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Dr. Andri Slamet Subandrio - The future of mineral exploration beyond Sunda continental shelf

Dr. Andri Slamet Subandrio - The future of mineral exploration beyond Sunda continental shelf

Dr. Andri Slamet Subandrio - The future of mineral exploration beyond Sunda continental shelf. https://geologi.fitb.itb.ac.id/2021/11/11/webinar-geologi-laut-exploring-the-ocean-floor/

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Dasapta Erwin Irawan

November 11, 2021
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  1. EXPLORATION FOR SUBMARINE HYDROTHERMAL MINERALIZATION @ NORTHERN FLORES OFFSHORE, 2003

    Komba Volcano – Flores Dr. Andri Subandrio Prodi Teknik Geologi – FITB - ITB
  2. BANDAMIN CRUISE I-III EXPLORATION FOR SUBMARINE HYDROTHERMAL MINERALIZATION Joint marine

    research FUB (Germany) and BPPT- PPGL-BRKP-LIPI-ITB-UNPAD-UPN-TRISAKTI Baruna Jaya VIII Komba Volcano – Flores Komba
  3. Bandamin-I-III Iasha-I Java Trench Bone Gulf BABEL TIN Silica Sand

    & REE
  4. None
  5. CHALENGE FOR MINERAL & ENERGY EXPLORATION (Katili, 1980)

  6. EXPLORING THE OCEAN FLOOR OF SUNDA SHELF Dr. Andri Subandrio

    Dept. of Geological Engineering FITB-ITB @ Karimata Strait
  7. https://www.nst.com.my/news/2016/12/197 239/legend-sunken-atlantis Dabo coastal plain – Western Singkep Island

  8. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323537810_SPATIAL_RECONSTRUCTION_AND_UNDERWATER_SURVEY_OF_P ALEO-RIVER_IN_SUNDALAND/figures?lo=1 PALEO RIVER OF SUNDALAND

  9. Global sea level curve for the Phanerozoic (after Hallam, 1992).

    Sea level rise occurs throughout the Cambrian, consistent with the opening of the Iapetus Ocean. Global sea level drop at the end of the Cambrian is attributed to the onset of subduction within the Iapetus Ocean. The long-term drop in sea level beginning at ca. 440 Ma is broadly coincident with the onset of subduction within the Rheic Ocean, which eventually closed with the amalgamation of Pangea. The rise in sea level in the Mesozoic coincides with the opening of the Atlantic Ocea https://www.researchgate.net/publication/239938665_Speculations_on_the_me chanisms_for_the_formation_and_breakup_of_supercontinents/figures?lo=1
  10. Figure 1.1 Sundaland dated circa 20,000 Before Present (BP), when

    sea level was 116 m below present. The hypothetical paleo-coastline is denoted by black line https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323537810_SPATIAL_RECONSTRUCTION_AND_UNDERWATER_SURVEY_OF_P ALEO-RIVER_IN_SUNDALAND/figures?lo=1
  11. Figure 2.1 Prediction of sea level of Sundaland from 21

    ka BP to present time derived from Geyh et al., (1979), Hesp et al., (1998), and Hanebuth et al., (2000; 2009) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323537810_SPATIAL_RECONSTRUCTION_AND_UNDERWATER_SURVEY_OF_P ALEO-RIVER_IN_SUNDALAND/figures?lo=1
  12. Figure 6: Shallow seismic profiles depicting the buried paleo fluvial

    system. Note: A) Bui et al. (2013); B) Tjallingii et al., 2010; C) Posamentier (2001); D) Hanebuth et al. (2003a); E) Tjallingii et al. (2014); F) Hanebuth & Stattegger (2004); and G) Puchala et al. (2011). https://www.researchgate.net/publ ication/329602318_Late_Quaternar y_paleo_fluvial_system_research_of _Sunda_Shelf_A_review/figures?lo= 1
  13. Fig. 3 Geography of Sundaland during the Cenozoic, based on

    maps provided by Hall (2013)
  14. Late Triassic granites from Bangka, Indonesia: A continuation of the

    Main Range granite province of the South-East Asian Tin Belt Author links open overlay panelSamuel Wai-PanNgaMartin J.WhitehousebMuhammad H.RoseleecdClaudiaTeschnereSayedMurtadhafGrahame J.H.OlivergAzman A.GhanicSu- ChinChanga Bangka Island as South-East Asian Tin Belt
  15. HYPOGEN – PRIMARY ORE MINERALIZATION; e.g. Hydrothermal ore mineralization

  16. SEDIMENTARY AND PLACER ORE DEPOSITS

  17. 100 mm 1 mm If Ultrabasic rocks: Magnetite Chromite PGM

  18. Mechanical durability is also important. Minerals which are hard, or

    which have no cleavage, are likely to survive longer: they are more resistant to abrasion during transport. Quartz is by far the most common of these stable, durable minerals, and the commonest component in clastic sediments. It survives because of its resistance to chemical attack (it is soluble only in highly alkaline solutions), and its mechanical durability (hardness 7, no cleavage). The concept of mineralogical maturity: a mineralogically mature sediment or sedimentary rock is one which consists largely of the stable minerals, particularly quartz. Mineralogically mature rocks are those which have undergone prolonged weathering, transport and reworking. Cassiterite sands of Bangka-Belitung coast & gold detritus of Kutai placer. Photo by Andri SSM 1mm 1mm 1mm
  19. Grain Mineralogy You will already be familiar in thin section

    with most of the grains that you are likely to come across in sandstones: many of them are also found in igneous rocks. In some cases, it may also be possible to recognize different types of the same mineral, such as varieties of quartz. A problem with sedimentary grains is that, because of transport & abrasion, they rarely show crystal faces, so we often do not have crystal shape or straight or inclined extinction as identifiable properties. Microphoto by Andri SSM 2004 1mm 1mm
  20. 0.05 mm ZIRCON QUARTZ SAND Zircon sand deposit of West

    Kalimantan
  21. USE OF ZIRCON

  22. SE Asian Tin Granite Belt Bangka-Belitung Islands Sibolga Granite Complex

    Beckinsale, 1979 Phuket Other granite belt I. REGIONAL GEOLOGY Jalur granit membentang mulai dari Phuket Thailand, Semenanjung Malaya hingga kepulauan dan perairan Bangka Belitung dan dikenal sebagai Southeast Asian Tin Granite Belt (Hosking, 1981 and Hutchison, 1979). Secara fisiografis jalur timah granit ini terdapat dibagian timur Jalur granit Asia Tenggara terkenal didunia karena merupakan penghasil timah paling besar dan ekonomis didunia. Pulau Sumatra.
  23. Bangka Tin Granitoid Complex Photography : Andri Subandrio, 2008

  24. Tin granite greisen of Bangka Island which potential for Sn,

    W, Nb, Ta, Zircon, Monazite and Silica Quartz as well as Kaolin . Photograph by Andri Sn-W Granite Greisen of Bangka
  25. Schematic representation of the regional zonation of pegmatites (red) around

    a granite intrusion (modified from Trueman and Cern$, 1982). https://www.researchgate.net/figure/4-Schematic-representation-of-the-regional-zonation- of-pegmatites-red-around-a_fig3_337608086 Pegmatite Vein in Granite Greisen System https://www.pppl.gov/news/2012/07/ new-jersey-firm-creates-jobs-and- vital-components-world-leading- experiment Cu-Nb alloy superconductor
  26. Dari Pantai Belinyu, Coconut Island tampak mungil di pagi hari

    ketika laut surut. Tonjolan-tonjolan granit nampak membentuk kelurusan di tengah laut. Indah dipandang, namun cukup membahayakan pelayaran karena mirip gunung es dibawahnya. Kuningnya mentari senja membuat relief granit menjadi seperti menhir dan pepohonan menggeliat seperti bonsai. Teks dan foto oleh Andri S. Subandrio M, Mei 2008
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  30. + Blinyu Tg. Penyusuk + Klabat Gulf

  31. None
  32. Peta distribusi sungai-sungai purba (paleo-channel) di perairan Bangka-Belitung (disederhanakan dari

    Kuenen, 1919.
  33. Contoh rekaman seismik yang menunjukkan batuan alas (bedrock), paleochannel dan

    coarse fluvial deposits (Ringis, 1993).
  34. MARINE SURVEY IN ACTION Traditionaly fish boat is mounted with

    Hi- Tech equipments for tin sand exploration @ sea bed of Karimata Strait
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  38. Single channel seismic ”boomer” in action for seafloor mapping @

    Blinyu offshore of Bangka .
  39. Path way of research vessel (fish boat) for tin sand

    exploration @ sea bed of Karimata Strait
  40. BATHYMETRY MAP OF TG. PENYUSUK OFFSHORE

  41. SINGLE CHANNEL SEISMIC PROFILE OF LINE-38 AND ITS INTREPRETATION

  42. 3D-BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SEAFLOOR CONSTRUCTED FROM BATHYMETRY MAP

  43. MAP OF BASEMENT DEPTH OF TG. PENYUSUK OFFSHORE

  44. 3D – BLOCK DIAGRAM OF BASEMENT MORPHOLOGY OF TG. PENYUSUK

    OFFSHORE ( North – South View)
  45. 3D – BLOCK DIAGRAM OF BASEMENT MORPHOLOGY OF TG. PENYUSUK

    OFFSHORE ( North-West – South-East View)
  46. ISOPACH MAP OF SEDIMENT THICKNESS OF TG. PENYUSUK OFFSHORE

  47. 3D BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SEDIMENT THICKNESS OF TG. PENYUSUK OFFSHORE

  48. CHAPTER 5 Conclusion and Recommendation Conclusions The alluvial sediments in

    the northern part area are generally present in W-E trending wide valleys. The stream sediment are assumed being deposited in a relatively calm fluvial environment before the Holocene transgression, when a Sunda landscape between eastern Sumatra and western Kalimatan, landward of the fluvial sand, still existed above sea level. The general paleo-channel orientation for the present found is to be West - East. Depth of paleo-channel and thickness of sediment infill in research area of Penyusuk offshore is relative increase northward. Recommendation for Future Offshore Exploration The imagery derived from seafloor-mapping systems should be validated by sediment sampling such as by gravity coring or dredging, especially in the northern zone and some deepest valley points of Tanjung Penyusuk offshore (see proposed map for drilling point of Figure… ). The aim of drilling exploration is to proof or identify the presentation tin bearing sediment associated with paleo-channel of Tanjung Penyusuk offshore.
  49. MINING OF TIN PLACER FROM SEAFLOOR AT KLABAT GULF BY

    PT TIMAH
  50. Tin & REE Granite & Sand Rich @ Bangka Beach

  51. High Purity Quartz Sand of Singkep Island for Photovoltaic Industry

    High Purity Quartz Sand Prospection
  52. Geological Map of Tanjungpinang Geological Map of Dabo

  53. Cretaceous Red Sandstone of Sebangka Island – Riau Islands

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  55. CRETACEOUS ARENITE SANDSTONE & HIGH PURITY QUARTZ SAND DEPOSIT

  56. Folded Cretaceous Sandstone @ Sebangka Island – Riau Islands

  57. Folded CRETACEOUS ARENITE SANDSTONE of riau islands

  58. Cretaceous Red Sandstone of Riau Islands Folded CRETACEOUS ARENITE SANDSTONE

    of riau islands
  59. Strongly Folded of Red Cretaceous Sandstone of Riau Islands

  60. Silica Sand @ Singkep Island Dune Slack Yellow Dune Yellow

    Dune
  61. SINGKEP Pile of quartz/silica sand from mining at Tanjung Kualakukas.

    The whiter silica sand is the result of washing ready to ship. Some of Singkep's beaches have potential for the development of wind energy, traffic currents, marine tourism, sailing and kite sports as well as pearl farming, clam, crab and reef fish farming.
  62. Granite & Metamorphic Rocks of Selayar Islands – Riau Islands

    PROSPECTION OF GRANITE FOR MINERAL & DIMENSION STONE
  63. None
  64. URANIUM BEARING TWO MICA GRANITE AT SIHAPORAS RIVER, SIBOLGA

  65. (Subandrio, 1997). •214±2.4 Ma •231±5.0 Ma •210±2.0 Ma Uranium bearing

    granite of Sibolga – North Sumatra
  66. Biotite Muscovite URANIUM BEARING TWO MICA GRANITE AT SIHAPORAS RIVER,

    SIBOLGA
  67. CG; Biotite Granite 1 mm MG; Hornblende Syenite 1 mm

    FG; Biotite Syenite 1 mm VFG; MetaRhyolite 1 mm PETROLOGY MAIN ACID IGNEOUS ROCKS OF SGC
  68. ACCESSORIES ASSEMBLAGE OF SGC Zircon in Biotite Granite 1 mm

    Monazite in Biotite Granite 1 mm Sphene in Biotite Granite 1 mm Alanite in Hornblende Granite 1 mm Alanite
  69. DREDGING : NIGHT & DAY BANDAMIN III Submarine Hydrothermal Expedition

    of Northern Flores Sea
  70. Persiapan Van Veen Grab Peluncuran Penarikan VAN VEEN GRAB BANDAMIN

    II Submarine Hydrothermal Expedition of Northern Flores Sea
  71. CTD Method Conductivity, Temperature and Depth

  72. CHALENGE FOR MARINE MINERAL & ENERGY EXPLORATION

  73. Exploration of Silica Sand @ Riau Islands