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Beyond Explainable AI: Co-evolution of AI and Humans

Beyond Explainable AI: Co-evolution of AI and Humans

Artificial intelligence systems using deep learning have achieved image and speech recognition at performance levels on par with human beings. However, an issue is not being able to understand the basis on which a deep learning system determines its output. In this talk, we introduce Attention Branch Network (ABN), which outputs an attention map, an area that deep learning focuses on when determining inferential results. ABN is a deep learning network that can contribute to improving recognition performance while acquiring the attention mechanism. As application examples of ABN, we introduce ABN’s visual explanation of medical diagnosis decisions. Visualization of attention here means viewing the AI’s direction of attention. This technology holds great promise as an approach for interpreting the basis for decisions output by an AI system. We also discuss the next topic for AI, co-evolution of AI and humans.

Hironobu Fujiyoshi

August 26, 2022
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  7. w ("1DBVTFTEFDSFBTFPGSFDPHOJUJPOQFSGPSNBODF 1SPCMFNXJUIDMBTTBDUJWBUJPONBQQJOH Table 1. Classification error on the ILSVRC

    validation set. Networks top-1 val. error top-5 val. error VGGnet-GAP 33.4 12.2 GoogLeNet-GAP 35.0 13.2 AlexNet∗-GAP 44.9 20.9 AlexNet-GAP 51.1 26.3 GoogLeNet 31.9 11.3 VGGnet 31.2 11.4 AlexNet 42.6 19.5 NIN 41.9 19.6 GoogLeNet-GMP 35.6 13.9 Table 3. Localization e weakly- and fully- supe Method GoogLeNet-GAP (he GoogLeNet-GAP Backprop [23] GoogLeNet [25] OverFeat [22] AlexNet [25] 4. Deep Features *NBHF/FU%BUBTFU WBMJEBUJPO  'FBUVSFNBQ 0VUQVU
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  27. 45"($/GPSBDUJPOSFDPHOJUJPO<4IJSBLJ "$$7>  'SBNF +PJOU "UUFOUJPOOPEF 'FBUVSFFYUSBDUPS #BUDI /PSNBMJ[BUJPO ºDPOW

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sha1_base64="aYu0bwSDva65Ct14jn/gNrFJXWM=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="aYu0bwSDva65Ct14jn/gNrFJXWM=">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</latexit> 3F-6 4JHNPJE 45($#MPDLº 45($#MPDLº 1FSDFQUJPOCSBODI Xatt out = K X k=1 ˆ Aatt k XinWatt k <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">AAACwXichVHLShxBFD22JtHJw4luBDdNBkNWw20JJAQExU0gGx0dZ8DWprtTo8X0i+7qAS36B/wBF1kZCCHkL3TjD2ThHyRklRjIJovc6WnykiS36apT555z61aVlwQyU0QXY8b4xLXrNyanajdv3b4zXb87s5XFeeqLth8Hcdr13EwEMhJtJVUgukkq3NALRMfrrw7znYFIMxlHm+ogETuhuxfJnvRdxZRTt7Xt9cxusatdpQpHx7kqzKWaadpZHu7qZ0z1l6yCiVJo77vKXPmh7heV3dEyGuHOL0mn3qAmlWFeBVYFGqhiLa6/ho3niOEjRwiBCIpxABcZf9uwQEiY24FmLmUky7xAgRp7c1YJVrjM9nnc49V2xUa8HtbMSrfPuwT8p+w0sUDv6A1d0jm9pQ/07a+1dFlj2MsBz97IKxJn+mhu4+t/XSHPCvs/Xf/sWaGHx2WvkntPSmZ4Cn/kHxweX248aS3o+/SSPnL/J3RBZ3yCaPDFf7UuWi9Q4wew/rzuq2BrsWlR01p/2FhuVU8xiXncwwO+70dYxlOsoc37nuI9PuGzsWpIIzHSkdQYqzyz+C0M/R0iF67y</latexit> "UUFOUJPOFEHF Xout = Xskel out + Xatt out <latexit sha1_base64="TIafFzYOoUyLwHnwhEvGX042a/A=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="TIafFzYOoUyLwHnwhEvGX042a/A=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="TIafFzYOoUyLwHnwhEvGX042a/A=">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</latexit> Xatt out = K X k=1 ˆ Aatt k XinWatt k <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> Xskel out = Q X q=1 Mskel q ˆ Askel q XinWskel q <latexit sha1_base64="2KaBWWfG5Jt6IABisW793699Vgc=">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</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="2KaBWWfG5Jt6IABisW793699Vgc=">AAAC3HichVHPS9xAFH6Jtm5Xrau9FLyELpaelpdSUARhpZdeBHftugvGDck4q8Pml8lkxYbceqp4tYeeFKSU/hle+g/04KF/QOlRoZce+jYJaCvqC5n55nvf9+bNjB04IpKI54o6Mvrg4VjpUXl8YvLxVGV6Zj3y45DxFvMdP+zYVsQd4fGWFNLhnSDklms7vG33Xw/z7QEPI+F7b+V+wDdda9sTPcEsSZRZ2UsMu6d10m4S9bmTmokfy1RbKmuaEcVuN2kQtbukp0RkypUr5W5qMBGynDd2LKktX08Whc1EeDluX8+alSrWMAvtJtALUIUiVv3KZzBgC3xgEIMLHDyQhB2wIKJvA3RACIjbhIS4kJDI8hxSKJM3JhUnhUVsn8ZtWm0UrEfrYc0oczPaxaE/JKcGc/gdv+AFfsOv+BP/3ForyWoMe9mn2c69PDCnPjxd+32vy6VZws6V686eJfRgIetVUO9BxgxPwXL/4N3Hi7XF5lzyHE/wF/V/jOd4RifwBpfstMGbn6BMD6D/f903wfrLmo41vfGqWm8WT1GCWXgGL+i+56EOb2AVWrTvD2VEmVAm1a76Xj1QD3OpqhSeJ/BPqEd/AVqDt8A=</latexit> <latexit sha1_base64="2KaBWWfG5Jt6IABisW793699Vgc=">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</latexit> 4LFMUPOHSBQI Xatt out = K X k=1 ˆ Aatt k XinWatt k <latexit sha1_base64="ScJFh5Ch4FxVtxUCCz5xtfwpQWE=">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</latexit> <latexit 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  29. w "CMBUJPOTUVEZ  %BUBTFUɿ/563(# % +PJOUT 4LFMUPOEBUB%DPPSEJOBUF /VNCFSPGGSBNF w &YQFSJNFOUBMSFTVMUT

    45"($/GPSBDUJPOSFDPHOJUJPO<4IJSBLJ "$$7> ˞/563(# % ɿ$SPTTTVCKFDU Attention edge Attention node ST-GCN AS-GCN 2s-AGCN × × 81.5 86.8 88.5 ✔︎ × 84.1 86.9 89.2 × ✔︎ 82.8 86.8 89.1 ✔︎ ✔︎ 84.8 87.0 89.3
  30. w "UUFOUJPOHSBQIWJTVBMJ[BUJPOUISPXJOH 45"($/GPSBDUJPOSFDPHOJUJPO<4IJSBLJ "$$7> "DUJPO" "DUJPO# "UUFOUJPOOPEF r5IFJNQPSUBODFPGUIFSJHIUBSNDIBOHFTXJUIUIF UISPXJOHBDUJPO -PX

    )JHI "UUFOUJPOFEHF r"DRVJSFUIFSFMBUJPOTIJQDPOOFDUJOHUIFSJHIUBSN  MFGUBSN BOEMFH
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    BCPWF  r-FGUMFHʢCFMPXʣ ˠ"DRVJSFBDUJPOTQFDJGJDBUUFOUJPOFEHFT "DUJPO" "DUJPO#
  32. (JU)VC"UUFOUJPO#SBODI/FUXPSL "UUFOUJPO#SBODI/FUXPSL IUUQTHJUIVCDPNNBDIJOFQFSDFQUJPOSPCPUJDTHSPVQ[email protected]@OFUXPSL 

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    Block 5 output Attention branch Perception branch Res. Attention Block Conv. Input Edited attention map (Human knowledge) Feature extractor Attention map Label 𝐿 𝑚𝑎𝑝 𝐿 𝑎𝑡 𝑡 ( 𝑥 ) 𝐿 𝑝 𝑒 𝑟 ( 𝑥 ) 𝐿 𝑚 𝑎𝑝 = 𝛼 𝑥 − 𝑦 2 2 𝐿 𝑎 𝑙𝑙 ( 𝑥 ) = 𝐿 𝑎 𝑡𝑡 ( 𝑥 ) + 𝐿 𝑝 𝑒 𝑟 ( 𝑥 ) + 𝐿 𝑚 𝑎 𝑝 'JOFUVOFE"#/ -PTT 
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  43. z-FBSOGSPN"*zCBTFEBQQGPSEJTFBTFEFUFDUJPO ᶃ(VFTTOPSNBMPSOPU ᶄ$IFDLUIFBOTXFS ᶅ&EJUBUUFOUJPONBQ ʢ"EE30*PSEFMFUFVOOFDFTTBSZSFHJPOʣ ᶆ*OGFSXJUIFEJUFEBUUFOUJPONBQ ᶇ$IFDLUIFPVUQVUPG"* ˠ4UVEFOUTMFBSOJNQPSUBOUSFHJPOCZSFQFBUᶅUPᶇTPUIBU"*PVUQVUWBMVFJODSFBTFT 

  44.  z-FBSOGSPN"*zCBTFEBQQGPSEJTFBTFEFUFDUJPO "*PVUQVUWBMVF

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    99.27% 99.98% ೖྗը૾ ֶशऀ͕ฤूͨ͠Attention map AIʹΑΔ஫ࢹྖҬ  *OQVU "UUFOUJPONBQTFEJUFECZTUVEFOU "UUFOUJPONBQ z-FBSOGSPN"*zCBTFEBQQGPSEJTFBTFEFUFDUJPO
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  50. 8BWFMFUUSBOTGPSNFS<0HBUB .*36> த෦େֶϩΰ த෦େֶϩΰ  w 5PXBSETJOUFSQSFUBCMFWJTJPOUSBOTGPSNFS  *OUFSQSFUBCJMJUZPGJOQVUJOGPSNBUJPOBDDPSEJOHUPQPTJUJPOTDBMFBOEGSFRVFODZ Transformer

    Encoder Linear Projection for each Patches Wavelet Patch … Patch + Position Embedding … MLP Head Class Prediction … … Reconstruction Attention Reconstruction Target HH1 HL1 LH1 LH2 HL2 HH2 LH3 HH3 HL3 LL