LODの基礎知識 / Introduction to LOD

B787785d08597c63186c123075d446be?s=47 fumi
October 07, 2016

LODの基礎知識 / Introduction to LOD

https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5947807

2016-10-07 に科学技術振興機構 で行われた第1回RDF講習会での発表資料

B787785d08597c63186c123075d446be?s=128

fumi

October 07, 2016
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  1. -0%ͷجૅ஌ࣝ ࠃཱ৘ใֶݚڀॴ Ճ౻จ඙  1 ୈճ3%'ߨशձ

  2. 2 https://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web?language=ja

  3. จॻͷ 8FCͷੈք w ୭΋͕จॻΛެ։Մೳ w ެ։จॻ͸୭΋͕ൃݟɾऔ ಘɾӾཡՄೳ w จॻʹ͸ଞͷจॻ΁ͷϦϯ ΫΛؚΊΔ͜ͱ͕Մೳ

    w ϦϯΫΛ୧ΔͱϦϯΫઌͷ จॻ͕γʔϜϨεʹӾཡՄೳ 3
  4. σʔλͷ8FC 4 ࢠڙ ࣥච ൃߦ೔ ஀ੜ೔ ग़൛ࣾ ॴࡏ஍ σʔλͱ͸ؔ܎Ͱ͋Δ

  5. σʔλͷ8FC w୭΋͕σʔλΛެ։Մೳ wެ։σʔλ͸୭΋͕ൃݟɾऔ ಘɾӾཡՄೳ wσʔλʹ͸ଞͷσʔλ΁ͷؔ ܎ϦϯΫΛؚΊΔ͜ͱ͕Մೳ wؔ܎ϦϯΫΛ୧ΔͱϦϯΫઌ ͷσʔλ͕γʔϜϨεʹऔಘ Մೳ 5

    ࢠڙ ࣥච ൃߦ೔ ஀ੜ೔ ग़൛ࣾ ॴࡏ஍
  6. σʔλͷ8FC w୭΋͕σʔλΛެ։Մೳ wެ։σʔλ͸୭΋͕ൃݟɾऔ ಘɾӾཡՄೳ wσʔλʹ͸ଞͷσʔλ΁ͷؔ ܎ϦϯΫΛؚΊΔ͜ͱ͕Մೳ wؔ܎ϦϯΫΛ୧ΔͱϦϯΫઌ ͷσʔλ͕γʔϜϨεʹऔಘ Մೳ 6

    ࢠڙ ࣥච ൃߦ೔ ஀ੜ೔ ग़൛ࣾ ॴࡏ஍ Linked Data͸σʔλͷWebΛ ࣮ݱ͢ΔͨΊͷج൫ٕज़
  7. 7

  8. ࡞඼ ࡞඼ ॻࢽ 8

  9. ༑ਓ ࡏॅ ਓ෺ 9

  10. ෣୆ ؍ޫ஍ ؍ޫ஍ ໊લͷ༝དྷ ؍ޫ 10

  11. ෣୆ ؍ޫ஍ ؍ޫ஍ ໊લͷ༝དྷ ࡞඼ ࡞඼ ༑ਓ ࡏॅ ॻࢽ ਓ෺

    ؍ޫ 11
  12. ෣୆ ؍ޫ஍ ؍ޫ஍ ໊લͷ༝དྷ ࡞඼ ࡞඼ ࡏॅ ॻࢽ ਓ෺ ؍ޫ

    ༑ਓ ಉ͡ ಉ͡ 12
  13. 13 LOD Linked Data Open Data σʔλڞ༗ଅਐͷ ͭͷΞϓϩʔν

  14. 14

  15. ϥΠηϯε σʔλϑΥʔϚοτ σʔλϞσϧ σʔλΞΫηε    15

  16. w σʔλͷϞσϧͱΞ Ϋηεํ๏͕ڞ௨ w ޠኮ͕ڞ௨ w҆શʹෳ਺σʔλΛ ૊Έ߹ΘͤՄೳ wଞͷσʔλʹ͔Β ϦϯΫͯ͠ࢀরՄೳ wσʔλͷҰ෦෼͚ͩ

    ࠶ར༻ wෳ਺ͷσʔλ΁ͷ໰ ͍߹Θͤ w ֎͔ΒൃݟՄೳ w ؔ܎͢Δଞσʔλ ͷൃݟ w σʔλՁ஋ͷ૿େ ੕ͷϝϦοτ 16 ΞϓϦɾϥΠϒϥϦ ࠶ར༻ σʔλ࠶ར༻ ωοτϫʔΫޮՌ
  17. ੕ͷσϝϦοτ w ֶशίετ w άϥϑ໦ද w ࡞੒ίετ w ϞσϦϯά w

    طଘޠኮͷ஌ࣝ w ϝϯςφϯείετ w *3* w ϦϯΫ੾Ε 17
  18. 0QFOͰͳ͍-JOLFE%BUB w 8FC্ʹ͋Δ-JOLFE%BUB͸ඞͣ͠΋0QFO%BUBͰ͸ ͳ͍ w -JOLFE%BUB͸ඇެ։σʔλʹ΋༗ޮͰ͋Δ w ΠϯτϥωοτͰ8FCٕज़Λ࢖͏ͷͱಉ͡ w ෦ॺؒͰαΠϩͱͳ͍ͬͯΔσʔλͷ࿈ܞ

    w ඇެ։σʔλͱެ։σʔλͷ࿈ܞ w ͜ΕΒΛͻͬ͘ΔΊͨ૯শͱͯ͠-0%ͱ͍͏ݴ͏ਓ ΋͍Δ 18
  19. -JOLFE%BUBͷٕज़ج൫ w8FCٕज़ͰσʔλΛެ։ɾڞ༗ɾ౷߹͢ ΔͨΊͷϕετϓϥΫςΟε wࣝผࢠIUUQ*3* wΞΫηεํ๏)551  41"32-  wσʔλϞσϧ3%'άϥϑϞσϧ wσʔλܗࣜ5VSUMF

    +40/-% 3%'B ʜ 19
  20. 8FCͷݪଇ  *3*Λ)5.-จॻͷࣝผ ࢠͱͯ͠࢖͏  *3*ʹ͸IUUQεΩʔϜΛ ࢖͏  *3*ΛݟΔͱ)5.-จॻ ͕ฦͬͯ͘Δ

     )5.-จॻʹ͸ଞͷ*3* ΁ͷϦϯΫ͕͋Δ *3* )551 )5.- 20
  21. -JOLFE%BUBͷݪଇ  *3*Λࣄ෺ 5IJOH ͷࣝผ ࢠͱͯ͠࢖͏  *3*ʹ͸IUUQεΩʔϜΛ ࢖͏ 

    *3*ΛݟΔͱࣄ෺ͷߏ଄ Խσʔλ͕ฦͬͯ͘Δ  σʔλʹ͸ଞͷ*3*΁ͷ ܕ෇ϦϯΫ͕͋Δ ࢠڙ ࣥච ൃߦ೔ ஀ੜ೔ ग़൛ࣾ ॴࡏ஍ "Things, not Strings" by Google *3* )551 3%' 21
  22. Ϧιʔε w΢Σϒʹ͓͚Δجຊͷந৅Խ w͋ΒΏΔ΋ͷ͕Ϧιʔε w΢Σϒϖʔδɼը૾ɼಈըɼɽɽ w3%'Ϧιʔεهड़ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ w࠷େͷϙΠϯτ͸zࣄ෺zΛϦιʔε ͱͯ͠΢Σϒۭؒʹ࣋ͬͯ͘Δ͜ͱ wਓ෺ɼ૊৫ɼ୯ޠɼ֓೦ɼؔ ܎ɼɽɽɽ 22

    ࢠڙ ࣥච ൃߦ೔ ஀ੜ೔ ग़൛ࣾ ॴࡏ஍
  23. 23 LOD cloud diagram 2014 by Max Schmachtenberg et al.

    http://data.dws.informatik.uni-mannheim.de/lodcloud/2014/
  24. http://dbpedia.org 24

  25. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Natsume_Sōseki 25

  26. -BOHVBHF $IBQUFST 26 http://wiki.dbpedia.org/about/language-chapters

  27. http://ja.dbpedia.org 27

  28. 28 http://ja.dbpedia.org/resource/Պֶٕज़ৼڵػߏ

  29. ೔ຊޠ-JOLFE%BUB$MPVEਤ • σʔληοτ • ຊՈΑΓ΋؇͍৚݅ • ೔ຊʹ͍Δਓɾ૊৫ओମ • ೔ຊޠϥϕϧΛؚΉ •

    τϦϓϧҎ্ • ࢀরղܾՄೳPSσʔλ μϯϓPS41"32- • -0%Ϋϥ΢υ͔+-%$΁ ͷϦϯΫ http://linkedopendata.jp/?p=486 29 DBpedia Japanese Japanese Wikipedia Ontology LSJ NDL Authorities LC VIAF DBpedia LODAC Museum save MLAK Yokohama Art SOCIA LODAC Species Aozora Bunko Kyoto Manga Museum CiNii KAKEN GeoLOD Earthquake Archives Fukushima Geonames RIHN LOD Cloud Open license Fumihiro Kato, 2015-11-18 Publication Life Science Cross-domain Media Government Geographic Industry User generated content LSD i-Scover Allie Senkyo Statdb Michishi ru N-ken Open DATA METI RNR J-GLOBAL knowledge Geonames.j p EvaCva ISIL
  30. 30 http://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/entity/00054222

  31. 31 http://viaf.org/viaf/56614190

  32. http://ja.dbpedia.org/resource/Ն໨ᕸੴ ࣝผ ࣝผ http://dbpedia.org/resource/Natsume_Sōseki 32

  33. http://ja.dbpedia.org/resource/Ն໨ᕸੴ http://dbpedia.org/resource/Natsume_Sōseki owl:sameAs 33 !QSFpYPXMIUUQXXXXPSHPXM IUUQKBECQFEJBPSHSFTPVSDFՆ໨ᕸੴPXMTBNF"TIUUQECQFEJBPSHSFTPVSDF/BUTVNF@4⒕TFLJ IUUQECQFEJBPSHSFTPVSDF/BUTVNF@4⒕TFLJPXMTBNF"TIUUQKBECQFEJBPSHSFTPVSDFՆ໨ᕸੴ ࣝผ ࣝผ

  34. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ 34 දݱ

  35. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ 35 දݱ http://dbpedia.org/page/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ

  36. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ 36 දݱ http://dbpedia.org/page/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ HTTPϦμΠϨΫτ

  37. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ දݱ 37 දݱ

  38. http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime දݱ ࣝผ දݱ http://dbpedia.org/data/Matsuyama,_Ehime.ttl http://dbpedia.org/page/Matsuyama,_Ehime ࣝผ ࣝผ 38 HTTPϦμΠϨΫτ

    HTTPϦμΠϨΫτ
  39. $POUFOUOFHPUJBUJPO w͋ΔϦιʔεʹର͢ΔදݱΛ)551ϦΫΤετ Ͱંি͢Δ࢓૊Έ w)5.-ͱ9)5.- w+1&(ͱ47(ͷը૾ w-0%ݪଇ w)5.-΍3%'ͷγϦΞϥΠθʔγϣϯ 5VSUMF +40/-%ͳͲ 39

  40. 1. request /resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime 2. return an HTML document for /resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime

    http://dbpedia.org Web Browser % curl -LIH 'Accept: text/html' http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime HTTP/1.1 303 See Other Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2014 08:56:18 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Content-Length: 0 Connection: keep-alive Server: Virtuoso/07.10.3207 (Linux) x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu VDB Location: http://dbpedia.org/page/Matsuyama,_Ehime HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2014 08:56:18 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8 Content-Length: 109160 Connection: keep-alive Vary: Accept-Encoding Server: Virtuoso/07.10.3207 (Linux) x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu VDB Expires: Wed, 26 Mar 2014 08:47:42 GMT Link: <http://dbpedia.org/data/Matsuyama,_Ehime.rdf>; …… 40
  41. 2. return a turtle document for /resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime http://dbpedia.org LOD Agent

    % curl -LH 'Accept: text/turtle' http://dbpedia.org/resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime HTTP/1.1 303 See Other Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2014 08:57:55 GMT Content-Type: text/turtle; qs=0.7 Content-Length: 0 Connection: keep-alive Server: Virtuoso/07.10.3207 (Linux) x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu VDB Accept-Ranges: bytes TCN: choice Vary: negotiate,accept Link: <http://mementoarchive.lanl.gov/dbpedia/timegate/http://dbpedia.org/ resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime>; rel="timegate" Location: http://dbpedia.org/data/Matsuyama,_Ehime.ttl HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2014 08:57:56 GMT Content-Type: text/turtle; charset=UTF-8 Content-Length: 40704 Connection: keep-alive Server: Virtuoso/07.10.3207 (Linux) x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu VDB Expires: Wed, 26 Mar 2014 08:51:16 GMT Link: <http://dbpedia.org/data/Matsuyama,_Ehime.xml>; …… 1. request /resource/Matsuyama,_Ehime 41
  42. 42

  43. 43 ε ϙ ϯ α ʔ ื ू த ʂ

    ʂ ʂ ࡞ ඼ ΋ ื ू த ʂ ʂ ʂ
  44. 44