An “umbilical hernia”, also referred to as a “belly button hernia”, is a common health condition that has attracted significant attention. Let's explore more: https://www.southlakegeneralsurgery.com/belly-button-hernia-a-quick-guide/
Reviewed by Dr. Valeria Simone MD (Southlake General Surgery, Texas)
An “umbilical hernia”, also referred to as a “belly button hernia”, is a common health condition that
has attracted significant attention. Both adults and infants may experience discomfort and worry
due to this condition, which is frequently visually identifiable by a protrusion near the navel.
In the era of digital advancements, there has been a significant increase in self-diagnosis. Dr. Valeria
Simone MD, an experienced board-certified general surgeon at Southlake General Surgery, Texas,
USA, recognizes the significance of providing accurate and easily comprehensible information on
This guide, carefully curated with her expertise, aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of
belly button hernias. It offers valuable insights into the causes, symptoms, and treatments
associated with this condition.
Dr. Simone, with her vast expertise, offers guidance to concerned parents, individuals noticing
unusual abdominal shifts, and health enthusiasts. We have specifically tailored it to meet your
What is a Belly Button Hernia?
An umbilical hernia, commonly referred to as a “belly button hernia,” is a
prevalent medical condition characterized by the protrusion of internal
tissues, such as a portion of the intestine or adipose tissue, through a
weakened area in the abdominal wall adjacent to the navel.
The condition causes a noticeable bulge, which makes it one of the
hernias that can be easily identified visually. Although hernias are often
linked to strenuous activity or heavy lifting, it’s important to note that
belly button hernias can occur for a variety of reasons.
Dr. Valeria Simone, MD, explains that these reasons can range from
congenital factors in newborns to specific triggers that develop in adults.
In the evolving digital health landscape, it is crucial to have a thorough
understanding of the specifics associated with various hernia types and
their implications. This knowledge becomes particularly important when
distinguishing between different types of hernias.
Causes of Belly Button Hernia
• Infantile Factors: One of the main causes of umbilical hernias in infants is the failure of the umbilical ring to
completely close after birth. This creates a vulnerability where tissues can protrude.
• Adult-Onset Triggers: The development of an umbilical hernia in adults is commonly associated with an
increase in intra-abdominal pressure. This pressure may arise from:
• Obesity: Being overweight places extra strain on the abdominal muscles.
• Multiple Pregnancies: Hernia risk increases with each additional pregnancy because each pregnancy
puts extra strain on the abdominal muscles.
• Chronic Coughing or Constipation: The constant straining associated with persistent coughing or
constipation might increase abdominal pressure over time.
• Fluid in the Abdominal Cavity: Hernia risk is elevated when there is a buildup of fluid in the abdominal
cavity, which can occur in conditions like cirrhosis.
• Previous Surgeries: Surgical treatments, particularly those in the abdominal region, have the potential to
compromise the integrity of the abdominal wall, thereby establishing vulnerable areas where hernias may
• Genetic Predisposition: Hernias are not common, but certain people may have a hereditary tendency that
makes their abdominal wall weaker.
Identifying the Symptoms of a Belly Button Hernia
• Visible Protrusion: An obvious protrusion at the belly button is the most evident
symptom of an umbilical hernia. When you laugh, weep, cough, or stretch, this bump
may become more noticeable.
• Localized Discomfort: Some people, particularly while engaging in activities that increase
abdominal pressure, may feel mild to moderate pain or a sensation of pressure at the
• Skin Changes: There may be a problem if the skin over the hernia becomes red or
discolored. A doctor should be consulted right away in the event of such a change.
• Nausea and Vomiting: In more serious cases, when a section of the intestine gets stuck
in the hernia, the patient may experience nausea, vomiting, and intense pain, indicating
the need for immediate medical attention.
• Fluctuating Size: The hernia’s size may alter over time, shrinking when lying down and
growing larger when exercising.
• Tenderness to Touch: The belly button region may become more sensitive to pressure
Diagnosis and Medical Procedures for
Belly Button (Umbilical) Hernia
Effective treatment for a belly button hernia relies on a correct diagnosis. An umbilical hernia can now be diagnosed
with greater accuracy and with the patient’s needs in mind, thanks to technological advances in the medical field.
Let’s explore the various procedures used by medical professionals, from traditional examinations to state-of-the-art
imaging, to reliably diagnose and treat this common disorder.
• Physical Examination: A physical examination by a doctor or other medical expert is the first step in diagnosis. The
doctor will feel around the belly button and other areas of the abdomen for any anomalies or protrusions.
• Medical History Review: Understanding the patient’s medical history might help determine whether the patient is
at risk for developing an umbilical hernia.
• Ultrasound Imaging: This non-invasive technique employs sound waves to create images of the abdominal region,
providing doctors with a clear view of the hernia and its contents.
• CT Scan: This advanced imaging method provides cross-sectional images of the abdominal cavity, displaying the
hernia’s size, location, and any related issues.
• MRI: If there is any doubt about the diagnosis or if there are critical structures within the hernia contents,
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be quite helpful because of the high-resolution images it generates.
• Herniography: Medical professionals perform an infusion of contrast dye into the abdominal cavity. Subsequently,
they utilize X-ray imaging to precisely identify and measure the location and size of the hernia.
Treatment Options for the Belly Button
Treating a belly button hernia involves a combination of contemporary medical interventions and individualized care.
The treatment methodologies for umbilical hernias are evolving along with the changes in the medical landscape.
Discover the most up-to-date, scientifically supported strategies that are designed to meet the needs of both infants
and adults, promoting optimal recovery and long-term overall health.
• Observation: As an observation, not all umbilical hernias require emergency surgery. Especially with newborns, a
wait-and-see strategy is taken because many hernias heal on their own by the time a child is 3 or 4 years old.
• Hernia Support Devices: Hernia belts or trusses can provide temporary relief for adults who are waiting for surgery.
These devices help hold the hernia in place and reduce discomfort.
• Open Hernia Repair: The hernia is repaired conventionally by making one large incision close to the affected area,
repositioning the protruding tissue, and closing the wound with stitches or mesh.
• Laparoscopic Hernia Repair: This technique is an option for those who prefer a less invasive approach, as it only
requires tiny incisions and specialist equipment to repair the hernia. In many cases, this facilitates a speedier
recovery with less discomfort after surgery.
• Post-Surgery Care: Patients who have had a hernia repaired are given instructions on how to care for themselves
after the procedure. Taking care of wounds and managing discomfort are also part of this.
• Lifestyle Modifications: To avoid another hernia repair after therapy, it’s important to make some adjustments to
your daily routine. Exercises aimed at strengthening the core, practicing proper lifting techniques, and maintaining
a healthy weight are all part of this.
Prevention and Lifestyle
Changes for Belly Button
The key to preventing umbilical hernias is to empower oneself with proactive health
measures. Explore the most up-to-date information on adopting a holistic lifestyle and
implementing preventive strategies.
This collection is specifically designed to enhance abdominal health and reduce the
chances of developing hernias in our modern, fast-paced society.
• Weight Management: One way to significantly reduce the risk of developing an
umbilical hernia is by maintaining a healthy weight, which helps lower abdominal
pressure. To effectively manage weight, it is important to adopt a well-balanced diet
and establish a consistent exercise routine.
• Safe Lifting Techniques: Proper lifting methods are crucial, whether you’re at the gym
or engaging in daily activities. To lift weights properly, remember to bend your knees,
maintain a straight back, and avoid lifting any weights that may strain your abdominal
• Core Strengthening: Participating in exercises that strengthen the core muscles, such as
pilates, yoga, and specific abdominal workouts, can improve the abdominal wall’s
ability to resist hernias.
• Let’s explore more: Belly Button Hernia: A Quick Guide! - Southlake General Surgery
For more information on “Belly Button Hernia” also
known as Umbilical Hernia or to book an appointment
with Dr. Valeria Simone MD, please contact our healthcare
expert today at +1 (817) 748-0200.
Please click, ‘Book an Appointment with the Doctor, and
fill out the required information.
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• Source: Belly Button Hernia: A Quick Guide! -
Southlake General Surgery
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