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Start developing for TYPO3 in minutes using DDEV

July 08, 2018

Start developing for TYPO3 in minutes using DDEV

Slides with moderation information of my talk at the TYPO3 Developer Days 2018


July 08, 2018


  1. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Start developing for TYPO3 in minutes

    using DDEV by Michael Oehlhof Twitter: @michadu_typo3 Slack: michadu TCCD since 11/2017 Member of the TYPO3 Usergroup RheinRuhr Member of the Orga-Team of the TYPO3camp RheinRuhr
  2. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Technologies • native • virtual •

    container If we look back in time there were different technologies to set up a local environment for developing web applications.
  3. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 native • PHP • Apache •

    MySQL Some years ago it was only possible to do local development using a local installed PHP version, a local installed database and a local installed web server on your development machine. The disadvantage of this solution is, if you have to work with different projects that need different PHP versions, you have to install more than one PHP version and have to handle that the different projects use the correct PHP version when you switch between the projects. You also have to set up the network configuration for the hostname resolution if you don’t want to use localhost or the IP address. And you have to configure the web server to serve the content from the right directory. This could result in a lot of needless work.
  4. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 And then There were people who

    think this must be done more easier and they made packages which are containing a web server, a database and some PHP versions. The installation is easier, only one program to install. The configuration is also a lot easier. You can configure all needed settings in one user interface.
  5. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 integrated packages • LAMP • WAMP

    • MAMP • AMPOS2 • XAMPP These packages are already known as LAMP, WAMP, MAMP, AMPOS2 or XAMPP. In this abbreviations the A stands for the Apache web server, the M stands for the MySQL database server, the P stands for PHP and the other letters are standing for the operating system, L for Linux, W for Windows, M for MacOS and OS2 for OS/2 and eComStaion. The X in XAMPP stands for cross-platform and the second P stands for Perl. The most used package today is XAMPP I think, and that is brought to us by the Apache Friends.
  6. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 https://www.apachefriends.org/de/index.html Using these packages reduces the

    time to set up a local environment a lot in comparison to the native installation of the single components. But these solutions also have drawbacks. XAMPP for example has PHP configured as an Apache module what makes it impossible to use different PHP versions at the same time.
  7. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 virtual machine • VirtualBox • VMWare

    Next in time virtual machines came up. Solutions like VMWare or VirtualBox could be used to set up a virtual machine per project. With all project specific settings separated from other projects. The disadvantage is that you have to set up a complete server image with an operating system and a development environment including the web server, database server and PHP by yourself.
  8. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 And then There were people who

    create ready to use virtual machines with all needed software already installed.
  9. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 https://bitnami.com/stack/typo3 https://typo3-on-aws.org You can find them

    for example at Bitnami or on the AWS Marketplace.
  10. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 https://www.michielroos.com/articles/the-one-stop-typo3-vagrant-development-box.html And there is one special

    Vagrant Box called TYPO3.Homestead which is maintained by Michiel Roos. I have used this box for some time to review patches for the TYPO3 core very easily. My scripts for doing this were adopted from Michiel and are included in the TYPO3.Homestead box. It is no longer maintained because creating it with current TYPO3 versions results in a very large virtual machine, so it has to be redesigned.
  11. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Containers • LXC • openVZ •

    Virtuozzo • Docker Then the container technology comes up where programs are running as isolated processes in user space sharing the OS kernel with other containers.
  12. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Docker One of these container technologies

    is called docker. There are a lot of ready to use containers for web servers, database servers and programming languages like PHP, Perl and so on. The complexity is to find the right containers and orchestrate them in the right way to work smoothly together using Docker Compose. Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. You have to configure how the different container are interacting together and with the outside with writing more or less complex docker configuration files.
  13. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 And then There are the people

    from Drud Technology which combines some container with an easy to use command line interface what they called DDEV.
  14. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 DDEV • Open Source Tool to

    set up a local PHP development environment in shortest time • Use Docker without getting in touch with the configuration DDEV is an Open Source Tool to set up a local PHP development environment in shortest time. It uses Docker without getting in touch with the configuration of the docker container.
  15. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 DDEV Installation • Requirement: Docker •

    Requirement: Docker Compose • Information about the Installation of DDEV and the requirements:
 https://ddev.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ All you need before installing DDEV is an installed version of docker and docker-compose. Detailed information about the installation and the requirements of DDEV you can find in their documentation.
  16. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 TYPO3 v9 • Requirement: composer •

    composer create-project typo3/cms-base-distribution t3dd18demo ^9 I show you setting up a fresh TYPO3 installation. Requirement for this kind of installation, beside DDEV, is an installed composer version on the local machine. composer create-project typo3/cms-base-distribution t3dd18demo ^9 cd t3dd18demo ddev config ddev start ddev stop nano .ddev/config.yaml # set php version to 7.2 ddev start touch public/FIRST_INSTALL ddev describe
  17. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Install via Source (Git) • git

    clone https://github.com/TYPO3/ TYPO3.CMS.BaseDistribution.git -b 9.x t3dd18gitdemo • cd t3dd18gitdemo • mkdir -p public/typo3conf • ddev config • nano .ddev/config.yaml
 set PHP to 7.2 and remove # from hooks (3 lines) • ddev start • touch public/FIRST_INSTALL git clone https://github.com/TYPO3/TYPO3.CMS.BaseDistribution.git -b 9.x t3dd18gitdemo cd t3dd18gitdemo mkdir -p public/typo3conf ddev config !! docroot = public !! type=typo3 In .ddev/config.yaml the PHP version must be set to 7.2 and a hook must be activated. hooks: post-start: - exec: “composer install -d /var/www/html“ ddev start touch public/FIRST_INSTALL For Core Development: https://docs.typo3.org/typo3cms/ContributionWorkflowGuide/Appendix/SpecificTopics/DdevSettingUpTypo3.html#ddev
  18. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Install via wget •mkdir t3dd18zipdemo •cd

    t3ddd18zipdemo •wget --content-disposition get.typo3.org/8 •tar xzf typo3_src-8.7.16.tar.gz •ln -s typo3_src-8.7.16 typo3_src • ln -s typo3_src/typo3 typo3 • ln -s typo3_src/index.php index.php • ddev config • ddev start • touch FIRST_INSTALL mkdir t3dd18zipdemo cd t3ddd18zipdemo wget --content-disposition get.typo3.org/8 tar xzf typo3_src-8.7.16.tar.gz ln -s typo3_src-8.7.16 typo3_src ln -s typo3_src/typo3 typo3 ln -s typo3_src/index.php index.php ddev config ddev start touch FIRST_INSTALL
  19. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Creating a new ddev project config

    in the current directory (/Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test) Once completed, your configuration will be written to /Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test/.ddev/config.yaml Project name (v9test): The docroot is the directory from which your site is served. This is a relative path from your application root (/Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test) You may leave this value blank if your site files are in the application root Docroot Location: web Found a typo3 codebase at /Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test/web. Application Type [backdrop, php, drupal7, drupal8, wordpress, drupal6, typo3] (typo3): Configuration complete. You may now run 'ddev start'. ddev config
  20. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Starting environment for v9test... Starting ddev-v9test-db

    ... done Starting ddev-v9test-dba ... Starting ddev-v9test-web ... done Network ddev_default is external, skipping Creating ddev-router ... done Successfully started v9test Your project can be reached at http://v9test.ddev.local and https://v9test.ddev.local ddev start
  21. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 NAME TYPE LOCATION URL(s) STATUS v9test

    typo3 ~/Source/ddev/v9test http://v9test.ddev.local running https://v9test.ddev.local Project Information ----------------- PHP version: 7.2 MySQL Credentials ----------------- Username: db Password: db Database name: db Host: db Port: 3306 To connect to mysql from your host machine, use port 32800 on For example: mysql --host= --port=32800 --user=db --password=db --database=db Other Services -------------- MailHog: http://v9test.ddev.local:8025 phpMyAdmin: http://v9test.ddev.local:8036 DDEV ROUTER STATUS: healthy ddev describe
  22. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Import Data ddev import-db —-src=mydata.sql.gz It

    is really easy to import the data of your project. For the database you can import the SQL file of your projects database to the DDEV database. This can be done after starting the container with the import-db parameter of the DDEV command. Plain text and compressed files can be used as source for the import. There is also an import-files command but that doesn’t work for TYPO3 at the moment. For the files you can add a copy of your fileadmin folder to the project directory.
  23. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Other commands • ddev list •

    ddev remove • ddev remove —remove-data • ddev exec • ddev logs ddev list Shows all DDEV projects and paths ddev remove Removes a docker container, helpful if ddev start shows error messages about DB container ddev remove —remove-data Removes the docker container and the database ddev exec ls -la Runs a command inside the docker container ddev logs Shows the logs, for example the error log.
  24. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Tools included • Git • Composer

    • NodeJS • NPM • Yarn • Xdebug • PhpMyAdmin • MailHog There are many tools installed in the container which you can easily access on a shell connection to the container. ddev ssh Get a shell connection to the web container. Starting directory is the document root.
  25. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Email • [MAIL][transport] = smtp •

    [MAIL][transport_smtp_server] = localhost:1025 Admin Tools -> Settings -> Configure Installation-Wide Options [MAIL][transport] = smtp [MAIL][transport_smtp_server] = localhost:1025 Environment -> Test Mail Setup
  26. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Debugging • Already configured for using

    XDebug • Enable xdebug in your config.yaml
 xdebug_enabled: true
  27. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Summary • Install project files in

    a directory • Configure the project with ddev config • Start the project with ddev start • Optional: Import data with ddev import-db Let us summing up what we have learned. You have to install your project files in a directory. This depends on your project settings. Installing via composer, from a source download or with a git checkout, all is possible. After you have configured the project you can start the container and work on your project.
  28. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018 Information • Who has it developed?

    DRUD Technology, LLC
 https://www.drud.com • Interview on the TYPO3 YouTube Channel
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xz8tE2Vzngo&t=850s • Documentation
 https://ddev.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ • Source
 https://github.com/drud/ddev • DDEV on Slack
 #ddev You have seen the different possibilities to setup your local development environment You can use native components You can use Virtual machines And you can use containers You have seen how easy it is to setup a local development environment for your projects in very short time Take some time, after lunch, tomorrow or next week in your office and give DDEV a try. I am shure you won’t do development without DDEV afterwards.