Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

HAWK: The State of Hunger in Maryland

Maryland Food Bank
September 21, 2018

HAWK: The State of Hunger in Maryland

How will next generation data drive change in the food assistance industry? Find out!~

Maryland Food Bank

September 21, 2018


  1. Alice Huang Food Access Planner City of Baltimore │Department of

    Planning Office of Sustainability | Baltimore Food Policy Initiative [email protected]
  2. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB I M P A C T •Priority Area Factors:

    • Low Healthy Food Availability Score • At or below 185% federal poverty level • Low vehicle availability • ¼ mile from supermarket •Impact: • 23.5% of residents • 28.3% school aged children • 24.3% seniors • 31% Black vs 8.9% White residents
  3. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB MPIN and New Research Efforts at Feeding America Erin

    McDonald, PhD, MPP VP, Research [email protected] TOGETHER WE CAN SOLVE HUNGER
  4. Defining MPIN • MPIN = Meals Per Person in Need

    • MPIN refines our definition of how we measure service, more closely aligning with food insecure populations.
  5. Breaking Down the Legalese Meals = Meals from Pounds and

    Meals from SNAP Persons in Need = Number of people in the Service Area who are food insecure, as calculated through the Map the Meal Gap methodology. **1.2 according to USDA’s What We Eat in America, 2010. Total pounds of food distributed (not including non- food Products or water) divided by the current USDA pound-to-meal conversion factor** Data for water and nonfood offsets will come from the QPR, Receipts by Product Category page. Water is represented by 10% of the Beverage category. SNAP application assistance conducted or organized by Member food banks and their PDOs and converted using the FA SNAP Calculator. SNAP meals may not account for more than forty- nine (49%) of the total meals provided toward a member’s compliance at the total Service Area level. TEFAP/CSFP pounds, as well as donated and purchased pounds, distributed into another Member’s Service Area, will be credited to the Member whose Service Area it is for the purposes of compliance. If the TEFAP contract lies with a non-Member, Feeding America will augment the meal distribution report for the county (for the purpose of compliance) using the national average of TEFAP receipts on a pro- rata basis. Members must notify Feeding America which counties in their Service Area do not have the state TEFAP contract. Meals from Pounds Meals from SNAP From Other Members TEFAP Augment
  6. Maryland Food Bank MPIN Compliance Report Example (Q2 2018) •

    Compliance is defined as having a county-level MPIN of equal to or greater than 50% of the Service Area Median, or 45.299 MPIN for every county.
  7. Pulse Communities Piggybacking & Partnership Service Insights Initiative In July

    2017, FANO leadership announced the unbundling of the legacy Hunger in America study into three key initiatives to address the expanding data needs of the network and national organization. 1. The Pulse Communities network of national "sentinel" sites will look into diverse communities to answer critical, in-depth questions about people we serve and the lived experience of hunger; 2. The Service Insights Initiative will enable the collection of administrative information for generating regular, reliable, time-efficient local counts and demographics; 3. Appending questions about charitable food use on existing national surveys will provide us with information on reach of our services and characteristics of the people that we don’t serve. Moving From To Questions? Please email [email protected]!
  8. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Current and Upcoming Research Initiatives • Population food insecurity

    • National and local data use • Predictive ability to adjacent issues • FA network wide standardized data • Local, timely data • Identify client patterns to improve service • Deeper insight on key populations • Timely ongoing data • Understand adjacent issues • Measuring strategic outcomes Communities Service Insights
  9. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Pulse Communities Piggybacking & Partnership Service Insights Initiative When

    We Want… • To understand client experience and journey • Effect of the services provided • Local data count • Patterns of access • Characteristics of people served • To understand food insecurity and charitable food participation What We Use it For.. • In-depth understanding of our key strategic questions – going further • Timely understanding of people served – moving in a nimble manner • Local unduplicated counts • Trends of people served at the local level • Insight into people we’re not serving • National estimates of reach Additional Dimensions of Added Value • Ongoing strategic analytic projects to leverage & integrate existing data to answer key questions • Providing key tools and support for rigorous local FB data collection & analysis • Maintaining the collective organizational reputation for leadership and deep content expertise in the national programmatic and policy arenas New Key Research Strategies
  10. What does it cost to live in Maryland? Source: U.S.

    Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 2016; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2016; Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), 2016; Consumer Reports, 2017; Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 2016; Tax Foundation, 2016; Maryland Family Network, 2016. FPL = $11,880 single adult and $24,300 family MD minimum wage: $8.75/hour = $17,500/year Basic costs increased from 2010 to 2016: 22% for a single adult, 30% for a family of four - compared to 9% inflation.
  11. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Household Survival Budget • Housing: HUD’s Fair Market Rent

    (40th percentile) • Child Care: Registered Family Child Care Homes • Food: Thrifty Level (lowest of four levels) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Plans – with regional variation • Transportation: Car expenses include gas and motor oil and other vehicle maintenance expenses from Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) • Health Care: nominal out-of-pocket health care spending, medical services, prescription drugs from Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) • Technology: smartphone using Consumer Reports “Best Low-Cost Cell-Phone Plans” • Miscellaneous: 10 percent of the total (including taxes) to cover cost overruns

  13. ALICE lives in all counties in Maryland Source: American Community

    Survey, 2016, and the ALICE Threshold, 2016 Drill down options on the website • Zip code • County subdivisions • Places • Congressional districts • PUMAs UnitedWayALICE.org
  14. How much are people earning in Maryland? Source: Bureau of

    Labor Statistics, 2016 Wages needed to support the Household Survival Budget: Single adult $13.03/hour Family of four $34.84/hour For comparison, in 2010, 54% of jobs paid less than $20/hour
  15. ALICE workers keep the economy running Source: Bureau of Labor

    Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Wage Survey - All Industries Combined, 2016. • ALICE workers are “Maintainers” • They care for the workforce and build and maintain the infrastructure • In 2016, only three of the top 20 occupations – general and operations managers, accountants and auditors, and nurses – paid enough to support the Household Survival Budget for a family of four
  16. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Emerging trends in Maryland Changing American Household • Millennials,

    Baby Boomers • Migration in/ out of state Market Instability • Gig economy, contingent workforce • Future jobs and technology Growing Inequality of Health • Cost of and access to health insurance • Wealth-Health Gap – social determinants; personalized medicine; biotech; genetic engineering
  17. Conclusion: Overcoming Obstacles 1. Widening Skills Gap - Digital training,

    public education, lifelong learning opportunities 2. Lack of Stable and Viable Employment – reduce barriers to employment, portable benefits, small business support, lifetime employment 3. Lack of Savings and Assets – Access to credit, private and public financial instruments 4. Systemic Bias - Level the playing field for all, including racial, sexual, age bias For solutions to be effective, they must be as comprehensive and as interconnected as the problems are.
  18. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB County Pages • Report includes pages with data specific

    to each county in Maryland – Percent ALICE change over time – Household composition – Household Survival Budget – Employment information
  19. Over 15,000 people rely on a food pantry to feed

    their families. CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867 CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867 endhungercalvert.org • CFC# 61423
  20. Our Food Pantry families earn less than half of what

    is needed to meet their basic needs.(www.selfsufficiencystandard.org) Needing assistance can happen to anyone: – Loss of job – Death – Illness – Hours reduced endhungercalvert.org • CFC# 61423
  21. • The majority of hungry families in Calvert County are

    not homeless, addicted or mentally challenged- they are the working poor. CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867 endhungercalvert.org • CFC# 61423
  22. Informs Your Decisions How Much Food Do We Need? What

    Types of Food Do We Need? What Services Best Serve Your Food pantry Population?
  23. • The US Census Bureau reports a 2% increase in

    Latino families living in Calvert County in one year • Older adults, age 60+, represent 20% of food pantry clients in 2017; an increase of 6%. When adults age 55-60 are included the percentage increases to 25%. • CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867 endhungercalvert.org • CFC# 61423
  24. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Builds Your Credibility Are Your Programs Effective? Are You

    Meeting Your Goals and Objectives? Do You Know Your Population? Do You have The Capacity to Manage A Project? CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867
  25. End Hunger in Calvert County Distributed 1.7 Million Pounds of

    Food, equivalent to over 1.4 Million Meals in 2017 CHESAPEAKECHURCH.ORG/FOODPANTRY CFC#35867 endhungercalvert.org • CFC# 61423
  26. Good News! Much of the work is already done www.selfsufficencystandard.org

    www.census.gov/quickfacts www.data.Maryland.gov www.unitedwayalice.org https://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines www.feedingamerica.org www.mdhungersolutions.org www.mdfoodbank.org www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and- institutes/johns-hopkins-center-for-a-livable- future/ But We Don’t Have The Time, People or Ability To Collect Data.
  27. How To Get Started Get a snapshot by conducting an

    annual survey of your families. Have new families complete a survey. Weigh the food you distribute Number of families served
  28. HAWK: Hunger & Access Work A visionary tool for mapping

    future capacity building Jessica Corcelius, Zanika Ghee, Megan Davis & Kathy Egan [email protected]
  29. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Why HAWK? Data informs food-banking and how efficiently we

    serve our neighbors in need. We will use the valuable data that we are gathering to inform our decision making and ensure equitable distribution of our resources .
  30. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB 1. Help MFB and our partners develop a deeper

    understanding of food insecurity in Maryland. 2. Provide MFB with a strategic approach to respond to community needs and ensure equitable distribution of resources. 3. Help Partner Agencies better serve communities in need. What will HAWK do?
  31. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB The Foundation of Our Tool HAWK Tool Population per

    Municipality Federal Poverty Level + ALICE Survival Budget Population Pounds needed based on 88. 4 meals MFB + Partner pounds distributed Pounds needed
  32. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB HAWK in Action We put all the data together,

    then took a closer look. Starting from a place of compassion, we seek to understand the people who live and work in these counties.
  33. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Owings Long Beach Dunkirk

    Chesapeake Ranch Estates Huntingtown Drum Point Calvert Beach Solomons Chesapeake Beach North Beach Lusby Prince Frederick Sum of Federal Poverty % Sum of ALICE % *Sorted by %<FPL CA LV ERT COU N TY 91,502 5,490 25,621 Total Population Individuals <FPL Individuals <ALICE 32% Of all individuals living in Baltimore County are likely to be food insecure.
  34. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Hampton Kingsville Lutherville Mays Chapel Garrison Bowleys Quarters White

    Marsh Timonium Edgemere Baltimore Highlands Overlea Lansdowne Rossville Arbutus Cockeysville Rosedale Perry Hall Pikesville Carney Owings Mills Lochearn Randallstown Reisterstown Middle River Catonsville Milford Mill Parkville Woodlawn Essex Towson Dundalk Sum of Individuals <FPL Sum of Individuals <ALICE Of all individuals living in Baltimore County are likely to be food insecure. 40% 832,468 83,247 249,740 Total Population Individuals <FPL Individuals <ALICE *Sorted by %<FPL BA LTIM ORE COU N TY
  35. Of all individuals living in Baltimore City are likely to

    be food insecure. 45% 622,793 137,014 143,242 Total Population Individuals <FPL Individuals <ALICE *Sorted by %<FPL 0% 50% 100% Canton Inner Harbor/Federal Hill Mount Washington/Coldspring Fells Point Downtown/Seton Hill Loch Raven Dickeyville/Franklintown Pimlico/Arlington/Hilltop Belair-Edison Patterson Park North & East Washington Village/Pigtown Penn North/Reservoir Hill Harbor East/Little Italy Sandtown-Winchester/Harlem Park Southern Park Heights Upton/Druid Heights % Individual < FPL % Individual < ALICE BA LTIM ORE CITY
  36. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB Now Let’s Map it! Maps will allow us to

    overlay MFB’s network , programs, and services over the need. We’ll discover service gaps and opportunities for collaboration.
  37. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB • Arc.GIS to visualize where MFB is currently distributing

    food • Need Based on 88 meals (MPIN) Tools and Assumptions
  38. #CAUSINGCHANGEMFB ALICE Report, United Way https://www.unitedwayalice.org/by-state American Fact Finder, United

    States Census Bureau (poverty stats, household income data from ACS 5 year estimates) https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml Baltimore Neighborhood Indicator Alliance https://bniajfi.org Geology.com, map of Maryland Counties https://geology.com/county- map/maryland.shtml Johns Hopkins University, Center for Livable Future, Maryland Food Systems Map http://mdfoodsystemmap.org Living Wages http://livingwage.mit.edu/counties/24510 University of Washington, Self-Sufficiency Standards http://www.selfsufficiencystandard.org/maryland Zillow, school data https://www.greatschools.org/search/search.page?gradeLevels%5B%5D=e&gradeL evels%5B%5D=m&gradeLevels%5B%5D=h&q=21217 Sources/ Resources: