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LOFAR Status Update

Ab44292d7d6f032baf342a98230a6654?s=47 transientskp
December 03, 2012

LOFAR Status Update

Michael Wise

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transientskp

December 03, 2012
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  1. ASTRON is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

    (NWO) Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy LOFAR LOFAR LOFAR Status Update Transient KSP Plenary Meeting December 3, 2012 Michael Wise LOFAR Project Scientist (ASTRON / UvA)
  2. ASTRON is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

    (NWO) Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy LOFAR LOFAR Transient KSP Plenary Meeting December 3, 2012 Current Array Status and Upgrades Developments Plans for 2013 Start of Cycle 0 Operations MSSS Update
  3. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 3 Current Array Status §44 operational stations - 24 core + 12 remote in NL - Remaining 4 NL stations by early-2013 - 8 international stations online - New stations in Poland (3), Germany (1) §IBM BlueGene/P supercomputer - Operating nominally (uptime of 99%) - Bandwidth to CEP2 upgraded to 80 Gbit/s - Upgrade studies underway §Post-processing cluster - CEP2 stable, CEP1 software upgraded - All development work moved to CEP1 - CEP3 upgrade plan under discussion §Additional hardware upgrades - Synoptics boards installed in all NL stations - TBB (4GB) upgrades under test
  4. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 4 Rollout of Final NL Stations 3.2 Asynchronous RSP Boards As reported in a previous progress report, a problem has been identified with the start-up of the RSP boards on a given station at the beginning of an observation. This problem can cause significantly (~30%) reduced signal-to-noise ratios compared to baselines with ‘good’ stations. The problem was already traced in part to behaviour where one or more RSP boards on a station can start 5 nsec earlier or later than the remaining boards. This difference gives 180 degrees phase error at 100MHz (200MHz clock). The net effect of the problem is an error in the pointing and a net reduction in the sensitivity of the station, ranging from 30% to 100%. Further investigation traced the problem down to the Rb- clocks in the stations: the clock signal inside the Rb clock is distributed to several signal outlets, but a temperature dependent phase difference between these outlets to which the RSP boards are connected causes unpredictable phase relations. To remedy this effect, clock distribution was moved to a SyncOptic board (already under development for the core single clock project, see section 3.5). This board was successfully tested on CS401 in May. The next step was to produce a series of these SyncOptic boards for both core stations and remote stations. The boards were delivered in the last week of August, and underwent integration and final testing at ASTRON in early September. All Dutch stations, core and remote, were outfitted with SyncOptic boards in September and early October. SyncOptic boards were installed as an experiment in the Effelsberg station, DE601, in the week of November 12 to 16. This station was selected because a) the clock system at DE601 showed erratic behaviour, and b) the station is sufficiently close to ASTRON to permit traveling to the station in case of complications. 3.3 Station Rollout Schedule At the time of writing, construction of three Dutch stations, RS409, RS305, and RS407, is completed, with the stations being on-line (RS305) or being brought on-line (RS407 and RS409). Of the remaining four NL stations, two, RS310 and RS210 are expected to be completed before the end of 2012. The location of the Buinen station (RS404) has become uncertain due to archaeological finds nearby. The remaining station, RS410, is expected to come online in 2013 due to delays associated with obtaining the necessary building permits. Table 1 gives the current expected rollout schedule for the remaining NL stations. Table 1: Estimated rollout schedule for remaining LOFAR stations. Station ID Location Status Completion RS404 Buinen Location uncertain 2013 RS310 Onna Construction started Q4 2012 RS210 Weerselo Construction started Q4 2012 RS410 Wolvega Location uncertain 2013 (courtesy M. Gerbers & N. Ebbendorf) § Four remaining NL remote stations under construction § RS310 and RS210 are expected to be completed before the end of 2012 § RS404 location uncertain due to archaeological finds nearby § RS410 delayed due to building permit issues LOFAR station RS310 (Zuidveen/Onna)
  5. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 5 Installation of Synoptics Boards Mid-September 2012 Mid-November 2012 Synchronization issue between station RSPs identified early 2012 Causes out-of-focus, mispointed beams and loss of sensitivity Prototype synoptics board tested in May, rolled out to all NL stations by October Second batch of boards ordered for remaining international LOFAR stations (courtesy W. Frieswijk)
  6. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 6 Single Core Clock Distribution (courtesy J. Hessels) Central clock at Concentrator Node Distributed using existing fibers All core stations now use single clock Improved S/N for coherent TABs
  7. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 7 Uniformity of Station Beams (courtesy M. Brentjens & W. Frieswijk) §HBA NL core and remote stations have differing FoVs §HBA Inner mode selects only innermost 24 tiles for remote stations §Yields HBA beam sizes that are now the same for core and remote stations FWHM ~3.8 deg (150 MHz)
  8. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 8 LOFAR Version 1.0 Deployed § Standard Imaging Observations § LBA and HBA MSSS-like imaging observations § Imaging observations with up to 8 independent beams § Automated execution of Standard Imaging Pipeline (SIP) § Specification, planning, and management of observations § Beam-formed Observations § Tied array mode observing with up to 127 pencil beams § Four tied-array modes: complex voltages, coherent stokes, incoherent stokes, fly's eye § BG/P processing and kickoff of post-processing pipeline § Specification, planning, and management of observations § Initial Long Term Archive (LTA) § Ingest of imaging data products (visibilities and images) § Ingest of raw beam-formed data products § Search and retrieve functionality for LTA data products (courtesy J. Broderick) Available for Cycle 0 Operations, but 6 months late!
  9. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 9 Post-1.0 Developments § 8-bit Mode Observing § Updates to station firmware (8-bit and 16-bit) § Updates to MAC/SAS station control software § Updates to Navigator, MoM, Scheduler for operations § Testing of LCU capacity, network, CEP write speed § Propagation of broken HBA tile metadata § Testing of downstream pipeline processing § Availability of sufficient LTA ingest capacity § Standard Imaging Pipeline § Updates to beam model § Direction dependent corrections § Initial source finding and GSM integration § Long Baseline Imaging § Superterp baseline addition in NDPPP § Fringe fitting preprocessing (developed by LB working group) (courtesy S. Yatawatta) 30o x 30o 96 MHz bandwidth 2 arcmin FWHM PSF 100 μJy noise NCP field 8-bit mode test data
  10. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 10 LOFAR Version 2.0 Planning §Basic System Functionality § Parallel observations (incl. sub-arrays and piggy backing) § Improved operability (metadata propagation, logging, etc.) § LTA integration (complete ingest, limited processing) § Data & system quality monitoring §New Science Capabilities § Initial responsive telescope - Generating triggers - Overrides and priority system - Triggered TBB dumps § Expert mode long-baseline imaging § 8-bit mode observing refinements § Design work for fast imaging pipeline § Extended pipelines (best effort basis) Closing the Major Cycle
  11. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 11 Central Processing Upgrade GbE GbE Post-processing CPU Cluster Storage Section BlueGene/P Supercomputer I/O Nodes I/O Nodes GbE GbE GbE GbE GbE LTA Staging Area LOFAR Long-term Archive (LTA) Station Station Station Station WAN Real-time Processing Offline Processing § Support contract on BG/P will expire end of 2013 § CEP compute cluster is insufficient for full operations § Report on hardware options currently being prepared § Large GPU+CPU cluster is one favored scenario § Requires significant porting effort throughout 2013
  12. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 12 GbE GbE Storage Section GbE GbE GbE GbE GbE LTA Staging Area LOFAR Long-term Archive (LTA) Station Station Station Station WAN Real-time and OfflineProcessing CEP3 GPU+CPU Cluster (Integrated correlator and post-processing) Central Processing Upgrade § Support contract on BG/P will expire end of 2013 § CEP compute cluster is insufficient for full operations § Report on hardware options currently being prepared § Large GPU+CPU cluster is one favored scenario § Requires significant porting effort throughout 2013
  13. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 13 Development Overview §Current development priorities - Freeze of LOFAR version 1.0 operational system - Clean separation between development and operational system - Testing and bug fixing for Cycle 0 operations - Post-1.0 additions (8-bit mode, LB additions, etc.) §Development priorities for 2013 - Replacement of the BG/P and CEP2 upgrade - A fully functional Long Term Archive (LTA) - System redesign to incorporate Apertif control and operations - System redesign to support a fully responsive LOFAR telescope - System redesign to facilitate a maintainable and expandable system New system functionality will be very limited in 2013
  14. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 14 LTA Data Accumulation 0" 500" 1000" 1500" 2000" 2500" 3000" 2011/01" 2011/04" 2011/07" 2011/10" 2012/01" 2012/04" 2012/07" 2012/10" Volume'(Terabyte)' Date' Data'Stored'in'the'Long'Term'Archive' NIKHEF" TARGET" FZJ" SARA" 2.65 PBytes as of Nov 2012 Comparable to expected NRAO aggregate archive by start of 2013 Current data volume on Tier 1 sites Includes visibilities, images, and BF data Estimated growth of LTA data volume Does not include raw visibility data Does not include derived products
  15. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 15 LBA component ~80% complete Pipeline processing underway HBA survey runs till end of 2012 Initial catalog mid-2013 (courtesy G. Heald & J. Swinbank) Multifrequency Snapshot Sky Survey Observation Catalog
  16. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 16 Multi-band Source Detection § Detections in most/all bands used for cross-id’s § Spectral indices determined for all sources § Spectral index distributions seem reasonable based on limited number of fields § First steps to filling the broadband catalog (Pietka et al. 2012) Spectral Index <α > = -0.66 L070+69
  17. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 17 MSSS HBA Survey Underway (courtesy G. Heald) HBA 9-field mosaic MSSS-LBA Verification Field L227+69 2-MHz bandwidth Centered on 120 MHz
  18. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 18 Comparing MSSS Fluxes HBA 9-field mosaic MSSS-LBA Verification Field L227+69 Source finding and inspection Comparing MSSS fluxes with NVSS,WENSS,VLSS (courtesy S. van Velzen)
  19. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 19 TKP Contributions to MSSS Transients KSP largest contributor to MSSS commissioning effort! Col. Heald and the happy few
  20. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 20 Cycle 0 Proposals and Operations §Cycle 0 Proposal Call § 43 Cycle 0 proposals were submitted § 247 authors from 17 countries § 29 associated with Reserved Access proposals § Over-subscription ratios of 1.4 - 3.0 § LOFAR PC met on Nov 28-29, 2012 § Cycle 1 deadline tentatively March 15, 2013 §Regular Cycle 0 Operations § Began on December 1, 2012 (first EoR fields) § Modest operational efficiency through January § EoR and MSSS dominate early schedule § Long-term schedule available mid-December Commissioning time will be very constrained during Cycle 0!
  21. Michael Wise / TKP Plenary Meeting / December 3, 2012

    LOFAR LOFAR 21 § Hardware status of the LOFAR array is excellent § Initial system software system is operational § Software development will be constrained in 2013 § MSSS and commissioning making excellent progress § Regular Cycle 0 operations have begun Summary New system functionality will be very limited in 2013
  22. The End The End