Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

JJUGに向けて再変更/公演 CloudNativeな時代に求められる
Webサービス基盤モデルの再考

6ed12627fec46a135f1bce5d56f3568e?s=47 nwiizo
February 24, 2022
340

JJUGに向けて再変更/公演 CloudNativeな時代に求められる
Webサービス基盤モデルの再考

JJUGナイトセミナー「Dapr特集」2/24(木) 開催

https://www.java-users.jp/post/night202202/

6ed12627fec46a135f1bce5d56f3568e?s=128

nwiizo

February 24, 2022
Tweet

Transcript

  1. ೥݄೔++6(φΠτηϛφʔʮ%BQSಛूʯ!OXJJ[P ++6(ʹ޲͚ͯ࠶มߋެԋ $MPVE/BUJWFͳ࣌୅ʹٻΊΒΕΔ 
 8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧͷ࠶ߟ %BQSʹ͍ͭͯͷߟ࡯ͱ࣮૷

  2. @nwiizo 26ࡀ ݽಠ੒ਓஉੑ 4৞൒ͷ෦԰ʹ͸ݒਨόʔ͕͋Γ ɹேɺى͖ δϜ΁ߦ͖ ຊΛಡΜͰ ࢓ࣄΛͯ͠ ɹ໷ɺ࠶ͼ δϜ΁ߦ͖

    ຊΛಡΜͰ ຾Δ͚ͩ ૐཿͷΑ͏ͳੜ׆Λͯ͠·͢ɻ
  3. ΞδΣϯμ w εϦʔγΣΠΫ ޿ࠂ  w ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷ࿩ w $MPVE/BUJWFͳαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ࠶ߟ w

    $PNQMFYJUZͱ%BQSͷ࣮૷ʹ͍ͭͯ
  4. εϦʔγΣΠΫʹ͍ͭͯ

  5. "CPVUεϦʔγΣΠΫ  w 43&ࢧԉٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏε w ٕज़ྗ͕ٻΊΒΕΔྖҬͰ๛෋ͳܦݧΛ࣋ͭ43&͕ू·ͬͨνʔϜʹΑΔ 
 ٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏεͰ͢ɻ w ηΩϡϦςΟ੬ऑੑ਍அαʔϏε

    w ܦݧ๛෋ͳηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳Ո͕وࣾͷ՝୊ʹ߹ΘͤͨηΩϡϦςΟରࡦΛ 
 ࢧԉ͢ΔαʔϏεͰ͢ɻ w Ϋϥ΢υܕ&5-σʔλύΠϓϥΠϯαʔϏε w σʔλϕʔεɾετϨʔδɾΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͳͲɺ͋ΒΏΔσʔλΛ 
 ౷߹ɾ࿈ܞ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺσʔλΛ׆༻ͨ͠Ϗδωεมֵʹߩݙ͠·͢ɻ w ϋΠεΩϧϑϦʔϥϯε঺հαʔϏε w ϓϩͷݱ໾ΤϯδχΞूஂ͕࠷దͳΤϯδχΞΛ঺հ͢Δ 
 ϑϦʔϥϯεΤϯδχΞ঺հαʔϏεͰ͢
  6. "CPVU4SFBLF w 43&ࢧԉٕज़ࢧԉ w 4SFBLF͸ۚ༥ɾҩྍɾಈը഑৴ɾ"*ɾήʔϜͳͲٕज़ྗ͕ٻΊΒΕΔྖҬͰ๛෋ͳܦݧΛ࣋ͭ43&͕ू·ͬͨνʔϜ ʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏεͰ͢ɻઓུࡦఆ͔Βઃܭɾߏஙɾӡ༻ɺ4BB4ఏڙ·Ͱɺ෯޿͍ྖҬΛαϙʔτ͠·͢ɻ  Sreake ྲྀ SRE

    Roadmap SRE ͷ։࢝ ·ͣ͸খ͘͞ɻ ޮՌ͕࠷େݶʹग़Δͱ͜Ζ ͔Βίπίπͱ࢝ΊΑ͏ SRE νʔϜͷఆٛ ૊৫ʹ͋ͬͨ SRE Λఆٛ͠Α͏ SRE࣮ફ SLIɾSLO ͷઃఆ Toil ࡟ݮ (ࣗಈԽਪਐ) SRE ͷൃలͱܧଓ SREͷจԽ͕ਁಁ͢Δ 
 Error Budget Λݩʹ
 ۀ຿Λίϯτϩʔϧ͍ͯ͘͠
  7. 4SFBLFͷΤϯδχΞʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉ w ٕज़ઓུ͔Βઃܭɺߏஙɺӡ༻·Ͱϫϯετοϓࢧԉ͢Δٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏε  ٕज़ઓུ ίϯαϧςΟϯά ߏங / ࣮૷ ࢧԉ

    Ξηεϝϯτ ʢύϑΥʔϚϯε / ηΩϡϦςΟʣ ӡ༻ࢧԉ γεςϜ ઃܭ .VMUJ$MPVE΍$MPVE/BUJWFͳઌਐతٕज़ٴͼେن໛ͳαʔϏεӡ༻ʹڧΈΛ࣋ͭΤϯδχΞʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉ ϕϯμʔతͳ໾ׂͰ͸ͳ͘ʮ͓٬༷ͷνʔϜϝϯόʔʯͱ͍͏ཱͪҐஔͰ࠷৽ٕज़ͷఏҊ͔Βӡ༻ࢧԉ·ͰΛτʔλϧͰ
  8. 4SFBLF43&ಋೖఆணԽࢧԉ w &OUFSQSJTFΛத৺ʹ༷ʑͳۀछۀքͰ43&Λ࣮ફ͖ͯͨ͠ 
 φϨοδΛ׆͔ͨ͠43&νʔϜͷಋೖٴͼఆணԽΛߦ͍·͢  43&ͷ૊੒43&จԽͷఆணԽͷҝͷࢧԉ ͓٬༷ͷ૊৫ʹద߹ͨ͠43&ͷಋೖΛࢧԉ IUUQTTSFBLFDPNDPOUBDU ͓໰͍߹ͤ

  9. 4FDVSJGZ w 4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣͱ͸ 4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣ͸ɺ਍அର৅Λొ࿥͢ΔͱΫϥ΢υ্Ͱ੬ऑੑ਍அΛ࣮ࢪɺ਍அ݁ՌҰཡͱվળํ๏Λ෼ ͔Γ΍͘͢ఏࣔ͠·͢ w 4FDVSJGZ։ൃʹ͓͚Δ૝͍ اۀ͕ɺ։ൃɾϦϦʔεεϐʔυΛམͱͣ͞ɺखܰʹʢඅ༻ɾ࣌ؒΛ͔͚ͣʣࣾ಺ͰηΩϡϦςΟ਍அΛ࣮ࢪʢʹ %FW4FD0QTΛ࣮ݱʣ͠ɺαʔϏεΛఏڙ͢Δ͜ͱ͕ɺاۀɾΤϯυϢʔβʔͷརӹΛ࠷େԽ͍ͯ͘͜͠ͱʹͳΔͱߟ͑ ͍ͯ·͢ɻ͜ΕΛՄೳʹ͢Δπʔϧʮ4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣʯΛ։ൃ

     Beta ൛ ແঈఏڙ࣮ࢪதʂʂ
  10. ຊ೔͓࿩͢Δ಺༰ ࿩͢͜ͱ $MPVE/BUJWFͷશମ૾ ͬ͘͟Γɺίϯςφʹ͍ͭͯ ͳΜͱͳ͘,VCFSOFUFT %BQSʹ͍ͭͯخ͍͜͠ͱ ιϑτ΢ΣΞͷෳࡶੑͱ 
 Πϯϑϥͷؔ܎ੑʹ͍ͭͯ 

    ࿩͞ͳ͍͜ͱ %BQSͰͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ࣮૷ ৄࡉͳγεςϜΞʔΩςΫνϟ $MPVE/BUJWF΋ιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃ ΋ͦͷຊ࣭͸పఈతͳ࣮ફͰ͢ɻ ͳͷͰɺؾܰʹฉ͖ྲྀ͍͚ͯͨͩ͠Δ ͱࢥΘΕ·͢ɻ 
 ࠓ೔ɺ͸͡ΊͯKBWBTELΛར༻͠·ͨ͠ Ϙιο
  11. ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷ࿩

  12. ࣗಈԽͱ$POUBJOFS  photo by Pixabay, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

  13. *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT%PDVNFOU࣌୅ w γεςϜӡ༻୲౰ऀ͕ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ഑ஔ͢Δํ๏ w ਓؒͷࢥߟ΍ߦಈΛίʔσΟϯάͯ͠γεςϜΛ؅ཧ͢Δҝͷൿ఻ͷυΩϡϝϯτΛҾ͖ܧ͙ w Ұ୆Ұ୆Λஸೡʹઃఆ͍͕ͯ͘͠ग़ࣗ͸ෆ໌ w ͳͥɺಈ͍͍ͯΔ͔΋෼͔Βͣɺ͞ΘͬͨΒಈ͔ͳ͘ͳΔ͔Βൿ఻ͷλϨͱͳΓ͍͔ͭ෗Δ w

    %PDVNFOU͸͋Δ͕ߋ৽͞Εͯͳ͍͜ͱ΋͠͹͠͹  ൿ఻ͷυΩϡϝϯτ ͱΓ͋͑ͣɺಈ͍͍ͯΔ ຊ൪؀ڥ खॱ͸IJTUPSZ ໨తʹԊͬͨ%PDVNFOUBUJPOBT$PEFΛ͍͔ʹ࣮ͯ͠ݱ͍͔ͯ͘͠1)1FS,BJHJ ͳͲΛಡΜͰΈ͍ͯͩ͘͞
  14. *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT$PEF࣌୅ w γεςϜӡ༻୲౰ऀ͕ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛίʔυʹΑͬͯ഑ஔ͢Δ w ௚༁͢Δͱʮίʔυͱͯ͠ͷΠϯϑϥʯɺʮΠϯϑϥΛίʔυͰهड़͢Δʯ͜ͱ w ͞·͟·ͳखॱ΍લఏΛ$PEFͷதͰදݱ͍ͯ͘͜͠ͱͰશ͕ͯݟ͑ͯ͘Δ w ᴈ໌ظ͸γεςϜ؅ཧͷࣗಈԽ͕ͦͷޙ͸ιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃϓϥΫςΟεΛԠ༻͢Δͷ͕য఺ʹ 

    $PEF ໿ଋ͞ΕͨউརͷࣗಈԽ *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT$PEFͷ͜Ε·Ͱͱ͜Ε͔Β*OGSB4UVEZ.FFUVQΑΓ ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ ϛυϧ΢ΣΞ ֤छઃఆ
  15. ໿ଋ͞ΕͨউརͷࣗಈԽͳΜͯͳ͍ࣗಈԽͷෆ౎߹ͳਅ࣮ w ࠷ॳ͸͏·͍͘͘ w 04΍ϛυϧ΢ΣΞͷόʔδϣϯΛ্͛Δͱࢮ͵ w ΞϓϦຖɺϗετຖʹݸผԽɺଐਓԽ΍γεςϜͷෳࡶԽ͕ਐߦ w ࣗಈԽͰτϥϒϧͷͰख࡞ۀ͕ଟ͘ͳ͍ͬͯ͘ w

    ৮Δͷ͕ා͘ͳͬͨΒൿ఻ͷλϨ͕෗ഊ͍ͯ͠Δ߹ਤ  ࣗಈԽ΋෗Γ΍͍͢ ͯ΁ο ߋ৽ มߋ ߋʜŗƀ 7FSTJPO6Q
  16. ෗Βͳ͍Α͏ʹ͢ΔࣗಈԽ w *NNVUBCMF*OGSBTUSVDUVSF w ΠϯϑϥΛ؅ཧ͢Δख๏ͷҰͭͰʮҰ౓ߏஙͨ͠ຊ൪؀ڥʹ ͸ߋ৽΍ύονͷఏڙͳͲͷมߋΛՃ͑ͣՔಇͤ͞Δʯ 
 ͱ͍͏Α͏ͳߟ͑ํ w ࣗಈԽΛਐΊ͍ͯ͘தͰൃݟ͞Εͨૉ੖Β͍͠ϓϥΫςΟε

    w ৗʹΫϦʔϯΠϯετʔϧ͔Β։࢝ w ඞཁͳ΋ͷ͸શͯݻΊΞϓϦΛڞଘͤ͞ͳ͍  ໿ଋ͞ΕͯΔউརͷࣗಈԽ 
 ࣮͸͚ͩ͜͜
  17. ίϯςφ΁ͷಓ w ΞϓϦʹඞཁͳ΋ͷΛશͯಛఆͷϑΥʔϚοτͰݻΊͯɺల։͢Δ͚ͩͰىಈ w ೥ʹ࠷ॳʹϦϦʔε͞Εɺ%PDLFS *ODʹΑͬͯ։ൃ w %PDLFS͸ʮίϯςφʯͱݺ͹ΕΔιϑτ΢ΣΞύοέʔδΛ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔ ϕʔεΠϝʔδΛμ΢ϯϩʔυ ඞཁͳ֤छιϑτ΢ΣΞ͸શͯίϯςφ಺ʹΠϯετʔϧ

    ඞཁͳઃఆ͸ίϯςφ࡞੒࣌ʹ࢓ࠐΉ  Dockerfile Docker Image Docker Container docker build docker run ىಈͷ໿ଋ͞Εͨ উརͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ %PDLFSͳͲ
  18. ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷͬ͘͟Γͱͨؔ͠܎ w Πϯϑϥͷ෗ഊΛ๷ࢭ w ӡ༻͕౷Ұత w ։ൃͰςετ͠ɺͦͷ··Λӡ༻ʹద༻Մೳ w ؀ڥͷӨڹΛड͚ͣʹࣗಈԽͷෛ୲͸ܰݮ 

    ຊ൪؀ڥ ςετ؀ڥ ։ൃ؀ڥ ಉ͡Ϟϊͱͯ͠ѻ͑Δ
  19. ˞ίϯςφͷऄ଍ w %PDLFS·Ͱͷྺ࢙΍ཁૉٕज़͸୳ͬͯΈͯ΋໘ന͍ w ίϯςφͱ͸ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳಛ௃Λ࣋ͬͨಛผͳϓϩηε w ଞͷϓϩηεͱͷϦιʔεͷִ཭ w 04ͷϦιʔεར༻ʹର͢Δ੍ݶ 

    chroot process LinuxΛߏ੒͢Δ̏ͭͷ֓೦
 ϑΝΠϧγεςϜ ϓϩηε ετϦʔϜ  d     ཁૉٕज़ *TPMBUJPO ΧʔωϧϦιʔε΍ϑΝΠϧγεςϜͷִ཭ /BNFTQBDF 
 -JNJUBUJPO ϋʔυ΢ΣΞϦιʔεͷ੍ݶ DHSPVQ 
 3FTUSJDUJPO ݖݶͷ੍໿ $BQBCJMJUZ
  20. Ϋϥ΢υʹΑΔΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϑΝʔετ w Ϋϥ΢υʹΑΓ૊Έ্͛ํ͔ࣜΒݺͼग़͠ํࣜ΁ w ཁٻ͢Ε͹ԼҐͷϦιʔε͕ࣗಈతʹׂΓ౰ͨΔ w ίϯςφʹΑͬͯऔΓѻ͍Λڞ௨Խ w ΞϓϦͱΠϯϑϥͷґଘؔ܎Λஅͪ੾Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ 

    )8 04 ϥϯλΠϜ ϥΠϒϥϦ "QQ ίϯςφ ڞ௨Խ͞Εͨཁٻ શͯ͸HWͷௐୡ͔Β ≒ϦιʔεϑΝʔετ ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϑΝʔετ͕$MPVE/BUJWFͱ͍͏Θ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍
  21. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ 
 8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ࠶ߟ

  22. 4FSWJDF-FWFMJOEJDBUPSͱ4FSWJDF-FWFM0CKFDUJWF w ৴པੑͱɺ৴པੑͰ͸େ͖ͳҧ͍ w ৴པੑΛ࣮ݱ͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ɺͱ͸ҟͳΓ๲େͳ޻਺Λ౤ೖ͕ඞཁ 
 ΄ͱΜͲͷϢʔβʔʹͱͬͯ͸ʮʯ͕ʮʯʹͳ͔ͬͨΒͱ͍ͬͯɺ 
 େ͖ͳϝϦοτ͕͋ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ🥺🥺🥺 


    w ֤αʔϏε͝ͱʹద੾ͳ4-0Λઃఆ͢Δ͜ͱ͕େࣄ w 4-0ͱ͸ɺ4-*Ͱܭଌ͞ΕΔαʔϏεϨϕϧͷ໨ඪ஋ɺ·ͨ͸໨ඪ஋ͷൣғΛࢦ͠·͢ w 4-0Λʮ೥ʯͱઃఆ͢Δͱɺʮ೥ͷ͏ͪ෼͸Քಇ͠ͳͯ͘΋Α͍ʯͱ͍͏͜ͱʹͳΓ·͢ w ͔͠͠ɺγϯάϧϊʔυ୆ͰΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͱʜɹŗŕŗŕŗŕ w4FSWJDF-FWFM*OEJDBUPSͷྫ w ϦΫΤετͷϨΠςϯγʢϦΫΤετʹର͢ΔϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢·Ͱʹ͔͔ͬͨ࣌ؒʣ w Τϥʔ཰ʢड৴ͨ͠ϦΫΤετΛਖ਼ৗʹॲཧͰ͖ͳ͔ͬͨൺ཰ʣ w γεςϜεϧʔϓοτʢ୯Ґ࣌ؒ͋ͨΓʹॲཧͰ͖ΔϦΫΤετ਺ʣ w Մ༻ੑʢαʔϏε͕ར༻Ͱ͖Δ࣌ؒͷൺ཰ʣ 
  23. γϯάϧϊʔυ୆ͰΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͱʜɹŗŕŗŕŗŕ  Dockerfile "QQ" "QQ# ΞϓϦͷߋ৽͸ʁ 
 αʔόʔࣗମ͕ిݯஅͰαʔϏεམΑͶʁ 
 ෛՙ͕૿͑ͨΒͲ͏͢Δͷʁ

    
 ΞΫηε͕૿͑ͨΒͲ͏͢Δͷʁ .Z42- Ϋϥ΢υΛ࢖͔ͬͨΒͱ͍ͬͯʜ Մ༻ੑ͕উखʹߴ·ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍ ԿΒ͔ͷํ๏ͰϦεΫΛճආͤͶ͹ɺ ͦͷํ๏ͷҰ͕ͭ,VCFSOFUFTͰ͋Γ 
 $MPVE/BUJWFͱͳΔ
  24. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ͸ʁ w Ϋϥ΢υωΠςΟϒٕज़͸ɺύϒϦοΫΫϥ΢υɺϓϥΠϕʔτΫϥ΢υɺϋΠϒϦουΫϥ΢ υͳͲͷۙ୅తͰμΠφϛοΫͳ؀ڥʹ͓͍ͯɺεέʔϥϒϧͳΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛߏங͓Αͼ ࣮ߦ͢ΔͨΊͷೳྗΛ૊৫ʹ΋ͨΒ͠·͢ɻ͜ͷΞϓϩʔνͷ୅දྫʹɺίϯςφɺαʔϏεϝ ογϡɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏεɺΠϛϡʔλϒϧΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟɺ͓Αͼએݴܕ"1*͕͋Γ· ͢ɻ w ͜ΕΒͷख๏ʹΑΓɺճ෮ੑɺ؅ཧྗɺ͓ΑͼՄ؍ଌੑͷ͋Δૄ݁߹γεςϜ͕࣮ݱ͠·͢ɻ͜ ΕΒΛݎ࿚ͳࣗಈԽͱ૊Έ߹ΘͤΔ͜ͱͰɺΤϯδχΞ͸ΠϯύΫτͷ͋ΔมߋΛ࠷খݶͷ࿑ྗ

    Ͱසൟ͔ͭ༧ଌͲ͓Γʹߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ w $MPVE/BUJWF$PNQVUJOH'PVOEBUJPO͸ɺΦʔϓϯιʔεͰϕϯμʔதཱϓϩδΣΫτͷΤ ίγεςϜΛҭ੒ɾҡ࣋ͯ͠ɺ͜ͷύϥμΠϜͷ࠾༻Λଅਐ͍ͨ͠ͱߟ͑ͯ·͢ɻࢲͨͪ͸࠷ઌ ୺ͷύλʔϯΛຽओԽ͠ɺ͜ΕΒͷΠϊϕʔγϣϯΛ୭΋͕ར༻Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͠·͢ɻ  IUUQTHJUIVCDPNDODGUPDCMPCNBJO%&'*/*5*0/NE ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ
  25. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ͸ʁ  IUUQTHJUIVCDPNDODGUPDCMPCNBJO%&'*/*5*0/NE ίϯςφ αʔϏεϝογϡ ϚΠΫϩαʔϏε ΠϛϡʔμϒϧΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟ ͓ΑͼએݴܕAPI ͳͲΛ༻͍ͯ ૄ݁߹ͳγεςϜΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ

    ճ෮ੑ 
 ؅ཧྗ 
 Մ؍ଌੑ 
 ݎ࿚ͳࣗಈԽʹΑͬͯมԽʹڧ͍
  26. ૄ݁߹Ͱ͸ͳ͍γεςϜͱ͸ʁ w "WBJMBCJMJUZ w ίϯϙʔωϯτ͕ࢮ͵ͱશମ͕ࢮ͵ w 4DBMBCJMJUZ w ҰͭͷػೳΛεέʔϧͤ͞ΔͨΊʹ͸શମͷεέʔϧ͕ඞཁ w

    $PNQMFYJUZ w ৽͍͠ػೳΛ௥Ճ͢Δͱ͖ʹશମͱͷௐ࿨͕ඞཁͳͷͰେม  %# 6TF$PSF 'SJFOET 1JDUVSFT 1PTUT FUD 5JNF-JOF ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ
  27. ૄ݁߹ͳγεςϜͱ͸ʁ w 3FTJMJFOU w ҰͭͷαʔϏε͕ࢮΜͰ΋Ұ෦ͷαʔϏε͸ܧଓ w 'MFYJCMF4DBMF w αʔϏε͝ͱʹಠཱͯ͠εέʔϧϦιʔεͷ࠷దԽ w

    4JNQMJDJUZ w খ͞ͳ୯ҐͰ։ൃ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΓ৽ػೳͷ௥Ճ͕༰қʹͳΔ  ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ
  28. ,VCFSOFUFT w ೥ʹ(PPHMFʹΑͬͯ։ൃ͞Εɺݱࡏ͸$MPVE /BUJWF$PNQVUJOH'PVOEBUJPO͕ϝϯςφϯεΛ ߦ͍ͬͯΔ(PMBOH੡ͷΦʔέετϨʔγϣϯπʔϧ w ,VCFSOFUFTͷ໨త͸ɺʮϗετͷΫϥελʔΛԣஅ ͯ͠ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίϯςφΛࣗಈσϓϩΠɺεέ ʔϦϯάɺૢ࡞͢ΔͨΊͷϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʯΛఏڙ w

    ޡղΛڪΕͣ؆୯ʹ͍͏ͱ%PDLFSΛ͍͍ײ͡ʹ͢Δ ΍ͭ  IUUQTXXXDODGJPCMPHJOUSPEVDJOHUIFDMPVEOBUJWFMBOETDBQFJOUFSBDUJWFFEJUJPO ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ
  29. ,VCFSOFUFTͷಛ௃ • ෆมͳΠϯϑϥ ◦ Ұ౓ɺߏஙͨ͠Πϯϑϥ͸มߋΛՃ͑Δ͜ͱͳ͘ഁغͯ͠ɺ৽͍͠΋ͷΛߏங͠ͳ͓ͤ͹Α͍ 
 *NQMJDJUPS%ZOBNJD(SPVQJOH ೖΕΔͱ͜Ζͳ͍ͷͰίίʹॻ͍͓͖ͯ·͢  •

    એݴతઃఆ ◦ ໋ྩతʹखॱ΍มߋཤྺΛه࿥͢ΔͷͰ͸ͳ͘એݴతͳઃఆͰ͸γεςϜͷ͋Δ΂͖࢟Λఆٛ͠·͢ɻ,VCFSOFUFT͸͜ͷఆٛϑΝΠϧ Λ֬ೝͯ͋͠Δ΂͖࢟ʹࣗ཯తʹಈ࡞͢Δ 
 %FDMBSBUJWF$PO fi HVSBUJPO • ࣗݾम෮ػೳ ◦ ,VCFSOFUFT͕ো֐΍ҟৗ͕͋ͬͨ࣌ʹ͋Δ΂͖࢟ʹͳΔҝʹγεςϜ͕ઃఆͨ͠௨Γʹ"1*Λ࠶ىಈͨ͠Γ༷ʑͳ࡞ۀΛࣗಈͰߦ͏ 
 3FDPODJMJBUJPO-PPQʹ࣮ͯݱ  ΞϓϦ։ൃऀ͸ ϦιʔεΛ͋Β͔͡Ί༻ҙͤͣ ίʔυͰݺͼग़͠ Ұ෦յΕͯ΋ࣗಈͰ෮چ͢Δ
  30. 8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ •αʔϏε૚ ◦ ࣮ࡍͷ8FCΞϓϦ΍8FCαʔϏεͷίϯςϯπ૚ •ετϥςδʔ૚ ◦ 8FCαʔϏεͷಛੑʹ߹Θͤͯίϯςφج൫ΛΑΓಛ௃తʹ੍ޚ͢Δ૚ • ΦʔέετϨʔγϣϯ૚ ◦

    ίϯςφ܈΍ऩ༰ϗετ܈ͷϞχλϦϯά΍Ϧιʔε؅ཧ౳ʹΑͬͯ$3*Λ 
 հͯ͠ίϯςφΛ੍ޚ͢Δ૚ •ίϯςφϥϯλΠϜ૚ ◦ ίϯςφͦͷ΋ͷͷ੍ޚ૚ •ΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟ૚ ◦ ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ΍7.ɺϕΞϝλϧ౳ͷίϯςφͷϦιʔεϓʔϧΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ૚  https://rand.pepabo.com/article/2017/06/28/iot38-matsumotory/ ΑΓ
  31. ετϥςδʔ૚ͷਐԽͱ֦େ w ϚΠΫϩαʔϏεΞʔΩςΫνϟʹ͓͚Δωοτϫʔ Ϋ໘Ͱͷ՝୊Λղܾ͢Δػೳ܈Λఏڙ͢Δ*TUJP w ϞμϯͳαʔόʔϨεϫʔΫϩʔυΛϏϧυɺσϓϩ Πɺ؅ཧ͢ΔͨΊͷ,VCFSOFUFTϕʔεͷϓϥοτϑ ΥʔϜ,OBUJWF 
 


    ͳͲɺ͞·͟·ͳ༻్ͷΞϓϦ͕஀ੜ͍ͯ͠Δ  ͪ͜ΒΛ·ͭ΋ͱΓʔ͞Μ͕ఆٛͨ͠ 
 ೥͔Βݱࡏͷ೥·Ͱͷؒʹ 
 ࠷΋มԽ͕ىͬͨ͜ͷ͕ετϥςδʔ૚
  32. ετϥςδʔ૚ͷ֦େͱ%BQSʹ͍ͭͯ w %BQSͱ͸ w ޮ཰తͳΫϥ΢υωΠςΟϒΞϓϦ։ൃΛ໨ࢦͨ͠ 
 ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϥϯλΠϜ w %BQS͸αΠυΧʔʹΑΓαʔϏεؒͷݺͼग़ ͠ɺεςʔτ؅ཧɺαʔϏεؒϝοηʔδϯάͳͲ

    ͷඇػೳཁ݅Λ࣮ݱ͢ΔࣄͰ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ ͷ࣮૷্ͷ՝୊Λղܾ͢Δػೳ܈Λఏڙ͢ΔϑϨʔ ϜϫʔΫͰ͢ɻ 
 
 ඇػೳతͰ͸͋Δ͕ຊདྷɺαʔϏε૚͕͍࣋ͬͯͨ 
 Ұ෦ػೳΛετϥςδʔ૚͕୲͍ͬͯΔɻ 
  33. $PNQMFYJUZͱ%BQSͷ࣮૷ʹ͍ͭͯ

  34. %BQSͱ͸ʁ %JTUSJCVUFE"QQMJDBUJPO3VOUJNFͷུ 
 %BQSͷಛ௃ αΠυΧʔʹΑΓ೚ҙͷ։ൃݴޠ΍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫͰ։ൃՄೳ ϕετϓϥΫςΟεΛϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͱͯ͠ఏڙ 

  35. %BQSͱ͸ʁ %BQSͷ໨ࢦ͢ͱ͜Ζ ͋ΒΏΔݴޠ΍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛ࢖༻ͯ͠ɺ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛهड़͢Δ͜ͱ͕Մೳ ϕετϓϥΫςΟεͷϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫΛఏڙ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏε 
 ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷߏஙͰ։ൃऀ͕௚໘͢Δࠔ೉ͳ໰୊Λղܾ ίϛϡχςΟओಋͰɺΦʔϓϯ͔ͭϕϯμʔχϡʔτϥϧͰ͋Δ͜ͱ ৽ͨͳߩݙऀͷ֫ಘ Φʔϓϯ"1*ʹΑΔҰ؏ੑͱϙʔλϏϦςΟͷఏڙ Ϋϥ΢υ΍ΤοδͳͲɺϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʹͱΒΘΕͳ͍

    ϕϯμϩοΫΠϯ͢Δ͜ͱͳ͘ɺ֦ுੑͱϓϥάΠϯՄೳͳίϯϙʔωϯτΛఏڙ͢Δ ߴ͍ύϑΥʔϚϯεͱܰྔԽʹΑΓɺ*P5΍ΤοδͷγφϦΦΛՄೳʹ͢Δ ࣮ߦ࣌ʹґଘ͢Δ͜ͱͳ͘ɺطଘͷίʔυ͔ΒΠϯΫϦϝϯλϧʹ࠾༻Ͱ͖Δ  IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSEBQSHPBMT
  36. αΠυΧʔύλʔϯͱ͸ʁ ෼ࢄγεςϜʹ͓͚ΔσβΠϯύλʔϯͷҰͭ αΠυΧʔ͸ɺΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίϯςφΛ֦ு͓Αͼ֦ுͯ͠ɺػೳΛ௥Ճ͠ ·͢ɻαΠυΧʔΛ࢖༻ͯ͠طଘͷϨΨγʔΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͳͲʹ΋ద༻Ͱ͖ ·͢ɻಉ༷ʹɺ͜ΕΒΛ࢖༻ͯ͠ɺҰൠతͳػೳͷ࣮૷Λඪ४Խ͢ΔίϯςφΛ ࡞੒͢Δ͜ͱ΋Ͱ͖·͢ɻ 

  37. ,VCFSOFUFT্Ͱಈ࡞͢Δ%BQS w EBQSPQFSBUPS w %BQSͷίϯϙʔωϯτΞοϓσʔτͱ ,VCFSOFUFTαʔϏεΤϯυϙΠϯτΛ ؅ཧ͠·͢ w EBQSTJEFDBSJOKFDUPS w

    %BQSͷαΠυΧʔΛ஫ೖ͠·͢ w EBQQMBDFNFOU w ΞΫλʔΠϯελϯεΛϙουʹϚοϓ ͢ΔϚοϐϯάςʔϒϧΛ࡞੒͠·͢ w EBQSTFOUSZ w αʔϏεؒͷN5-4Λ؅ཧ͠ɺೝূہͱ ͯ͠ػೳ͠·͢ɻ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPPQFSBUJPOTIPTUJOHLVCFSOFUFT
  38. %BQSʹ͓͚ΔαΠυΧʔΞʔΩςΫνϟ w %BQSͷଟ༷ੑ w %BQSαΠυΧʔʹΑΓɺ)551 H31$Ͱͷ௨৴͕ՄೳͰ͋Ε͹ 
 ։ൃ͕Ͱ͖Δ w ެࣜ4%,΋ఏڙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ

    +BWBTEL 1ZUIPOTEL %PUOFUTEL +TTEL (PTEL $QQTEL 1)14%, 8*13VTUTEL 
  39. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ w ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ w Ұൠతʹ͸γεςϜΞʔΩςΫνϟΛߏ੒͢Δཁૉ w %BQSͰ͸ར༻Մೳͳػೳ܈ͷ͜ͱΛࢦ͢৔߹͕ଟ͍ w ϚΠΫϩαʔϏεͷϕετϓϥΫςΟεΛମܥԽͯ͠ػೳͱ࣮ͯ͠૷͞ΕͯΔ w

    αΠυΧʔͷ)551H31$Λݺͼग़ͯ͜͠ΕΒΛར༻͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ w ίϯϙʔωϯτ w ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͰར༻͞ΕΔػೳϞδϡʔϧ w ҰͭҎ্ͷෳ਺ͷίϯϙʔωϯτΛ࢖༻Մೳ w *'͕༻ҙ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷͰ͜ΕΒʹ߹ΘͤͯػೳΛ࣮૷ w ౷Ұ͞ΕͨΤϯυϙΠϯτ͕ར༻Ͱ͖ΔͷͰΞϓϦଆʹෳࡶੑΛ๊͑ࠐ·ͳͯ͘ྑ͍  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPDPODFQUTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTDPODFQU IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSDPNQPOFOUTDPOUSJC
  40. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ w ೥݄ͰͭͷϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ͕༻ҙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ 

  41. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ w αʔϏεؒݺͼग़͠ w ঢ়ଶ؅ཧ w ύϒϦογϡͱαϒεΫϥΠϒ w όΠϯμʔ w

    ΞΫλʔ w Մ؍ଌੑ w γʔΫϨοτͷ؅ཧ w ߏ੒ઃఆ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLT ػೳ͕·ͩগͳ͍ͷͰ͜Ε͚ͩͰ 
 શͯΧόʔ͢Δͷ͸·ͩ೉͍͠ͱࢥ͏
  42. αʔϏεؒͰͷݺͼग़͠ w αʔϏεؒͰϝιουΛ௚઀ɺ҆શʹݺͼग़࣮ͯ͠ߦ͠·͢  ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ SFTQ FSSDMJFOU*OWPLF.FUIPE DUY BQQJE NFUIPEOBNF

    QPTU
  43. ঢ়ଶ؅ཧ w ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ͕ར༻͢ΔσʔλΛΩʔͱ஋ͷϖΞͰ؅ཧ  ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTTUBUFNBOBHFNFOUTUBUFNBOBHFNFOUPWFSWJFX DMJFOU4BWF#VML4UBUF DUY TUPSF JUFN@EBUB

    JUFN@EBUB JUFN@EBUB  DMJFOU(FU#VML4UBUF DUY TUPSF LFZT OJM 
  44. ύϒϦογϡ͓ΑͼαϒεΫϥΠϒ 1VC4VCϝοηʔδϯάϞσϧΛఏڙ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTQVCTVCQVCTVCPWFSWJFX ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ DMJFOU1VCMJTI&WFOU DUY DPNQPOFOUOBNF UPQJDOBNF EBUB

     T"EE5PQJD&WFOU)BOEMFS EFGBVMU4VCTDSJQUJPO FWFOU)BOEMFS
  45. όΠϯμʔ ֎෦αʔϏεͱͷ࿈ܞΛઃఆ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTCJOEJOHT ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ EBQS*OWPLF#JOEJOH3FRVFTU\/BNFCJOEJOHOBNF 0QFSBUJPOPQFSBUJPOOBNF^ DMJFOU*OWPLF0VUQVU#JOEJOH DUY JO

  46. ΞΫλʔ ܭࢉ୯ҐͷॲཧΛฒྻ࣮ߦͤ͞Δػೳ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTBDUPSTBDUPSTPWFSWJFX ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ DMJFOU3FHJTUFS"DUPS3FNJOEFS DUYDPOUFYU$POUFYU JO 3FHJTUFS"DUPS3FNJOEFS3FRVFTU 

    DMJFOU3FHJTUFS"DUPS5JNFS DUYDPOUFYU$POUFYU JO 3FHJTUFS"DUPS5JNFS3FRVFTU
  47. Մ؍ଌੑ Մ؍ଌੑͷγεςϜʹ͍ͭͯ 5SBDJOH͸ࣗಈ͔खಈ͔બ୒ αʔϏεؒͰτϨʔείϯςΩετΛ ࣗಈͰੜ੒ͯ͠఻೻ τϨʔείϯςΩετΛੜ੒͠ɺτϨ ʔείϯςΩετΛผͷαʔϏεʹ఻ ೻͕ඞཁ -PHHJOH͸ͦΕͧΕ .FUSJD͸αΠυΧʔ͔ΒऔಘՄೳ

     IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTPCTFSWBCJMJUZUSBDJOHPWFSWJFX ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ
  48. γʔΫϨοτͷ؅ཧ ֎෦γεςϜ΁ΞΫηε͢ΔͨΊͷ,FZ΍5PLFOΛ؅ཧ ֎෦࿈ܞ΋͋Γ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTTFDSFUTTFDSFUTPWFSWJFX ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ DMJFOU(FU4FDSFU DUY TUPSFOBNF TFDSFUOBNF

    PQU
  49. ߏ੒ઃఆ ઀ଓ৘ใ΍ΤϯυϙΠϯτͳͲΛ؅ཧ  IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTDPO fi HVSBUJPODPO fi HVSBUJPOBQJPWFSWJFX ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ DMJFOU(FU$PO

    fi HVSBUJPO*UFN DUY TUPSF/BNF LFZ PQU EBQSHPTEL͸ରԠத
  50. 3FQPTJUPSZʹ͓͍ͯ%BQSʹΑΔந৅Խͷཧ૝ͱݱ࣮

  51. 3FQPTJUPSZͱ͸ w %%%ͷϨΠϠʔυΞʔΩςΫνϟͰఏএ͞Ε͍Δ w 3FQPTJUPSZͰΠϯλʔϑΣʔεΛఆٛ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΓ*OGSB૚Λந৅Խɺґଘੑͷٯస w ϞοΫͷࠩ͠ସ͕͑ՄೳʹͳΓɺ"QQMJDBUJPO૚ͷϢχοτςετ͕ՄೳʹͳΔ  *OGSBTUSVDUVSF 3FQPTJUPSZ

    "QQMJDBUJPO
  52. ϨΠϠʔԽͱந৅Խ w ϨΠϠʔԽͷϝϦοτ w ؔ৺͝ͱͷ෼཭ w ୯Ұ੹೚ͷݪଇ w ࣮૷ͷӅṭ w

    ந৅ԽͷϝϦοτ w ։์ด࠯ݪଇ w ґଘੑٯసͷݪଇ w ςελϏϦςΟ w ϓϩτίϧͷந৅Խ  *OGSBTUSVDUVSF 3FQPTJUPSZ "QQMJDBUJPO ந৅Խͷ࣮૷Λແҋʹ'"5ʹ͢Δͱ 
 ͲΜͲΜ࣮૷ྔ͕૿͑ͯਏ͘ͳΔ IUUQTDPEFDMJNBUFDPNCMPHXBZTUPEFDPNQPTFGBUBDUJWFSFDPSENPEFMT
  53. %BQSʹΑΔ3FQPTJUPSZͷٵऩ͖͠Δͷ͔ʁ w ԿΛந৅Խ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ʁ w 3FQPTJUPSZ͸ɺந৅ԽͱϨΠϠʔԽΛಉ࣌ʹߦ͏ͷ͕Ұൠత w %BQS͸લड़ͨ͠ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͱެࣜͷ4%,ʹΑͬͯϓϩτίϧͷந৅Խ͕Մೳ w ந৅Խʹ߹Θ࣮ͤͨ૷ΛҰ෦͠ͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍ͷͰશମͷ࣮૷ྔ͸ͦΓΌɺݮΔ 

    *OGSBTUSVDUVSF 3FQPTJUPSZ "QQMJDBUJPO DMJFOU FSSEBQS/FX$MJFOU  DUYDPOUFYU#BDLHSPVOE  EBUB<>CZUF IFMMP  TUPSFNZTUPSF DMJFOU4BWF4UBUF DUY TUPSF LFZ EBUB IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSHPTEL νʔϜͰͲͷΑ͏ͳ࣮૷ʹ͍͔ͯ͘͠࿩͠߹͍ ͪͳɺϨΠϠʔԽʹؔͯ͠͸͋·Γد༩͠ͳ͍
  54. %BQSʹΑͬͯ$PNQMFYJUZ͸ղফ͞ΕΔͷ͔ʁ w $PNQMFYJUZͱ͸ w ೝࣝ΍มߋΛࠔ೉ʹ͢Διϑτ΢ΣΞͷߏ଄ʹؔ͢Δ 
 શͯͷ΋ͷΛࢦ͠·͢ w ͲΕ͚࣮ͩ૷͕ʮෳࡶʯͰ΋։ൃऀ͕ಡΈॻ͖͢Δඞཁ͕ͳ͚Ε ͹ɺͦΕ͸$PNQMFYJUZͱ͸ݴ͍·ͤΜ

    w 1SPYZ͕୲͏෦෼͸ೝࣝ͠ͳͯ͘ྑ͍ͷͰ࠷ߴ 
 Ͱ΋ɺػೳ͕·ͩগͳ͔ͬͨΓ͢Δ !DFSP@U͞Μͷൃදָ͠Έ  IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSKBWBTELJTTVFT
  55. %BQSʹΑͬͯ$PNQMFYJUZ͸ղফ͞ΕΔͷ͔ʁ w %BQSͰ$PNQMFYJUZͷղফͷເ͸ݟΕΔ͔ʁ w %BQSʹΑͬͯந৅ԽͷҰ෦ͷϝϦοτ͸ಘΒΕΔ w %BQSͰ΋ϨΠϠʔԽ͢Δͷ͸ࣗ෼ୡͰ͋Δ͜ͱΛ๨Εͣʹ w .PDL$MJFOUΈ͍ͨͳ࿩͕HPTELͰ΋ग़Ε͹͍͍͕ 


    ݱঢ়ͩͱಛʹͳ͍ͷͰࣗ෼ୡͰ༻ҙ͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δ  IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSKBWBTELJTTVFT
  56. ࢀߟࢿྉ

  57. ࢀߟࢿྉ w *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT$PEFͷ͜Ε·Ͱͱ͜Ε͔Β*OGSB4UVEZ.FFUVQΑΓ w IUUQTGPSLXFMMDPOOQBTTDPNFWFOU w %BQS%PDT w IUUQTEPDTEBQSJP w

    ;ͭ͏ͷ-JOVYϓϩάϥϛϯάୈ൛ɹ-JOVYͷ࢓૊Έ͔Βֶ΂ΔHDDϓϩάϥϛϯάͷԦಓ w IUUQTXXXTCDSKQQSPEVDU w ίϯςφ࣌୅ͷ8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧ'BTU$POUBJOFSͷݚڀൃදΛ͖ͯ͠·ͨ͠ w IUUQTSBOEQFQBCPDPNBSUJDMFJPUNBUTVNPUPSZ w ໨తʹԊͬͨ%PDVNFOUBUJPOBT$PEFΛ͍͔ʹ࣮ͯ͠ݱ͍͔ͯ͘͠1)1FS,BJHJ w IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNLMPXQIQFSLBJHJ 
  58. ࢀߟࢿྉ w Ϋϥ΢υωΠςΟϒͱ,VCFSOFUFTʢ͍͍ͩͨ͋ͬͯΔΫϥ΢υωΠςΟϒʣ w IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNIJSP@LBNF[BXBLVSBVEPOFJUFJCVUPLVCFSOFUFTEBJUBJBUVUFSVLVSBVEPOFJUFJCV w %FTJHOJOH%JTUSJCVUFE4ZTUFNT 16#-*4)&%#:03FJMMZ.FEJB *OD 

    w IUUQTMFBSOJOHPSFJMMZDPNMJCSBSZWJFXEFTJHOJOHEJTUSJCVUFETZTUFNT w ϘτϜΞοϓυϝΠϯۦಈઃܭ w IUUQTOSTMJCDPNCPUUPNVQEEE w 3FQPTJUPSZʹΑΔந৅Խͷཧ૝ͱݱ࣮*EFBMBOESFBMJUZPGBCTUSBDUJPOCZ3FQPTJUPSZ w IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNTPOBUBSEJEFBMBOESFBMJUZPGBCTUSBDUJPOCZSFQPTJUPSZ w "1IJMPTPQIZPG4PGUXBSF%FTJHO w IUUQTXFCTUBOGPSEFEVdPVTUFSDHJCJOCPPLQIQ