in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings.” INCLUDES: code, figures, statistics, interviews, transcripts EXCLUDES: preliminary analyses, drafts of papers, plans for further research, communication + peer reviews, physical samples - OMB Circular, White House
required by most federal funders since 2011 Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) memorandum • Released by the White House • Published spring 2013; took effect fall 2015 • Requires open sharing of published articles and data • Publication repository is provided; data repository is not • Most require that researchers provide access to “all materials needed to reproduce published findings” • Applies to agencies with $100M + in R&D
about data may include: • Principal investigator • Funding sources • Data collector/producer • Project description • Sample and sampling procedures • Weighting • Substantive, temporal, and geographic coverage of the data collection • Data source(s) • Unit(s) of analysis/observation • Variables • Technical information on files • Data collection instruments Adapted from ICPSR
info for people associated with the project" • List of ﬁles, including a description of their relationship to one another" • Copyright + licensing information" • Limitations of the data" • Funding sources / institutional support" " tl;dr !! Any information necessary for someone with no knowledge of the research to understand and / or replicate the work."
item-level description • Advise them to start conversation + remain aware of community standards • I have to make tough choices as repository manager – If a dataset doesn’t have metadata, I won’t preserve it – Sometimes data (even with detailed metadata!) is too big for our repository platform • Data without the contextual information needed to interpret it (and ultimately reproduce the research results) is useless"
- much less capturing metadata" • Federal funding requirements necessitate data sharing but don’t provide guidance on metadata to support it" • Metadata standards are disciplinary; can be hard to give generalizable advice" • We need new information professionals willing to wade into the mess and help us solve this!"