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Data-driven Discovery & The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built

Data-driven Discovery & The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built

Presented at Future Assembly 2016 – Australia's Emergent Technology Festival Melbourne, Australia

Official website: https://futureassembly.io/

Dr. Arna Karick

November 30, 2016
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Transcript

  1. Data–driven Discovery &
    The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built
    @drarnakarick – astronomer by trade / scientific computing consultant

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  2. This is a story about the telescopes
    of the future

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  3. But before we start,
    let’s take a quick look at the past

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  4. 1600s: Systematic use of Refracting Telescopes

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  5. 1910 – 80s: Modern Astronomy Observatories

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  6. 1958: National Aeronautical Space Administration

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  7. 1960 – 70s: Radio Telescopes & Arrays

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  8. 1990: Hubble Space Telescope – HST

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  9. 1990: Hubble Space Telescope – HST

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  10. 1995: Hubble Deep Field – HDF

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  11. 2001–2006+ Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics
    Very Large Telescope (VLT) – Paranal

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  12. 2004 – 2014: Hubble eXtreme Ultra Deep Field – XUDF

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  13. 2009: Kepler Space Telescope – Exoplanet Explosion

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  14. 2016: First detection of Gravitational Waves

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  15. So this is where we at now

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  16. Now let’s talk about the
    Next–Generation Large Telescopes

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  17. GMT – Chile 2025+ E-ELT – Chile 2024+ SKA – Australia 2023+
    SKA – South Africa 2023+ LSST – Chile 2020 JWST – Space 2018

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  18. So why am I ridiculously excited about the
    next–generation telescopes?

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  19. Massive projects – in every way.
    They are driving new technologies
    & fundamentally changing
    the way we approach data–intensive
    astronomy research

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  20. 2018: James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

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  21. JWST Technology

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  22. JWST Science  

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  23. 2023: Large Synoptic Sky Survey (LSST) El Penon, Chile
    “Opening a Window of Discovery on the Dynamic Universe…”
    3.2 Gigapixel camera

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  24. LSST will be an epic data mining project
    10s of billions of stars & galaxies
    10 million alerts, 1000s exposures, ~30TB per night
    Will require new tools, data analysis techniques &
    sophisticated ML algorithms
    Backed by supercomputing power
    Leveraging the Tech Industry & “Data Science”
    Machine Learning Startups – wise.io
    Data will be public from day one – rapid science

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  25. 2020: Square Kilometre Array – SKA South Africa & Australia
    “The Ultimate Big-Data or Astronomy IT experiment”
    Antennas will produce data streams several times the global internet traffic.

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  26. Phase 1 SKA will produce 160TB of raw data per second!
    Will drive development of new detector & computing
    technologies
    Remote locations are a challenge – power,
    communication ,network and cooling considerations
    Australia’s pathfinders will run on hybrid solar–biodiesel
    Teaming up with companies like IBM, Intel, Amazon,
    NVIDIA to find solutions
    Phase 2 technology doesn’t yet exist!

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  27. The SKA will solve some of the Universe’s biggest mysteries  

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  28. If astronomers weren’t already busy enough,
    new ground & space telescopes
    (~2040s, post–JWST )
    have already been proposed…

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  29. But that’s another story…
    www.arnakarick.com/futureassembly2016/

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