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Open Education: Equity & Engagement and the evolving community college

Open Education: Equity & Engagement and the evolving community college

Community Colleges are the original open institutions.In this presentation, Robin and Jim will review why an how Open Educational Resources (OER) and open pedagogy can help recharge and reclaim the community college mission. They will offer faculty a vision for transforming not only their teaching and courses, but also their institutions, to more justly serve the learners of New Hampshire. Most importantly, drawing on their experience, they will share ideas about how “open” can invigorate teaching and learning, and help faculty engage students in work that is meaningful to their personal goals and to the larger world beyond college.

Robin DeRosa

January 10, 2020

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  1. Open Education Equity & Engagement and the evolving community college

    Robin DeRosa Director, Open Learning & Teaching Collaborative Plymouth State University Jim Luke Professor of Economics Open Learning Fellow, Center for Teaching Excellence Lansing Community College
  2. Community Colleges Started as an Experiment in Open

  3. But, $$ has increasingly obstructed the door.

  4. • A generation ago, public colleges/unis got an average of

    75% of budget from state. Today, it's about 50%. • 23% of low-income sophomores worked a job between the hours of 10pm-8am. • Survey at 10 community colleges (4312 students responding): 1 in 5 students were hungry, 13% were homeless. • 50-80% of sticker price comes from non-tuition costs. • The average net price for a year at community college equals 40% of a low-income family's annual income. • 60% of Americans ages 25-64 don't have a college credential, but 22% of them earned credits trying to get one.
  5. Putting a real toll on the open door. National Average

    -CC Full-time Student, full year, [NCES; BLS] 1978 2018 increase Tuition & Fees $ 306 $ 3243 Textbooks $106 $1293 Min Wage $ 2.68 $ 7.25 Tuition - hours 114 hrs 447 hrs 3.9x Textbooks - hours 39 hrs 178 hrs 4.6x
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  10. Appears to be a $$ problem

  11. Money isn’t Real Axel Drainville, CC BY-NC 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/axelrd/8041594578/

  12. What really happened? A corporate (market thinking) take-over

  13. Market

  14. Let’s consider institutional structure & process of higher ed

  15. State and Market Views State & Bureau Market & Firm

    Status - Hierarchy - Scale Measurement & Control
  16. Learning is peer-peer & mentor-learner process Commons Household

  17. NOT a Commons: The Garrett Hardin Myth: Tragedy of Commons

    By Bernard Gagnon - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org /w/index.php?curid=5737116
  18. #Commons Is A Verb Norms for dealing with Common Pool

  19. Learning Commons at the Core: The Civilization Engine Society -

    Community The Academy Learning Commons
  20. Higher Ed Was a Hybrid Society Learning Commons Community

  21. What are the Common Pool Resources? Learning Commons • Texts?

    • Space/Place? • Time?
  22. Consider creation, distribution, & use of ed resources (ER) as

  23. The Real resources? Faculty Rainmakers Create Artifacts The Academy Learning

  24. Ed resources (ER) aren’t the pool. They aren’t even resources.

    They are artifacts of the pool. elycefeliz - CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 -https://www.flickr.com/photos/elycefeliz/3936354237
  25. Rain fills pools, but they’re unevenly distributed.

  26. Printing & publishing tech brought great power and...illusion of scale.

    Airwolfhound, CC-BY-SA,
  27. But with great power comes great costs… enclosure

  28. $$ Thinking “...during the 1970s, books started to get expensive...Textbooks

    became less about educating the masses and more about exclusivity and profitability. By the 1990s, the textbook market was an oligopoly, and prices skyrocketed.” Priceonomics.com
  29. Digital changes the economics of ER Natural monopoly ATC MC

    $/ Q Q Q $/ Q
  30. ...but they need barriers to entry to prevent new competition.

    Which explains current strategies & tactics.
  31. Photo credit: Alan Levine, CC0 Public Domain Alan adds more

    to the pool than he drains. Be like Alan. Investor-based capitalism encloses & extracts. It drains the pool.
  32. R’s to Return

  33. Professors: Re-Open the Door - OER Create OER The Academy

    Learning Commons
  34. Professors: Reclaim Curriculum

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  37. Institutions: Restore & Revitalize - Collaborate

  38. Building a Collaborative Public Scaling Up, Scaling In • UNH

    OER Pilot • USNH Open Ed Initiative • CCSNH Open Ed Initiative • New Hampshire Open Ed Public Consortium • New England Board of Higher Education • Space: The Final Frontier
  39. System & Institutions: Re-invent the Model Publishing, Tools, Infrastructure, Process

  40. System: Re-engage and Re-frame Public Value UCL Institute for Innovation

    & Public Purpose, CC-BY-NC, https://bit.ly/2BRyj5H Mariana Mazzucato
  41. Robin DeRosa & Jim Luke @actualham @econproph