him away from external cares…dwelling in some strange region of the universe which neither exists enCrely in the slime of the earth nor enCrely in the purity of heaven… transported from this inferior to that higher world.” “We profess that we must do homage through the outward ornaments of sacred vessels, and to nothing in the world in an equal degree to the service of the Holy Sacriﬁce, with all inner purity and with all outward splendor.”
mulCplied. It is expended so that it may be increased, and pouring it out produces abundance. The Reason is that the very sight of these costly but wonderful illusions inﬂames the men more to give than to pray.” “To me [golden images] somehow represent the ancient rite of the Jews… Or is it that since we have been mingled with the genCles, perhaps we have also adopted their ways and even serve their idols.” “O vanity of vaniCes, but no more vain than insane! The Church is radiant in its walls and desCtute in its poor. It dresses its stones in gold and it abandons its children naked. It serves the eyes of the rich at the expense of the poor. The curious ﬁnd that which may delight them, but those in need do not ﬁnd that which should sustain them.”
the good, and light is an image of this archetypal Good. Thus the Good is also by the name “Light,” just as an archetype is real in its image. The goodness of the transcendent God reaches from the highest and most perfect forms of being to the very lowest. And yet it remains above and beyond them all, superior to the highest and yet stretching out to the lowliest. It gives light to everything capable of receiving it, it creates them, keeps them alive, preserves and perfects them. Everything looks to it for measure, eternity, number, order. It is the power, which embraces the universe. It is the Cause of the universe and its end.” –Pseudo Dionysus
evoke an emoConal response from the viewer. How is that response diﬀerent? How is it achieved diﬀerently? 2. What are some of the key diﬀerences between Romanesque and Gothic churches? What adaptaCons did Gothic architects have to make to accommodate those diﬀerences? 3. What is the debate between Bernard of Clairvaux and Abbot Suger? How does impact how churches are built and decorated? 4. How is the use of stained glass related to the use of golden mosaics in Late AnCque and ByzanCne Churches?