Poster Review for PTSD:
- Introduction (Definition, Prevalence for adults, children and veterans, the invisible PTSD)
- Types of diseases and symptoms
- Risk Factors
people develop it after going through or witnessing horrible life events in any stage of life. People may lose control, causing them to be afraid. Common to think back the sad memories or struggle to sleep. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Introduction
Car crashes, fires, floods, or school shootings. Other events War, a friend's suicide, or seeing violence in the area they live. Prevalence for Children and Teenagers Neglect 65% Physical abuse 18% Sexual abuse 10% Mental abuse 7% Child Protection Services
public. It is celebrated in June, specifically on the 27th together with the teal ribbon colour for PTSD awareness. Advanced brain imaging technology (MRI, PET, SPECT, MEG) can contribute with accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. The Invisible PTSD Introduction
is found in PTSD sufferers. There is an impairment in regulating the emotional responses to fear and stress. The Invisible PTSD Smaller hippocampal volume in a patient with PTSD (right) relative to a non PTSD subject (left) as shown in MRI images.
performance, lower pain sensitivity, and emotional regulation. A stress hormone, known as cortisol, is scattered constantly within the brain, causing the "fight or flight" panic reaction more often, because it is easily tricked into an alarmed state. The Invisible PTSD Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images showed the differences between healthy, PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI) and PTSD Comorbid with TBI Perfusion Patterns.
had significantly stronger neural activity in prefrontal, sensorimotor, temporal regions, bilateral amygdalae, parahippocampal and hippocampal areas. Conversely, healthy veterans had stronger neural activity in the bilateral occipital cortices. The Invisible PTSD 3D renditions showing brain regions with significant resting-state neuronal activity in combat veterans without PTSD (top row) and with PTSD (bottom row). Group differences in resting-state neuronal activity between combat veterans with and without PTSD were found in several brain regions.
and reoccurance of unpleasant memories, Intrusion Symptoms Having difficulties in to have any form of interactions in external environment due to idstressing perceptions or emotions concerning any related trauma. Avoidance
secual trauma. In other words, being placed in a dysfunctional, abusive environment Victim-Related Trauma Survivor from scenarios where individuals narrowly escape from dangerous situations Natural-Disaster Trauma Getting overwhelmed with mistakes from the past which could affect individual's present or future well-being Perpertrator Guilt
fear within individuals. People who have PTSD in this category are generaly children who are abused. Survivor Trauma Developing fear through enternal engagement in environment or even comprehending the trauma or experience from others through interactions. PTSD Not Otherwise Specified
more susceptible to PTSD symptoms Women & age Lack of social support leads to greater, more harmful PTSD symptoms and it affects adherence to treatment. Social support Past psychiatric problems and exposure to trauma increases a new mother's susceptibility to PTSD development. Psychiatric background
not be of a healthy weight. Somatic pain such as headaches and arthritis is more prevalent amongst individuals with PTSD. Physical PTSD is highly associated with self-harm behaviour. PTSD symptoms + anticipatory rumination leads to more depressive symptoms. Psychological
to regulate uncontrollable emotions, thoughts and behaviors patterns. c. Redefine negative beliefs. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) a. Evidence-based treatment & based on concept of Emotion Processing Therapy (EPT) b. Imagine the traumatic situation again to face their fearness c. Form new understanding &combine with their traumatic feelings Prolonged Exposure (PE) Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) a. Reconstruct perception to change negative views of traumatic events. b. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) as concept, focus on association between the traumatic events, emotions, thoughts and behaviors.
invisible, yet it can be measured by the advanced brain imaging technology, and hence the awareness is celebrated in June with teal ribbon. 02 Types of diseases and symptoms are important to be recognized for PTSD. 03 Being aware of the risk factors and complications related to PTSD is important in preventing potential physical and psychological harm. 04 PTSD can be improved by using psychotherapy (e.g., CBT, CPT & PE) and medications (e.g., sertraline & quetiapine), even if side effects were existed. 05 Necessary social support should be implemented by providing appropriate and sincere form of affection would be effective to overcome PTSD without any medication