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Java Web Development with Stripes

Samuel Santos
September 17, 2009

Java Web Development with Stripes

Stripes framework presentation for the Portuguese JUG session at JavaPT09 event.

Samuel Santos

September 17, 2009

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  1. About me • Senior Java Engineer and Web Advocate at

    Present Technologies • Open source enthusiast • Web standards contributor • Casual blogger Present Technologies 2
  2. Agenda • Why • What is it • Goals •

    Setting up • Features • Extensions • Find more • Q&A Present Technologies 3
  3. Why “Have you ever used a framework and felt you

    had to do too much work for the framework compared to what the framework gave you in return?” Freddy Daoud, Stripes Book Present Technologies 5
  4. What is it • Stripes is a Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework

    • Stripes is not a “full-stack” framework • Stripes is an action-based framework Present Technologies 6
  5. Goals • Make developing web applications in Java easy •

    Provide simple yet powerful solutions to common problems • Make the Stripes ramp up time for a new developer less than 30 minutes • Make it really easy to extend Stripes, without making you configure every last thing From Stripes Homepage Present Technologies 7
  6. Setting up Present Technologies 8 <filter> <filter-name>StripesFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>net.sourceforge.stripes.controller.StripesFilter</filter-class> <init-param> <param-name>ActionResolver.Packages</param-name>

    <param-value>com.example.javapt09.stripes.action</param-value> </init-param> </filter> <servlet> <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class>net.sourceforge.stripes.controller.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class> <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup> </servlet> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>StripesFilter</filter-name> <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name> <dispatcher>REQUEST</dispatcher> <dispatcher>FORWARD</dispatcher> <dispatcher>ERROR</dispatcher> </filter-mapping> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping>
  7. Features - Smart binding URLs binding Present Technologies 9 public

    class SmartBindingActionBean extends BaseActionBean { ... } <s:link beanclass="com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean">Smart binding</s:link> <s:link href="${contextPath}/SmartBinding.action">Smart binding</s:link>
  8. Parameters And Events <s:form beanclass="com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean"> <p> <s:label for="user.firstName" /> <s:text

    id="user.firstName" name="user.firstName" /> </p> <p> <s:label for="user.lastName" /> <s:text id="user.lastName" name="user.lastName" /> </p> <p> <s:submit name="print" /> </p> </s:form> public class SmartBindingActionBean extends BaseActionBean { @ValidateNestedProperties({ @Validate(field = "firstName", required = true, maxlength = 100), @Validate(field = "lastName", required = true, maxlength = 100) }) private User user; public User getUser() { return user; } public void setUser(User user) { this.user = user; } @DefaultHandler @DontValidate public Resolution main() { return new ForwardResolution("/WEB-INF/jsp/binding-validation.jsp"); } public Resolution print() { getContext().getMessages().add(new LocalizableMessage( "com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean.print.success", user)); return new RedirectResolution(SmartBindingActionBean.class); } } Features - Smart binding Present Technologies 10
  9. Features - Smart binding Localized buttons and labels Present Technologies

    11 <s:form beanclass="com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean"> <p> <s:label for="user.firstName" /> <s:text id="user.firstName" name="user.firstName" /> </p> <p> <s:label for="user.lastName" /> <s:text id="user.lastName" name="user.lastName" /> </p> <p> <s:submit name="print" /> </p> </s:form> com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean.user.firstName=First name com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean.user.lastName=Last name com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.SmartBindingActionBean.print=Print
  10. Features - Validation Frequently used @Validate attributes Present Technologies 12

    Attribute Type Description field String Name of nested field to validate. required boolean true indicates a required field. on String[] Event handlers for which to apply. minlength int Minimum length of input. maxlength int Maximum length of input. expression String EL expression to validate the input. mask String Regular expression that the input must match. minvalue double Minimum numerical value of input. maxvalue double Maximum numerical value of input. converter Class Type converter to use on the input.
  11. Features - Validation Automatic maxlength on text inputs Present Technologies

    13 public class SmartBindingActionBean extends BaseActionBean { @ValidateNestedProperties({ @Validate(field = "firstName", required = true, maxlength = 100), @Validate(field = "lastName", required = true, maxlength = 100) }) private User user; ... } <form action="/javapt09/SmartBinding.action" method="post"> <p> <label for="user.firstName">First name</label> <input id="user.firstName" maxlength="100" name="user.firstName" type="text" /> </p> <p> <label for="user.lastName">Last name</label> <input id="user.lastName" maxlength="100" name="user.lastName" type="text" /> </p> <p> <input name="print" value="Print" type="submit" /> </p> </form>
  12. Features - Validation Custom Validation Present Technologies 14 @ValidationMethod public

    void validate(ValidationErrors errors) { if (user.getLastName().equals(user.getFirstName())) { errors.add("lastName", new SimpleError("First and last name must be different!")); } }
  13. Features - Validation Displaying errors and messages • Messages •

    All errors • Specific field error Present Technologies 15 <s:messages /> <s:errors /> <s:errors field="user.firstName" />
  14. Features - Clean URLs Customizable URLs Present Technologies 16 <servlet-mapping>

    <servlet-name>DispatcherServlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/action/*</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> @UrlBinding("/action/cleanURL/{$event}/{city}") public class CustomizableURLActionBean extends BaseActionBean { private String city; public Resolution delete() { ... } }
  15. Features - Clean URLs DynamicMappingFilter Static resources can be delivered

    from the same namespace to which an ActionBean is mapped using clean URLs. Present Technologies 17 <filter> <filter-name>DynamicMappingFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>net.sourceforge.stripes.controller.DynamicMappingFilter</filter-class> <init-param> <param-name>ActionResolver.Packages</param-name> <param-value>com.example.javapt09.stripes.action</param-value> </init-param> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>DynamicMappingFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> <dispatcher>REQUEST</dispatcher> <dispatcher>FORWARD</dispatcher> <dispatcher>INCLUDE</dispatcher> </filter-mapping>
  16. Features - Layouts Reusable layout Present Technologies 18 <%@include file="/WEB-INF/jsp/common/taglibs.jsp"

    %> <s:layout-definition> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8" /> <title>${title}</title> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="${contextPath}/css/style.css" /> </head> <body> <div id="header"> <span class="title">${title}</span> </div> <div id="body"> <s:layout-component name="body" /> </div> </body> </html> </s:layout-definition>
  17. Features - Layouts Using a reusable layout to render a

    page Present Technologies 19 <%@include file="/WEB-INF/jsp/common/taglibs.jsp" %> <s:layout-render name="/WEB-INF/jsp/common/layout-main.jsp" title="JavaPT09 - Stripes » Layouts"> <s:layout-component name="body"> <p>Main page content...</p> </s:layout-component> </s:layout-render>
  18. Features - Layouts Final result Present Technologies 20 <!DOCTYPE html>

    <html> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8" /> <title>JavaPT09 - Stripes » Layouts</title> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/javapt09/css/style.css" /> </head> <body> <div id="header"> <span class="title">JavaPT09 - Stripes » Layouts</span> </div> <div id="body"> <p>Main page content...</p> </div> </body> </html>
  19. Features - Exception handling Present Technologies 21 <init-param> <param-name>DelegatingExceptionHandler.Packages</param-name> <param-value>com.example.javapt09.stripes.exception</param-value>

    </init-param> public class DefaultExceptionHandler implements AutoExceptionHandler { public Resolution handle(Exception exception, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) { // Handle Exception return new ForwardResolution(ErrorActionBean.class); } public Resolution handle(IOException exception, HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) { // Handle IOException return new ForwardResolution(ErrorActionBean.class); } }
  20. Features - Exception handling Don’t catch your exceptions Present Technologies

    22 public Resolution handledException() throws IOException { throw new IOException("Handled exception"); } public Resolution unhandledException() throws Exception { throw new Exception("Unhandled exception"); }
  21. Features - Interceptors Built-in interceptors Stripes request processing lifecycle stages:

    Present Technologies 23 @Before(stages = LifecycleStage.BindingAndValidation) public void prepareSomeStuff() { // load data from the DB } RequestInit ActionBeanResolution HandlerResolution BindingAndValidation CustomValidation EventHandling ResolutionExecution RequestComplete
  22. Features - Interceptors Custom interceptors Present Technologies 24 public interface

    Interceptor { Resolution intercept(ExecutionContext context) throws Exception; } @Intercepts(LifecycleStage.ActionBeanResolution) public class EJBInterceptor implements Interceptor { public Resolution intercept(ExecutionContext context) throws Exception { ... } }
  23. Features - Easy Ajax integration Present Technologies 25 public class

    AjaxActionBean extends BaseActionBean { private List<String> cities = new ArrayList<String>(); public Resolution load() { return new JavaScriptResolution(cities); } } <div id="cities"></div> <script type="text/javascript"> var client = new XMLHttpRequest(); client.open("GET", "${contextPath}/Ajax.action?load="); client.onreadystatechange = function() { if (this.readyState == 4) { var cities = eval(client.responseText); var citiesList = ""; for (var i = 0; i < cities.length; i++) { citiesList += "<li>" + cities[i] + "</li>"; } document.getElementById("cities").innerHTML = "<ul>" + citiesList + "</ul>"; } } client.send(null); </script>
  24. Features - File download Present Technologies 26 public class DownloadActionBean

    extends BaseActionBean { @DefaultHandler public Resolution main() throws FileNotFoundException { String fileName = "stripes.png"; String filePath = getContext().getServletContext().getRealPath("/img/" + fileName); return new StreamingResolution("image/png", new FileInputStream(filePath)).setFilename(fileName); } }
  25. Features - File upload File upload form Present Technologies 27

    <s:form beanclass="com.example.javapt09.stripes.action.UploadActionBean" enctype="multipart/form-data"> <p> <s:file name="fileBean" /> </p> <p> <s:submit name="upload" /> </p> </s:form>
  26. Features - File upload Saving the file Present Technologies 28

    public class UploadActionBean extends BaseActionBean { private FileBean fileBean; public FileBean getFileBean() { return fileBean; } public void setFileBean(FileBean fileBean) { this.fileBean = fileBean; } @DefaultHandler public Resolution main() { return new ForwardResolution("/WEB-INF/jsp/file-upload.jsp"); } public Resolution upload() throws IOException { fileBean.getFileName(); fileBean.getSize(); fileBean.getContentType(); // fileBean.save(new File()); return new ForwardResolution("/WEB-INF/jsp/file-upload.jsp"); } }
  27. Features - Extension/customization • Stripes uses auto-discovery to find extensions

    • The specified packages will be scanned for extensions like interceptors, formatters, type converters, exception handlers, etc Present Technologies 29 <init-param> <param-name>Extension.Packages</param-name> <param-value>com.example.javapt09.stripes.extensions</param-value> </init-param> @Validate(maxlength = 100, converter = EmailTypeConverter.class) private String email;
  28. Extensions • Spring integration (built-in) http://www.stripesframework.org/display/stripes/Spring +with+Stripes • Stripes Injection

    Enricher (support for @EJB, @Inject and @Resource) https://github.com/samaxes/stripes-injection-enricher Present Technologies 30
  29. Extensions • Stripes Security (roles based) http://www.stripesframework.org/display/stripes/Securi ng+Stripes+With+ACLs • Stripes

    Security (custom authorization) http://www.stripesframework.org/display/stripes/Securit y+Interceptor+for+custom+authorization Present Technologies 31
  30. Extensions • Stripes-Reload Reloads modifications made to your Action Beans,

    Type Converters, Formatters, and Resource Bundles without having to restart your server. http://code.google.com/p/stripes-reload/ Present Technologies 32
  31. Find more • Stripes Framework http://www.stripesframework.org • Stripes Book: Stripes

    ...and Java Web Development Is Fun Again http://pragprog.com/book/fdstr/stripes Present Technologies 33