Ar+orms, 304-‐309 Range 77,000 BCE-‐Present Terms/Concepts Primi3vism, Colonialism, Post-‐ Colonialism, oba, oni, iyoba, Salt Cellar, Olyphant, diaspora Key Monuments: Crowned Head of a King (Oni), Ife, Yoruba, 12th-‐15th Century CE Hip Mask Represen3ng an Iyoba (“Queen Mother”), Benin, Middle Period, c. 1550 CE Ini3a3on Wall Panel, Nkanu People, Democra3c Republic of Congo, early 20th c. El Anatsui, Flag for a New World Power, 2004.
Yoruba (at Ife) 350 BCE – Present Contact 1400 CE—1950 CE • Kingdom of Benin 1440 CE – 1897 CE Colonialism 1880 CE – 1950 CE • Nkanu (Congo) 1602 CE—Present De-‐Coloniza3on 1950 CE—1980 CE Post-‐Colonial 1980 CE—Present • El Anatsui b. 1944 • Julie Mehretu b. 1970
“Ori Olokun,” likely a crowned head of a King (Oni), Ife, Yoruba, early 20th century copy of 14th-‐15th Century original. “It [Ori Olokun] is en3rely devoid of Negro characteris3cs and there is no doubt that it cannot have been made of local cas3ng…[I] discovered indisputable proofs of the existence of Plato’s legendary Con3nent of Atlan3s”
school was my fellow scholar in learning to read and write. When he led he could write very well, because the Sapes have a talent and skill at everything they learn.” (Andre Donelha on Beca Bore, a Sapi royal, in 1570s).