Data-driven Discovery & The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built

Data-driven Discovery & The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built

Presented at Future Assembly 2016 – Australia's Emergent Technology Festival Melbourne, Australia

Official website: https://futureassembly.io/

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Dr. Arna Karick

November 30, 2016
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  1. Data–driven Discovery & The Most Ambitious Telescopes Ever Built @drarnakarick

    – astronomer by trade / scientific computing consultant
  2. This is a story about the telescopes of the future

  3. But before we start, let’s take a quick look at

    the past
  4. 1600s: Systematic use of Refracting Telescopes

  5. 1910 – 80s: Modern Astronomy Observatories

  6. 1958: National Aeronautical Space Administration

  7. 1960 – 70s: Radio Telescopes & Arrays

  8. 1990: Hubble Space Telescope – HST

  9. 1990: Hubble Space Telescope – HST

  10. 1995: Hubble Deep Field – HDF

  11. 2001–2006+ Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics Very Large Telescope (VLT)

    – Paranal
  12. 2004 – 2014: Hubble eXtreme Ultra Deep Field – XUDF

  13. 2009: Kepler Space Telescope – Exoplanet Explosion

  14. 2016: First detection of Gravitational Waves

  15. So this is where we at now

  16. Now let’s talk about the Next–Generation Large Telescopes

  17. GMT – Chile 2025+ E-ELT – Chile 2024+ SKA –

    Australia 2023+ SKA – South Africa 2023+ LSST – Chile 2020 JWST – Space 2018
  18. So why am I ridiculously excited about the next–generation telescopes?

  19. Massive projects – in every way. They are driving new

    technologies & fundamentally changing the way we approach data–intensive astronomy research
  20. 2018: James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

  21. JWST Technology

  22. JWST Science  

  23. 2023: Large Synoptic Sky Survey (LSST) El Penon, Chile “Opening

    a Window of Discovery on the Dynamic Universe…” 3.2 Gigapixel camera
  24. LSST will be an epic data mining project 10s of

    billions of stars & galaxies 10 million alerts, 1000s exposures, ~30TB per night Will require new tools, data analysis techniques & sophisticated ML algorithms Backed by supercomputing power Leveraging the Tech Industry & “Data Science” Machine Learning Startups – wise.io Data will be public from day one – rapid science
  25. 2020: Square Kilometre Array – SKA South Africa & Australia

    “The Ultimate Big-Data or Astronomy IT experiment” Antennas will produce data streams several times the global internet traffic.
  26. Phase 1 SKA will produce 160TB of raw data per

    second! Will drive development of new detector & computing technologies Remote locations are a challenge – power, communication ,network and cooling considerations Australia’s pathfinders will run on hybrid solar–biodiesel Teaming up with companies like IBM, Intel, Amazon, NVIDIA to find solutions Phase 2 technology doesn’t yet exist!
  27. The SKA will solve some of the Universe’s biggest mysteries

     
  28. If astronomers weren’t already busy enough, new ground & space

    telescopes (~2040s, post–JWST ) have already been proposed…
  29. But that’s another story… www.arnakarick.com/futureassembly2016/