial channel for transporting water from a

    distant source Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century BCE.
  33. Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century BCE.

  34. Pont du Gard, Nîmes (France). Late first century BCE.

  35. •  Voussoir: A wedge- shaped block used in the construction

    of an arch •  The central voussoir is the keystone
  36. ^'($0-,#"-_AG%2$%&$`(-I'#$%2$+2$+".+0(P$

  37. Y*+\-+2$!5F-#'(+#("$]79R<$)>$ ^-#A,$"$];9R<$)>$ j(,F+,-+2$"$8;9];$)>$

  38. None
  39. Doric Ionic Corinthian Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*-,(A5C6$4%5(6$ ]79R<$=)>P$$ Engaged columns !>2I+I(0$.%*A52,$%2*Q$I-\($#'($-5F"(,,-%2$%&$ ,AFF%"#P$$^'($+".+0(,$.%A*0$,AFF%"#$#'(5,(*\(,P$

  40. 3"%-2$j+A*#$ Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*-,(A5C6$K2#("-%"$ j+A*#,6$4%5(6$]79R<$=)>P$$

  41. Diagram of an arch Diagram of a barrel vault j+A*#,$,AFF%"#(0$#'($,(+#,$+20$

    ,A_,#"A.#A"($%&$#'($)%*-,(A5P$
  42. Diagram of a barrel vault Diagram of a groin vault

    3"%-2$\+A*#,$+"($#`%$."%,,(0$_+""(*$\+A*#,P$
  43. Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*%,,(A5C$ 4(.%2,#"A.G%26$4%5(6$]79R<$=)>P$$

  44. "Inaugural festivities by Emperor Titus: 100 days, in which 9,000

    animals and 2,000 gladiators were killed. Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*-,(A5C6$4%5(6$ ]79R<$=)>P$$
  45. Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*-,(A5C6$4%5(6$ ]79R<$=)>P$$

  46. 3*+0-+#%"-+*$>2#("#+-25(2#,6$ck*-#(2$N%,+-.f6$J+"$=A.$ !55("+$j-**+6$k*-#(26$Z-_Q+6$.P$_(&%"($R<$)>$

  47. 3*+0-+#%"-+*$>2#("#+-25(2#,6$ck*-#(2$N%,+-.f6$J+"$=A.$ !55("+$j-**+6$k*-#(26$Z-_Q+6$.P$_(&%"($R<$)>$ NA,-.-+2,$+20$)%,#A5(0$E("&%"5(",$

  48. 3*+0-+#%"-+*$>2#("#+-25(2#,6$ck*-#(2$N%,+-.f6$J+"$=A.$ !55("+$j-**+6$k*-#(26$Z-_Q+6$.P$_(&%"($R<$)>$ 3*+0-+#%"$\,P$3*+0-+#%"$

  49. 3*+0-+#%"-+*$>2#("#+-25(2#,6$ck*-#(2$N%,+-.f6$J+"$=A.$ !55("+$j-**+6$k*-#(26$Z-_Q+6$.P$_(&%"($R<$)>$ 3*+0-+#%"$\,P$=(+,#$

  50. 3*+0-+#%"-+*$>2#("#+-25(2#,6$ck*-#(2$N%,+-.f6$J+"$=A.$ !55("+$j-**+6$k*-#(26$Z-_Q+6$.P$_(&%"($R<$)>$ =(+,#$\,P$=(+,#$

  51. Y*+\-+2$!5F'-#'(+#("$B)%*-,(A5C6$4%5(6$ ]79R<$=)>P$$ ! R<$(d-#,$#%$+..%55%0+#($U<6<<<$,F(.#+#%",$$

  52. ^'($E+2#'(%2$ :$-7%$4'"'11;21<='59''

  53. ^'($E+2#'(%2$ >$4)*+"4'

  54. ! Temple dedicated to all the gods (pan=all and theion=gods)

    pediment ?"7&*' -"/+' &8@%4-7%&$@'' -76/' ^'($E+2#'(%26$4%5(6$.P$WWR9W7U$)>P$
  55. Temple, perhaps dedicated to Portunus. In the Cattle Market, Rome.

    Late second century BCE. ^'($E+2#'(%26$4%5(6$.P$WWR9W7U$)>P$
  56. A&6@6#' 5"B+7' ^'($E+2#'(%26$4%5(6$.P$WWR9W7U$)>P$ ! 143 feet !CD'(++)' !'3D'(++)'

  57. ^'($E+2#'(%26$K2#("-%"6$4%5(6$.P$ WWR9W7U$)>P$ !V-.'(,$%2.($'(*0$#'($,#+#A(,$%&$I%0,6$_A#$`("($"(F*+.(0$ _Q$,+-2#,$$-2$8<;$_Q$E%F($=%2-&+.($KjP$