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Start developing for TYPO3 in minutes using DDEV

July 08, 2018

Start developing for TYPO3 in minutes using DDEV

Slides with moderation information of my talk at the TYPO3 Developer Days 2018


July 08, 2018


  1. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Start developing for TYPO3
    in minutes using DDEV
    by Michael Oehlhof

    Twitter: @michadu_typo3

    Slack: michadu

    TCCD since 11/2017

    Member of the TYPO3 Usergroup RheinRuhr

    Member of the Orga-Team of the TYPO3camp RheinRuhr

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  2. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • native

    • virtual

    • container
    If we look back in time there were different technologies to set up a local environment for developing web applications.

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  3. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • PHP

    • Apache

    • MySQL
    Some years ago it was only possible to do local development using a local installed PHP version, a local installed database and a local installed web server on your
    development machine.

    The disadvantage of this solution is, if you have to work with different projects that need different PHP versions, you have to install more than one PHP version and have
    to handle that the different projects use the correct PHP version when you switch between the projects.

    You also have to set up the network configuration for the hostname resolution if you don’t want to use localhost or the IP address. And you have to configure the web
    server to serve the content from the right directory. This could result in a lot of needless work.

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  4. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    And then
    There were people who think this must be done more easier and they made packages which are containing a web server, a database and some PHP versions. The
    installation is easier, only one program to install. The configuration is also a lot easier. You can configure all needed settings in one user interface.

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  5. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    integrated packages
    • LAMP

    • WAMP

    • MAMP

    • AMPOS2

    • XAMPP
    These packages are already known as LAMP, WAMP, MAMP, AMPOS2 or XAMPP.

    In this abbreviations the A stands for the Apache web server, the M stands for the MySQL database server, the P stands for PHP and the other letters are standing for the
    operating system, L for Linux, W for Windows, M for MacOS and OS2 for OS/2 and eComStaion.

    The X in XAMPP stands for cross-platform and the second P stands for Perl.

    The most used package today is XAMPP I think, and that is brought to us by the Apache Friends.

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  6. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Using these packages reduces the time to set up a local environment a lot in comparison to the native installation of the single components.

    But these solutions also have drawbacks. XAMPP for example has PHP configured as an Apache module what makes it impossible to use different PHP versions at the
    same time.

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  7. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    virtual machine
    • VirtualBox

    • VMWare
    Next in time virtual machines came up. Solutions like VMWare or VirtualBox could be used to set up a virtual machine per project. With all project specific settings
    separated from other projects. The disadvantage is that you have to set up a complete server image with an operating system and a development environment including
    the web server, database server and PHP by yourself.

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  8. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    And then
    There were people who create ready to use virtual machines with all needed software already installed.

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  9. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    You can find them for example at Bitnami or on the AWS Marketplace.

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  10. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    And there is one special Vagrant Box called TYPO3.Homestead which is maintained by Michiel Roos.

    I have used this box for some time to review patches for the TYPO3 core very easily.

    My scripts for doing this were adopted from Michiel and are included in the TYPO3.Homestead box. It is no longer maintained because creating it with current TYPO3
    versions results in a very large virtual machine, so it has to be redesigned.

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  11. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • LXC

    • openVZ

    • Virtuozzo

    • Docker
    Then the container technology comes up where programs are running as isolated processes in user space sharing the OS kernel with other containers.

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  12. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    One of these container technologies is called docker.

    There are a lot of ready to use containers for web servers, database servers and programming languages like PHP, Perl and so on.

    The complexity is to find the right containers and orchestrate them in the right way to work smoothly together using Docker Compose. Compose is a tool for defining and
    running multi-container Docker applications.

    You have to configure how the different container are interacting together and with the outside with writing more or less complex docker configuration files.

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  13. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    And then
    There are the people from Drud Technology which combines some container with an easy to use command line interface what they called DDEV.

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  14. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • Open Source Tool to set up a local PHP
    development environment in shortest time

    • Use Docker without getting in touch with the
    DDEV is an Open Source Tool to set up a local PHP development environment in shortest time.

    It uses Docker without getting in touch with the configuration of the docker container.

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  15. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    DDEV Installation
    • Requirement: Docker

    • Requirement: Docker Compose

    • Information about the Installation of DDEV
    and the requirements:

    All you need before installing DDEV is an installed version of docker and docker-compose.

    Detailed information about the installation and the requirements of DDEV you can find in their documentation.

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  16. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    TYPO3 v9
    • Requirement: composer

    • composer create-project typo3/cms-base-distribution
    t3dd18demo ^9
    I show you setting up a fresh TYPO3 installation.

    Requirement for this kind of installation, beside DDEV, is an installed composer version on the local machine.

    composer create-project typo3/cms-base-distribution t3dd18demo ^9

    cd t3dd18demo

    ddev config

    ddev start

    ddev stop

    nano .ddev/config.yaml # set php version to 7.2

    ddev start

    touch public/FIRST_INSTALL

    ddev describe

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  17. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Install via Source (Git)
    • git clone https://github.com/TYPO3/
    TYPO3.CMS.BaseDistribution.git -b 9.x t3dd18gitdemo

    • cd t3dd18gitdemo

    • mkdir -p public/typo3conf

    • ddev config

    • nano .ddev/config.yaml

    set PHP to 7.2 and remove # from hooks (3 lines)

    • ddev start

    • touch public/FIRST_INSTALL
    git clone https://github.com/TYPO3/TYPO3.CMS.BaseDistribution.git -b 9.x t3dd18gitdemo

    cd t3dd18gitdemo

    mkdir -p public/typo3conf

    ddev config

    !! docroot = public

    !! type=typo3

    In .ddev/config.yaml the PHP version must be set to 7.2 and a hook must be activated.



    - exec: “composer install -d /var/www/html“

    ddev start

    touch public/FIRST_INSTALL

    For Core Development:


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  18. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Install via wget
    •mkdir t3dd18zipdemo

    •cd t3ddd18zipdemo

    •wget --content-disposition

    •tar xzf typo3_src-8.7.16.tar.gz

    •ln -s typo3_src-8.7.16 typo3_src
    • ln -s typo3_src/typo3 typo3

    • ln -s typo3_src/index.php

    • ddev config

    • ddev start

    • touch FIRST_INSTALL
    mkdir t3dd18zipdemo

    cd t3ddd18zipdemo

    wget --content-disposition get.typo3.org/8

    tar xzf typo3_src-8.7.16.tar.gz

    ln -s typo3_src-8.7.16 typo3_src

    ln -s typo3_src/typo3 typo3

    ln -s typo3_src/index.php index.php

    ddev config

    ddev start


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  19. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Creating a new ddev project config in the current directory (/Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test)
    Once completed, your configuration will be written to /Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test/.ddev/config.yaml
    Project name (v9test):
    The docroot is the directory from which your site is served. This is a relative path from your application
    root (/Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test)
    You may leave this value blank if your site files are in the application root
    Docroot Location: web
    Found a typo3 codebase at /Users/michael/Source/ddev/v9test/web.
    Application Type [backdrop, php, drupal7, drupal8, wordpress, drupal6, typo3] (typo3):
    Configuration complete. You may now run 'ddev start'.
    ddev config

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  20. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Starting environment for v9test...
    Starting ddev-v9test-db ... done
    Starting ddev-v9test-dba ...
    Starting ddev-v9test-web ... done
    Network ddev_default is external, skipping
    Creating ddev-router ... done
    Successfully started v9test
    Your project can be reached at http://v9test.ddev.local and https://v9test.ddev.local
    ddev start

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  21. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    v9test typo3 ~/Source/ddev/v9test http://v9test.ddev.local running
    Project Information
    PHP version: 7.2
    MySQL Credentials
    Username: db
    Password: db
    Database name: db
    Host: db
    Port: 3306
    To connect to mysql from your host machine, use port 32800 on
    For example: mysql --host= --port=32800 --user=db --password=db --database=db
    Other Services
    MailHog: http://v9test.ddev.local:8025
    phpMyAdmin: http://v9test.ddev.local:8036
    ddev describe

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  22. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Import Data
    ddev import-db —-src=mydata.sql.gz
    It is really easy to import the data of your project.

    For the database you can import the SQL file of your projects database to the DDEV database.

    This can be done after starting the container with the import-db parameter of the DDEV command. Plain text and compressed files can be used as source for the import.

    There is also an import-files command but that doesn’t work for TYPO3 at the moment.

    For the files you can add a copy of your fileadmin folder to the project directory.

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  23. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Other commands
    • ddev list

    • ddev remove

    • ddev remove —remove-data

    • ddev exec

    • ddev logs
    ddev list

    Shows all DDEV projects and paths

    ddev remove

    Removes a docker container, helpful if ddev start shows error messages about DB container

    ddev remove —remove-data

    Removes the docker container and the database

    ddev exec ls -la

    Runs a command inside the docker container

    ddev logs

    Shows the logs, for example the error log.

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  24. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    Tools included
    • Git

    • Composer

    • NodeJS

    • NPM

    • Yarn
    • Xdebug

    • PhpMyAdmin

    • MailHog
    There are many tools installed in the container which you can easily access on a shell connection to the container.

    ddev ssh

    Get a shell connection to the web container.

    Starting directory is the document root.

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  25. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • [MAIL][transport] = smtp

    • [MAIL][transport_smtp_server] = localhost:1025
    Admin Tools -> Settings -> Configure Installation-Wide Options

    [MAIL][transport] = smtp

    [MAIL][transport_smtp_server] = localhost:1025

    Environment -> Test Mail Setup

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  26. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • Already configured for using XDebug

    • Enable xdebug in your config.yaml

    xdebug_enabled: true

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  27. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • Install project files in a directory

    • Configure the project with ddev config

    • Start the project with ddev start

    • Optional: Import data with ddev import-db
    Let us summing up what we have learned.

    You have to install your project files in a directory. This depends on your project settings. Installing via composer, from a source download or with a git checkout, all is

    After you have configured the project you can start the container and work on your project.

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  28. TYPO3 Developer Days 2018
    • Who has it developed?

    DRUD Technology, LLC


    • Interview on the TYPO3 YouTube Channel


    • Documentation

    • Source

    • DDEV on Slack

    You have seen the different possibilities to setup your local development environment

    You can use native components

    You can use Virtual machines

    And you can use containers

    You have seen how easy it is to setup a local development environment for your projects in very short time

    Take some time, after lunch, tomorrow or next week in your office and give DDEV a try.

    I am shure you won’t do development without DDEV afterwards.

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