SecDevOps containers

SecDevOps containers

In this talk I will speak about main tips for integrating Security into DevOps. I will share my knowledge and experience and help people learn to focus more on DevOps Security. In addition to the so-called best practices, the development of efficient, readable, scalable and secure code, requires the right tools for security development.

These could be the main talking points:
-How to integrate security into iteration and pipeline application development with containers.
-How to secure development environments.
-DevOps security best practices



June 18, 2020


  1. SecDevops Containers

  2. SecDevops Containers • @jmortegac • •

  3. SecDevops Containers security-and-monitoring-in-docker-containers

  4. • Introduction • Containers Security • SecDevops tools • DevOps

    security best practices SecDevops Containers
  5. SecDevops Containers

  6. SecDevops Containers

  7. SecDevops Containers • Increased speed and agility for security teams.

    • Increased or better collaboration and communication across teams. • Increased opportunities for automated builds and quality assurance testing. • Early identification of vulnerabilities in application code.
  8. • 1. Containers are NOT Virtual Machines • 2. Containers

    are isolated area in the OS kernel • 3. Kubernetes is a Container Orchestration Platform. • 4. Kubernetes abstracts the cloud vendor (AWS,Azure, GCP) scalability features. SecDevops Containers
  9. • Build Small Container Images ◦ Use Alpine Image as

    your base Linux OS ◦ Using distroless images ◦ Smaller image size reduce the Container vulnerabilities. SecDevops Containers
  10. • Distroless Images ◦ SecDevops Containers

  11. • Containers inmutability ◦ Container images follow a unix philosophy

    ◦ Container images should be immutable ◦ RUN rm /usr/bin/apt-* /usr/bin/dpkg* SecDevops Containers
  12. • Avoid root user ◦ Create a User account ◦

    Add Runtime software’s based on the User Account. ◦ Run the App under the user account ◦ Add Security module SELinux or AppArmour to increase the security SecDevops Containers
  13. • Container Security ◦ Secure your HOST OS. Containers runs

    on Host Kernel. ◦ No Runtime software downloads inside the container. ◦ Declare the software requirements at the build time itself. ◦ Download Docker base images from Authentic site. ◦ Limit the resource utilization using Container orchestrators like Kubernetes. ◦ Don’t run anything on Super privileged mode. SecDevops Containers
  14. • Docker hub ◦ Do you have your own container

    registry? ◦ Do you check your Dockerfiles? ◦ Your pipelines has permissions and access to publish in docker hub? ◦ Do you inspect your Dockerfiles? ◦ Do you have Docker builds correctly configured? ◦ Do you control where layers are built? SecDevops Containers
  15. • Docker Content Trust ◦ content_trust/ ◦ export DOCKER_CONTENT_TRUST

    =1 ◦ Protection of malicious code in images. ◦ Protection against repeated attacks. ◦ Protection against key commitments. SecDevops Containers
  16. • Exploring layers in docker images ◦ SecDevops Containers

  17. • Container introspection tool ◦ SecDevops Containers

  18. • Docker bench security ◦ SecDevops Containers

  19. SecDevops Containers

  20. SecDevops Containers

  21. SecDevops Containers

  22. SecDevops Containers

  23. • Kubernetes Security ◦ Preventing image manipulation and unauthorized access

    ◦ Deploying Pods without root permissions ◦ Pod Security Policies ◦ Secrets management SecDevops Containers
  24. • Pods Security ◦ Never access a Pod directly from

    another Pod. ◦ Never use :latest tag in the image in the production scenario. SecDevops Containers
  25. • Namespaces ◦ Group your services/pods traffic rules based on

    specific namespace. ◦ Handle specific Resource Allocations for a Namespace. ◦ If you have more than a dozen Microservices then it’s time to bring in Namespaces. SecDevops Containers
  26. • Using official images ◦ Use images provided by a

    vendor ◦ Critical vulnerabilities are resolved automatically when they are updated. SecDevops Containers
  27. • SecDevops Containers

  28. SecDevops Containers

  29. SecDevops Containers Dangerous pod configurations

  30. SecDevops Containers CPU and memory limits to prevent DoS

  31. SecDevops Containers runAsNonRoot flag in pod configuration

  32. SecDevops Containers Capabilities in pod configuration

  33. SecDevops Containers Kubebench-CIS Kubernetes Benchmark • Master Node Security

    Configuration ◦ API Server ◦ Scheduler ◦ Controller Manager /Configuration Files ◦ General Security Primitives ◦ PodSecurityPolicices • Worker Node Security Configuration ◦ Kubelet ◦ Configuration Files
  34. SecDevops Containers Kubebench-CIS Kubernetes Benchmark

  35. SecDevops Containers Kubehunter

  36. SecDevops Containers Kubeaudit

  37. SecDevops Containers Pod Security Policies

  38. SecDevops Containers Kube PSP advisor "hostNetwork": [ { "metadata":

    { "name": "busy-rs", "kind": "ReplicaSet" }, "namespace": "psp-test", "hostPID": true, "hostNetwork": true, "hostIPC": true, "volumeTypes": [ "configMap" ] }, { "metadata": { "name": "busy-pod", "kind": "Pod" }, "namespace": "psp-test", "hostNetwork": true, "volumeTypes": [ "hostPath", "secret" ], "mountedHostPath": [ "/usr/bin" ]
  39. SecDevops Containers Sysdig falco

  40. SecDevops Containers Sysdig falco policies ◦ A shell that runs

    inside a container with root privileges. ◦ A process that generates another process with unexpected behavior. ◦ Reading a confidential file, for example the etc/shadow ◦ A process that is using a file that is not a device type in the /dev path, indicating a possible rootkit activity.
  41. SecDevops Containers Security best practices • Do not run containers

    and pods as root. • Disable capabilities and privileges • One application per container, microservice oriented approach. • Use small images
  42. • Training and communication is the key to success •

    DevSecOps is not about only ools but the correct tools are necessary. • Follow “Least privilege principle” SecDevops Containers
  43. • ecurity • • • ainer-security-with-proper-images/

    • • -security-a-developer-guide SecDevops Containers