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Open Metrics

Martin Fenner
September 09, 2014

Open Metrics

Presentation given at OA Days in Cologne, Germany.

Martin Fenner

September 09, 2014

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  1. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

    Martin Fenner Technical Lead Article-Level Metrics Public Library of Science Open Metrics http://www.flickr.com/photos/batega/2056949264/
  2. 2 3 A piece of data or content is open

    if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.! ! http://opendefinition.org/
  3. 3 3 It has become more important where we publish

    than what we publish. ! The tools we use for impact assessment are slow, limited and proprietary.
  4. 4 3 We need to move beyond Open Access for

    all research outputs. ! Open Metrics are needed for the timely, comprehensive and reproducible evaluation of the impact of research.
  5. Open up (and standardize) the metadata 5 3 Funding Information

    Institutions Authors Subject Area ! Classification ?
  6. Open up reference lists (and make them machine-readable) 6 3

    Outcomes N All the data described in this article are available at http:// europepmc.org/ftp/oa/AccNoAnalysisData/. N The Whatizit ANA pipeline for ENA, UniProt and PDB accession numbers is integrated into the ePMC infrastructure and all the gathered accession numbers are available via the ePMC web site and web services (http://europepmc.org/ WebServices). N The extensions and improvements to the Whatizit ANA pipeline will be applied to the ePMC core program of named entity recognition and will be available via the web site and web services. N Tagged versions of the OA article set will be made available on an ongoing basis from the FTP site in the future. Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Rebholz research group at the EBI (2003-2012) for developing the Whatizit service, the EBI Literature Services Group for the development of many of the core data services used in this study, Andrew Caines for help producing the figures and Alex Bateman for critical reading of the manuscript. Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: S ¸K JK JRM. Performed the experiments: S ¸K JK. Analyzed the data: S ¸K JK JRM. Wrote the paper: S ¸K JK JRM. References 1. Kahn P, Hazledine D (1988) NAR’s new requirement for data submission to the EMBL data library: information for authors. Nucleic Acids Res 16(10): I–IV. 2. Science as an Open Enterprise (2012) The Royal Society. Available: http:// royalsociety.org/policy/projects/science-public-enterprise/report/. Accessed 2013 Apr 8. 3. Rebholz-Schuhmann D, Arregui M, Gaudan S, Kirsch H, Yepes AJ (2007) Text processing through Web services: calling Whatizit. Bioinformatics 24(2):296– 298. 4. McEntyre JR, Ananiadou S, Andrews S, Black WJ, Boulderstone R, et al. (2011) UKPMC: a full text article resource for the life sciences. Nucleic Acids Res 39:d58–65. 5. Ne ´ve ´ol A, Wilbur WJ, Lu Z (2011) Extraction of data deposition statements from the literature: a method for automatically tracking research results. Bioinfor- matics 27(23):3306–3312. 6. Ne ´ve ´ol A, Wilbur WJ, Lu Z (2012) Improving links between literature and biological data with text mining: a case study with GEO, PDB and MEDLINE. Database (Oxford) 2012: bas026. 7. Fink JL, Kushch S, Williams PR, Bourne PE (2008) BioLit: integrating biological literature with databases. Nucleic Acids Res 36(Web Server Issue):W385–9. 8. Haeussler M, Gerner M, Bergman CM (2011) Annotating genes and genomes with DNA sequences extracted from biomedical articles. Bioinformatics 27(7):980–6. 9. Finn RD, Mistry J, Tate J, Coggill P, Heger A, et al. (2010) The Pfam protein families database. Nucleic Acids Res Database Issue 38:D211–222. 10. Parkinson H, Sarkans U, Shojatalab M, Abeygunawardena N, Contrino S, et al. (2005) ArrayExpress – a public repository for microarray gene expression data at the EBI. Nucleic Acids Res (2005) 33 (Suppl 1): D553–D555. 11. Mulder NJ, Apweiler R, Attwood TK, Bairoch A, Bateman A, et al. (2002) InterPro: an integrated documentation resource for protein families, domains and functional sites. Brief Bioinform (3):225–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063184
  7. Open up links to data and other resources 7 3

  8. 8 3 Open up what we measure RESEARCH ARTICLE VIEWED

    SAVED DISCUSSED RECOMMENDED CITED PLOS HTML PLOS PDF PLOS XML PMC HTML PMC PDF CiteULike Mendely NatureBlogs ScienceSeeker ResearchBlogging PLOS Comments Wikipedia Twitter Facebook F1000 Prime CrossRef PMC Web of Science Scopus Increasing Engagement http://dx.doi.org/10.3789/isqv25no2.2013.04
  9. 3 yes! 87 % no! 13 % Data from 9,969

    random CrossRef DOIs from 2011 and 2012, collected June 22, 2014. Facebook Debugger: https://developers.facebook.com/tools/debug! DOIs: http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.821209 (2011) and http://dx.doi.org/ 10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.821213 (2012) Facebook can’t resolve all DOIs to a canonical URL ! Cookies! Circular redirects! Permissions! Canonical URL mismatch Open up article landing pages
  10. ! 11 3 Days since publication! August 27, 2014 Open

    up the time window http://alm.plos.org/articles/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0105948
  11. https://github.com/articlemetrics/alm-report Open up the service to collect and analyze the

    metrics data CrossRef Labs has started a pilot project to collect metrics for all CrossRef DOIs issued since January 2011.! ! A DOI Event Tracker (DET) working group with CrossRef members was formed in May 2014 to support this pilot.! ! The service is available at http://det.labs.crossref.org, and is using the alm software.
  12. Open up the discussion Any metric we use should have

    good reliability (consistency) and validity. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Validity_(statistics)#mediaviewer/File:Reliability_and_validity.svg
  13. This presentation is made available under a CC-BY 4.0 license.!