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Trolleys, veils and prisoners: the case for accessibility from philosophical ethics

Trolleys, veils and prisoners: the case for accessibility from philosophical ethics

Those who want to make accessible websites, will likely have to convince others in their organisation. One reason to make our websites as accessible as we can, is that doing so is the right thing. For centuries, doing the right thing has been a concern for the field of philosophical ethics. In this talk, some notable philosophical thought experiments are applied to the world of web accessibility. With some practical examples, this talk makes a refreshing case for web accessibility, which people can use to advocate for more inclusive websites.

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Hidde de Vries

November 16, 2017
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Transcript

  1. Trolleys, veils and prisoners VJGECUGHQTCEEGUUKDKNKV[
 HTQORJKNQUQRJKECNGVJKEU Hidde de Vries 16-11-2017

    #id24 / @hdv
  2. Hi, I'm Hidde #id24 / @hdv

  3. #id24 / @hdv

  4. #id24 / @hdv

  5. #id24 / @hdv

  6. #id24 / @hdv

  7. #id24 / @hdv

  8. #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  9. technical #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  10. #id24 / @hdv

  11. #id24 / @hdv

  12. #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  13. technical #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  14. technical legal #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  15. technical legal business #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  16. technical legal business moral #TIWOGPVU HQTC[ #id24 / @hdv

  17. 9JCV KUGVJKEU! #id24 / @hdv

  18. how to live 9JCV KUGVJKEU! #id24 / @hdv

  19. how to live what to do 9JCV KUGVJKEU! #id24 /

    @hdv
  20. how to live what to do how we want our

    world shaped 9JCV KUGVJKEU! #id24 / @hdv
  21. #id24 / @hdv

  22. #id24 / @hdv

  23. #id24 / @hdv

  24. #id24 / @hdv how to live what to do how

    we want our world shaped 9JCV KUGVJKEU! #id24 / @hdv
  25. Virtue ethics Duty ethics Utilitarianism 'VJKECN VJGQTKGU #id24 / @hdv

  26. #id24 / @hdv

  27. #id24 / @hdv There's no fixed set of
 moral rules,

    it's about
 learning character traits
  28. #id24 / @hdv honesty moderation generosity friendliness courage

  29. #id24 / @hdv You don't get virtuous by chance, it

    is hard work and a bit like acquiring a skill.
  30. #id24 / @hdv HGCT EQPHKFGPEG courage

  31. #id24 / @hdv HGCT EQPHKFGPEG courage OGCP

  32. #id24 / @hdv HGCT EQPHKFGPEG courage OGCP

  33. #id24 / @hdv HGCT EQPHKFGPEG courage OGCP

  34. Finding the mean in any given situation is not a

    mechanical or thoughtless procedure, but requires a full and detailed acquaintance with the circumstances. Richard Kraut, Aristotle's Ethics 
 (in: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) “ #id24 / @hdv
  35. #id24 / @hdv Give thought to the
 circumstances and 


    find the best mean.
  36. h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5

    h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 1 2 3 4 h5 #id24 / @hdv “Don't skip header levels”
  37. “Use semantic markup” <fieldset> <legend>Favourite film <label for="titanic">Ti <input id="titanic"

    /> <label for="lebowski"> ski" />
  38. None
  39. None
  40. #id24 / @hdv Let's regard finding the mean accessible solution

    as a skill, too.
  41. #id24 / @hdv

  42. #id24 / @hdv people as 
 rational beings

  43. #id24 / @hdv categorical imperative

  44. Act only according to that maxim by which you can

    at the same time will that it should become a universal law. Immanuel Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals “ #id24 / @hdv
  45. #id24 / @hdv 6JGRTQEGUU

  46. #id24 / @hdv 1. Make a rule 6JGRTQEGUU

  47. #id24 / @hdv 1. Make a rule 2. Would you

    like turn this into legislation that applies to all of humanity? 6JGRTQEGUU
  48. #id24 / @hdv morality vs prudence

  49. #id24 / @hdv

  50. #id24 / @hdv The greatest happiness principle

  51. #id24 / @hdv Does my action increase the world's total

    happiness?
  52. #id24 / @hdv Does my action increase the world's total

    happiness?
  53. #id24 / @hdv What is an
 increase in 
 happiness?

  54. #id24 / @hdv Make changes that
 increase happiness, 
 avoid

    those that don't
  55. #id24 / @hdv

  56. #id24 / @hdv

  57. #id24 / @hdv

  58. #id24 / @hdv

  59. #id24 / @hdv Does my action increase the world's total

    happiness?
  60. #id24 / @hdv Does my action increase the website's total

    accessibility?
  61. It doesn't have to be perfect, it just has to

    be a little bit better than yesterday. Léonie Watson “ #id24 / @hdv
  62. #id24 / @hdv

  63. The trolley problem #id24 / @hdv

  64. Jesse Prinz / subcortex.com #id24 / @hdv

  65. #id24 / @hdv

  66. #id24 / @hdv Jesse Prinz / subcortex.com

  67. #id24 / @hdv

  68. This is about making the right choices #id24 / @hdv

  69. #id24 / @hdv Footer at bowers-wilkins.com

  70. lots of subtle shades of grey lots of contrast #id24

    / @hdv
  71. #id24 / @hdv

  72. set focus styles to
 outline: none; design a prettier focus

    indicator #id24 / @hdv
  73. As a digital team, you have a lever to pull

    #id24 / @hdv
  74. The veil of ignorance #id24 / @hdv

  75. #id24 / @hdv

  76. #id24 / @hdv ` original position

  77. Amongst the essential features of this situation is that no

    one knows his place in society, his class position or social status, nor does any one know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence, strength and the like. John Rawls, A theory of justice “ #id24 / @hdv
  78. principle of 
 equal liberty 8GKNQH KIPQTCPEG #id24 / @hdv

  79. difference principle 8GKNQH KIPQTCPEG #id24 / @hdv

  80. Consider new 
 features from the 
 original position #id24

    / @hdv
  81. #id24 / @hdv

  82. #id24 / @hdv

  83. #id24 / @hdv

  84. #id24 / @hdv

  85. The prisoner's dilemma #id24 / @hdv

  86. #id24 / @hdv

  87. #id24 / @hdv Wikipedia

  88. conflicting 
 interests 2TKUQPGT U FKNGOOC #id24 / @hdv

  89. #id24 / @hdv front-end dev designer

  90. #id24 / @hdv ň.GV UMGGR VJGHQEWU KPFKECVQTKP RNCEGʼn front-end dev

    designer
  91. #id24 / @hdv ň.GV UMGGR VJGHQEWU KPFKECVQTKP RNCEGʼn ň0CNQQMU WIN[PQV

    IQQFHQT O[RQTVHQNKQʼn front-end dev designer
  92. #id24 / @hdv SEO expert a11y nerd

  93. #id24 / @hdv ň2NGCUGOCMG
 CNNVJGVJKPIU
 J ʼn SEO expert a11y

    nerd
  94. #id24 / @hdv ň2NGCUGOCMG
 CNNVJGVJKPIU
 J ʼn ň'JDWVQWT WUGTUPGGFC UGPUKDNGJGCFGT

    UVTWEVWTGʼn SEO expert a11y nerd
  95. #id24 / @hdv front-end dev CEO

  96. #id24 / @hdv ň.GV UURGPF UQOGVKOG QPOCMKPI VJCVECTQWUGN OQTGKPENWUKXGʼn front-end

    dev CEO
  97. #id24 / @hdv ň.GV UURGPF UQOGVKOG QPOCMKPI VJCVECTQWUGN OQTGKPENWUKXGʼn ň+

    FTCVJGT URGPFVJG DWFIGVQP QWT68CFʼn front-end dev CEO
  98. Line up interests to
 get more people 
 care about

    accessibility #id24 / @hdv
  99. Make the business case. #id24 / @hdv

  100. #id24 / @hdv https://vimeo.com/145138872

  101. #id24 / @hdv

  102. #id24 / @hdv

  103. #id24 / @hdv #id24 / @hdv

  104. #id24 / @hdv %QPENWUKQP #id24 / @hdv

  105. #id24 / @hdv make good choices %QPENWUKQP #id24 / @hdv

  106. #id24 / @hdv make good choices think beyond your own

    privilege %QPENWUKQP #id24 / @hdv
  107. #id24 / @hdv make good choices think beyond your own

    privilege line up interests %QPENWUKQP #id24 / @hdv
  108. #id24 / @hdv (WTVJGT TGCFKPI #id24 / @hdv https://plato.stanford.edu

  109. #id24 / @hdv (WTVJGT TGCFKPI #id24 / @hdv http://justiceharvard.org

  110. #id24 / @hdv (WTVJGT TGCFKPI #id24 / @hdv

  111. Thanks for listening! 
 hidde@hiddedevries.nl @hdv #id24 / @hdv