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Carolingian and Ottonian Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
April 11, 2013
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Carolingian and Ottonian Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

April 11, 2013
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  1. Carolingian  and  O,onian  Art   Reading,   Stokstad,  444-­‐451.  

        Range:   700-­‐1053  CE   Carolingian  and  O0onian     Terms/Concepts:   Carolingian,  repousse,  scriptorium,   orthodoxy,  spolia,  relic,     Monument  List     15-­‐15,  Equestrian  portrait  of   Charles  the  Bald  (grandson  of   Charlemagne)Ninth  century.     15-­‐16,  Interior  of  the  Palace   Chapel  of  Charlemagne.    Aachen,   792-­‐805.       15-­‐19,  St.  Ma,hew,  CoronaRon   Gospels,Carolingian,  Early  9th   Century  (aTer  800).     15-­‐20,  Saint  Ma,hew.    Folio  18.     Ebbo  Gospels,  from  Hautevillers.     c.816-­‐835.     15-­‐25,  Doors,  commissioned  by   Bishop  Bernward  for  Saint   Michael`s,  1015  
  2. Reminders   •  Your  second  chance  for  the  Mythological  

    Comparison  is  due  TODAY.   •  Your  Image  and  Text  assignment  is  due   Thursday  May  2nd.  
  3. 0˚ 10˚ 40˚ 50˚ 10˚ 20˚ 711 714 670 697

    711 Kairouan Carthage Tulaytulah (Toledo) Mérida Oviedo (c.790) Tangier Saragossa Ceuta Toulouse Poitiers Turones London Sutton Hoo Hamwih Paris Geneva Milan Ratisbon Turin Verona Bononia Florence Genoa Venice Ravenna Rome Naples Taranto Athens Thessalonica Adrianople Varna Constantinople Smyrna Bari Spalatum Palermo Messina Lyon Marseille Barshilunah (Barcelona) Tarrakunah (Tarragona) Cartagena Algiers Qurtubah (Córdoba) Cologne Nijmegen Dorestad Paderborn (776) Hedeby York Scone Winchester Glastonbury Cividale Quintanilla de las Viñas Lorsch (after 764) St Maurice d’Agaune Jarrow (684) Monkwearmouth (674) Reculver (669) Grenoble Germigny -des-Prés (c.800) Jouarre (670s) Ingelheim Centula (790s) Aachen (795) Escomb (670s) Hexham Ripon (670s) Yeavering St Denis Benevento (c.770) Tempio di Clitunno San Vincenzo al Volturno Pavia Lomello San Pedro della Nave São Gião de Navaré São Frutuoso de Montelios San Juan de Baños Santa Comba de Bande Santianes de Pravia Santa María de Melque Canterbury (after 597) Seine Rhine Tagus Ebro Danube Elbe Oder Vistula A T L A N T I C O C E A N N O R T H S E A BA LT I C S E A BLACK SEA M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A A D R I A T I C S E A A L P S P Y R E N E E S BALTIC PEO P LES S L A V S S L A V S NO RTHM E N (SCA NDINAV I A N S ) SAXO N S F R I S I A N S BRETONS BASQUES B ALEARIC IS CORSICA SARDINIA SICILY MALTA CRETE BAVARIA AQUITAINE ASTURIAS KINGDOM OF THE PICTS SCOTTISH KINGDOMS IRISH KINGDOMS STRATH- CLYDE EAST ANGLIA KENT WELSH STATES WEST WALES NORTHUMBRIA MERCIA AVAR EMPIRE BULGARIA B Y Z A N T I N E E M P I R E U M A Y Y A D C A L I P H A T E KIN G DO M OF THE LOMBARDS FRANKISH KINGDOM WESSEX N 0 0 200 miles 300 kms Centres and Distribution of Luxury Goods c.730 Muslim Umayyad Caliphate date of Muslim conquest Byzantine Empire Frankish Kingdom Kingdom of the Lombards mints represented in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) provenance of objects found in the Sutton Hoo burial (c.630) distribution of marble sarcophagi and capitals quarried/carved in Toulouse region, 6th-7th C ecclesiastical structures of which significant remains survive secular (mostly royal) sites with substantial surviving fragments or known from literary sources trade route 670 1
  4. The growth of the Islamic world (seventh and eighth centuries)

    came at the cost of the Byzantine Empire.
  5. In 732, the Franks, under the leadership of Charles Martel,

    stopped the Muslim invasion at Poitiers. PoiRers  
  6. The grandson of Charles Martel is Charlemagne [Charles the Great],

    and he ruled 768-814. Art  from  Charlemagne`s  lifeRme  and  for  a  while  aTerwards  is   known  as  Carolingian  art   The  word  lCarolingianz  comes  from  lCarolusz  (LaRn   for  lCharlesz)  
  7. Charlemagne established his court (seat of government) in Aachen. Aachen

  8. None
  9. Passage  between  palace  and  chapel   Palace   Chapel  

  10. Cross-­‐secRon  

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  15. Throne

  16. Throne Altar

  17. Throne Altar Dome Christ

  18. Throne Throne   Altar        (1st   floor)

      Christ     (dome)  
  19. Charlemagne visited Ravenna and took away an equestrian statue of

    an emperor. Ravenna Aachen
  20. None
  21. Clerestory Clerestory

  22. ;: , :, :" :... t :. " .: :..

    .'Y'.." ..' ...--': i Barn berg j. Goslar k. Ottmarsheim, Our Lady 11 g. Muizen h. Wimpfen im Tal
  23. N I I I I a. Aachen, Palace Chapel b.

    Mettlach, "Alte Turm" c. Nijmegen f. Liege d Groningen e. Bruges
  24. None
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  27. Angel

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  31. renovatio imperii Romani renewal of the Roman empire

  32. Charlemagne visited Ravenna and took away an equestrian statue of

    an emperor. Ravenna
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  37. Orb of power Byzantine emperor receiving orb of power

  38. Plaque reads (in Latin): THIS IS THE KING OF THE

    JEWS
  39. After Charlemagne, his empire split within decades. German-speaking lands were

    later ruled by three successive emperors, each named Otto.
  40. Ottonian Art named after the period corresponding to a dynasty

    begun by Otto I (ruled 936-973) Otto II (ruled 973-983) Otto III (ruled 983-1002)
  41. None
  42. New  Testament   Old  Testament  

  43. Creation of Eve and Adam God introduces Eve and Adam

    to each other
  44. Temptation and Fall Judgment The Blame Game

  45. Expulsion from Garden of Eden Struggling against the land

  46. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel
  47. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel ConRnuous  NarraRve  
  48. Offerings by Abel and Cain Lamb Grain Cain slays Abel

    Cain Cain Abel Hand  of  God  
  49. The Annunciation Mary Gabriel Nativity

  50. Adoration of the Magi (Wise Men) Presentation of Christ in

    Temple
  51. Old Testament New Testament Judgment of Christ by Pilate Crucifixion

  52. Three Marys at the Tomb Ascension

  53. None
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  56. CriRcal  Thinking  QuesRons   1.  How  did  Charlemagne  present  himself

     as  a   Roman  emperor  through  his  religious  and   poliRcal  art?   2.  How  did  Charlemagne  reinforce  religious   orthodoxy  through  his  art?