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Status and Development of Online Authentication Applications for Public Services in Asia

Status and Development of Online Authentication Applications for Public Services in Asia

LINE Developers
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May 29, 2019
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  1. Status and Development of Online Authentication Applications for Public Services

    in Asia May 29, 2019 Karen Chang Vice President of Egis Technology Board Representative of FIDO Alliance Wei-Chung Hwang Deputy General Director, Institute for Information Industry
  2. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 2 Background of APKIC

    (1) • Asia PKI Forum founded in 2001, transformed to Asia PKI Consortium in 2007, with leading organizations from Asia area supported by government and industrial sectors • Objectives: ▸ Promote the applications of PKI in e-commerce, e- government, e-financial, etc. ▸ Advance the interoperability among PKIs in countries in the Asia region ▸ Collaboration with global community to deliver a comprehensive framework of e-authentication
  3. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 3 Background of APKIC

    (2) Policy and Technology Promotion and Awareness  Asia PKI Interoperability Guideline  CA Responsibilities and Liability  Legal Issues on New Security Technologies  Mutual Recognition of National PKIs (Greater China, ASEAN)  Cross Border Applications(Trade, Financial)  FIDO UAF and PKI in Asia - Case Study and Recommendation  Asia PKI Case Study  Asia PKI Company List and Total Solutions  Asia PKI Best Practice Award  Asia PKI Innovation Award  PKI Market Survey  International Collaboration(PAA, AFACT, APSCA, FIDO, etc.)
  4. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 4 2018 Work Plan

    of APKIC • FIDO-PKI White Paper
  5. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 5 Contributors from APKIC

    & FIDO Alliance • TAIWAN – Chung-Yi Lin. Chunghwa Telecom – Eric Fan. National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, NTUST – Wei-Chung Hwang. Industrial Technology Research Institute, ITRI – Karen Chang. Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards, TAICS; Egis Technology Inc.; Asia PKI Consortium, APKIC; FIDO Alliance – Oliver Lien and Robin Lin. Taiwan-CA Inc., TWCA • USA – George Tang. Egis Technology Inc. • KOREA – Jonghyun Baek. Korea Internet and Security Agency, KISA • MACAO – Phoebe Ip. Macao Post and Telecommunications; eSignTrust Certification Services • THAILAND – Thitikorn Trakoonsirisak. Electronic Transactions Development Agency, ETDA • INDIA – Vijay Kumar. eMudhra
  6. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 6 Updates for FIDO

    & PKI in Asia China Korea Macao Thailand India Taiwan Hong Kong • eID by MPS with PKI • Domain/Regional PKI CFCA, BJCA, … • FIDO in Chinese FCWG • National eID (UIDAI) AADHAAR (Fingerprint & IRIS) • National PKI (CCA) eMudhra, (n)Code, … - Financial, Government, Procurement, … • Digital Signature Regulation • Nation eID NID card & i-PIN • FIDO in Telecom/Financial/Government and others • National PKI (KISA) NPKI & K-FIDO Financial, Commerce, Government… • Digital Signature Regulation • Private Sector TWID (Financial Identification with PKI)+FIDO TWID + Mobile ID FIDO for Internet Banking • Government Sector National FIDO & Government PKI (MOICA for Citizen) • Telecom (FIDO-based CRM) • Digital Signature Regulation • Hongkong Post, Macau Post - eID with PKI (and FIDO) • Digital Signature Regulation • National PKI (NRCA by ETDA) • eID (not active yet) • Digital ID Committee • National Digital ID Co., Ltd (NDID, Blockchain+MQ) • ETDA Connect FIDO/OpenID Connect • Digital Signature Regulation Singapore Malaysia • eID (SingPass) • eID with PKI and fingerprint (MyKad, …) • Online Identification Services (TBD) Japan • National eID My Number Card with JPKI • FIDO in Telecom/Financial/Commerce and others • Digital Signature Regulation
  7. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 7 Some more examples

    of Thailand and Taiwan… 7
  8. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 8 FIDO in Thailand’s

    National Authentication & Identification Framework 8 Web Application ETD Connect FIDO Server Mobile Authen (IDP) FIDO Relying Party Mobile Authen (IDP) Web server FIDO Authenticator FIDO Client Mobile application User login on browser 1 Authentication request (OpenID Connect) 2 ETDA Connect send back ID Token Authentication request (OpenID Connect) 3 Authentication request server challenge + policy 4 5 User unlock private key (e.g. enter passcode) at mobile app Sign challenge with user’s private key 6 Validate signature with user’s public key 7 IdP returns ID Token to ETDA Connect 8 9 Mobile Authentication NDID Platform
  9. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 9 Online Authentication &

    Identification Services in Taiwan MOEACA GCA HCA MOICA XCA FIDO2&UAF ☞ Citizen Service ☞ Health Bank ☞ Labor Services ☞ Tax Filing, e-Invoice ☞ … ☞ TBD: Decentralized Identification & Applications(e.g. Blockchain, Distributed Ledger, …) National Citizen Database 23M 18M 5M 28M ☞Needs:  User Experience  Mobile friendly  Strong & Secure
  10. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 10 Deployment Architecture INTRANET

    (Ministry of Interior) PC MOBILE users INTERNET Web server RP server RP server Web server ESB server AP server FIDO server (FIDO2+UAF) DB server Firewall
  11. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 11 PKI-based ID Proofing

    for FIDO (2019) On PC’s browser, use MOICA Card or eID Card to request for a code (OTP) Download App on smartphone Online Authentication Platform by MOI Start registration Registration 1 2 Input code on App 3 Enroll on smartphone with Biometrics Done! www Input Code Last Step… 45 6524 4 Input Code 4 5 6 5 2 4 Welcome to Taiwan FIDO Services
  12. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 12 Online ID Proofing

    (2020~) Service Portal Online ID Proofing Fill in basic information 1 ID Number Address Name Telephone Birthday Email Upload both sides of ID Card 2 Household Number … Selfie of Face & ID Card 3 Review & Check 4 Approval – Issue OTP 5 Have Card Reader? NO Insert eID Card www Input Code Last Step… 45 6524 YES Kiosk Desktop Have New eID Card? YES NO Mobile App
  13. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 13 Over-the-Counter ID Proofing

    (2020~) Present and check dual-identification document and issue OTP Code Download the client authenticator (App) 1 2 Input OTP Code 3 Enroll the biometrics 4 Download App 456524 Code Registration Input Code 4 5 6 5 2 4 Welcome to Taiwan FIDO Services
  14. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 14 Use Case #1:

    Access to Citizen Service Portal Identifying…  Identification Services、Human Resource、 Household Administration…  Online Application、Resource Monitoring、 Auditing Logs、Application Logs, … Government Cloud Services Citizen Cloud Services Citizen Service Portal
  15. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 15 Use Case #2:

    Access Citizen’s My Data FIDO Health Bank request your approval Request for Authentication Authentication on App Authenticated Access Granted 1 2 3 4 Mobile APP Health Bank App User & Device Login with Password:Need to register with Health ID Card Login with Cards:Need Health ID Card(with passcode) or MOICA Card TO-BE AS-IS www.healthbank.com Welcome to My Health Bank ID Number: A123456789 Fast Login
  16. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 16 2. Promotion &

    Expansion 1.Deployment & Pilot • PKI-based ID proofing • MOI’s citizen services • Pilots on inter-ministerial services 3.Open & Popularization Milestones 2019 2019~2020 2020~2021 2022 • Online ID proofing (Selfie & New eID) • Central & Local Government Applications • Support/work with various PKIs • Over-the-Counter ID Proofing • Support/work with non- government services (Telecomm, Finance, etc.) Online application rate: 27.6% Online application rate: 50% 0.5M users 1M users 3M users All Rights Reserved | FIDO Alliance | Copyright 2018
  17. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 17 Related Issues &

    Challenges All Rights Reserved | FIDO Alliance | Copyright 2018 01 Account Recovery & ID Proofing 06 FIDO is complementary to PKI/eID/Mobile but also compete to each others 05 FIDO & “Mobile Connect” 02 FIDO & PKI 03 Privacy (Inter-applications) 04 FIDO & Federation • “Class 2”in the APKIC-FIDO white paper • TBD: FIDO & Cloud-based PKI
  18. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 18 Pros and Cons

    PKI eID FIDO Mobile ID User Experience Mobility & Device Coverage Ecosystem & Openness Online / Offline Usage Policy & Regulation Cost Effectiveness                       -- --
  19. | © 2019 Egis Technology Inc. 19 No More Password!

    From Asia to the World • What Taiwan, Japan and APKIC can do in Asia? • We can do some more TOGETHER!!!
  20. QUESTIONS & EXCHANGE [email protected]