Range: 1235-‐1400 Proto-‐Renaissance Terms/Concepts: Italo-‐ByzanBne Style, oligarchy, guild, grisaille, buon (true) fresco, bubonic plague, altarpiece, Monument List: Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, Church of Saint Trinita, 1280 Duccio di Buoninsegna, Virgin and Child Enthroned (Rucellai Madonna), 1285 GioRo di Bondone, Virgin and Child Enthroned, Church of the OgnissanB (All Saints), 1305-‐1310 GioRo di Bondone, The Lamenta?on, “Arena” (Scrovegni) Chapel, Padua, Italy, 1305-‐1306. Ambrogio LorenzeX, The Eﬀects of Good Government in the City, Sala della Pace, 1338-‐1339.
the Virgin, “Arena” (Scrovegni) Chapel, Padua, Italy, 1305-‐1306. Bringing of the Rods Wedding at Cana Raising of Lazarus The ResurrecBon The LamentaBon Praying Suitors Life of the Virgin Life of Christ Death of Christ
Country, Sala della Pace, 1338-‐1339. ‘Without fear every man may travel freely and each may Bll and sow, as long as this commune shall maintain this lady [jusBce] sovereign for she has stripped the wicked of all power’
Country, Sala della Pace, 1338-‐1339. ‘Because each seeks only his own good, in this city, JusBce is subjected to Tyranny; wherefore, along this road nobody passes without fearing for his life, since there are robberies outside and inside the city gates’
Chapel, Padua, Italy, 1305-‐1306. Last Judgment (Detai), Tympanum, Ste. Foy, Conques, France, 11th century. Andrea di Cione (Orcagna), SalvaBon of Emperor Henry II, from the Strozzi Altarpiece, 1354-‐1357.
social and cultural changes make secularizaBon possible? How is that reﬂected in both religious and non-‐religious images? 2. What does the term “Proto-‐Renaissance” mean? What assumpBons does it make about late Medieval art? 3. How did the image of the city and the ciBzen change during the 14th century? 4. What impact might the plague have had on the art of the 1370s?