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Carolingian and Ottonian Art

nichsara
April 11, 2013
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Carolingian and Ottonian Art

nichsara

April 11, 2013
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  1. Carolingian  and  O,onian  Art   Reading,   Stokstad,  444-­‐451.  

        Range:   700-­‐1053  CE   Carolingian  and  O0onian     Terms/Concepts:   Carolingian,  repousse,  scriptorium,   orthodoxy,  spolia,  relic,     Monument  List     15-­‐15,  Equestrian  portrait  of   Charles  the  Bald  (grandson  of   Charlemagne)Ninth  century.     15-­‐16,  Interior  of  the  Palace   Chapel  of  Charlemagne.    Aachen,   792-­‐805.       15-­‐19,  St.  Ma,hew,  CoronaRon   Gospels,Carolingian,  Early  9th   Century  (aTer  800).     15-­‐20,  Saint  Ma,hew.    Folio  18.     Ebbo  Gospels,  from  Hautevillers.     c.816-­‐835.     15-­‐25,  Doors,  commissioned  by   Bishop  Bernward  for  Saint   Michael`s,  1015  
  2. Reminders   •  Your  second  chance  for  the  Mythological  

    Comparison  is  due  TODAY.   •  Your  Image  and  Text  assignment  is  due   Thursday  May  2nd.  
  3. 0˚ 10˚ 40˚ 50˚ 10˚ 20˚ 711 714 670 697

    711 Kairouan Carthage Tulaytulah (Toledo) Mérida Oviedo (c.790) Tangier Saragossa Ceuta Toulouse Poitiers Turones London Sutton Hoo Hamwih Paris Geneva Milan Ratisbon Turin Verona Bononia Florence Genoa Venice Ravenna Rome Naples Taranto Athens Thessalonica Adrianople Varna Constantinople Smyrna Bari Spalatum Palermo Messina Lyon Marseille Barshilunah (Barcelona) Tarrakunah (Tarragona) Cartagena Algiers Qurtubah (Córdoba) Cologne Nijmegen Dorestad Paderborn (776) Hedeby York Scone Winchester Glastonbury Cividale Quintanilla de las Viñas Lorsch (after 764) St Maurice d’Agaune Jarrow (684) Monkwearmouth (674) Reculver (669) Grenoble Germigny -des-Prés (c.800) Jouarre (670s) Ingelheim Centula (790s) Aachen (795) Escomb (670s) Hexham Ripon (670s) Yeavering St Denis Benevento (c.770) Tempio di Clitunno San Vincenzo al Volturno Pavia Lomello San Pedro della Nave São Gião de Navaré São Frutuoso de Montelios San Juan de Baños Santa Comba de Bande Santianes de Pravia Santa María de Melque Canterbury (after 597) Seine Rhine Tagus Ebro Danube Elbe Oder Vistula A T L A N T I C O C E A N N O R T H S E A BA LT I C S E A BLACK SEA M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A A D R I A T I C S E A A L P S P Y R E N E E S BALTIC PEO P LES S L A V S S L A V S NO RTHM E N (SCA NDINAV I A N S ) SAXO N S F R I S I A N S BRETONS BASQUES B ALEARIC IS CORSICA SARDINIA SICILY MALTA CRETE BAVARIA AQUITAINE ASTURIAS KINGDOM OF THE PICTS SCOTTISH KINGDOMS IRISH KINGDOMS STRATH- CLYDE EAST ANGLIA KENT WELSH STATES WEST WALES NORTHUMBRIA MERCIA AVAR EMPIRE BULGARIA B Y Z A N T I N E E M P I R E U M A Y Y A D C A L I P H A T E KIN G DO M OF THE LOMBARDS FRANKISH KINGDOM WESSEX N 0 0 200 miles 300 kms Centres and Distribution of Luxury Goods c.730 Muslim Umayyad Caliphate date of Muslim conquest Byzantine Empire Frankish Kingdom Kingdom of the Lombards mints represented in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) provenance of objects found in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) distribution of marble sarcophagi and capitals quarried/carved in Toulouse region, 6th-7th C ecclesiastical structures of which significant remains survive secular (mostly royal) sites with substantial surviving fragments or known from literary sources trade route 670 1
  4. The growth of the Islamic world (seventh and eighth centuries)

    came at the cost of the Byzantine Empire.
  5. In 732, the Franks, under the leadership of Charles Martel,

    stopped the Muslim invasion at Poitiers. PoiRers  
  6. The grandson of Charles Martel is Charlemagne [Charles the Great],

    and he ruled 768-814. Art  from  Charlemagne`s  lifeRme  and  for  a  while  aTerwards  is   known  as  Carolingian  art   The  word  lCarolingianz  comes  from  lCarolusz  (LaRn   for  lCharlesz)  
  7. ;: , :, :" :... t :. " .: :..

    .'Y'.." ..' ...--': i Barn berg j. Goslar k. Ottmarsheim, Our Lady 11 g. Muizen h. Wimpfen im Tal
  8. N I I I I a. Aachen, Palace Chapel b.

    Mettlach, "Alte Turm" c. Nijmegen f. Liege d Groningen e. Bruges
  9. After Charlemagne, his empire split within decades. German-speaking lands were

    later ruled by three successive emperors, each named Otto.
  10. Ottonian Art named after the period corresponding to a dynasty

    begun by Otto I (ruled 936-973) Otto II (ruled 973-983) Otto III (ruled 983-1002)
  11. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel ConRnuous  NarraRve  
  12. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel Hand  of  God  
  13. CriRcal  Thinking  QuesRons   1.  How  did  Charlemagne  present  himself

     as  a   Roman  emperor  through  his  religious  and   poliRcal  art?   2.  How  did  Charlemagne  reinforce  religious   orthodoxy  through  his  art?